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Product Manual GIS Type EXK-0 Installation

1.1 Earthing
Earthing is defined as the entirety of means and procedures associated with the earthing of equipment. Earthing means to connect a conductor via an earthing system to earth. Earth refers to both, the earth as a location and the earth as a substance such as humus, clay, sand, gravel and rock. The earth is a conductor whose potential outside the influence of earthing systems is considered to be zero. The Reference Earth (neutral earth) is defined as a part of the earth, especially of its surface, outside the influence of an earthing system in which between two random points no voltages deriving from the earth current can be measured. Earthing system is defined as the entirety of electrically connected earthes, metal parts acting similarly (e g. pole bases, armatures, metal cable sheathing) and earthing leads. Earthing conductor is defined as a conductor, that is embedded in and electrically connected to the earth, or a conductor that is embedded in concrete. In the latter case, the concrete is connected to the earth on a large area (e. g. foundation earth). Earthing lead is defined as an electrical lead laid either outside the earth or insulated in the earth, that connects a GIS part to be earthed with the earth. If a disconnecting link, a disconnector or a Petersen coil is installed between a center point or an outer conductor and the earth, only the connection between earth and the earthing terminal of such a device is considered as an earthing lead. Note The earthing of the GIS is to be documented in the site test protocol Commissioning 1HDG 518 680. The installation of the GIS earthing and the earthing leads shall be strictly in accordance with the project-specific earthing layout diagrams and the earthing plans in the project-specific part of this documentation!

WARNING!

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Product Manual GIS Type EXK-0 Installation

1.1.1 Earthing of the GIS Bays


The individual modules of a GIS bay are interconnected through their enclosures. Each GIS bay is connected to an earthing conductor by means of connecting bolts and nuts and earthing leads. The connecting bolts and nuts must have minimum a dimension of M12. Crimping of the terminal ends, branch terminals etc. is carried out at site. The GIS enclosure must be connected to earth. All metallic parts, that shall be earthed and do not belong to a main or auxiliary circuit, shall be connected individually to earth. Frames and supports do not need to be earthed separately if they are welded or bolted to the GIS enclosure. To be observed during Installation of the Earthing System S S S S S All electrical connections within the earthing system shall be properly installed Earth leads shall be protected against mechanical damage Earth leads shall be installed without loops Earthing system shall not be interrupted at any point Earthing system shall be inspected before commissioning

1.1.2 Dimensioning
The GIS is dimensioned for a rated short-time withstand current of up to 40 kA / 3 sec. All material necessary for earthing of the GIS is delivered together with the equipment. Earthing
Cross section Solid copper (Cu) Copper rope (Cu) Short circuit duration 1 sec 220 mm2 2 x 120 mm2 Short circuit duration 3 sec 440 mm2 4 x 120 mm2

Connect the earthing conductors of the GIS with 2 x M12. Potential Earthing Use 16 mm2 earthing conductors for potential earthing of the local control cabinets and all other modules. Connect the conductors for potential earthing with 1 x M12.

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Product Manual GIS Type EXK-0 Installation

1.1.3 Installation of the GIS Earthing


Earthing The individual GIS bays are interconnected through the busbar enclosures. Connect the circuit breaker base plate of the outer bays (Figure 1.1-1) each via 1 x 120 mm2 (1 sec) / 2 x 120 mm2 (3 sec) with the buildings earthing grid. If only one GIS bay is to be installed, attach 2 x 120 mm2 (1 sec) / 4 x 120 mm2 (3 sec) to the circuit breaker base plate (Figure 1.1-1). Potential Earthing of the Busbar S ... or ... S S Either connect the busbar at both ends and at least every 3 m with the earthing grid or the steel reinforcements in the floor (q 16 mm2 Cu) connect the base plate of the circuit breaker in each GIS bay at the ends of the steel reinforcements in the floor (q 16 mm2 Cu) Connection e. g. through earthing holes, slotted bars, earthing lugs (q 16 mm2 Cu) Mounting rails incorporated in the floor have to be connected to the earthing grid respectively the steel reinforcements in the floor

120 mm2

120 mm2

Figure 1.1-1: Position of Earthing Terminals

1.1.4 Local Control Cabinets


Earthing The protective conductor bar is connected with the GIS enclosure through 1 x M12 earthing connection bolt and an earthing conductor (q 16 mm2 Cu). Potential Earthing for separated Local Control Cabinets 1. 2. 3. Install the conductor for potential earthing (q 16 mm2 Cu) in parallel to the control cables Connect it to the GIS enclosure and the protective conductor bar inside the control cabinet In addition, connect the protective conductor bar for potential earthing with the buildings earthing system (q 16 mm2 Cu)

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Product Manual GIS Type EXK-0 Installation

1.1.5 Cable Sealing End


Install the earthing connection between the cable jacket and the enclosure of the cable termination as shown in Figure 1.1-2, Figure 1.1-4 or Figure 1.1-5: The earthing of power cables terminated on the GIS is project-specific: the cable jacket earthing (Figure 1.1-2 and Figure 1.1-4) is connected either unilateral or in both substations interconnected by the power cable (bilateral). Bilateral Earthing Connect on both sides as per Figure 1.1-2, or as per Figure 1.1-4 if ring-type current transformers are installed at the cable. Unilateral Earthing Connect one side as per Figure 1.1-2 and the remote side as per Figure 1.1-5. For surge protection install shock-proof surge arresters on the remote side. Direct Earthing: Pressure Ring on each Phase

6 5 4 3 2 1 2 3 4 1 Cable jacket earthing (optional) Earthing bolt Cable base plate Earthing jumper 3x on periphery X X 5 Pressure ring 6 Cable sealing end insulator 7 Enclosure EXK-0

Figure 1.1-2: Direct Earthing of Cable Sealing End

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Product Manual GIS Type EXK-0 Installation

Direct Earthing: Pressure Ring for all three Phases


Detail W 6

3 1

View Z

1 Earthing bolt 2 Cable base plate 3 Earthing jumper

4 Pressure ring 5 Cable sealing end insulator 6 Enclosure EXK-0

Figure 1.1-3: Direct Earthing with one Pressure Ring for all three Phases

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Product Manual GIS Type EXK-0 Installation

Direct Earthing with Ring-type Current Transformers

8 7 6 5 4 3 1 X

1 Ring-type current transformer 2 Cable jacket earthing (optional) 3 Earthing lead passing through transformer (2 to 4 times on the cable periphery), coming and going leads tied together 4 Earthing bolt 5 Cable base plate 6 Pressure ring 7 Cable sealing end insulator 8 Enclosure EXK-0

2 Figure 1.1-4: Direct Earthing with Ring-type Current Transformer

Unilateral Earthing on Remote Side for IEC-Cable Sealing End Note If no IEC-cable sealing end is used, the earthing shall be done on the GIS-side with the surge arrester mounted on the remote side.

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 X 1 Surge arrester ABB type MVR 0,44 for cable lengths < (50 m ... 100 m) 2 Ring-type current transformer (optional) 3 Earthing bolt 4 Cable base plate 5 Pressure ring 6 Cable sealing end insulator 7 Enclosure EXK-0

Figure 1.1-5: Unilateral Earthing on Remote Side

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Product Manual GIS Type EXK-0 Installation

1.1.6 Busduct Connections


Outdoor bushings are connected to the steel reinforcements in the floor underneath the GIS and to the ring earth electrode. The sleeve bearings in the contact areas of the GIS busducts are to be bridged using the shortest possible route with a minimum of 16 mm2 Cu (Figure 1.1-6). For long busduct connections, the GIS enclosure has to be connected with all metal parts that are being passed in close proximity. Connect all parts installed outdoors to the external ring earth electrode using the shortest possible route (Figure 1.1-6). In order to protect the following GIS components sufficiently against the intrusion of electromagnetic waves, copper rope of 120 mm2 (1 sec) / 240 mm2 (3 sec) or solid copper must be used for such connections.
Busduct contact area with insulating intermediate layer

q 16 mm2 Cu q 16 mm2 Cu

q 120 mm2 Cu
Detail X X

Cross section: 120 mm2 (1 sec) / 240 mm2 (3 sec)

Figure 1.1-6: Earthing of Busduct Connections

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Product Manual GIS Type EXK-0 Installation

1.1.7 Surge Arresters


Conventional surge arresters, that are directly linked to the SF6-air bushings, must be connected to the external ring earth electrode using the shortest possible route. Use solid copper with a minimum cross section of 220 mm2 (1 sec) / 440 mm2 (3 sec) per arrester pole. SF6-encapsulated surge arresters are bolted to the GIS bay. In the base plate are several tapped holes M12 which have to be used for the earthing connection. The base plate of the surge arrester has to be connected by the shortest distance with the GIS earthing. Recommended Minimum Cross-sections for Earthing Conductors S S Copper: Cross-section 80 mm2 Aluminium: Cross-section 150 mm2

1.1.8 Example
Example of a GIS earthing as shown in Figure 1.1-7 through Figure 1.1-9 1. Earthing of the first and the last GIS bay with copper rope: Connect to the external ring earth electrode (1) diagonally with 1 x 120 mm2 (1 sec) / 2 x 120 mm2 (3 sec) on each side Equipotential bonding between GIS and steel reinforcement in the floor: Install at the bays on each end of the installation with 16 mm2 Cu, preferably in each GIS bay, at minimum every 10 m (2) Connect earthing to the external ring earth electrode and to the steel reinforcement in the floor (3) Earth the local control cabinet (4) together with the GIS bay (Detail: Figure 1.1-8)
4

2.

3. 4.

Cross section: 120 mm2 (1 sec) / 240 mm2 (3 sec)

1 2 3 4

3 1,2 1 Connection of the first and the last GIS bay to the earthing grid Equipotential bonding between GIS and steel reinforcements in the floor Connection to the external ring earth electrode and the steel reinforcements Connection of the local control cabinet and earthing through the GIS bay

Figure 1.1-7: Earthing of the GIS bay

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Product Manual GIS Type EXK-0 Installation

1 2 3 4

1,2 3 Connection of the first and the last GIS bay to the earthing grid Equipotential bonding between GIS and steel reinforcements Connection to the external ring earth electrode and the steel reinforcements Connection of the local control cabinet and earthing through the GIS bay

Figure 1.1-8: Earthing of the Local Control Cabinet

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Product Manual GIS Type EXK-0 Installation

3 3

1, 2

1, 2

1 2 3 4

Connection of the first and the last GIS bay to the earthing grid Equipotential bonding between GIS and steel reinforcement Connection of earthing to the external ring earth electrode and the steel reinforcement Connection of local control cabinet and earthing through the GIS bay

Figure 1.1-9: Earthing of the GIS

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