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HARI KRISHNA CERTIFICATION

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M.B.A, M.Com, M.Phil, (Ph.D), (ICWAI)

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PROBABILITY 1. What is the probability of getting a head in a single toss of a fair coin. 2. What is the probability of obtaining (i) an even number (ii) a number less than 5 (iii) a number 5 in a single throw of a unbiased die. 3. Find the probability that a throw of an unbiased die results in (i) an ace (number 1) (ii) an even number (iii) a multiple of 7. 4. A bag contains 3 white, 4 red and 2 green balls. One ball is selected at random from the bag. Find the probability that the selected ball is (i) white (ii) non white (iii) white or green. 5. What is the chance that a non leap year should have 53 Sundays. 6. What is the chance that a leap year selected at random will contain 53 Sundays. 7. In a throw of an unbiased dice find the probability of (i) total 7 points (ii) total 8 points 8. Two unbiased dice are thrown. Find the probability that the sum of the faces is not less than 10. 9. Two dice are thrown are simultaneously and the points are multiplied together, find the probability that the product is 4. 10. What is the probability of getting 3 white balls in a draw of 3 balls from a box containing 5 white balls from a box containing 5 white and 4 black balls. ADDITIONAL THEOREM 1. One card is drawn from a standard pack of 52 cards. What is the probability that either king or queen. 2. In drawing a card from well shuffled pack find the probability that the card drawn will be either spade or Arc. 3. The probability that a contractor will get a plumbing contract is . And the probability that he will not get electric contract is 4/9. If the probability of getting at least one contract is 5/6, what is the probability that he will get both the contract? 4. In a college, there are five lecturers. Among them, three are doctorates. If a committee consisting three lecturers is formed, what is the probability that at least two of them are doctorates? 5. A bag contains 30 balls numbered from 1 to 30. One ball is drawn at random. Find the probability that the no of the ball drawn will be a multiple of a) 5 or 7 b) 3 or 7 MULTIPLICATION THEOREM 1. A man wants to marry a girl having qualities, white complexion the probability of getting such a girl is 1 in 20. Hand some dowry the probability of getting this is 1 in 50. Westernized manner the probability here is 1 in 100. Find out the probability of his getting married to such a girl where the possession of these three attributes are independent. 2. A committee of 4 people is to be appointed from 3 officers of the production department, 4 officers of the purchase department, two officers of the sales

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department and one chartered accountant. Find the probability of forming committee in the following manner. i. There must be one from each category. ii. It should have at least one from the purchase department iii. The chartered accountant must be in the committee. 3. There are 5 white and 7 red balls in a box. A ball is drawn and then replaced. What is the probability that a white and a red ball are drawn in that order. i. with replacement of balls ii. without replacement of balls 4. a husband and a wife appear in an interview for two vacancies in the same post. The probability of husbands selection is 1/9 and that of wife selection is 1/5. What is the probability that, i. both of them will be selected ii. only one of them will be selected iii. none of them will be selected 5. Three groups of persons contain 3 boys and 1 girl, 2 boys and 2 girls, 1 boy and 3 girls respectively. One person is selected at random from each group. What is the probability that the group selected consists of 1 boy and 2 girls? 6. The personnel department of a company has records show the following of 200 engineers. Age Bachelors Masters Total Degree degree Under 30 90 10 100 30 40 20 30 50 Above 40 40 10 50 If an engineer is selected at random from the company, find the probability that a) He has only a bachelors degree b) He has a masters degree given that he is over 40 c) He is under 30 given that he has only a bachelors degree. 7. The data for the promotion status and academic qualification regarding 100 Employees of a company is as follows. Promotional status MBA non - MBA Total Promoted 12 48 60 Not promoted 18 22 40 Total 30 70 100 At random one employee is picked up. What is the probability that A. He is an MBA B. He is promoted C. He is promoted given that he is an MBA D. He is an MBA promoted given that he is promoted.

K. HARI KRISHNA CERTIFICATION

MBA TUITIONS, LIVE PROJECTS, NCFM AMFI JOB ORIENTED TRAINING IN FINANCE & WITH 100% PLACEMENT ASSISTANCE - 91

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1.

The records of 400 examinees are given below. Score BA B.SC B.COM Total Below 50 90 30 60 180 50 60 20 70 70 160 Above 60 10 30 20 60 Total 120 130 150 400 If an examinee is selected at the random from this group of examinees, find the probability that a. He is a commerce graduate b. He is a science graduate given that his score is above 60. c. His score is below 50 given that he is a BA 2. A restaurant features two types of lunchs special lunch and ordinary lunch. Sixty percent of its men customers order the special lunch and the rest of the men order the ordinary lunch. Ninety percent of its woman customers order the ordinary lunch and the rest order the special lunch. Seventy percent of its customers are men. In its preparations, what ratios of special to ordinary lunches should the restaurant plan for? Determine the probability that the man will order a special lunch. BAYES THEOREM 1. In a bolt factory 3 machines M1,M2,M3 manufactures respectively 25%, 35% and 40% of the total of the output. 5%, 4%, 2% respectively are defective bolts. One bolt is drawn at random from the products and is found to be defective. What is the probability that it is manufactured in Machine 2? 2. Three A, B, C produce 50%, 30% and 20% respectively of the total no of items in a factory. The percentage of defective output of these machines are 3%, 4%, 5%. An item from production of the factory is selected at random and is found to be defective. What is the probability it was produced by machine A? 3. A manufacturing firm produces steel pipes in three plants with daily production volumes of 500, 1000 and 2000 units respectively. According to past experience, it is known that the fraction of defective outputs produced by the three plants are respectively 0.005, 0.008 and 0.010. if a pipe is selected from the days total production and found to be defective, find out from which plant the pipe comes? 4. Suppose that there is a chance for a newly constructed building to collapse whether the design is faulty or not. The chance that the design is faulty is 10%. The chance that the building collapse is 95%, if the design is faulty and otherwise it is 45%. It is seen that the building collapsed. What is the probability that it is due to faulty design? 5. The probability of producing a defective item when the machine is correctly setup is 0.2 and the probability is 0.5 when it is incorrectly setup. The chance of correct setup of the machine is 80%. An item is selected at random after it setup and is found to be defective. What is the probability that the setup was a

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6.

correct set up? There are two identical boxes containing respectively 4 white, 3 red and 3 white, 7 red balls. A box is choosen at random and a ball is drawn from it. If the ball is white, what is the probability it is from 1st box? 7. An organization purchases its requirement of a component from three suppliers A, B and C who supply 100 units in a box. Historical records of a company indicates the 5%, 3% and 6% of the components supplied by A, B and C respectively are defectives. The quality control manager randomly picked up one box and inspected two components from it and found that both components are defective. Find the probability that the quality control manager has picked up the box supplied by supplier B.

BINOMIAL DISTRIBUTION 1. 6 coins are tossed in succession. Find the probability of getting more than 4 heads. 2. The probability that an evening college student will graduate is 0.4. determine the probability that out of five students, one student, two students and at least one student will be graduate. 3. A bag containing 50 items has five defectives. Indicate the probability of the following if 4 items are drawn with replacement a. Exactly two defective items b. At least two defective items c. At the most two defective items 4. In a market survey it is observed that 30 percent of the consumers prefer colgate tooth paste, when a sample of 10 customers is chosen at random, what is the probability that, i. At least 3 customers prefer the product. ii. At most 3 customers prefer the product. iii. Expected number of customers preferring the product. iv. The standard deviation of the number of customers preferring the product. 5. A random variable x is binomially distributed with mean & standard deviation 2.4. find the probability that more than half of the trials are success. 6. 8 coins are tossed at a time 256 times. No of heads observed at each throw is recorded and the results are given below. Find the expected frequency. What is the theoretical value of mean and standard deviation. No of Heads: At a throw0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Frequency:2 6 30 52 67 56 32 10 1 7. Four coins tossed 150 times and the following results were obtained. X: 0 1 2 3 4 f 12 50 54 30 4 Fit a binomial distribution under the assumption that the coins are unbiased.

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8.

The screws produced by a certain machine were checked by examining centers of 7. The following shows the distribution of 128 samples according to the no of defective items they contained.

No. of Defectives: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 No. of Samples: 7 6 19 35 30 23 7 1 Fit a binomial distribution and find the expected frequencies if the chance of machine being defective is . Find the mean and variance. 9. Fit a binomial distribution. X: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Y 7 6 19 35 30 23 7 1 10. Fit a binomial distribution to the following data. X: 0 1 2 3 4 Y: 28 62 46 10 4

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

POISSON DISTRIBUTION Assuming that on an average 2% of the output in a factory manufacturing certain bolts is defective and that 200 units are in package. What is the probability that i. None is defective ii. At most 3 defectives bolts may be found in that package. The probability that an individual suffers a bad reaction from an injection of a given serum is 0.001. determine the probability that out of 2000 individuals, i. Exactly ii. More than 2 and iii. Between 4 and 6 individuals will suffer a bad reaction. A book contains 125 misprints distributed at random throughout its 125 pages. What is the probability that a page observed at random contains at least 2 misprints. A random x follows a poisson distribution with parameter 3. Find the probability that x assumes the values i. 0, 1, 2 ii. Less than 3 iii. At least 3 In an office between 4&5 PM the average no of incoming phone calls per minute in the switch board is 1.8. find the probability that during one particular minute there will be i. No phone call at all ii. Exactly 2 phone calls Suppose that a manufactured product has two defectives per unit of product inspected. Using Poisson distribution calculate the probabilities of finding a product without any defect, 3 defects and 4 defects.

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7.

Fit a Poisson distribution to the following data and calculate the theoretical frequencies. No of deaths: 0 1 2 3 4 Frequencies: 122 60 15 2 1 8. The distribution of typing mistakes committed by a typist is as follows. Assuming a poisson model, find out the expected frequencies. Mistakes/page: 0 1 2 3 4 5 No of pages: 142 156 69 27 5 1 9. In ana accounting department of a bank 100 accountants are selected at random and examined for errors. The following results has been obtained. Number of Errors: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Number of Accounts: 35 40 19 2 0 2 2 Does the data verify that the errors are distributed according to the poisson probability law? 10. The following table shows the number of customers returning the products in a marketing territory. Number of Returns: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Number of Stores: 4 14 23 23 18 9 9 Fit a Poisson distribution.
NORMAL DISTRIBUTION 1. A sample of 100 dry battery cells are tested to find out the length of life produced the following results. =12 hrs. S.D. = 3 hrs. assuming that the data are normally distributed what percentage of battery cells are expected to have a. More than 15 hrs b. Less than 6 hrs c. Between 10 and 14 hrs. 2. The mean and standard deviation of the wages of 6000 workers engaged in a factory are Rs. 1200 and 400 respectively. Assuming the distribution to be normal estimate a. Percentage of workers getting wages above Rs.1600 b. No of workers getting wages between Rs.600 and Rs.900. c. No of workers getting wages between Rs.1100 and Rs.1500. 3. The daily wages of 1000 workmen are normally distributed around a mean of Rs.70 and with a standard deviation of Rs.5. estimate the no of workers where daily wages will be a. More than 75 b. More than 80 c. Less than 63 d. Between 70&72 e. Between 69&72 4. The weekly wages of 1000 workmen are normally distributed, whose mean is Rs. 800 and the standard deviation is Rs. 50. Estimate the number of workers whose weekly wages will be, i. Between Rs.800 and Rs.900 ii. Less than Rs.750

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iii. Between Rs.700 and Rs.750 iv. More than Rs.900 5.

The service time of a critical component used in a system is used to follow a normal distribution with a mean of 14500 hours and a standard deviation of 2100 hours. Estimate the probability that the component has a service time of, i. Below 13500 hours ii. Between 12500 hours and 15000 hours iii. More than 15500 hours and below 16000 hours 6. Assume that the mean height of soldiers in a regiment of one thousand is 68 and the standard deviation of 2.5. if the height of the soldiers in this regiment follows normal distribution find. i. Number of soldiers above 72 ii. Number of soldiers between 71 and 73 iii. Number of soldiers above 65 iv. Number of soldiers below 67. 7. In a business 3.5% of the days account for a daily collection of Rs.25000 or more. On 40% of the days, the daily collection of Rs.13000 or below. Estimate the average daily collection and standard deviation of this business. Assume the daily collection follows a normal distribution. 8. The distribution of daily sales revenue in a super market is found to follow a normal distribution. It is found that on an average 10% of the days account for daily revenue of Rs.28000 or more. 30% of the days, the daily revenue is Rs.12000 or below. Estimate the average daily revenue and standard deviation.

TESTING OF HYPOTHESIS

Z TEST
1.

A random sample of 900 members is found to have mean of 4.45 cm. Can it be reasonably recorded sample from a large population whose mean is 5cm and variance 4 cm.

2.

A random sample of 200 tins of vanaspathi has mean weight 4.97 kgs and standard deviation 0.2 kgs. Test at 1% level of significance, that the tins have 5 kgs vanaspathi.

3.

A random sample of 100 rods drawn from a lot of rods has mean length 32.7 cms. And standard deviation 1.3 cms. Can it be concluded that the lot has mean 32 cms?

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4.

The mean life of sample of 100 electric bulbs produced by a company is found to be 1570 hrs. with standard deviation of 120 hrs. if is the mean life time of all the bulbs produced by a company, test the hypothesis that = 1600.

5.

The mean and standard deviation of heights of 100 randomly selected boys are 163 cms and 3 cms, respectively. The mean and standard deviation of heights of 80 randomly selected girls are 161 cms and 2 cms, respectively. Can it be concluded at 1% level of significance that boys and girls are equally tall?

6.

The means of two large samples of sizes 1000 & 2000 are 67.5 and 68 respectively. Test the equality of means of two populations with standard deviation 2.5.

7.

The standard deviation of length of fibre manufactured by process A is 0.5 cms, and standard deviation of length of fibre manufactured by process B is 0.6 cms. A sample of 40 randomly selected fibres from process A has mean length 16.7. a sample of 60 randomly selected fibres from process B has mean length 16.4 cms. Test whether process A and process B differ with regard to length of fibre manufactured by them.

8.

Intelligence test of two groups of boys and girls gives the following results. G: mean = 84 B: mean = 81 S.D = 10 S.D = 12 n = 121 n = 81

Is the difference between standard deviations significant?


9.

In a sample of 400 parts manufactured by a factory the number of defective parts was found to be 30. The company however claimed that only 5% of their products are defective. Is claim tenable?

10.

Past experience shows that among bore wells dug by a firm, 78% are successful. The firm digs 65 bore wells in a district. Among them 58 were successful. Can we conclude that these figures agree with the past experience? ( test at 5 %)

11.

The manufacture of a spot remover claims that his product removes at least 90% of all spots. What can be concluded about the claim if the spot remover removes only 174 spots out of 200 spots chosen at random from spots on cloth from dry

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12.

In a random selection of 85 workers of a factory, 18 were unmarried. Can we conclude that 20% workers of the factory unmarried?

13.

In a certain district 450 persons were considered as regular consumer of tea out of a sample of 1000. In another district 400 were regular consumers of tea out of a sample of 800. Do this facts reveal a significance difference between the two districts as per as drinking habits are considered. (use 5% level)

14. Among

80 electric bulbs manufactured by process A, three were defective.

Among 130 electric bulbs manufactured by process B, two were defectives. Test whether the proportion of defectives in the two process differ.
15.

The proportion of substandard crackers among 400 crackers manufactured by firm A is 0.12. the proportion among 500 crackers manufactured by firm B is 0.08. test at 1% level of significance that the proportion is the same among the products of the two firms.

16.

Two suppliers A & B supply an item to a company. Supplier A claimed that he supplies 3% defectives less than his competitor B. to test his claim the company selected 400 items from A and found that 35 components are defectives. Where as 300 items from B gave rise to 25 defectives. What can be said about the claim of supplier A? use = 0.05.

t Test
1.

A machine is designed to produce insulating washers for electrical devices of average thickness of 0.025 cm. a random sample of 10 washers was found to have a thickness of 0.024 cm with standard deviation of 0.002cm. test the significance of deviation?

2.

In the past a machine has produced washers having a thickness of 0.050

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inches. To determine whether the machine is in proper working order a sample of 10 washers is chosen for which the mean thickness is 0.053 and the standard deviation is 0.003 inches. Test the significance?
3.

A random sample of size 16 has 53 mean. The sum of squares of deviations take from the mean is 135. Can this sample be regarded as taken from the population having the 56 as mean? Obtain 95% confidence limits of the mean population.

4.

The manufacturer of a certain make of electric bulbs claims that his bulbs have a mean of 25 months with a standard deviation of 5 months. A random sample of 6 such bulbs gave the following values. Life in months: 24, 26, 30, 20, 20, 18 Can you regard the producers claim to be valid at 1% level of significance.

5.

A drug manufacturer has installed a machine to fill automatically an amount of 15 grams of drug in each pill. A random sample of 15 pills is found to contain 14.95 grams on the average with a standard deviation of 0.09 gms in a pill. Test the 5% level of significance if the adjustments to the machine are required.

6.

Sample of two types of electric bulbs were tested for length of life and the following data was obtained. Particulars No in sample Mean of sample S.D of sample 8 1134 35 type 1 7 1024 40 type 2

Test at 5% level whether the difference in the sample mean is significant?


7.

Sample of two different types of bulbs were tested for length of life and the following data were obtained. Particulars Sample size Sample mean type 1 8 1234 type 2 7 1136

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36

40

Is the difference in the mean significant?


8.

A physical fitness centre claim that their training programme results in a weight loss. In order to test the claim 8 persons who undergone the training programme are randomly selected. The weights are presented below. Person: Weights before: Weights after: 1 145 143 2 200 190 3 160 165 4 185 183 5 164 160 6 175 176 7 189 176 8 148 190

What can be said about the claim at = 5%


9.

10 female respondents are exposed to an advertising campaign about a fairness cream. The results are given below. Respondent No: Score before: Score after: 45 Test whether the advertising campaign is successful at = 0.05 1 2 3 4 36 5 40 36 6 35 44 7 30 45 8 9 10 38 37 40

35 37 38

38 36 35

40 38 39

10.

A drug is given to 10 patients and the increment in their blood pleasure were recorded to be 3, 6, -2, 4, -3, 4, 6, 0, 0, 2. Is it reasonable to believe that the drug has no effect on change of blood pressure. = 5%

11. A

certain stimulus administered to each of 12 patients resulted in the

following changes in blood pressure. 5, 3, -4, -1, 3, 0, -2, 1, 5, 0, 4, 8. Can it be concluded that the stimulus will in general be accompanied by an increase in blood pressure?
12.

8 students were given a test in mathematics and after one month coaching they were given another test of similar nature. The following table gives increase in their marks in the second test over the first. Roll no: 1 2 -2 3 6 4 -8 5 12 6 5 7 -7 8 2

Increase in marks: 4

Do the marks indicate that the students have gained from coaching?

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1.

The following table gives the observed and theoretical distributions concerning a survey. To find the theoretical frequencies if mean has been estimated, test whether it is a good fit.

Class Observed Theoretical 0-2 13 16 2-4 27 25 4-6 58 42 6-8 34 38 8-10 16 23 10-12 12 16 2. To an observed frequency distribution, binomial distribution is fitted after estimating P from the observed data. The observed and theoretical frequencies are given below. Test whether binomial distribution is a good fit. Xi: Oi: Ei:
3.

0 3 1

1 3 7

2 17 19

3 31 27

4 28 24

5 11 13

6 1 4

7 2 1

Total 96 96

A dice was thrown 90 times with the following results. Face: Frequency: 1 10 2 12 3 16 4 14 5 18 6 20

Are this data consistent with the hypothesis that the dice is unbiased?
4.

200 digits chosen at random from a set of tables the frequencies of the digits are as follows. Digits: Frequency: 0 1 2 3 21 4 16 5 25 6 22 7 8 9

18 19 23

20 21 15

Use chi square test to assess the correctness of the hypothesis that the digits are distributed in equal number in tabled from which they were chosen?
5.

The theory predicts the proportion of the beans in the four groups A,B,C & D should be 9:3:3:1. In an experiment 1600 beans the numbers in the

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four groups were 882, 313, 287, 118. Does the experimental result support the theory?
6.

The results of a survey to know the educational attainment among 100 persons randomly selected in a locality are given below.

Person/ Education Middle High Middle College Total

Male Female Total

10 25 35

15 10 25

25 15 40

50 50 100

Can you say that education depend on persons?

Test whether marriage adjustment scores and level of education are dependent at = 0.05 Level of education/ 1-25 26-45 46-70 71-100 Total Marriage adjustment score
7.

P.G U.G Others Total

30 50 60 140 8. A movie producer is

40 75 60 50 30 20 130 145 bringing out a

20 165 40 200 20 130 80 495 new movie. In order to make out his

advertising campaign he wants to determine whether the movie will appeal most to a particular age group or whether it will appeal to equal to all age groups. The producer takes a random sample from persons attending a preview of the movie and obtain the following results. Use chi square test to determine conclusions.

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20-39 40-59 60 and Total over 110 200 70 60 710 195

movie In different Total


9.

30 400

5 100

20 200

40 300

95 1000

A milk producers union wishes to test whether the preference pattern of consumers for its products is dependent on income levels. A random sample of 500 individuals gives the following data. Product preferred

Income Low Medium High

Product A 170 50 20

Product B 30 25 10

Product C 80 60 55

Total 280 135 85

Can you conclude that the preference pattern are independent of income levels?
10.

Among 79 students, 58 were hard working. Among these hard working students, 52 passed in the examination. Whereas, among the non-hard working students, only 5 passed. Apply chi-square test at 1% level of significance to test whether hard work and pass are independent.

11.

A sample of 300 students of under graduate and 300 students of P.G of a university were asked to give their opinion towards the autonomous colleges. 190 of U.G and 210 P.G students are favored for autonomous status. Present the above facts in the form of a frequency table and test at 5% level that opinions of U.G students and P.G students on autonomous status are independent?

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12.

Out of 800 persons 25% were literate and 300 had travelled beyond the limits of their districts. 40% of literate were among those who had not travelled. Prepare a 2x2 table and test at 5% level of significance whether there is any relationship between traveling and literacy?

13.

In a survey of 200 boys, of which 75 were intelligent, 40 had skilled fathers. While 85 of the un intelligent boys had un skilled fathers. Do this figures support the hypothesis that the skilled fathers have intelligent boys?

ANOVA - Analysis of Variance (F- TEST )


1. To assess the significance of possible variations in performance in a certain test between the grammar schools in a city, a common test was given to a number of students taken at random from the 5th class of four schools concerned. The results are given below. Make an analysis of variance. School A 8 10 12 8
1.

School B 12 11 9 14 4

School C 18 12 16 6 8

School D 13 9 12 16 15

2. The following data gives the yields per hectare of a certain variety of paddy in a particular type of soil treated with manures A,B and C. at 5% level, analyse the results for manure effects. Display your results in ANOVA table. A B C 49 48 50 50 48 50 48 49 51 49 47 49

3. The price of a certain commodity was ascertained in each of the four towns A,B,C,D in four quarters of a year. The prices are given below. Are the variations in prices between different towns and in different quarters significant? Quarters/Towns 1 2 A 60 50 B 50 40 C 60 65 D 50 50

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3 4 45 65

35 45

45 60

50 70

4. A tea company appoints four salesmen A,B,C and D and observes their sales in three seasons-summer, winter and monsoon. The figures (in lakhs) are given in the following table: Seasons Summer Winter Monsoon Total A 36 28 26 90 salesmen B C 36 21 29 31 28 29 93 81 Total D 35 32 29 96 128 120 112 360

Do the salesmen significantly differ in performance? 5. The following data represent the number of units of production per day turned out by 5 different workers using 4 different types of machines: Machine type A 1 2 3 Workers 4 5 44 46 34 43 38 B 38 40 36 38 42 C 47 52 44 46 49 D 36 43 32 33 39

Test whether the 5 men differ with respect to mean productivity? 6. The following are the details of sales affected by three sales persons in three door-to-door campaigns.

Sales person A B C

sales in door to door campaign 8 7 6 9 6 6 5 6 7 10 9 5

Construct an ANOVA table and find out whether there is any significant difference in the performance of the sales persons.

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ACCOUNTS Director - Black Swan 91 77 567 568 77 567 568

7. The following table gives the weights (in kg) of 12 individuals selected from 4 different sources situated in 3 different states. At 5% significance level test whether the difference in weights due to sources or due to states is significant. Perform 2 way ANOVA and display your results in a table. States Sources A B C D 1 61 63 68 66 2 62 64 69 67 3 63 63 69 68

CORRELATION ANALYSIS Calculate karl pearsons correlation coefficient from the following data and interpret its value. Roll No. of Students 1 2 3 4 5 Marks in Accounts 48 35 17 23 47 Marks in Statistics 45 20 40 25 45 2. Making the use of data summarized below calculate coefficient of correlati on. Also calculate probable error. Case A B C D E F G H X 10 6 9 10 12 13 11 9 Y 9 4 6 9 11 13 8 4 3. Calculate karl pearsons coefficient of correlation from the following data taking 100 and 50 as the assumed averages of X and Y respectively. X 104 111 104 114 118 117 105 108 106 100 104 105 Y 57 55 47 45 45 50 64 63 66 62 69 61 4. The following data gives the sales and advertisement values. Calculate the coefficient of correlation from the data by taking 44 and 26 as assumed means and interpret its values. Sales 57 42 40 38 42 45 42 45 42 44 40 46 Advert. 10 26 30 41 29 27 27 19 18 19 31 29
1.

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ACCOUNTS Director - Black Swan 91 77 567 568 77 567 568


5.

The following table shows the amount of advertising expenses(X) and the sales (Y) of 10 firms in Rs. 000s. Find the karl pearsons coeeficient of correlation and comment. X 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.6 Y 60 80 70 50 70 65 58 60 75 80 6. Calculate coefficient of correlation from the following data. X 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 Y 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 7. From the following data compute the coefficient of correlation between X and Y. X Series Y Series No. of items 15 15 Arithmetic mean 25 18 Squares of deviations from mean 136 138 Summation of product of deviations of X and Y series from their respective Arithmetic mean is 122. 8. A computer while calculating correlation coefficient between two variables X and Y from 25 pairs of observations obtained the following results. N = 25, x = 125, y = 100, xy = 508, x = 650, y = 460. It was however discovered at the time of checking that two pairs of observations were not correctly copied. They were taken as (6,4) and (8,6) while the correct values are (8,12) and (6,8). Prove that the correct value of the correlation coefficient should be 2/3.
9.

Calculate karl pearsons coefficient of correlation and find out probable error. X: Y: 13-14, 14-15, 15-16, 16-17, 17-18, 18-19, 19-20, 20-21, 21-22 39 40 43 43 36 39 48 44 56

10. The

ranks of 10 students in two subjects of accountancy and auditing are as follows. Accountancy: 3 5 8 4 7 10 2 1 6 9 Auditing: 6 4 9 8 1 2 3 10 5 7 What is the coefficient of rank correlation? 10 competitors in a beauty contest are ranked by 3 judges in the following order. 1st Judge: 1 6 5 10 3 2 4 9 7 8 nd Judge: 2 3 5 8 4 7 10 2 1 6 9 3rd Judge: 6 4 9 8 1 2 3 10 5 7 Use the rank correlation coefficient to determine which pair of judges has the nearest approach to common taste in beauty. Calculate the correlation coefficient from the following data by the spearmans rank correlation method.

11.

12.

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M.B.A, M.Com, M.Phil, (Ph.D), (ICWAI)

ACCOUNTS Director - Black Swan 91 77 567 568 77 567 568 Price of tea: Price of coffee:
13.

75 120

88 134

95 150

70 115

60 110

80 140

81 142

50 100

Quotations of index no. of security prices of a certain joint stock company are given below. Year: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Debenture Price: 97.8 99.2 98.8 98.3 98.4 96.7 97.1 Share price: 73.2 85.8 78.9 75.8 77.2 87.2 83.8 Using rank correlation method determine the relationship between debenture price and share price. Calculate the spearmans rank correlation coefficient in maths and statistics. Maths: 78 25 36 78 62 65 62 79 98 Statistics: 51 84 91 60 62 68 60 47 53

14.

63 51

15.

Calculate rank correlation coefficient of the following data? Series A: 115 109 112 87 98 120 98 Series B: 75 73 85 70 76 82 65 Following are the scores of 10 students in a class and their IQ. Students: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Scores : 35 40 25 55 85 90 65 IQ : 100 100 110 140 150 130 100

100 73

98 118 68 80

16.

8 55 120

9 10 45 50 140110

17.

Coefficient of rank correlation between marks in statistics and maths obtained by a group of students is 2/3 and the sum of squares of differences in ranks is 55. Calculate the number of observations or value of n? In a bivariate samples the sum of squares of difference between the ranks of observed values of two variables is 33. The coefficient of correlation between them is 0.8. calculate no of observations. REGRESSION ANALYSIS

18.

1.

You are given data relating to purchase and sales. obtain the two regression equations and estimate likely sales when purchase is equal to 100. Purchase: 62 72 98 76 81 56 76 92 88 49 Sales : 112 124 131 117 132 96 120 136 97 85 The following table shows the ages (X) and BP (Y) of 8 persons obtain two regression equations and find the expected BP of a person who is 49 years old. X: 52 66 45 36 72 65 47 25

2.

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ACCOUNTS Director - Black Swan 91 77 567 568 77 567 568 Y:


3.

62

55

51

25

79

43

60

33

In a correlation study the following values are obtained. Particulars X Y Mean 65 67 S.D 2.5 3.5 Coefficient of Correlation (r) 0.8 Find the two regression equations that are associated with the above values.

4.

We are given the following data. Particulars X Y Arithmetic mean 36 85 S.D 11 8 Coefficient of Correlation (r) 0.66 Find the two regression equations and estimate the value of X when Y is 75. 5. In a partially established laboratory record of an analysis of correlation data, the following results are only available. Variance of X = 9 8X 10Y + 66 = 0 40X 18Y = 214 Find on the basis of above information a. The mean values of X and Y. b. Coefficient of correlation between X and Y. c. Standard deviation of Y 6. For certain X and Y series which are correlated the two lines of regression are 5X 6Y + 90 = 0, 15X 8Y 130 = 0. Find the means of two series and the correlation coefficient. Two random variables have the regression equations 3X + 2Y 26 = 0, 6X + Y 31 =0. Find the mean values and correlation coefficient between X and Y. if the variance of X = 25, Find the standard deviation of Y from the date given above.

7.

TIME SERIES ANALYSIS


1.

Calculate 3 yearly moving averages of the production figures given below. Also calculate short term fluctuations. Year: 1985 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 Production: 15 21 30 36 42 46 50 56 63 70 74 82 90 95 102 Using 3 yearly moving averages determine the trend and short term fluctuations.

2.

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ACCOUNTS Director - Black Swan 91 77 567 568 77 567 568 Year: Production In tons :
3.

1987 21

88 22

89 23

90 25

91 24

92 22

939 25

94 26

95 27

96 26

Find the trend for the following series using 4 yearly moving average. Year: 1994 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 Production: 614 615 652 678 681 655 717 719 708 779

04 757

4.

Find the five years weighted moving average with weights 1,2,2,2,1 respectively for measuring the trend of the following time series. Year: 1974 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 Sales: 2 6 1 5 3 7 2 6 4 For the below data calculate 4 yearly weighted moving average with weights 1,2,2,1. Year: 1974 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 Slaes: 2 6 1 5 3 7 2 6 4 Calculate the equation of a straight line trend for the following data. Year: 1974 75 76 77 78 Sales: 35 56 79 80 40 Fit a straight line by the method of least squares and estimate the values for 1984 and 1986. Year (X): 1978 79 80 81 82 Y : 80 85 87 93 100 Fit a straight line trend by the method of least squares and estimate the production in 1981. Year: 1985 86 87 88 89 90 Production: 15 18 16 18 20 19

5.

6.

7.

8.