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Civics & Economics Midterm Exam

1. In writing the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson was mostly

influenced by which Enlightenment writer?
A. John Locke
B. Rousseau
C. Montesquieu
D. Thomas Hobbes

2. At the Constitutional Convention of 1787, a bicameral legislature was

proposed as the solution to the disagreement over
A. taxation within each state
B. control over interstate commerce
C. limits on the treaty-making power of a President
D. representation of the more populated states and the less populated states in
the national government

3. Which headline best illustrates the system of checks and balances?

A. �Senate Rejects Supreme Court Nominee�
B. �Senate Legislature Fails to Adopt Budget on Time�
C. �Congress Votes to Reduce Income Taxes�
D. �United States Peacekeeping Troops Sent to Bosnia�

4. Which situation best illustrates the constitutional principle of federalism?

A. Congress listens to the President�s State of the Union Address.
B. A congressional committee �kills� a bill by majority vote.
C. The House of Representatives votes to impeach the President.
D. Governors ask the National Government for more financial aid for their

5. To revise the Electoral College process for selecting the President, changes
must be made by the amendment process, in the:
A. Cabinet system
B. Qualifications for voters
C. System of primary elections
D. United States Constitution

6. What powers do the Necessary and Proper (elastic) clause establish?

A. Delegated
B. Expressed
C. Implied
D. Enumerated

7. The Bill of Rights expressly prohibit all of the following except

A. government sponsorship of religion
B. double jeopardy
C. cruel and unusual punishment
D. sex discrimination in employment

8. Which of the following is NOT a part of the 6th Amendment?

A. Right to trial by jury
B. Right to a lawyer
C. Right to no self-incrimination
D. Right to a speedy and fair trial

9. All of the following were concerns about the Articles of Confederation that
led to the calling of the Constitutional Convention of 1787 EXCEPT
A. dissatisfaction over safeguards of individual rights and liberties
B. fear for the stability of the central government
C. the need to give the central government the power to levy taxes
D. dissatisfaction with the central government�s ability to provide for
national defense

10. What happens to a bill after it is proposed in either the House or the
A. Goes to a conference committee
B. Sent to the standing committee most qualified to hear the bill
C. Heard by the full House or Senate
D. Assigned to a standing committee

11. �In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men, the
great difficulty lies in this, you must first enable the government to control the
governed (give it power); and in the next place, oblige it to control itself.�
The underlined portion of this passage from The Federalist refers to the need for:
A. a strong executive c. an independent military
B. a system of checks and balances d. a national education system

12. In the 1780�s, many Americans distrusted a strong central government. This
distrust is best shown by the
A. lack of debate over the ratification of the United States Constitution
B. plan of government set up by the Articles of Confederation
C. development of a Federal court system
D. constitutional provision for a strong President

13. "We hold these truths to be self-evident: That all men are created equal; that
they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights; that among
these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; . . ."

This quotation is evidence that some of the basic ideas in the Declaration of
Independence were
A. limitations of the principles underlying most European governments of the
B. adaptations of the laws of Spanish colonial governments in North America.
C. adoptions of rules used by the Holy Roman Empire.
D. reflections of the philosophy of John Locke�s natural rights

14. The authors of the United States Constitution believed that the voice of the
people should be heard frequently. Which part of the Government was instituted to
respond most directly to the will of the people, due to their short term in office
before reelection?
A. Senate
B. House of Representatives
C. Supreme Court
D. Presidency

15. In the United States, the use of implied powers, the amending process, and
Supreme Court interpretations have resulted in
A. a general loss of individual rights
B. a strengthening of the principle of separation of powers
C. the Constitution changing to fit different times
D. the limiting of Presidential power in domestic affairs

16. The system of checks and balances is best illustrated by the power of
A. the President to veto a bill passed by Congress
B. Congress to censure one of its members
C. a governor to send the National Guard to stop a riot
D. state and Federal governments to levy and collect taxes
17. Which factor has made the strongest contribution to the development of
religious freedom in the United States?
A. Most citizens have shared the same religious beliefs.
B. Religious groups have remained politically unified.
C. School prayer has been ruled constitutional by the Supreme Court.
D. Guarantees in the Constitution have encouraged religious expression and

18. Which phrase from the Declaration of Independence most clearly reflects the
idea that the people are the source of government?
A. �. . . that all men are created equal,...�
B. �. .. all men are . . . endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable
C. �. . . deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. . .�
D. �. . . governments long established should not be changed for light and
transient causes . . .

19. One way in which the United States Constitution differed from the Articles of
Confederation was that the Constitution
A. created a national government having three branches
B. Constitution was a framework for government
C. Only the Constitution established a legislative branch
D. The states could tax

20. At the Constitutional Convention of 1787, delegates from the small states most
strongly supported the idea of
A. establishing a strong national executive
B. levying taxes on exports
C. popular election of Senators
D. equal representation for the states in the national legislature

21. The United States Constitution grants certain powers only to the Federal
Government. For example, only Congress can declare war. These powers are called
A. police powers
B. reserved powers
C. enumerated powers
D. concurrent powers

22. Which feature of the Presidency is a result of a constitutional amendment?

A. two-term limit in office
B. power to appoint ambassadors
C. duty to act as Commander in Chief
D. responsibility to nominate Justices to the Supreme Court

23. Which amendment in the Bill of Rights protects due process of law and the
right to not self-incriminate?
A. 6th Amendment
B. 1st Amendment
C. 5th Amendment
D. 10th Amendment

24. What are the freedoms protected by the 1st Amendment?

A. speech, bear arms, press, religion, assembly
B. religion, assembly, press, petition, speech
C. religion, bear arms, press, religion, assembly
D. speech, press, religion, assembly
25. During the debates over the ratification of the United States Constitution,
Federalists and Anti-Federalists disagreed most strongly over the
A. division of powers between the national and state governments
B. provision for admitting new states to the Union
C. distribution of power between the Senate and the House of Representatives
D. method of amending the Constitution

26. The Articles of Confederation are best described as a

A. statement of principles justifying the Revolutionary War
B. framework for a weak, decentralized government
C. set of arguments supporting ratification of the Constitution
D. list of reasons for the secession of the Southern States

27. How did the British government support their policy of mercantilism?
A. passing the Navigation Acts and writs of assistance
B. salutary neglect policies
C. allowing colonial representation in Parliament
D. passing the Intolerable Acts

28. Senate ratification of treaties negotiated by the President is required by the

United States Constitution as a way of
A. maintaining United States prestige in international affairs
B. preventing Federal abuse of State power
C. implementing the principle of checks and balances
D. expanding the authority of the executive branch

29. The United States Constitution requires that a census be taken every ten years
to reapportion
A. membership in the House of Representatives
B. the number of delegates to national nominating conventions
C. Federal aid to localities
D. agricultural subsidies

30. In the United States Congress, differences between Senate and House of
Representatives versions of a bill are usually resolved by accepting the version
that is
A. preferred by a majority of the State legislatures
B. supported by the Supreme Court
C. preferred by the House in which the bill originated
D. agreed to by a joint conference committee of both houses

31. Which idea had a major influence on the authors of the Articles of
A. A strong central government threatens the rights of the people and the
B. All of the people must be granted the right to vote.
C. Three branches of government are needed to protect liberty.
D. The central government must have the power to levy taxes and to control

32. Speaker A: �States must be represented in the national government solely on

the basis of population. It is indeed the only fair situation."
Speaker B:"The national legislature must be based on equal representation of the
states to protect the interests of the small states."
Speaker C:"States must accept the supremacy of the national government on all
issues; otherwise, the system will fail."
Speaker D:"The national Congress should consist of two houses: one in which
representation is based on population, and one in which states are equally
Which document was being written when this discussion most likely occurred?
A. Declaration of Independence C. Covenant of the League of Nations
B. United States Constitution D. Charter of the United Nations

33. Speaker A:� States must be represented in the national government solely on
the basis of population. It is indeed the only fair situation."
Speaker B:"The national legislature must be based on equal representation of the
states to protect the interests of the small states."
Speaker C:"States must accept the supremacy of the national government on all
issues; otherwise, the system will fail."
Speaker D:"The national Congress should consist of two houses: one in which
representation is based on population, and one in which states are equally
Which speaker�s idea about representation was actually included in the U.S.
A. Speaker A
B. Speaker B
C. Speaker C
D. Speaker D

34. The major reason the Bill of Rights was added to the United States
Constitution was
A. to limit the power of state governments
B. to protect individual liberties against abuse by the federal government

C. to provide for equal treatment of all people

D. to separate powers between the three branches of government

35. Which of the following scenarios is how an amendment to the United States
Constitution is added?
A. 3/4 of Congressional propose and 2/3 of state legislatures ratify
B. 3/4 of state legislatures propose and 3/4 of state legislatures ratify
C. 2/3 of Congress propose and 3/4 of state legislatures ratify
D. 2/3 of Senate propose and 3/4 of state legislatures ratify

36. As of January 3, 2009, who will be North Carolina�s senators?

A. Richard Burr, John Edwards C. David Price, Mike Easley
B. Richard Burr, Kay Hagan D. John Edwards, Elizabeth Dole

37. Which of the following is NOT a civic duty?

A. voting
B. jury duty
C. select service (enlistment in draft)
D. paying taxes

38. In the Colonial Era, the Stamp Act Congress, the First and Second Continental
Congresses provided the foundation to what institution in the United States
A. President
B. Voting
C. Electoral College
D. United States Congress

39. �The only representatives of the people of these colonies are persons chosen
therein by themselves; and that no taxes ever have been, or can be
constitutionally imposed on them but by their respective legislatures.�
-Statement by the Stamp Act Congress, 1765
What is a valid conclusion that can be drawn from this quotation?
A. The colonial legislatures should be appointed by the English King with the
consent of Parliament.
B. Only the colonists� elected representatives should have the power to levy
C. The English King should have the right to tax the colonists.
D. The colonists should be opposed to all taxation.

40. The Great Compromise, which was proposed by Roger Sherman and accepted by the
other delegates to the Constitutional Convention, solved a disagreement between
which two groups?
A. costal states and inland states B. Federalists and Anti-federalists C.
large states and small states D. farmers and manufacturers

41. The main crop produced in the colony of Virginia was ______________.
A. grain B. lumber C. rice D.

42. According to the Virginia Plan, which of the following determined the number
of legislative representatives to which a state would be entitled?
A. Population C. Influence
B. Geographic area D. Location

43. According to Article I of the U.S. Constitution, Congress does NOT have the
power to do which of the following?
A. coin money C. declare war
B. regulate trade D. tax exports

44. In democracy, who is sovereign?

A. the people C. one person
B. the rich D. the President

45.Which of the following is in correct chronological order?

A. Constitution, Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, Bill of
B. Declaration of Independence, Bill of Rights, Constitution, Articles of
C. Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, Constitution, Bill of
D. Articles of Confederation, Bill of Rights, Declaration of Independence,

46.Where are the six purposes of government found?

A. Declaration of Independence C. preamble of the Constitution
B. Magna Carta D. Articles of Confederation

47.What event led to the shift in enforcement policy towards the American colonies
by the British government?
A. American Revolution C. Spanish Wars
B. French and Indian War D. Stamp Act Congress

48.Which of the following is NOT included in the 8th Amendment?

A. speedy and fair trial C. no cruel and unusual punishments
B. no excessive fines D. no excessive bail
49. Currently, who is Speaker of the House?
A. George W. Bush C. Robert Byrd
B. Nancy Pelosi D. Hillary Clinton

50. The Three-Fifths Compromise stated that:

A. for representation purposes in Congress, every 5 slaves will count as 3 free
B. for representation purposes in Congress, every 3 slaves will count as 5 free
C. the slave trade would immediately cease (end).
D. Congress could not tax southern exports.

51.Which Constitutional plan did the smaller states support?

A. Virginia Plan C. 3/5 Compromise
B. New Jersey Plan D. Albany Plan of Union

52.Which of the following describes the Connecticut Compromise?

A. Bicameral Congress based on population and equal representation
B. Unicameral Congress with representation based on population
C. Bicameral Congress based on equal representation for all states
D. Unicameral Congress based on how much tax money a state pays

53.Which group favored the ratification of the Constitution?

A. Federalists C. Anti-Federalists
B. Sons of Liberty D. Democratic-Republicans

54. After a Conference Committee combines the House and Senate versions of a bill:
A. bill goes back to the House and the Senate for a vote, where changes can
be made
B. the bill goes to the President of the United States
C. bill goes back to the House and the Senate for a vote, where no changes
can be made
D. the bill is killed

55. Which of these was a formal amendment to the Constitution?

A. right of women to vote C. balanced federal budget
B. prohibition of child labor D. right of a woman to have an

56.Which statement about the Supremacy Clause is true?

A. it establishes the Constitution as the highest law of the land
B. establishes acts of Congress as constitutional
C. it gives state constitutions more power than Congress
D. it gives state laws more power than national treaties

57. The Necessary and Proper Clause of the Constitution allows

A. the Supreme Court to declare laws unconstitutional
B. the President to make sure that Congress does not make unnecessary laws
C. Congress to make any laws it feels are needed for a sustainable nation
D. The people to protest laws they do not like

58. Which of the following statements does NOT accurately describe the effects of
geography on the economy of New England?
A. A commercial economy based on trade due to deep sea ports
B. Short growing seasons due to extreme weather only allowed for subsistence
C. Small farms developed in New England due to its gravelly and stony soil
D. Slave labor was necessary in order to sustain subsistence farming

59. All of the following are rights in the Bill of Rights except:
A. freedom of speech C. freedom of religion
B. women�s right to vote D. right to own a gun

60. What is the role of the legislative branch?

A. make the law C. keep states from having too much power
B. enforce the law D. interpret the law

61. All of the following are examples of expressed powers EXCEPT

A. collecting taxes C. establishing a public school system
B. regulating armies D. coining money

62. According the theory of __________, a country should export goods more than it
A. independence C. bicameralism
B. mercantilism D. confederation

63. The ______________ levied taxes on basic goods imported to the colonies from
Great Britain.
A. Stamp Act C. Tea Act
B. Declaratory Act D. Townshend Acts

64. Who led an armed uprising of farmers on a federal arsenal, which displayed an
urgent need for a stronger government?
A. John Locke C. Thomas Jefferson
B. Thomas Paine D. Daniel Shays

65. The Boston Tea Party caused Parliament to pass the Intolerable Acts, which
included the Quartering Act and:
A. closing Boston harbor C. closing Charleston harbor
B. taxed tea products D. raised colonial taxes

66. The Stamp Act led to a united, representative assembly called:

A. First Continental Congress C. newspapers and legal documents
B. Second Continental Congress D. Stamp Act Congress

67. The _____________ stated that Parliament had the right to tax and make
decisions for the American colonies �in all cases.�
A. Tea Act C. Mayflower Compact
B. Magna Carta D. Declaratory Act

68. Who did delegates unanimously agree should preside over the Constitutional
A. Benjamin Franklin C. Thomas Jefferson
B. John Adams D. George Washington

69. What refers to powers given to state governments but not to the national
A. expressed powers C. separation of powers
B. checks and balances D. reserved powers

70. What part of the Constitution deals with how the legislative branch will work?
A. Article I C. Preamble
B. Article II D. First Amendment

71. A _________ is a court order allowing police to search a suspect�s home or

business and take specific items as evidence.
A. indictment C. subpoena
B. grand jury D. search warrant

72. ___________ means that a person judged not guilty cannot be put on trial again
for the same crime.
A. Due process C. Double Jeopardy
B. Suffrage D. Censorship

73. People from a representative�s district are called his or her

A. constituents C. cloture
B. lobbyists D. representees

74. The most powerful member of the House of Representatives is the

A. majority leader C. majority whip
B. President of the House D. Speaker of the House

75. Which of the following is considered to be a power of the United States

A. leaders of the armed services C. power of the purse (power over
the money)
B. power to appoint federal judges D. power to make treaties

76. Senators may talk on the Senate floor as long as they can, usually to block a
vote on a bill, often called a(n):
A. blockbuster C. dirt buster
B. filibuster D. talk-a-thon

77. If the president ignores a bill for 10 days and Congress is not in session, it
is a
A. pocket veto C. line item veto
B. filibuster D. veto

78. What are completely unrelated amendments tacked onto a Senate bill?
A. baggage C. joint resolutions
B. filibusters D. riders

79. A state has as many ___________ as the total of its U.S. senators and
A. points C. ballots
B. electoral votes D. judges

80. What is the primary job or duty of the Executive Branch?

A. make the laws C. create constitutional amendments
B. enforce the laws D. interpret the laws

81. How long is the term for a member of the House of Representatives?
A. 2 years C. 6 years
B. 4 years D. 8 years

82. How many Untied States Senators are there?

A. 50 C. 435
B. 100 D. 535

83. What is the title of the person who takes over in the Senate if the vice
president can not be there?
A. Speaker of the House C. Minority Leader
B. Majority Leader D. President Pro Tempore

84. Who is our district�s local representative to the House of Representatives?

A. John Edwards C. David Price
B. Kay Hagan D. Richard Burr

85. What is the first step in a bill becoming a law?

A. President signs it
B. House committee debates it
C. Conference committee debates it
D. it is introduced and given a name and number

86. Where is most of the work in Congress done?

A. in individual offices C. in committees
B. on the House and Senate floor D. in the White House

87. A joint committee is made up of

A. both Senators and Representatives
B. President and members of Congress
C. Representatives and lobbyists
D. Representatives from both large and small states

88. When the President appoints a new judge to the Supreme Court, who must give
their approval?
A. The House C. The Senate
B. Congress D. State Governors

89. After a bill is introduced in the House and given a name and a number what is
the next step?
A. it is sent to the president pro tempore C. the Speaker assigns it to
a standing committee
B. it is debated on the floor D. it is sent to the President

90. What is the job of a conference committee?

A. debate the constitutionality of a bill
B. decide when the bill will be debated on the floor
C. determine if the bill can be enforced if it were to become law
D. compromise between the Senate and House versions of a bill

91. Why was the colony of Jamestown settled?

A. For religious freedom C. to make money for investors
B. So prisoners could be sent there D. to serve as a military
post in the new world

92. If the President vetoes a bill what must happen for it to become a law?
A. Congress may pass a concurrent resolution saying they want it to be a law
B. Congress may override with a 2/3 vote of both houses
C. the Speaker of the House and the President of the Senate can override a
D. a Senator may filibuster until the President changes his mind

93. What type of democracy does the United States have?

A. direct democracy C. limited democracy
B. representative democracy D. absolute democracy

94. The French Enlightenment philosopher Baron de Montesquieu praised the British
political system because it divided the power of government between the monarch
and the two houses of Parliament. Which principle included in the U.S.
Constitution shows that the framers agreed with Montesquieu?
A. separation of powers C. rule of law
B.popular sovereignty D. federalism

95. The geography of a region will have the most direct influence on the region�s:
A. economy C. system of education
B. form of worship D. system of government

96. What was the �holy experiment� established in Pennsylvania?

A. using holy water to see the future
B. a colony established for Catholics
C. a colony established on the basis of freedom of religion
D. a colony established without a landowning aristocracy

97. The differences in the economic development of the New England, middle, and
southern colonies resulted chiefly from
A. geographic conditions
B. customs of the immigrants
C. differences in colonial governments
D. extent of education in the colonies

98. During the 18th century, the basic purpose of the British mercantile system
was to
A. increase the wealth and power of Great Britain
B. stimulate colonial initiative and self-sufficiency
C. guarantee the colonies a favorable balance of trade
D. encourage international economic cooperation

99. Type of government: no separation of church and state:

A. democracy
B. theocracy
C. Puritan church
D. Massachusetts Bay Colony

100. The French and Indian War increased tension between Britain and the American
colonies because the
A. colonists had not been allowed to participate in that war
B. colonists had hoped to win independence
C. British pressed the colonists to form the Committees of Correspondence
D. British insisted that the colonists share the expenses of the war

101. Which action of the British government directly affected the people on the
A. Intolerable Acts C. Stamp Act
B. Proclamation of 1763 D. Townshend Acts
102. Which does NOT illustrate the principle of checks and balances?
A. Congress passes a bill, but the President can veto it.
B. The President appoints cabinet members, but the Senate must approve them.
C. The Supreme Court has the power to declare laws of Congress
D.The national government regulates interstate commerce, but state governments
regulate commerce within the states.

103. According the to Tenth Amendment, the powers �not delegated to the United
States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states,� are reserved to
A. Congress C. Supreme Court
B. President D. states or the people

104. Which headline refers to an action that may be justified under the elastic
A. President Vetoes Act of Congress
B. Congress Passes Minimum-Wage Law
C. President Appoints Ambassador to the United Nations
D. Senate Ratifies Treaty

105. Which two functions are carried on by both the federal and state governments?
A. maintaining highways and operating a postal system
B. conserving natural resources and coining money
C. appointing ambassadors and financing schools
D. levying taxes and establishing courts

106. Where in the United States Constitution are reserved powers protected?
A. Article I
B. Article V
C. 10th Amendment
D. 1st Amendment

107. The system of checks and balances was made part of our federal government to
A. the federal government from obtaining too much power over the states
B. the states from seceding
C. any one branch of the federal government from becoming too powerful
D. the Supreme Court from declaring laws void

108. What is the job of the Majority and Minority Leaders in Congress?
A. make sure the majority party�s agenda is supported by Congress
B. ensure their home state or district is benefiting by legislation
C. ensure their political party�s agenda and ideals are supported by
congressional legislation
D. ensure the President of the United States is pleased with congressional

109. What are the requirements to run for the House of Representatives?
A. 30 years old, 7 years as U.S. citizen C. 25 years old, 9 years as U.S.
B. 25 years old, 7 years as U.S. citizen D. 30 years old, 9 years as U.S.

110. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

A. George Washington C. James Madison
B. Thomas Jefferson D. Ben Franklin
111. What is federalism?
A. sharing and dividing of powers between national and state levels of
B. separation of power between the three branches of government
C. federal government is supreme
D. state government is supreme

112. The Framers of the Constitution allowed for the people of the U.S. to have
the most influence and power in choosing the:
A. Justices of the Supreme Court C. Speaker of the House of
B. President and Vice President D. members of the House of

113. According to the Constitution, the House of Representatives has the sole
power to:
A. approve appointments C. impeach federal officials and hear money
bills first
B. override Presidential vetoes D. filibuster

114. In the House of Representatives, the period of debate is likely to be shorter

than in the Senate because the House:
A. remains in session longer
B. has rules that limit discussion
C. considers bills only after the Senate has passed them
D. is generally composed of less experienced members

115. The term �gerrymandering� refers to the :

A. unequal distribution of campaign contributions
B. unusual districts drawn for election purposes, to favor a particular
C. unusual power of the Southern states in Congress
D. unjust practice of dismissing officeholders for political reasons

116. What is the smallest number of members of Congress that a state, regardless
of its population, may have?
A. five C. two
B. three D. four

117. According to the Constitution, which of the following must originate in the
House of Representatives?
A. money bills (bills having to do with federal funding)
B. a proposed amendment to require a referendum for a declaration of war
C. approval of appointment of a new attorney general
D. a court order against a witness who refused to answer questions before

118. No bill may become a law without the approval of:

A. the United States Supreme Court C. a 2/3 vote of the Senate
B. the President D. both houses of Congress

Base your answers to questions 119 � 120 on the activities of the United States
Senators described below and on your knowledge of American government.
Senator A is talking with a representative of the American Federation of Labor
concerning a labor bill about to be introduced.
Senator B has been speaking on the floor of the Senate for several hours in an
effort to
prevent a vote on a bill the Senator opposes.
Senator C is attending committee hearings on a treaty about to be submitted to the
for ratification.
Senator D is drafting a bill that will provide for a federal flood-control project
in her
home state.

119. Which Senator is using his right to filibuster?

A. A C. C
B. B D. D

120. Which Senator appears to be most directly involved with pork-barrel

A. A C. C
B. B D. D

121. A naturalized citizen can hold any of the following offices EXCEPT:
A. Senator C. Secretary of State
B. Member of the House of Representatives D. President

122. In Presidential succession, who comes after the Speaker of the House?
A. Secretary of State C. Vice President
B. President Pro Tempore D. Senate Majority Leader

123. Which of the following is not a purpose of government according to the

A. establish justice C. provide for the common defense
B. promote the general welfare D. ensure direct democracy

124. How many states made up the original United States?

A. 9 C. 13
B. 10 D. 50

125.What did many Anti-federalists want added to the Constitution before they
would agree to ratify it?
A. Preamble C. Bill of Rights
B. An executive branch D. Line item veto for the President

126. At what point do most bills die?

A. on the House floor C. on the President�s desk
B. in committee D. when members vote it down

127. If a senator is the head of a committee, what is the most likely reason?
A. he or she is the most powerful member of the Senate
B. he or she was disloyal to the political party
C. he or she was the most qualified person for the job and the youngest
D. he or she is a loyal, senior member of the majority party

128. What battle was the turning point of the Revolutionary War because the
French came to the aid of the Americans?
A. Lexington C. Saratoga
B. Concord D. Yorktown

129. The Mayflower Compact was an early expression of which idea?

A. limited monarchy C. Separation of Powers
B. the Bill of Rights D. Consent of the governed

130. What is a written plan of government that sets out the purposes and
organization of government?
A. declaration of independence C. articles of confederation
B. bill of rights D. constitution

131. route traveled by slaves to get to the New World A.

indentured servants
132. investment group that funded a colony B. joint
stock company
133. worked for 7 years to pay for coming to America C. triangular
134. land controlled by a far away nation D. middle
135. trade network between America, Africa, and the Caribbean E. colony
136. said, �Give me liberty, or give me death� A. Samuel Adams
137. leader of the Sons of Liberty B. Benjamin
138. person who drew the �Join or Die� political cartoon C. George
139. leader of the American army during the Revolutionary War D. Patrick
140. leader of Britain when the Declaration of Independence was signed E.
George Washington

141. determines how many representatives a state will have A.

142. drawing a district to favor one political party over another B.
fringe benefits
143. the people a member of Congress represents C. franking
144. extra perks of a job that are not included in the salary D.
145. free postage for members of Congress E.

146. small bill that is attached to a larger bill in the Senate A.

147. assistant to the party leader B. filibuster
148. proposed law C. pigeon hole
149. ignore a bill so that it dies D. whip
150. talk as long as you want to stop voting on a bill E.

Honor Pledge
Please sign your name on your answer sheet indicating that you have given or
received help on this exam. This means you have not talked to people in other
classes about the exam and you will not talk to people in other classes about this