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Abstract art was formed by artists breaking the rules of art followed since the Renaissance.

It is a term for art that is nonobjective, non-figurative, or non-representational. It does not portray recognizable objects or scenes. The basic idea of abstract art is that formal qualities are just as important as representational qualities. Abstract artists tend to exaggerate or simplify the forms of the painting, where color and form is often the subject. It can differ in many ways, including shape, color,

The main abstract art movements during the 19th century were
In the 20th century, abstract art became widely accepted. Many more artists began abandoning the nature, new established and artistic instead and forms Towards by Western began and the Henri Georges conventions and rules of imitating experimenting expressions. was developing

Romanticism, Impressionism, and Expressionism. Artists became more independent. Bold use of paint surface was popular, along with drawing distortions and exaggerations, and use of intense color. Artists produced paintings that were reactions and

beginning of the century, Paris art revolutionized Matisse, pre-cubist

Braque, and other artists with

The 21st century featured many more types of abstract because of development in technology. One of the popular art movements is Pop Art. In the 21st century, the idea of anything goes is prominent, meaning that there are no rules and anything is allowed. This leads to a wide

Fauvism, an art movement that featured wild multi-coloured expressive landscapes and figure paintings. Cubism was the main art movement of abstraction. The first Cubist painting was painted by Pablo Picasso, and was based on his idea that all depiction of nature can be reduced to solids of cubes, spheres, cones. Analytic cubism was developed by

Picasso and Braque first developed this semiabstract style in France 1907, where their paintings were fragmented natural images. Cubism was pushed to complete abstraction in 1912 by Robert Delaunay. It is the first abstract style of modern art. In Cubism, objects are broken up, analysed, and then re-assembled to create an abstract form. The artist ignores rules and traditions of perspective drawing and depicts the subject from multiple viewpoints. Cubists drew inspiration from other cultures and worked with (1907), Museum of Modern Art, New York. expressive energy. There are two phases of Cubism: Analytic and Synthetic. Analytic Cubism was the first phase, an extremely influential
Neoplasticism, also known as De Stjil, is a movement of abstract art that uses only straight rectangular greatly lines forms. influenced It and is by
Les Demoiselles dAvignon

Cubism and mysticism and ideas about geometric forms like line. the perfect straight paintings Neoplastic

Abstract Expressionism is the first American art movement to influence globally. The movement draws inspiration from Kandinsky, Surrealism, and a range of dramatic painting techniques. It can also be called Action Painting, which implies that the act of painting is as important as the result itself. Abstract Expressionism features paintings from a wide variety of

avoid symmetry, but achieve balance by using opposition. It is a Dutch artistic movement found in 1917 which uses geometry as a fundamental Neoplasticism principle. expresses

Jackson Pollock, Number 1, 1950

(Lavender Mist),1950, National Gallery


of Art, Ailsa Mellon Bruce Fund.

Mark Rothko, No. 3/No. 13 (Magenta, Black, Green on Orange), 1949, 85 3/8 x 65, oil on canvas, Museum of Modern Art.

Piet Mondrian, Composition with

Yellow, Blue, and Red, 1937-42, oil


on canvas, 72.5 x 69 cm, Tate

Wassily Kandinsky is generally known as the first abstract artist. His work moved gradually towards total abstraction. He has influenced many other younger European artists.

One of the major reasons art changed was the invention of the camera. Before the camera, family photos were painted instead of photographed. When the camera was invented, the need to paint realistically gradually disappeared. Because of this, artists began experimenting with new things and breaking the standard rules of Western art that stated art needed to

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Abstract Art and Artists. 31 May 2009. Web. 24 Jan. 2012.


<http://abstractart.20m.com/>. "Modern Art Timeline - Artists, Movements and Styles." ArtyFactory. 2011. Web. 24 Jan. 2012. <http://www.artyfactory.com/art_appreciation/timelines/modern_art_timeline.htm >. "Abstract Art: Definition." Art Encyclopedia. Web. 24 Jan. 2012. <http://www.visualarts-cork.com/abstract-art.htm>. "ArtLex on Abstraction." ArtLex Art Dictionary. 2010. Web. 24 Jan. 2012. <http://www.artlex.com/ArtLex/a/abstraction.html>. Boddy-Evans, Marion. "What Is Abstract Art or Abstract Painting?" About.com

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Sofsian, Damian. "History Of Abstract Art." Ezine Articles. 7 Jan. 2007. Web. 25 Jan. 2012. <http://ezinearticles.com/?History-of-Abstract-Art&id=407455>.