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# Q221. A shell fired from a gun at an angle to the horizontal explodes in mid air.

The centre of mass of the shell fragments will have (a) vertically down (b) horizontally (c) along the same parabolic path of the unexploded shell (d) along the tangent to the parabolic path of unexploded shell Q222. The centre of mass of a system of two particles is (a) on the line joining then and midway between them (b) on the line joining them at a point whose distance from each particle is proportional to the square of the mass f the particle (c) on the line joining them and at a point whose distance from each particle is proportional inversely to the mass of that particle (d) on the line joining them and at a point whose distance from each particle is proportional to the mass of that particle Q223. Of the two spheres of same size, mass and appearance one is hollow and other is solid. If the two are rolled down an inclined plane simultaneously, then (a) hollow sphere will reach the bottom first (b) solid sphere will reach the bottom first (c) both will reach bottom together (d) either can reach first depending upon the surface of the plane Q224. A loaded spring gun of mass M fires a shot of mass m with a velocity v at an angle of elevation . The gun is initially at rest on a horizontal frictionless surface. After firing, the centre of mass of the gunshot system (a) moves with a velocity vm/M (b) moves wit a velocity vm/M cos in the horizontal direction (c) remains at rest (d) moves with a velocity

## v (M m ) in the horizontal direction (M m )

Q225. If a mass of mass M jumps to the ground from a height h and his centre of mass moves a distance x in the time taken by him to hit the ground, the average force acting on him (assuming constant retardation) is (a) Mgh/x (b) Mgx/h (c) Mg(h/x)2 (d) Mg(x/h)2 Q226. The motion of the centre of mass of a system of two particles is unaffected by their interval forces (a) only if these are along the line joining the particles (b) only if there are at right angles to the line joining the particles (c) only if there are obliquely inclined to the line joining the particle (d) irrespective of the actual direction of the interval forces Q227. The ratio of the radii of gyration of a circular disc and a circular ring of the same radii about a tangential axis is (a) 1 : 2 (b) 5 : 6 (c) 2 : 3 (d) 2 : 1 Q228. A massive circular hoop of radius r oscillates in its own plane about a horizontal axis at a distance x above the centre of the hoop. The period of oscillation is minimum, when x equals (a) r (b) r/2 (c) r/3 (d) zero Q229. A jet engine works on the principle of conservation of (a) mass (b) energy (c) linear momentum (d) Angular momentum Q230. A rectangular container half full of petrole is being carried by a train on a horizontal track. If the train accelerates, the surface of the petrole in the container with respect to horizontal surface will (a) be raised upward from the front (b) be raised in the middle (c) be raised upward from the back (d) remain unchanged Q231. A rod of length L revolves with angular velocity about an axis through its centre and perpendicular to its length. If A is the area of crosssection of the rod and d its density, then its kinetic energy will be

1 1 1 3 2 1 2 2 A 32 d A 2 2 d A d (b) (c) (d) A d 2 2 3 3 Q232. A particle moves in a circle with uniform speed. When its goes from pt A to diametrically opposite point B, its momentum changes by P P = 2 kg m/s and the centripetal force acting on it changes by F A = 8N . The j i

(a)

## angular velocity of the particle is

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(a) 4 radian/s (b) 16 radian/s (c) 2/ rad/sec (d) dependent upon its mass Q233. For the particle in the above problem (Q232), if the displacement in 1/4th of the time period is 0.3 m, the radius of the circle is nearly (a) 0.11 m (b) 1.2/2 m (c) 0.15 m (d) 0.6/ m Q234. A sphere and right circular cylinder have both same mass and radius. The moment of inertia (MI) of sphere about its diameter (a) more than MI of cylinder about its axis (b) equal to MI of cylinder about its axis (c) les than MI of cylinder abut its axis (d) can be more or less than MI of cylinder about its axis depending upon the length of the cylinder Q235. If both the sphere and cylinder (question no. 234) roll down the same incline sphere will reach bottom (a) earlier than cylinder (b) later than cylinder (c) at the same time as cylinder (d) earlier or later depending upon the surface Q236. Q237. G G Q238. Two identical uniform rods P and Q move B A B with same velocity v as shown in the figure. A v v The rod Q has aG additional angular velocity (< 6v/ ) clockwise abut G
P

(a) If ends A and A are suddenly fixed simultaneously both rods with rotate with the same angular velocity (b) If ends A and A are fixed simultaneously, the rod Q will rotate with greater angular velocity (c) If the ends B and B are suddenly fixed both rod will rotate with same angular velocity (d) If the ends B and B are fixed simultaneously the rod will rotate greater angular velocity Q239. A uniform circular disc placed on a rough horizontal surface has initially a linear velocity v0 and an angular velocity w0. If the disc comes to rest after moving some distance in the direction of motion, then v0/r0 is (a) 1/2 (b) 1 (c) 3/2 (d) 2 Q240. A solid right circular cylinder is placed on a rough plane of inclination to the horizontal. The coefficient of friction between the cylinder and the plane so that the cylinder rolls down (without sliding) is (a) tan (b) sin (c) 1/3 tan (d) 3/2 tan Q241. A uniform rod AB of mass in length at rest on a smooth horizontal surface is subject to an impulse P at the end B. The time taken by the rod of turn through a right angle is (a) 2m 1/p (b) 2 p/m (c) m /12 p (d) p/m
Q242. A particle moves along an arc of a circle of radius R. Its velocity depends upon the distance covered as v = aS, a being a constant. The angle between the total acceleration vector and velocity vector is given by

2S (d) tan = (2S/R) R Q243. A mass m on a frictionless table is attached to a hanging mass M by a chord through a hole in the tale surface. The angular velocity with which the mass in must rotate on a circle of radius r such that mass M may hang in equilibrium at rest is (a) tan = 2 S/R (b) sin = S/R (c) sin (a) Mg mr (b) mg Mr
m (c) 1 + M g r m+M (d) Mm g r

Q244. The trajectory of a fixed point on the rain of a wheel of a vehicle as the vehicle moves with a constant speed is being observed by an observer fixed on ground. The trajectory, as noted by him will be (a) a circle coinciding with circumference of the wheel repeating itself (b) a parabola with vertex at the highest point on the wheel (c) a straight line parallel to road (d) a cycloid, repeating itself with every rotation of the wheel Q245. One end of a light inextensible string is fixed to a point on a smooth horizontal table. A mass 3m is tied to the other extremity and a mass m is tied at the mid point of the string. Both the masses remain on the table with string straight and taut. The mass are now so projected on the table that they revolve in circles with uniform sped about the fixed end of string such that the two parts of string remains in straight line. The ratio of the tensions in the two parts of the string is given by
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about the origin C k all the time, C being a constant, the value of is mr 2 Q254. A particle moves in a circle of radius 4 cm. clockwise at constant speed 2cm/sec. If x and y are unit accelerations vectors along x (a) = Ct mr (b) = Ct (c) = mr 2 t C
y P

(d) =

mt 2 Cr 2

and y respectively (in cm s2), the accelerates of the particle half way between P & Q is given by
O Q x

(a) 4 (x + y )

(b) 4 (x + y )

(c) (x + y ) / 2

(d)

(x + y ) / 4 s

Q255. If is the angular velocity vector for earths rotation and R and V are position and velocity vectors for a particle irrespectively in earths reference frame, then carioles acceleration is given by (a) ( R) (b) v (c) 2v (d) v Q256. A student sitting on a pivoted stool holds the axle of a bicycle vertical. Holding the stool, the wheel is set into spinning, with angular momentum L0 upwards. Now the stool is released and the student suddenly turns the axle upside down by 180. As a result the student and stool will start spinning with angular momentum (a) L0 upwards (b) 2L0 upwards (c) 2L0 downwards (d) L0 downwards Q257. A symmetrical wheel radius 12 cm is mounted on its axis kept horizontal. A light cord is wrapped round the wheel and supports a 0.40 Kg mass. If this is released from rest, with the string taut, the object is observed to fall with acceleration 3ms2. Given g = 10 ms2, the moment of inertia of wheel about its axis is nearest to (Kg m2) (a) 0.0135 (b) 0.0192 (c) 1.35 (d) 192 Q258. A closed tube, partly filed with a liquid and set horizontal is rotated about a vertical axis passing through its centre. In the process the momentum of inertia of the system about its axis would (a) increase always (b) decrease always
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(c) remain constant (d) increase if the tube is less than half filled, decrease otherwise Q259. A uniform rigid rod has length L and mass m. It lies on a horizontal smooth surface and is rotated at a uniform angular velocity about a vertical axis passing through one of its ends. The force exerted by the axle on the rod will be (a) m2L outwards (b) m2L inwards (c) 1/2 m2L outwards (d) 1/2 m2L inwards Q260. A wheel is rolling straight on ground without slipping. P If the axis of the wheel has speed v, the instantaneous velocity of a point P on the rim defined by angle relative to ground will be (a) v cos (/2) (b) 2v cos (/2) (c) v (1 + sin) (d) v (1 + cos) Q261. A uniform ring of radius r and mass per unit length P is spun about its axis with an angular velocity . The increase in tension due to stretching of the ? is proportional to (a) r2 2 (b) r2 (c) r2 (d) 1/2 r22 Q262. A wheel of radius 40 cm. rolls over a plane with angular velocity 10Hz without slipping. Which of the following statements is true ? (a) The speed of its centre of mass is 8 ms1 (b) The speed of its point of contact with the plane is zero (c) The velocities at the ends of horizontal diameter are equal (d) Velocity at the upper end of vertical diameter is 4 ms1 horizontally
Q263. A particle of mass m is executing uniform circular motion abut affixed axis with speed v. If r and F are radius vector and centripetal force respectively, the value of torque is (a) zero (b) positive non zero constant (c) negative non zero constant (d) variable Q264. The angular momentum for the above particle (Q 264) is (a) zero (b) mv/r (c) mvr (d) infinity Q265. The areal velocity for the above particle (Q 264)is (a) zero (b) 1/2 (dr/dt)2 (c) r (d) 1/2 vr Q266. For a particle rotating about a fixed axis with nonuniform angular velocity, there (a) is only radial acceleration (b) is only tangential acceleration (c) is neither radial nor tangential acceleration (d) are both radial acceleration and tangential acceleration Q267. A particle moves in the XY plane in a circular path with constant velocity about the z axis in clockwise direction. For this particle (a) angular momentum and torque point in the same direction (b) angular momentum and linear momentum point in the same direction (c) angular momentum and angular velocity are in the same direction (d) angular momentum and linear velocity are in the same direction. Z Q268. A particle moves in the XY plane about the Zaxis in the anticlockwise direction with uniform velocity. The direction of the angular velocity is along (a) Xaxis X (b) Yaxis (c) + Zaxis Y (d) Zaxis Q269. A rigid body rotates abut a fixed axis by the application of a force. For this body (a) the direction of angular momentum is along the direction of torque (b) The direction of change of angular momentum is along the direction of torque (c) the direction of angular momentum is along the direction of force (d) the direction of change of angular momentum is along the direction of force. Q270. If the total external force acting on a rigid body is zero, then (a) only linear momentum remains constant
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(b) only angular momentum remains constant (c) both linear momentum and angular momentum remains constant (d) neither linear momentum nor angular momentum remain constant Q271. The moment of inertia of a plane circular disc (Mass M radius R) about an axis passing through its centre and perpendicular to its plane is (1/2 MR2). The momentum of inertia about one of its diameters will be (a) 1/4 MR2 (b) 1/2 MR2 (c) MR2 (d) 2 MR2 Q272. Three bodies of same mass are rotating about a symmetrical axis passing through each as shown with the same angular speed. Then
M M I1 I3 M

I2

(a) I1 = I2 = I3 (b) I1 > I2 > I3 (c) I1 < I2 < I3 (d) none of the above Q273. A hollow cylinder and a solid cylinder both having same mass and same radius are rotating abut their axis with the same constant angular speed. Then moment of inertia of solid cylinder (a) will always be more than that of hollow cylinder (b) will always be equal to that of hollow cylinder (c) will always be less than that of hollow cylinder (d) will be equal, less or more than that of hollow cylinder depending upon the speed of rotation Q274. One end of a string of length is connected to a particle of mass m and the other to a small peg on a smooth horizontal table. If the particle moves in a circle with speed v, the net force on the particle is (T tension in the string) (a) T directed towards the centre (c) T + (b) T mv 2 directed towards centre e

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(a)

(b)

/2

(c)

/3

(d)

/2 3

221. 222. 223. 224. 225. 226. 227.
228.

m i ri2

## (a): T = 2 I / K I = momentum of inertia

229. 230. 231. 232. 233. 234. 235. 236. 237. 238. 239. 240. 241. 242. 243. 244. 245. 246. 247. 248. 249. 250. 251. 252. 253. 254. 255. 256. 257. 258. 259. 260. 261. 262. 263. 264. 265.

## (c) (c) (a): (a): (a) (c): (a): (a): (b):

KE of rotation = 1/2 I2 ; v = r def. def. def./calculation of Moment of Inertia as above as above def. Torque will be max. at that position 1 I2 v = n0 2

(b): Conservation of energy; KE = (a): (c): (c) (d) (a): (d) (d): (b): (d): (d): (d): (d): (d) (a): (b): (c): (c): (b): (a): (a): (d): (b) (a): (b) (a): (c): (d):

def. def. of moment of inertia, frictional constant def. def. of MI and equilibrium of force on a moving body calculate tension with given masses resultant force balances the frictional force Force time = change of momentum, Torque time = change of Ang. moment equilibrium of forces in the helicopter def. of moment of inertia def. accel. Due to motion on curve adds to g to give resultant accl. def. Ang. Mom. = rad vector Force def. as above def. conservation of angular momentum of body and stool conservation KE rotational and potential due to centripetal force water will move outward to increase moment of inertia definition of Torque = r F outward force will cause increase in the tension r and F are along the same line so r F = 0 def. r and p are 1 each other def. area swept/ time taken
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266.
267. 268. 269. 270. 271. 272. 273. 274. 275. 276. 277. 278. 279. 280.

(d): v = r

## d dv dv = + v = red acel + ? acel. dt dt dt

(c): def. of ang. Velocity sign convention of direction. (c): as above dL = torque def. dt (c): if F = 0, torque will also be zero (a): perpendicular axis ? of MI (c): def. distribution of mass about rotation axis is different (c) (a): Tension is because of the centripetal force (c): def. of linear velocity for circular motion (c) (c): Parallel axis ? of MI (d): definition (a): def. angular momentum (a): def. (b):

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