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# Geometri c tolerances A

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INTRODUCTIOI\
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GEOMETRICTOLIRANCING SYMBOLS
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This guido is intended for.uss in Productlon 'It illusLraLe: and snd 0uality areasToloraneing Geometric lnterprets the Symbols used on drawings. More detailed instn:ctionr for designersara given in 5l-l-5 'Geomoiric Tolarancingr' RELATED STANDARDS 5l-l-l 5I-]-4 51-J-5 5l-l-6 Gloesaryof Drawing Practice Torms EngineeringDrawing Practice Geomatris Tolerancing Oaturns

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## BOx olrat tslo.rr r rRt.E oOSlTlONl pRoJECTEO rOLFa^{E ZO^

rlEGAROLESS T TEATURE SIZE O
MAXIMJM r.rr If,RIAL COnJOlTlOl.l

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ROUNDNESS
EXAMPLE

CYLINDRICITY
EXAMPLE

EXAHPTE

INTERPRETATION

INTERPRETA TION
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The entire periphery at the considered crosi seclion, rnust lie wiinin a [olerance zone 0,0J'wide, the annular zone being formed by two coneentriccircleswhoseradii dif fer by 0'01' Note Roundnes\$ can only be truly measured on a roundness rneasurinq instrument. The use of vees or cenlres in coniunction with an indieating device always brings in faclors which detract from the truth of the measuremenl'
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r h e c o n s i r t e e d s u rf a e e r n t r s l b e r b e l w e e n t w o c o a x . i a c y l i n d e r s ,t h e r a d i" "o f 1 , 1 0c.h l i ", w h i , | dif fer by 0,0/t. No [e Cylindricity is difficult to measure in practice, but can.be verified by measurinq Roundness, S t r a i g h t n e s s n d P a r a l l e l i s ms e p a r a t e l y . a

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PROFILE OF A LII.E
EXAMPLE

PROFILE OF A SURFACE
EXAMPLE

INTERPRETATION
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INTERPRETATION
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PROFILE

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T h e l i n e m u s t t l i e w h o l l y w i L h i n a L o l e r a n c ez o n e 0,15 wide equally disposed abou{ Ihe perfect profile. The lolerance is always bilateral unless otherwise shown.

## INDICATIONOF UNILATERIAL TOLERANCE

The surface musI lie wholly wit.hin the 0r0J lolerance zone normal to the perfeqt profile. Tolerance is always bilateral unless o[herwise sho wn.

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The line rnust lie whollY within a 0rI5 tolerance zone cornPletelY s d i s p o s e do n l h e i n d i c a t , e d i d e ' o f the perfect profile. r)

INDICATION OF UNILATERAL TOLERANCE Unilaleral [olerance may be indica[ed in lhe same way as for Profile of a Linei see page 5 facing.

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PARALLf LISM
EXAMPLE
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PERPENDICULARIT (SCUNRENEss) Y
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TA INTERPRE TION The toleranced r n t 1t s x is a lie wholly w ithin a c y l i n d e r 0 , 0I d i a parallel wrth the Datum Axis.

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INTERPRETATION
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The surface rnust lie wholly between two planes 0,01 paraile| with apart the datum surface-

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9URFACE

The surface must lie wholly within two p e r a l l e p l a n e s 0 , 0J I apart perpendicularIo the DatumSurface.

The axis of Lhe feature must lie wholly wiLhina eylinder 0 , 0J dia perpendicular to the Datrrm Ax is.
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ANGULARITY'
EXAMPLE

trOsITION
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INTERPRETATION

INTERPRETATION 0 , 0 3 T 0 L .z o H E

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The centre of lhe toleranced feature must fall within a zone 0,0J dia wiLh its centre in [he position the Boxed indiealed by exact nsions. D Ime Ir

The surface must lie wholly between two parallel planes 0,01 apart at the specified angle lo the Datum Surface.

T C O A X I A L I T Y / C O N C E NR C I T Y
EXAMPLE

SYMMETRY
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I N T E R P R E T AT I O N

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INTERPRETATION
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## Cyllnder 0,O3 dlr"

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Drturn exlr The axis of the toleranced feature must fall within a cy,lindricalzone 0,0] dia coaxial with the datum axis.

The median plane of Lhe slot mrrst fall belween two paralleI planes 0,1 epart, equidistant on e i t h e r s i d e o ' f L h ed a t u m a x i s .

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RUNOUT
EXAMPLE

TOTAL RUNOUT
EXAMPLE

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INTERPRETATION
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INTERFRETATION
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## The tolerance iven is the maxirnum g permissible n a d i a lo r a x i a l v a r i a t . i o n f a p o s i L i o n o d u r i n go n e r e v o l u t i o na b o u t t h e D a t u m A x i s , . , v i l h o u t axial rnovgrnent.

The Lolerance iven is the maximum permissible g full indicator m o v e m e n t ( F I M ) d u r i n g a n u m b e r of revolutions b o u t t h e d a l u m a x i s , d u r i n g w h i c h a t h e i n d i c a t o r i s L r a v e r s e d a l o n g t h e s p e c i fi e d contour. I5

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DATUM TARGET
tums are lins3, points or clirl*, used as a base rneasuiernents. Generallt', .neasurements are the surf aces of maenines or tade f rom [E"".i"g instruments in contact with e feature ' the oart, known as lhe datum feattrre, feated on the drawing tums may alsc be imaginary features, such as a r i s , o r a p o i n Ef i x e d b y b o x e d d i m e n s i o n s . Points, lines, or limited areas on the workpiece to be used for cont.act with the rnanufacturing and inspeetion equiprnent Lo define [he required datum or to satisfy the fun[ional requirements.

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## D a t u m P o i n t s A l , A Z & A l e s t a b l i s hD a t u m A Refer alsoto 5l -J-6 'Datrrms, Refer also to 51-J-6'Datumsf

PROJECTED TOLERANCE
A Proiected Tolerance Zone is one which is siLuated a[ some distance frorn the considered feaflrre so ilrat fhe proiection of a faslener (or o t h e r f e a l u r e ) l o c a t e d b y t h e c o n s i d e r e df e a t u r e ( t h r e a d , p r e s s f i t , h o l e e t c . ) u p o n i n s t a l l a t i o nw i l l have adequate perpendicularity conlrol over ibs length beyond engagement

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Tha axh of cach holo shetl fall wi[hin a is eyllndar 0.02 dlsmotcr, thc sxls of '..rhich in thc cxact spoclflad poaltton and parpcndlcular axtondlng 40mrn to tha datum rtrrf ectl thercfrom.

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## MAXIMUM MATERIAL CONIDTTION

M a x i m u m m a t e r i a l c o n d i t i ' o n@ i s \$ r s t e o n d i L i o n at B par[ or feature wherein it contains the maximum smount of melerial. Fdr example:Minlmqm Size Hole Maxlmurn Slze Shaft The use of fhe @ principle ellows an incresse ln the specified fee[ure tolerance by Indlcating [hat lhe tolarsnce applies to the faature only at its i rrrx mum ma lerial condit ioru Tfre@ condition concept may be epplied Lo: Parallelism Angulari[y Coaxiality/Concen[ric ity

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5[raightness Perpendiculerily

Position 5yrnmeLry

When epplied Lo a feaLure (Hole Slot eLc)but not t o a p l a n e s u r fa c e o r l i n e o n a s u r f a c e . msy be applied,to B daLum The@condition feature. .^ T h e Q f c o n d i L i o nm s y n o t b e a p p l i e i dL o t Fletness Roundness Cylindricily P r o fi l e o f a L i n e Profile of a 5urfece Runout T o t a l R u n o ut

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