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Contents

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Title Dolorous Gadfly Gavel Impudent Larceny Parsimonious Plunge Work Out Zone Answers Page No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

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The Vocab Weekly

DOLOROUS

Dolorous There are times in life when tears cannot be escaped and these have to be felt on the texture of our skin. These are dolorous times, when words do not work and the effects of sorrow come into existence. The dictionary definitions for dolorous are as follows: 1. Marked by or exhibiting sorrow, grief, or pain. (adjective) Masters Tip to remember Dolorous: There are a number of situations which can be labeled as dolorous: the death of a near one, the loss of job or prestige or taking it down to the simplest level, the crying of a baby. That scene is never pretty. And thats our tip to remember the word: simply remember a crying and sad baby, one whose favorite toy has been taken away. Word Origin: The word dolorous comes from the Latin root doloro-, dolor-, dolori- , dol- +, meaning to feel pain, to grieve; sorrow, grief, mourning.

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March 23-March 31| Issue 24

The Vocab Weekly

GADFLY

GADFLY Have you ever come across people whom you would actually never want to meet? These people are annoying, irritating and bug you till no end. They constantly come up with silly questions, pester you with their fancy ideas, schemes and requests. You simply wish to get rid of them. You wish to get rid of them like you would get rid of those pesky flies that keep sticking to you and annoy you. The dictionary definitions for gadfly are as follows: 1. Any of various flies, as a stable fly or warble fly, that bite or annoy domestic animals. (noun) 2. A person who persistently annoys or provokes others with criticism, schemes, ideas, demands, requests, etc. (noun) Masters Tip to remember Gadfly: Who is the most irritating and pesky person you have met in your life? Well, he is a GADFLY. And do remember: the term gadfly is used for flies that bite and annoy animals. Its meaning in the human world is the extension of the same annoying behavior. Usage Examples for Gadfly: 1. Being a gadfly is certainly a role, the role of constant poking around. And it can also have its occasional benefits. 2. He is a writer of sorts, but mostly just the most annoying kind of gadfly, and certainly not a cool person to hang out with.

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March 23-March 31| Issue 24

The Vocab Weekly

GAVEL

Gavel There are a few images in life that are so clichd that they can be conjured at any given point of time. One of them is of a judge striking down on his table with his gavel, the word in question and something which we have always referred to as his hammer. Now we know a good word for that same hammer. The dictionary definitions for Gavel are as follows: 1. A small mallet used by a presiding officer or an auctioneer to signal for attention or order or to mark the conclusion of a transaction. 2. (Mining & Quarrying) a hammer used by masons to trim rough edges off stones 3. To bring about or compel by using a gavel: "The chairman . . . tries to gavel the demonstration to an end"New Yorker Masters Tip to remember Gavel: Try to conjure the image of judge and how they strike down on their table with their hammers. The hammer they carry in their hands is their gavel. Usage Examples for Gavel: 1. There was a general burst of laughter, plentifully accented with whistlings and catcalls, but the energetic use of the gavel presently restored something like order.- Pudd'n'head Wilson by Mark Twain 2. It was a business meeting, and was transacted in English, but that made no difference to Marija; she said what was in her, and all the pounding of the chairman's gavel and all the uproar and confusion in the room could not prevail.-The Jungle by Upton Sinclair

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March 23-March 31| Issue 24

The Vocab Weekly

IMPUDENT

Impudent There are a few individuals who almost seem to born without any shame, and no matter what the situation, they cannot be forced to obey the norms of etiquette that society follows in general. They are brash and audacious, subject to loud mouth and in public cursing and showing a complete disrespect for authority. These individuals are the IMPUDENT ones. The dictionary definition for impudent is as follows: 1. Showing a lack of respect and excessive boldness. (Adjective) 2. Characterized by offensive boldness; insolent or impertinent. (Adjective) Masters Tip to remember Impudent: Do you remember an instance of your driving (whether a cycle, two-wheeler or an automobile) where you actually committed the fault and yet you were the one abusing the offended person? These instances are actually quite common and seem to have occurred in everyones life. This kind of behaviour, where one shows no respect to the person one should, can be labelled as impudent behaviour. Sentences using the word Impudent: 1. They were among 433 foreigners -- over half women-- who were arrested by Saudi religious police for arranging an "impudent" party held in Jiddah. 2. As a result, young people are increasingly impudent and have a total disregard of the respect they owe to themselves and others.

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March 23-March 31| Issue 24

The Vocab Weekly

LARCENY

LARCENY It is pretty simple to learn LARCENY. It is the legal word for theft. That is what it simply reduces to in fact. One really interesting sentence that I found for the word Larceny is this: Stealing without administering fear is called larceny, stealing by administering fear is called robbery, the keyword here is steal. It gives a terrific distinction between larceny and robbing. The dictionary definition for Larceny are as follows: 1. The wrongful taking and carrying away of the personal goods of another from his or her possession with intent to convert them to the taker's own use (noun). Masters Tip to remember Larceny: LARCENY=THEFT Usage Examples for Larceny: 1. Tom was sentenced for 5 years imprisonment for larceny. 2. For example, an officer who wanted to hide a grand larceny, which is counted as an index crime and as such would affect the city's crime rate, could classify the crime as a petite larceny, a statistic that is not counted as part of the official crime rate. The Wall Street Journal, Police in About-Face on City Crime Data 3. A man's idea in a game of cards is war, cruel, devastating, and pitiless. A lady's idea of it is a combination of larceny, embezzlement and burglary.-Finley Peter Dunne

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March 23-March 31| Issue 24

The Vocab Weekly

PARSIMONIOUS

Parsimonious This is something we have all been at a certain point of time in our lives. And examples of parsimonious behaviour are also quite visible for sure. How many have you been stingy, trying to save each and every cent of your money? Well, you would remember some instance for sure. There are some individuals who take this habit to the next level and are just not willing to part with absolutely any of their money. It is as if they wish to keep their money locked and away from all possible use. This is parsimony for you: money under wraps. The dictionary definitions for parsimonious are as follows: 1. Excessively unwilling to spend. (adjective) Masters Tip to remember parsimonious: Cast a look in your memory racks and try to remember Uncle Scrooge from Duck Tales. If there is a best example of parsimonious behaviour, it surely has to be Uncle Scrooge. Usage: 1. So completely did I break with my parsimonious past that I sent word home to my mother to call in the boys of the neighbourhood and give to them all my collections. -John Barleycorn by London, Jack 2. He was, I had discovered, parsimonious about small expenditures-- a trait absolutely inconsistent with his general character. -My Antonia by Cather, Willa

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March 23-March 31| Issue 24

The Vocab Weekly

PLUNGE

Plunge The word plunge is all about a taking a dive, a dive either into the pool or into the pursuits of ones passions. If you have a look at the dictionary definitions below, you will realize that all the definitions of plunge revolve around diving deep into some depth, either physical or statistical or metaphorical. The picture above depicts plunge in action, when someone is diving deep. The dictionary definitions for plunge are as follows: 1. To thrust or throw forcefully into a substance or place. (Craig Claiborne). 2. To cast suddenly, violently, or deeply into a given state or situation. 3. To throw oneself earnestly or wholeheartedly into an activity or situation: plunged into my studies. 4. To descend steeply; fall precipitously: a cliff that plunges to the sea. 5. To move forward and downward violently: The rider plunged from the bucking horse. 6. To become suddenly lower; decrease dramatically: Stock prices plunged during the banking crisis. Plunge in Context: Plunge is often used in context with stock markets. Whenever they crash, we say they have plunged. It is used in a similar context below.

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March 23-March 31| Issue 24

The Vocab Weekly

Work Out Zone


Work Out 1: Match the following words with their respective meanings or synonyms. Word 1 Dolorous 2 Gadfly 3 Gavel 4 Impudent 5 Larceny 6 Parsimonious 7 Plunge Meaning or Synonym A Pest B Mallet C Impertinent D Tearful E Theft F Dive G Thrifty

Work Out 2: Did you really understand the word? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Girls generally become dolorous at the sight of dead bodies. Gadflys offer pleasant company. Judges use gavels. Impudent behaviour in kids is always appreciated. Larcenies should never be committed. Uncle Scrooge in Duck Tales never acted parsimoniously. Swimmers take deep plunges. yes yes yes yes yes yes yes no no no no no no no

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March 23-March 31| Issue 24

The Vocab Weekly

Answers: Work Out Zone


Work Out 1 1-D, 2-A, 3-B, 4-C, 5-E, 6-G, 7-F Work Out 2 1-yes, 2-no, 3-yes, 4-no, 5-yes, 6-no, 7-yes

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March 23-March 31| Issue 24