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# Prove root 2 is Irrational

## Prove root 2 is Irrational

An Irrational Number is a real number that cannot be written as a simple fraction or we can say Irrational means not Rational For Example: (pi) is an Irrational number which has the value 3.14 Now we will come to the SQUARE ROOTS:- A square root of a number is a value that can be multiplied by itself to give the original number. For Example: A square root of 4 is 16, because when 4 is multiplied by itself we get 16. = 16 here 2 is the power of 4. Now, Prove That Square Root Of 2 Is Irrational:- = Irrational number. Yes, The square root of 2 is Irrational. Let us see how!! First we Square a Rational Number, If the rational number is a/b, then it will become a2/b2 when squared. For Example: ( 3/4)2 = 32/42 Now we will see that in this the exponent is 2 which is an even number. But to do this we should need to break the numbers down into their prime factors . Example: (3/4)2 = (3/(22) )2 = 32/24 We notice that still the exponents are even numbers. KnowMoreAboutWorksheetsofRationalNumberinExpressions Tutorcircle.com PageNo.:1/4

The 3 has an exponent of 2 in (32) and the 2 has an exponent of 4 in (24). Now one thing becomes obvious that Every exponent is an even number!! So we can see that when we square a rational number, the result will be made up of prime numbers whose exponents are all even numbers. Now, When we square a rational number, each prime factor has an even exponent. Now, let just look at the number 2 As a fraction, 2 = 2/1 Which is 21/11, and that has odd exponents!! We can write 1 as 12 (so it has an even exponent), and then we have: 2 = 21/12. Now, it can be simpler to solve it to 21, but in other way: here it is an odd exponent, We could even try things like 2 = 4/2 = 22/21, but we still cannot get rid of an odd exponent. So it could not have been made by squaring a rational number! This means that the value that was squared to make 2 (i.e. the square root of 2) cannot be a rational number. Hence we can say that the square root of 2 is Irrational. What are irrational Numbers Irrational numbers are the numbers which are not rational numbers. In other words we can say that any number that cannot be expressed in the form of p/q are termed as irrational numbers. If any floating point number (that is a number that has an integer part as well as an decimal part is termed as floating point number.) cannot expressed as the ratio of two integers that floating point number is termed as irrational numbers.

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Let us take some of the examples of Irrational numbers Now if we take the value of pi ( ) that is = 3.1415926535897932384626433832795 This value of is impossible to express as the simple ratio of two numbers or two integers instead. Thus the value of is an irrational number. Let us take some more examples to clearly get an image about the irrational numbers Let us take a value 3.2. Now 3.2 is not an irrational number, it is a rational number as 3.2 can be expressed as a ratio of two integers that is A square root of every non perfect square is an irrational number and similarly, a cube root of non-perfect cube is also an example of the irrational number. When we multiply any two irrational numbers and the result is rational number, then each of these irrational numbers is called rationalizing factor of the other one. What are Rational and Irrational Numbers ? When we deal Rational and Irrational numbers, the first question arise in our mind is that what are rational and irrational numbers? Rational numbers are those numbers which can be represented as fraction means having numerator and denominator and both in integer form. Lets take some examples of rational numbers: 1. 5 is a rational number because it has 1 in its denominator and can be written as 5/1. 2. 2/3 is also a rational number. Now, the next part of the same question i.e. what are irrational numbers? Irrational numbers are those which can be represented as a fraction i.e. numbers except rational numbers. They can only be represented as decimal number.

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