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Manual air separator for solar thermal systems

251 series

01197/11 GB

ISO 9001

FM 21654

ISO 9001 No. 0003

Function The function of the manual air separator is to collect the air that accumulates in the hydraulic circuit of forced circulation solar thermal systems so that it can be eliminated manually. This prevents the occurrence of problems that could adversely affect the life and efficiency of the system, such as: corrosive processes due to the presence of oxygen, cavitation in circulation pumps, noise and localised overheating. This particular series of air separators has been specifically designed to work at high temperatures with glycol medium, typical condition of solar thermal systems.

Product range Code 251093 Manual air separator for solar thermal systems size 3/4 F

Technical specifications Materials Body: Manual air vent: Hydraulic seals: Performance Medium: Max. percentage of glycol: Working temperature range: Maximum working pressure: Volume of water contained: Main connections: Manual air vent: brass EN 12165 CW617N brass EN 12165 CW614N high-resistance elastomer water, glycol solutions 50% -30200C 10 bar 180 cm3 3/4 F 1/2 F

Dimensions C

D Code 251093 A 3/4" B 147,5149 C 57,5 D 78 Mass (kg) 0,710

Operating principle The manual air 2 separator has a particularly large passage cross-section 3 that reduces the circulation speed of the water as it passes 1 through, thus allowing any air present in the thermal medium to separate from the water and collect in the upper part of the device (1). A specific manual air formation of air during vent cock (2) allows to normal operating condition operation expel the accumulated air through the discharge valve (3), during the system filling phase.

Using the air vent cock To eliminate the air accumulated in the device, unscrew the air vent cock (2) with a screwdriver or pliers. Screw the air vent cock to the closed position after completing the operation. If this operation has to be performed in a high temperature circuit, do not perform the operation in front of the air vent (3), in order to avoid scalding.

2 3

2 3

Construction details Resistance to temperature The high performance of this air separator series, requested in solar thermal systems, is guaranteed by the use of particularly temperature-resistant materials. In fact they allow to keep the air separator functional characteristics with glycol water temperatures of up to 200C. Hydraulic characteristics
350 300 250

Application diagram
p (kPa) 4
3,5 3 2,5 1,8 1,6 1,4 1,2 0,9 0,8 0,7 0,6 0,45 0,4 0,35 0,3 0,25



p (mm w.g.)

180 160 140 120


90 80 70 60


45 40 35 30 25



18 16 14 12

Size 3/4 Kv (m3/h) 16,2

0,6 0,7 0,8 0,9 1,2 1,4 1,6 1,8 2,5 3 3,5 4

0,18 0,16 0,14 0,12






G (m /h)

Installation The manual air separator should always be installed in a vertical position and close to the solar panel outlet. The flow direction of the thermal medium is not important in manual air separators.

Automatic filling

Code 251093 Manual air separator for solar thermal systems. Main connections 3/4 F; manual air vent connection 1/2 F. Brass body. Brass manual air vent cock. High-resistance elastomer hydraulic seals. Volume of water contained 180 cm3. Medium water and glycol solutions; maximum percentage of glycol 50%. Working temperature range -30200C. Maximum working pressure 10 bar.

We reserve the right to change our products and their relevant technical data, contained in this publication, at any time and without prior notice.

CALEFFI S.p.A. S.R.229, N.25 28010 Fontaneto dAgogna (NO) Italy Tel. +39 0322 8491 Fax +39 0322 863723 www.caleffi.com info@caleffi.com
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