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M.P. Khanal, B. Aryal & U. R.

Khanal large mass produces ;so the rotating black-hole is strikingly different Central Department of Physics, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal from Cosmological Constant non-rotating ones. Black-Hole It is an extra term in Einsteins Field Equations. Rotating black-holes have an itsel; ergosphere. implies, such an object is dark. As its name Matter and energy gravitate,they drive the universe to fcollapse on
physically it is unacceptable.. Introduced by Einstein to balance the attractive force of gravity.

MODELLING THE ROTATIONAL VELOCITIES OF GALAXIES WITH THE ergosphere. *General relativity predicts that the rapid rotation ofNUCLEUS mass a large KERR-deSITTER BLACK-HOLE INthat a non-rotating THE Produces further distortions of space-time than

.Vc

A parameter describing the energy density of the vacuum(empty space).


It is denoted by

After Hubbles exposition to evolutionary universe, Einstein claimed that inclusion of cosmological constant was big blunder & dropped
Sufficiently large L will cause galaxies to accelerate away from us. Value of L in our present universe is not known & may be zero or negative. Our present work includes the determination of Cosmological constant

, a greek letter; L

It has strong gravity and traps light & prevents it from getting away, so is black. It is the end state of a massive star,which has exhaust all its nuclear fuel.
.

An object whose co-ordinate radius R satisfies the 2 GM condition R called a black hole. R ,is
C2
s

A black-hole is supposed to posses three physical properties: mass,angular momentum and charge There are two types of black holes:nonrotating & rotating.

Rotating Black-Hole: Rotational curve of NGC224


B
50 0 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40

300

250

200

150

100

distance from centre

We use the following formulae: 1. Rotational velocity of a test particle in the orbit around the central mass ;

Vf r () = W - Khanal and Bhatt 2001) w 2 (By D D


r q

sin q

Where,

r L D+-= r a 1 2 Mr r 3

()
2 2

df L M L f 2 r 2 W = == 1 -/r dt Er 3 t

r a cos q = r +
= r + ( D a si a ) Dn
2 2 2 2 q r 2 2

*Rotating black-hole shares many of the features of non-rotating black-hole; the inability of light or anything else to escape from within their event horizons,accretion disks etc. *General relativity predicts that the rapid rotation of a large mass Produces further distortions of space-time than that a nonrotating large mass produces ;so the rotating black-hole is strikingly different from non-rotating ones. Rotating black-holes have an

velocity

The main purpose of our work is to investigate the effect of cosmological constant on the Cosmological constant L geodetic motions in the universe. a Kerr parameter defined as specific angular momentum of the black hole and For this the time like and null geodesics in the given as, Kerr-deSitter space time was taken up so that a=L/M Mass of the M black hole effect of cosmological constant on the motion 2.The nature of the orbit in the equatorial plane is given by; of both massive and massless particles in the fi of spherically symmetric and rotating body co 2 2 2 3 2 be studied. 3+ u a- L + a L D + a DL 3M u a -D L +a D 3 df We work on kerr-deSitter space time which = 2 2 2 3 2 4 has three horizons.Out of three horizons one wa du 3 M D- + M -- uc a Lu +a u u uc 2u+ - 6 u 3 3u a L negative which was excluded and the other w where D=L/E and u=1/r taken into account. Here we solve equations for circular orbits.

L2 a D = q1 + c o s q 3

Our work

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THE FIFTH NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY,November 10-12,2008(Kathmandu Nepal)