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1.) Economics and the Health Care Sector a.

Economic Variables which Affect the Demand in Health Care a.1. The increasing average income of people tend to prefer the services of private medical hospital because of the better health services they offered in their air conditioned room, fully equip medical facilities and better medical services. Although, the private medical hospitals are quite expensive in their confinement they are willing to pay for such services because of higher income. a.2. The increasing population of a locality may result to the increasing medical care services particularly in the urban areas. The increase of commercial activities may result to migration in the urban areas. The hospital is strategically located in the urban areas provided more opportunity to get patients in the urban areas. a.3. The substitute products can be done from the lowering rates of hospital as be come more competitive and can get more patients to be confined in this hospital. The quality health services given in this hospital can substitute their affordable service for physician fee, medical services and other service they are providing to the patient. The complementary products are usually done in the promotional activities of the hospital. However, it is rarely done to attract the stakeholders the improvement of their services and better quality of care given to the patients. a.4. The influence of the stakeholder confine themselves in the hospital is also reflected from the added medical service such as x-ray radiographic equipment, sterilizing equipment, operating room instrumentation, fetal monitors, infant incubators, ecg instruments, operating table lights, ct scans, other medical instruments, and operating room equipment. The competent physicians are the most important factor why stakeholders are attracted to be confined or for their medical check in the hospital. b. Demographic Variables which Affect the Demand in Health Care b.1. Age b.2. Sex b.3. Race/Ethnicity b.4. Education b.5. Preferences b.6. Religion b.7. Culture c. Why are health services and commodities different from other consumers goods? - Health services and commodities differ from other consumers goods because things such as medications, clinics, hospitals, nurses and other medical personnel primarily focus specifically on the ability to care and cure the sick or ill patients, prevention of illness, rehabilitation and preservation of health. While on the otherhand, other consumers goods may focus generally on the products ability to satisfy the physiological or survival needs of an individual in order to bring stable physical, social and mental state.

2.) Supply of Health Services a. Factors which Affect the Supply of Health Manpower a.1. Legal aspects of professional practice and task delegation a.2. Incentives to attract manpower in the rural areas a.3. Manpower exports a.3. Patients demand for the institutional settings of which that manpower is employed a.4. Wages b. Trade-off between high quality manpower and abundant supply. - Abundant supply of labor will cause low wage. It will accommodate more labor intensive industry. High
quality manpower will have high wage rate. It will accommodate capital intensive industry. A country will turn from labor intensive to capital intensive when wage rate increases and income grows.

c. Experiences from Manpower Substitution

d. Experiences from other Input Substitution

3.) Concept of Demographic Transition a. Probability of getting ill. - By using one method in probability sampling which is the subjective, we can say that theoretically, if you are having a good lifestyle and avoiding vices, chances of getting sick is very low. However, other factors such as exposure to other illnesses and other demographic factors etc., it would always depend on how a person cares on his/her health that occurrence of illness is low or high. Thus, a negative handling of self may increase chances of getting ill and a positive one may decrease chances of getting ill primarily prior to exposure to other factors. b. Types of illness experiences.

c. Types of health care commodities demanded. 1.c. Medicines 2.c. Medical Personnels 3.c. Medical/Nursing Institutions 4.c. Medical Facilities