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The Subjuctive

- This tense is used to uncertainty. When a main verb expresses a feeling or


emotion or a desire and the verb that follows it has a different subject, the second verb is in the subjunctive mood.

Formation:
Present subjunctive: 3rd person plural present indicative - (-ent) indicated endings Je Tu -e -es -e Nous Vous Ils/elles -ions -iez -ent

Il/elle/on

Ex: Je regrette que la licorne dispraise. Ex: Choisir; ils choississent Je choisisse Nous choisissions Vous choisissiez

Tu choisisses Il choisisse

Ils choisissent

Verbs with double stems: some verbs conjugated in the present subjunctive have a stem based on the third person plural and another based on the nous. The most common verbs that follow this pattern are: Boire Prendre Croire Recevoir Devoir Voir Mourir Venir

Ex: venir

Je

vienne

Nous venions Vous veniez Ils viennent

Tu viennes Il vienne

Some verbs have 2 stems but are not based on the present indicative and yet follow the same pattern as those that do. Ex: aller; aill-/all J Tu Il aille ailles aille Ex: vouloir; veuill-/voulJe Tu Il veuille veuilles veuille Nous Vous Ils voulions vouliez veuillent Nous allions Vous Ils alliez aillent

Irregular verbs: some of the most common irregular stems are savoir (sache), pouvoir (puisse) and faire (fasse) avoir J Tu Il aie aies ait tre Nous Vous Ils ayons ayez aient Avoir and tre are also irregular:

Je Tu Il

sois sois soit

Nous Vous Ils

soyons soyez soient

Subjunctive
- This tense is almost always used in a dependent clause and usually, though not always, follows que. The subjunctive is used: 1. Following verbs and expressions that indicate doubt or possibility. Some common expressions are: Il est possible que Ils se peut que Il est impossible que Il est peu probable que

Ex: Il se peut que nous trouvions une pomme. EXCEPTION: il est probable que is not followed by the sunjunctive.

2. Following expressions of volition (will, desire, wish, intent) or sentiment (emotion, judgment, appreciation). Common verbs are:

Admirer Ordonner

Aimer mieux Dfendre Permettre Prfrer

Demander Regretter

Dsirer vouloir

Insister

Ex: Il faut que tu nous dises qui elle aime. NOTE: the subjunctive is not used after the verb esprer. Some common expressions of volition and emotion followed by the subjunctive are: Avoir peur que

tre emotion (triste, content[e], tonn[e

Il est bon/important/utile que Il faut que

Il vaut mieux que Il est dommage/ncessaire/temps que

Ex: Il vaut mieux que tu fasses tes devoirs. Do not use the subjunctive if the subject of the first part of the sentence is the same as the second. In this case, use the infinitive. o Ex: Je suis contente de partir. Do not use the subjunctive when the subject it certain about something. Some expressions of certainty include: tre certain(e) que Il est clair que Croire que Il est certain que Penser que Il est probable que

Pass du subjonctif
- This tense is used if the action in the second part happened earlier. o Ex: Le professeur tait content que nous ayons vu le film. - Formation: o Subjunctive aux. verb (tre/avoir) + past part. of main verb Jaie mang mon dner. Elle soit partie.