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MOLE CONCEPT & STOICHIOMETRY ROSYIDAH SYAFAATUR ROHMAH / 208331413104

FUNDAMENTAL LAWS OF CHEMISTRY

AS 1: PRODUCT QUIZ 1. The mass of ash from burning of paper smaller than the mass of burned paper. Does the law of conservation of mass effect on the combustion reaction paper? Explain your answer! 2. Known mass of potassium and oxygen in the form of calcium dioxide compound is 5: 2. When reacted 10 grams of calcium and 12 grams of oxygen, determine the mass of calcium oxide (CaO) is formed and residual reactants Which and how many grams of the rest? 3. Sulfur (S) and oxygen (O) forms two types of compounds. Levels of sulfur in the compounds I and II, respectively, 50% and 40%. Dalton's law applies whether the compound? 4. Three liters of propane gas (C3H8) burned completely with oxygen gas to form gaseous carbon dioxide and water according to the following equation: C3H8 (g) + 5 O2 (g) 3 CO2 (g) + 4 H2O (l) Specify: How many liters of carbon dioxide gas is formed? 5. Five liters of butane gas (C4H10) burned perfectly by the reaction: C4H10 (g) + O2 (g) CO2 (g) + H2O (l) (not equal) Calculate the volume of oxygen gas is needed?

QUIZ ANSWER KEY 1. In the combustion reaction paper does not apply the law of conservation of mass. The mass of ash from burning of paper smaller than the mass of paper because the combustion is not performed in a closed system. Substance mass difference before and after the combustion reaction combustion reaction due to a partial result of combustion gases into the atmosphere. 2. Step First Ratio Mass ration (choose the smallest) Reacting 2 x 5 = 10 gram Residual 10 - 10 = 0 gram 2 x 2 gram = 4 gram 12 - 4 = 8 gram 10 + 4 = 14 gram 10 + 4 = 14 gram 8 gram oxygen Calsium mass 10 gram 5 Oxygen mass 12 gram 2 CaO mass formed Residual mass -

3. Compound I consists of 50% sulfur and 50% oxygen The mass S: O in the compound I = 50: 50 = 1: 1 Compound II consists of 40% sulfur and 60% oxygen The mass S: O in the compound II = 40: 60 = 2: 3 or 1: 1.5 If the mass of S in the compound I = compound II, for example, are equally 1 gram Then the mass of O compound I: the mass of compound II O = 1: 1.5 = 2: 3. The comparison is an integer and simple. So in both compounds trebut erlaku Dalton law 4. C3H8 (g) + 5 O2 (g) 3 CO2 (g) + 4 H2O (l)

5. Balanced Equation: 2 C4H10 (g) + 13 O2 (g) 8 CO2 (g) + 10 H2O (l)

AS 2: PROCESS

1. Preparing worksheets (attached) and teaching materials used. 2. Students completing the tasks assigned by the teacher are: Carry out experiments to prove the validity of the basic law of chemistry Lavoisier law. Carry out the discussion to prove the Basic Laws of the Law of Chemical Proust, Dalton's Law, Law of Gay Lussac, Avogadro's Law. 3. Determination of the performance scores of students refers to the Performance Assessment Form below. PERFORMANCE ASSESMENT FORM Maximum Score 5 10 15

No 1 2 3

Task Performance Assesment Formulate a hypothesis Fill in the observation table Conducting data analysis results of the experiment

Score

4 5

Making the conclusion of the experiment Analyzing the experimental data for proving the enactment of Prousts Law

10 15

Analyzing the experimental data to prove the validity Dalton's Law

15

Calculate the volume of gaseous reactants or reaction products under the laws of Gay Lussac exactly

15

Explain the relationship between gas volume measured by the number of molecules at the same temperature and pressure to understand the law of Avogadro Total Score

15

100

AS 3: PSYCHOMOTOR

PRACTICUM ASSESSMENT SHEET

Group

: .................................................

Member Name / No. Absent : ................................................. : ................................................. : ................................................. : ................................................. : ................................................. Class Day / Date : ................................................. : .................................................

A. Appraisal Give figures for each of the following actions: Score 3 if it means doing the right skills aspect Score 2 if it means doing the right kind of skills aspect Score 1 if it means doing the wrong aspects of skills No. 1. 2. 3. Aspects assessed How to take the solution from the reagent bottle How to put the solution in a test tube inverted Y How to weigh the test tube upside down Y is empty or that already contain the solution 4. 5. 6. How to close the inverted Y tube with stopper Shaking the test tube upside down Y How to wash the test tube upside down Y Score . . . . .

7. 8. 9.

Accuracy in work Recorded data Cleanliness and tidiness The number of scores obtained Maximum total score

27

*Percentage completeness 75%

B. Rubrik

No. 1.

Aspect of Skills How to take the solution from the reagent bottle

Score 3 using a pipette correctly solvent didnt spill using a pipette correctly The solution is entered in the second leg inverted Y tube is mixed and poured 2 Using a pipette does not precise solvent a little spills Using less precise pipette The solution is entered in the second leg slightly inverted Y-tube reaction mixture Does not using the pipette The solution is entered in the second leg inverted Y tube and mixed with spilled 1 does not using the pipette solvent spills

2.

How to put the solution in a test tube inverted Y

3.

How to weigh the test tube upside down Y is empty or contains a solution

Weighing correctly Thorough in looking at the balance sheet

Considering the scale of less precise Less thorough in looking at the balance scale

weigh the wrong way Not thorough in looking at the scale of the balance sheet Doesnt tightly when closing the inverted Y tube with stopper

4.

How to close the test tube upside down Y with stopper

inverted Y tube with tightly closed stoppers

Less tightly when closed inverted Y tube with a stopper

5.

Shaking the test tube

shaken clockwise or counterclockwis e carefully Washed with soap and rinsed thoroughly and dried

shaken with any directions carefully Did not washed with soap (only rinsed with water) and dried

shaken by any other direction by not carefully

6.

How to clean test tubes inverted Y

Did not washed with soap (only rinsed with water) and didnt dried

7.

Accuracy in working Thorough in work Orderly the place clean and tidy place

less rigorous in its work Less order a little dirty but filthy place

meticulous in the work No data the place unclean and untidy

8. 9.

Writing the data Cleanliness and neatness

AS 4: CHARACTER

CHARACTER BEHAVIOR OBSERVATIONS FORM Group : .................................................

Member Name / No. Absent : ................................................. : ................................................. : ................................................. : ................................................. : ................................................. Class Day / Date : ................................................. : .................................................

A. Appraisal Give figures for each of the following actions: Score 4 if the way of doing a very good skill aspects Score 3 if it means doing a good skill aspects Score 2 if sufficient skill to perform aspects Score 1 if it means doing less skill aspects No. 1. 2. 3. Honest Responsibility Carefulnes Score obtained Maximum total score 12 Aspect Assessed Score . . . . .

B. Rubric No. 1. Aspect Assessed Honest 4 Honestly do not manipulate the quiz and experimental data 3 do the quiz honestly but manipulate the experimental data Score 2 Cheating while doing quiz but do not manipulate the experimental data 2. Reaponsibility Responsible for only washing and restore tool responsible for only responsible for didnt washing equipment Carelessly measured the mass of the substance Carelessly measure the mass of the substance Does not responsible for washing and restore tool 1 Cheating doing quiz and manipulate experimental data

washing and do restoring and not return the tool

3.

Carefulnes

Carefully measure the mass of the substance

Carefully measure the mass of the substance

before and after before and after before and after before and after the reactions and correct in observing that substances formed the reaction as well as less precise in observing a substance that is formed the reactions and correct in observing a substance that is formed the reaction as well as less precise in observing a substance that is formed

AS 5: SOCIAL SKILLS

SOCIAL SKILLS OBSERVATION FORM

Group

: .................................................

Member Name / No. Absent : ................................................. : ................................................. : ................................................. : ................................................. : ................................................. Class Day / Date : ................................................. : .................................................

A. Appraisal Give figures for each of the following actions: Score 4 if the way of doing a very good social skill aspects Score 3 if it means doing a good social skill aspects Score 2 if sufficient social skill to perform aspects Score 1 if it means doing less social skill aspects

No. 1. 2. 3. 4.

Aspect Assessed
Asking and answering questions

Score . . . . .

Contributing ideas or opinions Being a good listener Skills to interact / communicate between individuals and groups

Score obtained Maximum total score 16

B. Rubric No. 1. Aspect Assessed


Asking and answering questions

Score 4
Asking and answering questions correctly

3
Asking and answering questions, the answers are less precise

2
Asking and answering questions, the answers are wrong Argues with words no less polite

1 Answering question and


the answers are not right or just ask

2.

Contributing ideas or opinions

Argues with polite words

Argues inappropriate or off topic material

Never argues

3.

Being a good listener

Good opinion of friends and Listening for learning

sometimes disturbing friends

Sometimes Always make yourself busy

Always crowded and annoying friends

4.

Skills to interact / communicate between individuals and groups

Active and respect the group opinions

Active but didnt respect the group opinions

Passive but respect the group opinions

Passive while discussion