Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 60

1 SIMPLIFIED GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Term Definition Term Definition


ÙvC Name of person, place
object, indefinite action,
½p¥Ü× pìº Partly Flexible Ism

state of being etc.


з¾ A word confined in a
dimension of time.
ïÜG× Non-Flexible

½pd A word without meaning


until something follows it.
½D©× The Word before an ‘OF’. No Alif Laam +
Always Light
klµ Number (a property of both
ism & fi’l )
éìÎC ½D©× Word After ‘OF’. Always Jarr

ldCÞ/kp¿× Singular ½ß¤ß× The one being Described

øìÜSN/íÜS× Pair\t ø¿¤ The description or adjective (must match


mowsoof in all four properties & must come
after mowsoof)
¸ØV Plural з¿ÎDF éG¡× Inna, Anna etc. force the ism after them to jar
form
½pd
pÆn× Masculine ÷oDzÓC ÙvC The haadha, dhaalika words. (table in your
book)
TÛå× Feminine éìÎC oD¡× The word after ism ul isharah that has ‘AL’
prefix.
ECpµC Status ölOG× The part before the ‘is’ or ‘are’

´ß¾p× / ¸¾o Doer/ Subject pGh The part after the ‘is’ or ‘are’

EߥÜ× / H¥Û Detail/ Object ï¨D× Past Tense

oÞpW× / pV After Of/ Possessive ´oD©× Preset/ Future Tense

ø¾p·× Proper/ Definite EߥÜ× / Light Present Tense, caused generally by ‘an’,
‘lan’, ‘kay’, ‘idhan’.
Àì¿h
÷pÇÛ Common/ Indefinite ÖÞrW× / ÀhC The Lightest present tense, caused generally by
‘in’, ‘lam’, ‘lamma’, ‘laam’, ‘laa of forbidding’,
and a conditional statement.
½p¥Ü× Fully Flexible Ism p×C Command. Must be lightest without the ‘taa
beginning from 2nd person present tense’.
ÐìÃR Heavy (present tense) ïèÛ Forbidding. Must be lightest weight 2nd person
with a laa before it.
ÐÃRC Heaviest (present tense) kpW× ïRÔR Fi’ls that are three letter words in the past tense
‘hua’ conjugation.
EDF Shape family éì¾ lër× ïRÔR Words that are more than three letter words in
the past tense ‘hua’ conjugation.
ol¥× Indefinite Action oDV ½pd A harf that forces the ism after it to jar.

pñDب /pìب Pronoun/ Pronouns

øÎߤß×öDØvC Words from the Alladhee


family.

1
2

1. I was eating too much chocolate.


2. My teeth began aching.
3. My dentist game me a root canal.

ùEÔú®ÎC ùÚßvûýoùlúØÎC ùlùµDv

úEÔú®ÎC ùÚìvûýoùlúØÎC ùlùµDv

ùÚßvûýoùlúØÎC ùEÔú®ÎC ùlùµDv

ùÚìvûýoùlúØÎC úEÔú®ÎC ùlùµDv

úEÔú®ÎC ùlùµDv ÚìvûýoùlúØÎC

ù Ôú®ÎC
ùÚßvûýoùlúØÎClùµDv E
(SUBJECT) DOER OF THE ACT = ´ß¾p× / ¸¾o

(OBJECT) DETAIL OF THE ACT = EߥÜ× / H¥Û

(POSSESSIVE) AFTER AN ‘OF’ = oÞpW× / pV

2
3

Form of I’rab Shortcuts:


Doer of the act = Raf’ (R)
Detail of the act = Nasb (N)
After an ‘OF’ = Jarr (J)

Raf’ Recognition:

ø þ (u) or (un) ending for singular

A (aa) or ùØA (aani) ending for pair


Ü (oo) or ÷ØÜ (oona) ending for plural
Nasb Recognition:

÷ ú (a) or (an) ending for singular

üì÷ (ay) or ùÛüé÷ (ayni) ending for pair

ìù (ee) or ÷Ûéù (eena) ending for plural

Jarr Recognition:
(i) or (in) ending for singular

÷ ú üì÷ (ay) or ùÛüé÷


ìù (ee) or ÷Ûéù
(ayni) ending for pair

(eena) ending for plural

3
4

I’RAB

4
5
LIGHT OR HEAVY?

l
à >翶=
k
ô «ï ¾ç
Ìæbß U
å =ßÆ
Äß ·ò ¶=
O
ß ÉåF^
ß ¶ï =
G
å Éëìõ ¶>åE
>âEÇàU
P
ß Ø
í Mà Æß
Íð ·í V
á ¾å
>âÒÉå¿Âß
Áó =ßb¶å =ßǶï =
Áß ÇàEfß ®ï Ùí =ßÆ
À
ó ÉáÉßNß¾îÙ=
>ßN·î Mà
=ßÇEß ?í
¤à Eà fè ¶=
À
ß Èåb¶å >ß]

5
6

MASCULINE
÷ØÝÖùÇüsøÕ ùØDÖùÇüsøÕ ù×þ ÇüsøÕ
÷ÛêÖùÇüsøÕ ùÛüê÷ÖùÇüsøÕ Jú ÖùÇüsøÕ
÷ÛêÖùÇüsøÕ ùÛüê÷ÖùÇüsøÕ ×\ ùÇüsøÕ

FEMININE

þODÖùÇüsøÕ Ø ù DQ÷ÖùÇüsøÕ öþ ÖùÇüsøÕ


\ODÖùÇüsøÕ ùÛêü ÷QÖùÇüsøÕ öú ÖùÇüsøÕ
\ODÖùÇüsøÕ ùÛüê÷QÖùÇüsøÕ \öÖùÇüsøÕ

BROKEN PLURAL

øÔþ Ìü¾E ù DÖǾ


Ø ×þ Ǿ
úDÕÌü¾E ùÛüê÷ÖǾ úJÖǾ
\ÔÌü¾E ùÛüê÷ÖǾ \×Ǿ
6
7 What is the I’rab of the word in blue?

7
8

Tell Whether The Word is Raf’, Nasb, or Jarr

8
9

FULLY, PARTLY OR NON-FLEXIBLE?


H
å >ßJ³
å ¶ï =
THE BOOK

hó Èóh£ß ¶ï =
THE ONE WITH AUTHORITY

Îí«ï¶àg
FLATTERY

>ârå·á^àº
SINCERELY, A SINCERE PERSON

Áß Çá ¢ß fá ªå ¹ó A
THE LINEAGE OR DESCENDANTS OF FIR’OWN

Áß Çàufó £á ºè
THE ONES WHO IGNORE

½ß aß A
ADAM

¼ß ÉåÂ=ßfEá Có ¹ß AßÆ
THE DESCENDANTS OF IBRAHIM

Áß =ßf»á ¢å ¹ß AßÆ
THE DESCENDANTS OF IMRAN

¼ß Èßfá ºß
MARYAM

>çÈfó ²í gß
ZAKARIYYA

9
10

Using the translation as a clue, tell whether any of the words is partly flexible:
The sons of Israel. 1

The progeny of Fir’own. 2

The nation of Ibrahim. 3

The establisher of the prayer 4

The reward of the workers. 5

By the belly of Makkah. 6

The people of the book. 7

The destroyers of the people of this 8


town
The people of Yathrib. 9

The nation of Yunus. 10

For the people. 11

The love of desires 12

And isn’t Allah the one who know 13


best?
Without any support 14

Gardens of Eden. 15

The nation of Fir’own, do they refuse 16


to be conscious of me?

10
11

GENDER

11
12

FEMININE BECAUSE THE ARABS SAID SO…


During a ‫ ﺣﺮب‬, a soldier was

daydreaming looking at a ‫ ﻧﺠ ﻢ‬in the ‫ﺳ ﻤﺎء‬

until the ‫ ﺷ ﻤﺲ‬came up. When he

snapped out of it, he realized he is the

only ‫ ﻧﻔ ﺲ‬left on the battlefield

surrounded by ‫ﻧ ﺎر‬, so he used a ‫ دﻟ ﻮ‬full

of water to make a ‫ﺒﻴﻞ‬ ‫ ﺳ‬all the way to

safer ‫أرض‬. In the hot blowing ‫ رﻳ ﺢ‬he

was desperately looking for a ‫ ﺑ ﺌﺮ‬to

draw water from. In his search, he finds

an empty ‫ دار‬inside which he finds a ‫آﺄس‬

full of ‫ﺧﻤﺮ‬. He is tempted despite his

fear of ‫ ﺟﻬﻨ ﻢ‬to take a sip but wards off

his temptation and uses his ‫ ﻋﺼ ﺎ‬to strike

the drink.

12
13

BROKEN PLURALS: Tell The Number & Gender of the Word

¼á ÃEå Çî·®î
á¼óÃ£å »á i
ß
¼á Âå åe>ßrEá ?í
H
ã =ßd¢ß
Ð>ßëí j
è ¶=
L
æ >ß»·î žî
¼ê q
à
¼ã ³ï Eà
Ê
ã »á ¢à
¼á Ãà £ß Eå >áq?í
¼î²Ð=ßbÃß m
à
Ìîeß >ßRV
å ¶ï =
l
à >翶=
L
æ >ç¿Q
ß
T
ã =ßÆgá ?í
Ð>ß»i
áÙ
í=

13
14

Tell the Number, Gender and Status:

14
15

Tell the Number, Gender and Status of eacher:

L
å =ßÆ>ß»j
ç ¶=
Íå ³í Ñå Ø
í »ß ¶ï =
ÊIå ?ífß ºá =
À
ó ÉáJß«í Ñå Bí{
Íð Èß A
À
ó ÉáJß¿ßMá =
Ð>ßj¿ç¶=
Îߺ>ßJÉ߶ï =
ÎßEfá î̄ï¶=
Íð Èç eë cà
¼á ³î Ià >ß¿Eß Æß
L
à >ßÈA
À
ó ÉáJßÒߺå
óÁ>ßJç¿ßQ
L
å >ßÒÉëj
ç ¶=
Íæ ¶í >ßÃR
ß Eå

15
16

TYPE

16
17

Are the following Common or Proper?

The Prayers

The Middle, The balanced, The Excellent

Strange

People

This

Your Lord

His Permission

The Promise of Allah

Drink

He

The one who

The Signs

For a nation

Zakariyya

Oh Lord

This Qur’

17
18

PRONOUN ASSOCIATIONS

ü×øå DÖøå ÷Ýøå


×å DÖå ùä äø Nasb (attached at the end)

×å DÖå äù äø Jarr (attached at the end)

û÷Ûøå DÖøå ÷íùå


û÷Ûøå DÖøå Då Nasb (attached at the end)

û÷Ûøå DÖøå Då Jarr (attached at the end)

ü×øQüÙE DÖøQüÙE ÷RüÙE


ü×ø DÖø ÷Á Nasb (attached at the end)

ü×øÂ DÖøÂ ÷ Á Jarr (attached at the end)

ûÛøQÙE DÖøQüÙE ùRÙE


û÷ÛøÂ DÖøÂ ùÁ Nasb (attached at the end)

û÷ÛøÂ DÖøÂ ù Á Jarr (attached at the end)

øÛücÙ DÙE
DÙ íÙ Nasb (attached at the end)

DÙ ì *Jarr (attached at the end)

18
19

The Primary Rules for Idhafah

1. Mudhaf must be
a. Light
b. Without Alif – Laam

2. Mudhaf Ilaih Must be


a. Jarr

3. The Basic Types of Idhafah are:


a. Typical: ‘of’ in translation.
b. Pronoun: Attached to an Ism.
c. Special Mudhafs

4. The Mudhaf:
a. Determines 3 properties.
b. Type is dictated by Mudhaf Ilaih

5. Nothing may come between the two.

19
20

3 TYPES OF IDHAFAH
There are many types of Idhafah constructions. The three most important ones to note
are the ones we covered in this course. The rest of them are self evident and one need not
get into unnecessary technicalities for a beginners course. Students must be strong in
their ability to recognize a mudhaf + mudhaf Ilaih situation. The best way to do that is to
know these three types of Idhafah well.

Type 1: Conventional Mudhaf + Mudhaf Ilaih


Two isms coming together to produce the meanings ‘The _M_ of M.I.’.

Here are some English examples with their Arabic Equivalent:

The House of Allah. éÏÎC PìF


The Prayers of the Prophet. ÍßvpÎC MCßϤ
The Deeds of the Companions. øFDe¥ÎC ÍDص‫أ‬
The Example of a Mosquito. ø¨ß·F ÐS×
Type 2: Special Mudhaf + Regular Mudhaf Ilaih
This construction, though an idhafah does not necessarily produce the ‘of’ meaning. The
following are commonly used special mudhafs.

Type 3: Mudhaf + Attached Pronouns.


Whenever an ism is attached to a pronoun, that ism acts as a mudhaf and the attached
pronoun as the mudhaf Ilaih. Though the attached pronouns don’t look like the
singular, pair or plural jarr that we are used to identifying from our Ism table, they are
still jarr which is why they are studied separately.
; ÙûúèGOÆ ;DØûúèGOÆ ;`úûéGOÆ
;ÝûúèGOÆ ;DØûúèGOÆ ;DèGOÆ
; þÙúÇGOÆ ;DØúÇGOÆ ;ùÈGOÆ
;ùýÝúÇGOÆ ;DØúÇGOÆ ;ûÈGOÆ
etc.

20
21

Idhafah Recognition Drill:


Tell whether each is an instance of Idhafah or not.
1

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

21
22
IDHAFA WITH PRONOUNS: FILL IN THE BLANKS WITH PRONOUNS.

______ selves.
¼î³j
å «î ¾í?

____________ rebellion.
¼á ³
î Éà§á Eß

__________ glitter.
>ßêífà ]
á gà

__________faces.
¼á Ãà Âß ÇàQÆà

___________command.
>ß¾fà ºá ?í

____________ nation.
¼á Ãà ºß Çá ®í

_____________ family or people or dwellers.


>ß÷î Âá ?í

_______________ boundaries.
Åàaß ÆàbU
à

_______________ place.
¼á ³
î ¾ß >í³ºß

With _________ example or likeness.


>ß÷å Ná»å Eå

Then for ____________ mother.


Äå ºë Ú
î ªí

___________ family.
À
ç Ãó ·å Âá ?í

One of _____________.
À
ç Âà =ßbU
á Có

_______________ associates.
¼á ²î Õà Bí²fß m
à

_______________ marriage gifts.


À
ç Ãó Iå >í®bà q
ß

______________ action or work.


Êå·»ß ¢ß

_______________ lord.
´
í Eë eß

22
23
SPECIAL IDHAFAH: FILL IN THE BLANKS WITH CORERCT MEANINGS

__________ the right/ justification / truth/ evidence.

__________ all of you.

__________ them.

__________ two women.

_______________ them.

_____________ you all.

__________________ us.

__________________ them.

_________________ two sisters.

__________________ that for you all.

_________________ own behalf.

_________________ the obligation.

_________________ that.

_________________ have.

_________________ her / it.

___________________ the tree.

___________________ both of them.

23
24

The Primary Rules for Mowsoof + Sifah

1. Mowsoof must be
a. First
b. Only One

2. Sifah
a. is the same as Mowsoof in 4 properties
b. is after the Mowsoof
c. may be more than one
d. may not be right after mowsoof

24
25

Tell whether each is an instance of Mowsoof + Sifah or not.


1

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

25
26

IS A MOWSOOF + SIFAH IN EACH OF THE FOLLOWING?

26
27

HUROOF OF JARR IN THE QUR’AN


With the believers. (With, because of, by, at, in
etc.)

They said, “By Allah!”

There actions are like ashes which the wind


blows fiercely on a stormy day.

And for you. The of emphasis should never be

confused with this because this is the only one that


forces to Jarr.
(I swear) By the fleeting passage of time!
Shouldn’t be confused with eaning ‘and’.
From amongst yourselves

In just retribution there is life

They ask you regarding the spoils of war

And upon Allah the believers should place their


complete trust. (On, against, mandatory on, over
and upon)

Until the rise of dawn

Until a time (3 times in Qur’an)

It (the Qur’an) guides towards what is right.

27
28

HUROOF OF NASB
Certainly Allah is

That they are / That certainly they are

As though there is deafness in his ear (literally


barrier)
Woe is me! If only I didn’t take so-and-so for a
friend!

On the contrary righteousness is

So that you may be grateful.

28
29
Sentence Vs. Fragment Drill:
1

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

29
30

POINTING WORDS ASSOCIATIONS

ôÉãå ØClå Clå


MASC.
NEAR

ôÉãå Ûélå Clå Nasb

ôÉãå Ûélå Clå Jarr

ôÉãå ØDPDå älå


FEM.
NEAR

ôÉãå ÛêPDå älå Nasb

ôÉãå ÛêPDå älå Jarr

ÁôÉÜE ÄÙCk ÄÆk


MASC.
FAR

ÁôÉÜE ÄÚék ÄÆk Nasb

ÁôÉÜE ÄÚék ÄÆk Jarr

ÁôÉÜE ÄÙDP ÄÇP


FEM.
FAR

ÁôÉÜE ÄÚêP ÄÇP Nasb

ÁôÉÜE ÄÚêP ÄÇP Jarr

If the word after any of these has ‘AL’, it becomes a


fragment like ‘This book’. If the word after does not
have ‘AL’ it becomes a sentence like ‘This is a book.’

30
31

The primary rules for Jumlah Ismiyah

1. Try to analyze cause and effect between every


consecutive word based on the following:

a. Mudhaf + Mudhaf Ilaih


b. Mowsoof + Sifah
c. Harf of Jarr + its victim
d. Harf of Nasb + its victim
e. Ismul Isharah + Musharun Ilaih

At any point in your analysis if you are unable


to establish cause and effect, place an ‘is’ or an
‘am’ or an ‘are’ in the translation.

2. The part before the ‘is’ is called Mubtada’


3. The part after is called ‘Khabar’.

31
32 Draw a line where the part before the ‘is’ ends and the part after the ‘is’ begins.
1

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

32
33

Plural Pair Singular

Ùç DØç ßç Masculine 3rd Person

CÞúpù¥ùÛ Cùpù¥ùÛ ùpù¥ùÛ


They helped. They (2) helped. He helped.

Ýç DØç íç Feminine 3rd Person

ùÚþpù¥ùÛ DùNùpù¥ùÛ þMùpù¥ùÛ


They helped (f). They (2) helped (f). She helped.

ÙOÛC DØOÛC ùPÛC Masculine 2nd Person

ÙúNþpù¥ùÛ DùØúNþpù¥ùÛ ùMþpù¥ùÛ


You all helped. You two helped. You helped.

ÝúOÛC DØOÛC ûPÛC Feminine 2nd Person

ùýÝúNþpù¥ùÛ DùØúNþpù¥ùÛ ûMþpù¥ùÛ


You all helped (f). You two helped. You helped (f).
ÙÏÇO×
ÝeÛ DÛC 1st Person

DùÛþpù¥ùÛ úMþpù¥ùÛ
We helped I helped.

ßç A

íç AT

ùPÛC PAUSE+ TA

ûPÛC PAUSE+ TI

DÛC PAUSE+ TU

ÝeÛ PAUSE+ NAA

etc.

33
34
WHAT PRONOUN IS BEHIND EACH PAST TENSE?

34
35

WHAT PRONOUN IS BEHIND EACH PAST TENSE?

35
36
Translate accurately based on the English clues
To destroy
>ß¿³ï ·í Âá ?í 1

To come
Ð>ßQ 2

To become heavy
K
á ·í î̄ßM 3

To settle (someone else)


>翳õ ºß 4

To forbid
´
í £ß ¿ßºß 5

To throw out
Êå¿JßÈá Çß ¦ï ?í 6

To follow
´
í £ß FåIß 7

To whisper evil suggestions


l
ß Çß i
á Çß ªí 8

To swear to someone
>ß»àÃ»ß i
ß >í® 9

To taste
>í®=ßc 10

To wrong
>ß¿»á ·í ží 11

To expel
T
ß fß ]
á ?í 12

To do
=ïÇî·£ß ªí 13

To command
fß ºß ?í 14

To make illegal / forbid


½ß fç U
ß 15

To come
Ð>ßQ 16

To lie against
To be arrogant =ïÆàfFß³ï Jßi
á =ïÇàEdç ²í 17

36
37
FILL IN THE BLANKS WITH APPROPRIATE PRONOUNS.

__________ created _________. ¼á ³


î í̄ ·í ]
ß

__________ gave _____________ life. ¼á ²î >ßÉU


á @íªí

__________ fashioned _____________. À


ç Âà =çÇj
ß ªí

__________ made _____________. ¼á ²î >ß¿·ï £ß Q


ß

And _______________ came to ________________. ¼á Ãà Iá Ð>ßQÆß

Then ________________ made ______________. >ßÂ>ß¿·ï £ß R


ß ªí

__________________ understood _______________. ÅàÇî·í̄ ¢ß

Then _________________slaughtered______________. >ßÂÇàVEß dß ªí

_________________touched______________. ¼á Ãà Jáj
ç ºß

__________________ gave _________________. ¼î²>ß¿ÉáIß A

_________________ wronged _______________. >ß¾Çà»·í ží

_________________ seized _______________. ¼î³áIßdß]í@íª

_________________ rescued _______________. ¼î²>ß¿ÉáR


ç ¾ß

_________________ favored _______________. ¼á ³


î Jà·ï v
ç ªí

_________________ expelled _______________. >ß»àÃßQßfá]í@íª

___________________ taught ______________. >ß¿ßJá»õ·ß¢

___________________ brought before ______________. ¼á Ãà u


ß fß ¢ß

37
38
FILL IN THE BLANKS WITH APPROPRIATE PRONOUNS.

__________ enables or facilitates travel for _________. ¼á ²î fà Éëj


ß Èà

__________ gave _____________ life. ¼á ²î >ßÉU


á @íªí

__________ fashioned _____________. À


ç Âà =çÇj
ß ªí

__________ made _____________. ¼á ²î >ß¿·ï £ß Q


ß

And _______________ came to ________________. ¼á Ãà Iá Ð>ßQÆß

Then ________________ made ______________. >ßÂ>ß¿·ï £ß R


ß ªí

__________________ understood _______________. ÅàÇî·í̄ ¢ß

Then _________________slaughtered______________. >Âß ÇàVEß dß ªí

_________________touched______________. ¼á Ãà Jáj
ç ºß

__________________ gave _________________. ¼î²>ß¿ÉáIß A

_________________ wronged _______________. >ß¾Çà»·í ží

_________________ seized _______________. ¼î³áIßdß]í@íª

_________________ rescued _______________. ¼î²>ß¿ÉáR


ç ¾ß

_________________ favored _______________. ¼á ³


î Jà·ï v
ç ªí

_________________ expelled _______________. >ß»àÃßQßfá]í@íª

___________________ taught ______________. >ß¿ßJá»õ·ß¢

___________________ brought before ______________. ¼á Ãà u


ß fß ¢ß

38
39

PRESENT TENSE

¸ØV íÜS× kp¿×


Ùç DØç ßç HñDº pÆn×
ùÚÞúpú¥þÜùë ûÚCùpú¥þÜùë úpú¥þÜùë Masculine 3rd Person

They help. They (2) help. He helps.


Ýç DØç íç HñDº TÛå×
ùÚþpú¥þÜùë ûÚCùpú¥þÜùN úpú¥þÜùN Feminine 3rd Person

They help (f). They (2) help (f). She helps.


ÙOÛC DØOÛC PÛC p¨DdpÆn×
ùÚÞúpú¥þÜùN ûÚCùpú¥þÜùN úpú¥þÜùN Masculine 2nd Person

You all help. You two help. You help.


ÝúOÛC DØOÛC PÛC p¨DdTÛå×
ùÚþpú¥þÜùN ûÚCùpú¥þÜùN ùÝëûpú¥þÜùN Feminine 2nd Person

You all help (f). You two help (f). You help (f).
ÝeÛ DÛC ÙÏÇO×
úpú¥þÜùÛ úpú¥þÛùC 1st Person

We help I help.

Some Shortcuts:

‘YA’ Beginning = Someone Who’s Not Here (3rd Person, i.e. he, she, they etc.)

The Present Tense for ‘She’ and ‘You (m)’ is the same.

‘OONA’ was used in Ism study to show plural. It does the same thing here.

‘AANI’ was used in Ism study to show pair. It does the same thing here.

39
40
Translate accurately based on the English clues
To remember
Áß Æàf²õ dß Iß 1

To wrong
Áß Çà»·å Ÿ
ï Èå 2

To live and To die


Áß ÇàIÇà»Iß Áß Çá ÉßV
á Iß 3

To see (someone else)


¼á Ãà ¾ß Æá fß Iß 4

To command
fà ºà @ïÈß 5

To say
Áß Çà»·í £á Iß Áß Çî¶Çî̄ßI 6

To return
Áß ÆàaÇà£Iß 7

To assume
Áß ÇàFj
ßV
á Èß 8

To love
G
è V
å Èà 9

To explain
¸
àrë «í ¾à 10

To understand
Áß Çà»·í £á Èß 11

To delay and To advance (make early)


Áß Çàºbå ï̄ßJj
á Èß Áß Æàf]
å @ïJßj
á Èß 12

To narrate
Áß Çèrî̄ßÈ 13

To reach
¼á Ãà ¶î >ß¿Èß 14

To call
Áß Çà¢bá Iß 15

To know
Áß Çà»·í £á Iß 16

To enter
Áß Çî·]
à bá Èß 17

40
41
PRESENT TENSE: FILL IN THE BLANKS WITH APPROPRIATE PRONOUNS.

_______________ commit(s) _________. >ßþå >ßÉIå @ïÈß

__________ advise (s) or sermon(s) _____________ . ¼î³Ÿî £å Èß

Are/ Is __________ taking _____________? Äà ¾ß Æàd]


à @ïIß ?í

__________ own behalf. Äà ¾á bà ¶õ

Then _______________ return(s) ________________. >ßÂaç fà ¿ßªí

And ________________ guide(s) ______________. ¼á ³


î ÈåbÃá ÈßÆß

____________ attack(s) or afflict (s) or test(s) ___________. ¼î³¿àJå«ï Èß

_________________has (ve) in store for ______________. ¼á Âà bà £å ¾ß

_________________multiply(s) ______________. >ßÃ«ï ¢å >ßvÈà

__________________ throw(s) / cast(s)_________________. Äå Éå·r


á ¾à

_________________ will certainly show _______________. ´


í ¿çÈßfó ¾à

_________________ give(s) _______________. Äå ÉåIÖá ¾à

_________________ provide(s) _______________. ¼î³î®àgáfßÈ

_________________ return (s) _______________. Åàbà Éå£Èà

_________________ take(s) _______________ in full. À


ç Âà >õªÇß JßÈß

___________________ gather(s) ______________. ¼á Âà fà n


àVá ¾ß

___________________ inform(s) ______________. ¼î³ÒàFë¿ß¿àªí

41
42
FILL IN THE BLANKS WITH APPROPRIATE PRONOUNS.

__________ appoint(s).

__________ gave _____________ life.

________________ command (s) people towards


good.

__________ assume(s) that they are to meet their


Lord.

_________ will never accept your demand.

_______take(s).

________________please(s) the viewers.

_________________ask or plea

_________________eat (s) the wealth of the orphans.

__________________ don’t (doesn’t) know.

_________________ bequest(s) or leave(s) a will.

_________________ come(s) or commit (s)

Should _________________ tell you all?

_________________ hide(s) or cover(s).

_________________ alone accept(s) their repentence.

How can ____________ be?

And _____________ explain(s) the ayaat.

42
43

Is the Present Tense Normal, Light or Lightest?


=Çè¿»à Iß
=Çîªeß >ߣJ߶å
=Ç࿺å Öá Ià
¸
ó]à bá Èß
=Çà£ÉåìIà
=ÇàrU
á ?íÆß
Áß Çà»·ù £ß Ià
¼à ·í £á Èß
Áß Çî·»ß £á Iß
Áó =ßbR
àj
á Èß
=Æàf»å Iß ?ï
Áó >ßÉå̄ßJ·ï Èß
óÁ>ßÉå§áFßÈ
Äà ¶î @íj
á Èß
©à fà «ï ¿ßi
ß
=Æàd«î ¿ßI

43
44

ACTION WITHOUT TIME (ISM PRESENT FI’L PAST FI’L


MASDAR)

>ðºØáiC ¼à ·å j
á Èà ¼ß ·í i
á ?í

>ð»É·á£Iß ¼à ·åä £ß Èà ¼ß ·õ ¢ß

=ða>ÃåQ bà Âå >RàÈ bß Âß >Q

ð=fèFí³ßI fà Fç³í JßÈß fß Fç³í Iß


úÌøïDs÷P øÈ÷ïDs÷Q÷é ÷È÷ïDs÷P

DúLCnùQü¾ùG øKùn÷Qü¿÷é ÷K÷n÷Qü¾ùG

ImD©ù»üÙùG ønù©÷»üÚ÷é ÷n÷©÷»üÙùG

ð=e>«á§åJáiC fà «å §á Jßj
á Èß fß «í §á Jßi
áC

44
Amr
45
Recognition Drill:
Are the following commands?
To remember 1

To carve 2

To congratulate 3

To wrong 4

To bring out 5

To follow 6

To obey 7

To accept 8

To devote oneself, to prostrate, to bow 9


down

To make or to place 10

To understand 11

To delay and To advance (make early) 12

To narrate 13

To reach 14

To call 15

To know 16

To enter 17

45
46

Retracing Commands:
Can you retrace the fi’l back to its normal, non-commanding state?
1

10

46
47

How have the following sentences been negated?


1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

47
48

21.

22.

23.

24.

25.

26.

27.

28.

29.

30.

31.

32.

33.

34.

35.

36.

37.

38.

48
49

39.

40.

41.

42.

43.

44.

45.

46.

47.

48.

49.

50.

51.

52.

53.

54.

55.

56.

57.

58.

49
50

59.

60.

61.

62.

63.

64.

65.

66.

67.

68.

69.

70.

71.

72.

73.

74.

75.

76.

77.

78.

50
51

79.

80.

81.

82.

83.

84.

85.

86.

87.

88.

89.

90.

91.

92.

93.

94.

95.

96.

97.

51
52

98.

99.

100.

101.

102.

103.

104.

105.

106.

107.

108.

109.

110.

111.

112.

113.

114.

115.

116.

52
53

117.

118.

119.

120.

121.

122.

123.

124.

125.

126.

127.

128.

129.

130.

131.

132.

133.

134.

135.

136.

53
54

137.

138.

139.

140.

141.

142.

143.

144.

145.

146.

147.

148.

149.

150.

151.

152.

153.

154.

155.

156.

54
55

157.

158.

159.

160.

161.

162.

163.

164.

165.

166.

167.

168.

169.

170.

171.

172.

173.

174.

55
56

Retracing Commands:
Can you retrace the fi’l back to its normal, non-commanding state?
1

10

56
57

Which bolded words are NOT from the Ta’leem family?

57
58

Qur’anic Examples of the TAKABBURAN family:


2:74

2:102

14:48

2:166

2:275

3:191

2:228

28:18

24:63

48:24

19:90

14:30

58:11

58
59

Which bolded words are NOT from the Mujaahadah family?

59
60

Which bolded words are NOT from the Islah family?


Áß Çà»Éå̄àÈß
å Áß Ç࿺å Öá Èà
Áß ÇàV·å «ï »à ¶ï =
¼á Ãà Iß eá dß ¾í?
Áß Çà¢aå >ß^Èà
=ïÆàbj
å «ï Ià
Áß ÇàV·å r
á ºà
¼à ·í £á Èß
L
á Ð>ßu?í
œ
ñ ÉåVºà
¼ß ·í žï ?í
å T
ß fß ]
á ?í
¼á ³î ÉåÉV
á Èà ¼á ³î JàÉå»Èà
Äà ¶î @íj
á Èß
©à fà «ï ¿ßi
ß
=Æàd«î ¿ßI

60