Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 17

CHEMISTRY CREST

EAMCET 2009(ENGINEERING)

Maximum Marks: 40

Question paper format and Marking scheme: 1. This question paper has 40 questions of equal weight age. Each question is allotted 1 mark for each correct response. 2. No deduction from the total score will be made if no response is indicated for an item in the answer sheet. 3. There is only one correct response for each question. Filling up more than one response in each question will be treated as wrong response

http://www.chemistrycrest.com/

Page 1

CHEMISTRY CREST
121.

EAMCET 2009(ENGINEERING)

Given that H f ( H ) = 218 kJ/mol. Express the H-H bond energy in kcal/mol: (1) 52.15 (2) 911 (3) 104 (4) 52153

Sol.

(3)
H f

( H ) = 218 kJ / mol

H 2 ( g ) 2 H ( g ) = 2 218

= 436 kJ/mol 1 K cal = 4.18 kJ ? 436 kJ 436 = = 104.3 K cal/mole. 4.18 122. Identify the alkyne in the following sequence of reactions: H Ozonolysis Wacker 2 Alkyne A B CH = CH 2 2 Lindlar's Catalyst only Process
(1) H C C = C CH 3 3 (3) H C = CH C = CH 2

(2) H C CH C CH 3 2 (4) HC = C CH = CH 2

Sol.

(1)

Pd / BaSO 4 H C C = C CH + H H C CH = CH CH 3 3 2 Lindlar Catalyst 3 3 ( A)

123.

Ozonolysis H C CH = CH CH CH CHO 3 3 3 B Wacker process CuCl 2 CH = CH + PdCl + H O CH CHO + Pd + 2 HCl 2 2 2 2 3 + H B Fluorine r reacts with dilute NaOH and forms a gaseous product A. The bond angle in the molecule of A is: (1) 1040 40' (2) 1030 (3) 1070 (4) 1090 28'
(2) 2 NaOH + 2 F 2 NaF + H O + OF 2 2 2 A

Sol.

FOF bond angle in OF2 is 1030

http://www.chemistrycrest.com/

Page 2

CHEMISTRY CREST
124.

EAMCET 2009(ENGINEERING)

One mole of alkene X on ozonolysis gave one mole of acetaldehyde and one mole of acetone. The IUPAC name of X is: (1) 2-Methyl-3-butane (2) 2-Methyl-1-butane (3) 2-Butane (4) 1-Butane (1)

Sol.

125.

The number of p d pi bonds present in XeO3 and XeO4 molecules, respectively: (1) 3, 4 (2) 4, 2 (3) 2, 3 (4) 3, 2

Sol.

(1) XeO3

XeO4

3 and 3 126.

4 and 4

The wavelengths of electron waves in two orbits is 3 : 5. The ration of kinitic energy of electrons will be: (1) 25 : 9 (2) 5 : 3 (3) 9 : 25 (4) 3 : 5

Sol.

(1) De-Broglies equation: h = mv 1 = 2 = 3 : 5 v : v = 5 : 3 1 2 1 K .E = mv 2 2 K .E1 : K .E2 = v12 : v2 2 = 25 : 9

http://www.chemistrycrest.com/

Page 3

CHEMISTRY CREST
127. the

EAMCET 2009(ENGINEERING)

Which one of the following sets correctly represent the increase in the paramagnetic property of ions? (1) Cu 2 + < V 2 + < Cr 2 + < Mn 2 + (2) Cu 2 + < Cr 2 + < V 2 + < Mn 2 + (3) Cu 2 + < V 2 + < Cr 2 + < Mn 2 + (4) V 2 + < Cu 2 + < Cr 2 + < Mn 2 +

Sol.

(1) or (3) Number of unpaired electrons:


Cu 2+ = (1) ;[ Ar ]3d 9 V 2+ = ( 3) ;[ Ar ]3d 3 Cr 2+ = ( 4 ) ;[ Ar ]3d 4 Mn 2+ = ( 5 ) ;[ Ar ]3d 5

s = n ( n + 2)
Increasing order of paramagnetic property Cu 2 + < V 2 + < Cr 2 + < Mn 2 +

128.

Electrons with a kinetic energy of 6.023 10 4 J/mol are evolved from a surface of a metal, when it is exposed to radiation of wavelength of 600 nm. The minimum amount of energy required to remove an electron from the metal atom is:

(1) 2.3125 1019 J (3) 6.02 1019 J


Sol. (1)

(2) 3 1019 J (4) 6.62 1034 J

K.E of 1 mole of electrons = 6.023 104 J


K.E of one electron = =

6.023 104 = 1 1019 J 23 6.023 10

of radiation = 600 nm = 6 107 m


E= hc

6.63 1034 Js 3 108 ms 1 6 107 m

E = W + KE W = Minimum amount of energy required to remove an electron W = 3.3 1019 11019 J = 2.3 1019 J
http://www.chemistrycrest.com/ Page 4

CHEMISTRY CREST
129.

EAMCET 2009(ENGINEERING)

The chemical entities present in thermosphere of the atmosphere: (1) O + , O + , NO + (2) O 2 3 (3) N , O , CO , H O (4) O , O + , O 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 (1)

Sol.

Chemicals present in thermosphere are O + , O + , NO + 2


130. The type of bonds present in sulphuric anhydride: (1) 3 and three p d

(2) 3 , one p p and two p d (3) 2 and three p d (4) 2 and two p d
Sol. (2) Sulphuric anhydride is SO3

131.

In Gattermann reaction, a diazonium group is replaced by X using Y, X, Y are: X Y (1) Cl Cu / HCl

(2) Cl (3) Cl (4) Cl 2


Sol.

CuCl / HCl 2 CuCl / HCl 2 Cu O / HCl 2

(1) Gattermann Reaction: Cu/HCl ArN +Cl N + ArCl 2 2

http://www.chemistrycrest.com/

Page 5

CHEMISTRY CREST
132.

EAMCET 2009(ENGINEERING)

Which pair of oxyacids of phosphorous contain P-H bonds? (1) H PO , H PO (2) H PO , H P O 3 4 3 3 3 5 4 2 7

(3) H PO , H PO 3 3 3 2
Sol. (3) H3PO2 Hypo phosphorous acid H

(4) H PO , HPO 3 2 3

H3PO3 Phosphorous acid H

OH HO
H PO 3 2

OH

O
133.

H PO 3 3

Dipole moment of HCl = 1.03 D, HI = 0.38D. Bond length of HCl = 1.3 A0 and HI = 1.6 A0 . The ratio of fraction of an electric charge , existing on each atom in HCl and HI is: (1) 1.2 : 1 (2) 2.7 : 1 (3) 3.3 : 1 (4) 1 : 3.3

Sol.

(3) Dipole moment = Inter atomic distance Charge on one atom 1.03 HCl : 1.03 D = 1.3 e1 e1 = 1.3

HI : 0.38 D = 1.6 e2
e1 1.03 1.6 3.3 = = e2 1.3 0.38 1

e2 = 0.38
1.6

134.

SiCl4 on hydrolysis forms X and HCl. Compound X loses water at 1000 0C and gives Y. Compounds X and Y respectively are: (1) H SiCl , SiO (2) H SiO , Si (3) SiO , Si (4) H SiO , SiO 2 6 2 2 4 2 2 4 2 (4) SiCl4 on hydrolysis gives orthosilisic acid which on heating loses water to give SiO2
SiCl + 4 H O H SiO + 4 HCl 4 2 4 4 H SiO SiO + 2 H O 4 4 2 2

Sol.

http://www.chemistrycrest.com/

Page 6

CHEMISTRY CREST
135.

EAMCET 2009(ENGINEERING)

1.5 g of CdCl2 was found to contain 0.9 g of Cd. Calculate the atomic weight of Cd (1) 118 (2) 112 (3) 106.5 (4) 53.25 (3) 0.6g of Cl2 combines with 0.9 g of Cd 71g of Cl2 combines with ? 0.9 71 At wt. of Cd = = 106.5 0.6 Aluminium reacts with NaOH and forms compound X. If the coordination number of aluminium in X is 6, the correct formula of X : + (1) Al H O ( OH )2 (2) Al H O ( OH )3 2 4 2 3

Sol.

136.

(3) Al H O ( OH )4 2 2
Sol. (3)

(4) Al H O ( OH )3 2 6

In Al H O ( OH )4 Al is in +3 oxidation state. 2 2 Net charge on the complex = +3+0 - 4= - 1

137.

The average kinetic energy of one molecule of an ideal gas at 270C and 1 atm. Pressure is:

(1) 900 cal k 1mol1 (3) 336.7 J k 1molecule 1


Sol. (2)
3 nRT 2 K.E. of 1 molecule 3 1 = 8.3 300 2 6 1023 K .E . =

(2) 6.21 10 21 J k 1molecule 1 (4) 3741.3 J k 1mol 1

25 4 1021

= 6.2 1021 JK 1mol 1

http://www.chemistrycrest.com/

Page 7

CHEMISTRY CREST
138.

EAMCET 2009(ENGINEERING)

Assertion (A) : K, Rb and Cs form superoxides. Reason (R) : The stability of the superoxides increase from K to Cs due to decrease in lattice energy. (1) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (2) Both A and R are true but R is the correct explanation of A (3) A is true but R is not true (4) A is not true but R is true (3) K Rb and Cs form superoxides The stability of superoxide increases from K to Cs due to increase in lattice energy How many ml of perhydrol is required to produce sufficient oxygen which can be used to completely convert 2 lit. of SO2 gas to SO3 gas? (1) 10 ml (2) 5 ml (3) 20 ml (4) 30 ml (1)
2 SO + O 2 SO 2 2 3 g) (g) g) ( ( 2 lit. 1 lit. 1 litre of O2 gas at STP is required. Perhydrol is 100 volume strength. That means 1 ml. of perhydrol gives 100 ml. of O2 gas at STP. 10 ml of perhydrol gives 1000 ml of O2 gas

Sol.

139.

Sol.

140.

pH of buffer solution decreases by 0.02 units when 0.12g of acetic acid is added to 250 ml of a buffer solution of acetic acid and Potassium acetate at 27 0C. The buffer capacity of the solution is: (1) 0.1 (2) 10 (3) 1 (4) 0.4 (4) To 250 ml. of buffer solution 0.12g of acetic acid is added. To 1000 ml. of buffer solution 4 .12 = 0.48 g acid is added.
No. of moles of acetic acid added 0.48 = = 8 10 3 moles 60
Buffer capacity = No. of moles of acid added to 1 lit. solution 8 10-3 = = 0.4 0.02 change in P H

Sol.

http://www.chemistrycrest.com/

Page 8

CHEMISTRY CREST
141. Match the following: List I (A) (B) (C) (D) Felspar Asbestos Pyrargyrite Diaspore (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v)

EAMCET 2009(ENGINEERING)

List II
Ag SbS 3 3 Al O .H O 2 3 2 MgSO .H O 4 2 KAISi O 3 8

CaMg SiO 3 3 4

The correct answer is: A B C (1) IV V II (2) IV V I (3) IV I III (4) II V IV


Sol. (2) Felspar

D I II II I

KAlSi O 3 8

Asbestos Pyrargyrite Diaspore


142.

CaMg SiO 3 3 4 Ag SbS 3 3 Al O .2 H O 2 3 2

In which one of the following order is correct for the first ionization energies of the elements? (1) B < Be < N < O (2) Be < B < N < O (3) B < Be < O < N (4) B < O < Be < N (3) B(8.3) < Be(9.3) < O(13.6) < N(14.5) What are the X and Y in the following reaction sequence: Cl Cl 2 2 C H OH X Y 2 5 (1) C H Cl , CH CHO (2) CH CHO, CH CO H 3 3 2 2 5 3 (4) C H Cl , CCl CHO (3) CH CHO, CCl CHO 3 3 2 5 3 (3) Page 9

Sol. 143.

Sol.

http://www.chemistrycrest.com/

CHEMISTRY CREST
CH CH OH + Cl CH CHO + 2 HCl 3 2 2 3 X

EAMCET 2009(ENGINEERING)

CH CHO + 3Cl CCl .CHO + 3HCl 3 2 3 Y (Chloral )


144. What are the A, B, C in the following reactions? (I) CH CO Ca A 3 2 2 HI (II) CH CO H B 3 2 Re d P

PO 4 10 (III) 2CH CO H B 3 2 A B

(1) C H 2 6

CH COCH 3 3

(2) CH CO O 3 2 (3) CH COCH 3 3 (4) CH COCH 3 3


Sol. (3)

(CH3CO )2 O
CH COCH 3 3

C H 2 6 C H 2 6

(CH3CO )2 O
A

(CH3CO )2 O
C H 2 6

(CH3COO )2 Ca CH3.CO.CH3
HI + Re d P CH COOH CH CH 3 3 3 B PO 4 10 2CH COOH CH CO O 3 3 2 C One per cent composition of an organic compound A is carbon: 85.71% and hydrogen 14.29%. Its vapour density is 14. Consider the following reaction sequence: Cl / H O (1) KCN / EtOH 2 2 A B C ( 2 ) H 3O + Identify C.

145.

http://www.chemistrycrest.com/

Page 10

CHEMISTRY CREST
(1) CH C H CO H 3 2 | OH (3) HO CH CO H 2 2 Sol. (2) A % Compositic % At.Wt B C 85.71 14.29 85.71 14.29 12 1 = 7.1 14.29 7.1 14.29 Simplest ratio 7.1 7.1 1 : 2 Empirical formula CH 2 Empirical formula weight = 12 + 2 = 14 14 x n = 14 x 2 n = 2 Molecular formula = (CH2)2 = C H 2 4 A
H OH

EAMCET 2009(ENGINEERING)
(2) HO CH CH CO H 2 2 2 (4) CH CH CO H 3 2 2

Cl /H O 2 2 CH = CH H C C H 2 2

Cl H B

KCN/EtOH HO CH CH Cl HO CH CH COOH 2 2 2 2 H+O 3 C B


146. How many tripeptides can be prepared by linking the amino acids glycine, alanine and phenyl alanine? (1) One (2) Three (3) Six (4) Twelve (3) Ala gly Ala | Ala phe Ala | gly phe gly Gly Ala gly | phe Ala phe | phe gly phe Page 11

Sol.

http://www.chemistrycrest.com/

CHEMISTRY CREST
147.

EAMCET 2009(ENGINEERING)

A codon has a sequence of A, and specifies a particular B that is to be incorporated into a C. What are A, B, and C? A B C (1) 3 bases amino acid carbohydrate (2) 3 acids carbohydrate protein (3) 3 bases protein amino acid (4) 3 bases amino acid protein (4) 3 bases amino acid protein specifies a particular that is to be incorporated into A B C Parkinsons disease is linked to abnormalities in the levels of dopamine in the body. The structure of dopamine is:

Sol.

148.

CH NH 2 2

CH CH CH NH 2 2 2 2

CH CH NH 2 2 2

CH CHCO H 2 2 NH 2
OH
(4)

OH
(1) Sol.

OH
(2)

OH
(3)

OH

OH

OH

OH

(3) Dopamine

HO

CH -CH -NH 2 2 2

HO

149.

During the depression of freezing point experiment an equilibrium is established between the molecules of: (1) liquid solvent and solid solvent (2) liquid solute and solid solvent (3) liquid solute and solid solute (4) liquid solvent and solid solute (1) At freezing point of a solution, solid and liquid phases of the liquid (solvent) are in equilibrium.

Sol.

http://www.chemistrycrest.com/

Page 12

CHEMISTRY CREST
150. Consider the following reaction EtOH / H O 2 C H Cl + AgCN X ( major ) 2 5 Which one of the following statements is true for X? (I) It gives propionic acid on hydrolysis (II) It has an ester function (III) It has a nitrogen linked to ethyl carbon (IV) It has a cyanide group (1) IV (2) III (3) II (2)

EAMCET 2009(ENGINEERING)

(4) I

Sol.

EtOH/H O 2 C H Cl+AgCN C H NC Ethyl isocyanide (major) 2 5 2 5 X

151.

For the following cell reaction


Ag Ag + AgCl | Cl | Cl , Pt 2

G 0 ( AgCl ) = 109 kJ / mol f G0 ( Cl ) = 129 kJ / mol f DG0 ( Ag + ) = 78 kJ / mol f


E 0 of the cells is: (1) -60 V
Sol. (2) G 0 = nFE 0 cell
1 Cell reaction : Ag + Cl AgCl 2 2

(2) 0.60 V

(3) 6.0 V

(4) None

G 0 = 109 ( 78 129 ) = - 58 kJ/mol. 58000 E0 = = 0.6 V 96500

http://www.chemistrycrest.com/

Page 13

CHEMISTRY CREST
152.

EAMCET 2009(ENGINEERING)

The synthesis of crotonaldehyde from acetaldehyde is an example of.reaction (1) Nucleophilic addition (2) Elimination (3) Electrophilic addition (4) Nucleophilic addition-elimination (4)

Sol.

OH or H + 2CH CHO CH CH ( OH ) CH CHO 3 3 2 Aldol


CH CH CH CHO CH CH = CH CHO + H O 3 2 2 2 Crotonaldehyde OH
153. At 25 0C the molar conductances at infinite dilution for the strong electrolytes NaOH, NaCl and BaCl are 248 10 4 ,126 10 4 and 280 104 sm 2 mol1 respectively.
2
0 m Ba(OH)2 in a sm2 mol1 :

(1) 52.4 10 4
Sol. (2)

(2) 524 10 4

(3) 402 10 4

(4) 262 10 4

Ba OH

) = BaCl2 + 2 NaOH 2 NaCl

= 280 104 + 2 248 104 2 126 104


= 524 104

) (

154.

The cubic unit cell of a metal (molar mass = 63.55 g mol-1) has an edge length of 262 pm. Its density is 8.92 g.cm3. The type of unit cell is: (1) Primitive (2) Face centred (3) Body centred (4) End centred (2)

Sol.

dNa3 8.92 6 1023 362 1010 cm Z= = M 63.55 Z=4 It is Face centered unit cell.

http://www.chemistrycrest.com/

Page 14

CHEMISTRY CREST
155. The equilibrium constant for the given reaction is 100 N + 2O 2 NO 2 2 2 (g) (g) (g)

EAMCET 2009(ENGINEERING)

What is the equilibrium constant for the reaction below: 1 1 NO N + O 2 2 2 2 2 (g) (g) (g)

(1) 10
Sol.

(2) 1

(3) 0.1

(4) 0.01

(3) Reaction is reversed and divided by 2


K2 =

1 1 1 = = = 0.1 100 10 K1

156.

For a first order reaction at 27 0C, the ratio of time required for 75% completion to 25% completion of reaction is; (1) 3.0 (2) 2.303 (3) 4.8 (4) 0.477 (3)
K= 2.303 a log t (a x)

Sol.

K and 2.303 are constants a log( ) (a x) 1 t1 = t 2 log( a ) (a x) 2


100 ) (100 75 ) 1 = log 4 = 0.48 t1 = 4 t2 log( 100 ) log 2 3 (100 25) log(

157.

The concentration of an organ compound in chloroform is 6.15 g solution in a 5 cm polarimeter tube causes an observed rotation of -1.2. What is the specific rotation of the compound? (1) +120 (2) -3.90 (3) -390 (4) +61.50 (3)

Sol.

http://www.chemistrycrest.com/

Page 15

CHEMISTRY CREST
, specific rotation =
=

EAMCET 2009(ENGINEERING)
100 obs length of tube (in dm) conc. of solution (g/100 ml)

100 ( 1.2 ) 120 = = 390 0.5 6.15 3.075

158.

20 ml of 0.1M actic acid is mixed with 50 ml of potassium acetate. Ka of acetic acid = 1.8 105 at 27 0C. The concentration of potassium acetate if pH of the mixture is 4.8: (1) 0.1 M (2) 0.04 M (3) 0.4 m (4) 0.02 M (2)

Sol.

K = 1.8 105 P = 5 log1.85 = 4.74 a Ka

[ Salt ] pH = P + log Ka [ Acid ]

0.1x 20 20 + 50 [ salt ] 7 0.06 = log 0.2 Taking Antilog, 0.2 1.148 0.2 (or) [salt] = = 0.04 M 7 1.148 =

4.8 = 4.74 + log

[ Salt ]

[ salt ] 7

159.

Calculate H 0 for the reaction: Na O + SO Na SO given the following. 2 3 2 4 (S ) (g ) (s)


1 (A) Na + H O NaOH + H ( s ) ( 2) (s) 2 2 I (g)
H 0 = 146 kJ H 0 = +418 kJ H 0 = +259 kJ

(B) Na SO + H O 2 NaOH + SO 2 4 2 ( s) ( g3 (s) (I ) ) (c) 2 Na O + 2 H 4 Na + 2 H O 2 2 ( s ) ( g3) s) g) ( (


(1) +823 kJ (2) -581 kJ

(3) -435 kJ

(4) +531 kJ

http://www.chemistrycrest.com/

Page 16

CHEMISTRY CREST
Sol. (2) + Na O + H 2 Na + H O 2 2 2 Na SO H O 2 NaOH SO 2 4 2 3

EAMCET 2009(ENGINEERING)

H = +129.5 kJ

H = 418.0 kJ H = 292 kJ H = 580.5 kJ

+2 Na + 2 H O 2 NaOH + H 2 2 Na O + SO Na SO 2 3 2 4
160.

Which one of the following most effective in causing the coagulation of an As S sol? 2 3

(1) KCl
Sol.

(2) AlCl 3

(3) MgSO 4

(4) K Fe ( CN )6 3

(2) As2S3 is a negatively charged colloid. Acc to Hardy schulze rule, greater the valency of coagulating ion , greater is its coagulating power Coagulating ability K + < Mg 2 + < Al 3 +

http://www.chemistrycrest.com/

Page 17