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Bushman, Brad J. "The Effects of Violent Video Games. Does It Effect Our Behavior?" Web log post. ITHP.

2011. Web. 06 Mar. 2012. This article explains the negative effects of violent video games on teens. Unlike TV, which involves passive involvement, video games provide a more active role. Studies have shown that players of violent games played in first person point of view, where the player sees everything from the character's view point, are more likely to become aggressive themselves in comparison to a more distant third person view point. Bushman also states that playing violent videogames may lead to aggressiveness, decrease in helping behavior and loss of empathy. On a brighter side, the article suggests that video games are in a way helpful because it aids in the development of handeye coordination and it is a way to release pint up anger (according to previous studies). Brad Bushman has a Ph.D. in Psychology and is a Professor of Communication and Psychology, at Ohio State University and a Professor of Communication Science at VU University, Amsterdam, and the Netherlands. He studies extensively on the consequences of human aggression and can therefore speak on the consequences of violent video games played by teens. His article seems the least bit biased considering he approached his writing with questioning whether or not violent video games were bad instead of beginning this article with a set belief that it IS bad. He viewed both the negative and positive effects instead attempting to force one side on the reader. This article is useful in helping viewers understand what effects can come from engaging in violent video games. It was useful to me personally because I was able to gain a great amount of information that will help me better assess my line of inquiry as far as the effects video games have on teens and adolescents. Donner, Ed. "TV Violence & the Effects on Children." TV Violence & The Effects On Children. LIVESTRONG.COM. 4 May 2011. Web. 5 Mar. 2012. This article states the concern of televised violence and the effects it has on young children as well as teens. Donner goes on to explain that TV shows often offer aggressive heroes as people to look up to and role models for children. Many programs glorify violence and portray it as a easy form of justice with no consequence, usually praise. These negative messages may often desensitize children to violence and lead to violent behavior as well as a lack of empathy to victims. Ed Donner is a clinical psychologist and has published several researches on psychological issues. He has a BS and a Ph.D. is psychology and is therefore knoweldeged enough in this area to speak on such a topic. This article does not seem biased because Donner goes on later to explain that not all children will become violent. Even after watching thousands of violent acts on TV, they can still be peaceful and nonviolent; it just depends on parents engagement and control of violent messages in their households. By addressing both sides of the issue, the article came off as unbiased to me. This article fits in perfectly with my research topic because it helped me understand the negative effects of violent TV shows on adolescents as well as children. I can use this information and apply it to the rest of my findings to later develop my own position on the issue. Izettl. "Strict Parents Raise Better Kids - What They Do Differently Than Other Parents." Web log post. HubPages. HubPages, 2010. Web. 23 Feb. 2012. A viewer of a reality show called Worlds Strictest Parents (a show where two troubled teenagers are sent to live with a family with strong values and strict parenting skills for a week in hope that the teens will become better behaved) wrote this article after evaluating the strict parents values. The article describes several characteristics that shape a strict yet strong parent and leads to well-behaved children. Some characteristics include: Invasion of a child's privacy,

house rules, consequences and avoiding yelling/abuse. These traits and a few more are what the author believes creates a well-rounded and disciplined individual. This article was written by a woman named Izettl with a degree in Psychology, a few years of experience with Human Resources, and is a blog writer for business websites. She is also a parent. All of these things qualify her to suggest what characteristics define a "Strict Parent" and the reasoning behind those suggested characteristics. Considering these qualifications, I believe the article and author can be trusted. She is defiantly capable of speaking on this type of human behavior. Since part of my research has to do with the effects of different parenting methods, this article will help me in developing possible likely outcomes of teens whom where parented in this manner compared to those who were not. Besides making a few references to her own personal experience to back up her information, she did not make the article seem one-sided or biased. Reading this article may aid in parenting and answer a few common questions of parents. It will provide them with a few tips that may help lead to the development of a well-rounded son or daughter. Martino, Steven C., Rebecca L. Collins, and Marc N. Elliot. "Exposure to Degrading Versus Nondegrading Music Lyrics and Sexual Behavior Among Youth." Exposure to Degrading Versus Nondegrading Music Lyrics and Sexual Behavior Among Youth 118.2 (2006): 430-41. Pediatrics. American Academy or Pediatrics, 13 Mar. 2007. Web. 24 Feb. 2012. This article expresses the belief that degrading sexual music influences the sexual behavior of teenagers and adolescents. A study was conducted in survey form to 1461 adolescents comparing their daily usage of music and their sexual backgrounds. Before this study was conducted, studies already shown that music video consumption is linked to sexual behavior, so this study was to determine whether or not the actual lyrics of songs have a similar effect. The results showed that the youth who listened to music with degrading or hostile sexual lyrics were more likely to initiate intercourse and advance to higher levels of sexual activity, and that exposure to no degrading content had no relation to sexual activity. All of the authors that contributed to this article have PhDs or MAs in different areas of psychology and are therefore are knowledged enough to speak on this topic. The study seems fair and unbiased because it was conducted on a national scale and there was no pre-hoped outcome. The goal was to see whether or not sexual lyrics were related to sexual behavior, not to prove a pre-existing theory. By reading this article, the reader will understand the relationship between degrading music and its effect on adolescents in comparison to nondegrading musical lyrics. Because part of my research has to do with music and the effects on teens, this source provides me with information to further my development of an overall position on the effects society has on teens. O'Keeffe, Gwenn, and Kathleen Clarke-Pearson. The Impact of Social Media on Children, Adolescents, and Families. Pediatrics. American Academy or Pediatrics, 28 Mar. 2011. Web. 2 Mar. 2012. This article discusses the effects of involvement in social media such as Facebook, MySpace, and Twitter; gaming sites and virtual worlds such as Club Penguin, Second Life, and the Sims; video sites such as YouTube; and blogs, in teens and adolescents. Some benefits of social networking can include enhancement of communication and technical skills in tweens. It can also lead to the growth of ideas through creation, forms an opportunity for respect, tolerance, and increased discourse about personal and global issues. And it aids in the positive development of social skills. Some negative effects mentioned in this article include cyber-bulling and online harassment that can lead to profound psychosocial outcomes like depression, severe isolation, and suicide. Participation in social networking or engagement in social media also leads to an increased danger of "sexting".

The authors of this article have MD's in Communication and Media, therefore are qualified to speak on this topic. This clinical report has been published in the Pediatric journal and references several other sources to back up their information. I believe this article is fair and unbiased because they did not seem to have a set opinion about social networking. Instead, they included both negative and positive effects, and left the position-taking up to the readers. This clinical report is relevant to my topic because it basically covers all aspects of social media and the influences they have on adolescents, but good and bad. By reading this, I am able to examine both sides of the issue and work on developing a new position.