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# How To Do Trigonometry Step By Step

## How To Do Trigonometry Step By Step

Trigonometry is the study of triangles, particularly right triangles. It deals with relationships between the sides and angles of the triangles. These relationships are expressed by the functions of sine, cosine and tangent. These functions are also used in describing the motion of waves.
In this article, we will be discussing the basic uses of the trigonometric functions sin, cos and tan. An introduction of right triangles is found in the article Pythagorean Theorem. Go check it out if you need a bit of a refresher. To begin with, let us define what sin, cos and tan mean. These three functions are simply ratios of the sides of triangles that help us relate to an angle in the triangle. We'll be using the angle A to compare these. sin(A) = a / c (sin is the opposite side divided by the hypotenuse) KnowMoreAboutCommutativePropertyWorksheet

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cos(A) = b / c tan(A) = a / b

(cos is the adjacent side divided by the hypotenuse) (tan is the opposite side divided by the adjacent)

An easy way to remember this is SOHCAHTOA: SOH, sin = opposite / hypotenuse CAH, cos = adjacent / hypotenuse TOA, tan = opposite / adjacent Note that tan is not an entirely independent definition, it's just used to simplify our math. If you were to divide sin by cos, you would get tan. sin(A) / cos(A) = tan(A) (a / c) / (b / c) = tan(A) a / b = tan(A) Based on Diagram 1. In most cases, the notation for the angle is that of the Greek letter theta . Solving the Trig Problems If you are given 2 pieces of data in a triangle (i.e. if you're given an angle and a side length or two side lengths) you can solve the entire triangle with the trig ratios and Pythagorean Theorem. The slight exception to this is if you're given two angles - this would basically be giving you one piece of data since if you have one angle you can find out the other (the two complementary angles add to 90 degrees). ReadMoreAboutHistoryOfLaplaceTransform

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