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European Treaty Series - No.

182

SECOND ADDITIONAL PROTOCOL TO THE EUROPEAN CONVENTION ON MUTUAL ASSISTANCE IN CRIMINAL MATTERS

Strasbourg, 8.XI.2001

ThememberStatesoftheCouncilofEurope,signatorytothisProtocol, HavingregardtotheirundertakingsundertheStatuteoftheCouncilofEurope; Desirousoffurthercontributingtosafeguardhumanrights,upholdtheruleoflaw andsupportthedemocraticfabricofsociety; Consideringitdesirable tothateffect tostrengthentheirindividualandcollective abilitytorespondtocrime; DecidedtoimproveonandsupplementincertainaspectstheEuropeanConvention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters done at Strasbourg on 20April 1959 (hereinafter referred to as the Convention), as well as the Additional Protocol thereto,doneatStrasbourgon17March1978; TakingintoconsiderationtheConventionfortheProtectionofHumanRightsand Fundamental Freedoms, done at Rome on 4 November 1950, as well as the ConventionfortheProtectionofIndividualswithregardtoAutomaticProcessingof PersonalData,doneatStrasbourgon28January1981, Haveagreedasfollows: ChapterI Article1Scope Article1oftheConventionshallbereplacedbythefollowingprovisions: 1 The Parties undertake promptly to afford each other, in accordance with the provisions of this Convention, the widest measure of mutual assistance in proceedingsinrespectofoffencesthepunishmentofwhich,atthetimeoftherequest forassistance,fallswithinthejurisdictionofthejudicialauthoritiesoftherequesting Party. ThisConventiondoesnotapplytoarrests,theenforcementofverdictsoroffences undermilitarylawwhicharenotoffencesunderordinarycriminallaw. Mutualassistancemayalsobeaffordedinproceedingsbroughtbytheadministrative authorities in respect of acts which are punishable under the national law of the requestingortherequestedPartybyvirtueofbeinginfringementsoftherulesoflaw, wherethedecisionmaygiverisetoproceedingsbeforeacourthavingjurisdictionin particularincriminalmatters.

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Mutualassistanceshallnotberefusedsolelyonthegroundsthatitrelatestoactsfor whichalegalpersonmaybeheldliableintherequestingParty.

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Article2PresenceofofficialsoftherequestingParty Article4oftheConventionshallbesupplementedbythefollowingtext,theoriginal Article 4 of the Convention becoming paragraph 1 and the provisions below becomingparagraph2: 2 Requestsforthepresenceofsuchofficialsorinterestedpersonsshouldnotberefused wherethatpresenceislikelytorendertheexecutionoftherequestforassistancemore responsivetotheneedsoftherequestingPartyand,therefore,likelytoavoidthe needforsupplementaryrequestsforassistance. Article3 Temporary transfer of detained persons to the territory of the requestingParty

Article11oftheConventionshallbereplacedbythefollowingprovisions: 1 Apersonincustodywhosepersonalappearanceforevidentiarypurposesotherthan for standing trial is applied for by the requesting Party shall be temporarily transferred to its territory, provided that he or she shall be sent back within the periodstipulatedbytherequestedPartyandsubjecttotheprovisionsofArticle12of thisConvention,insofarastheseareapplicable. Transfermayberefusedif:
a b

thepersonincustodydoesnotconsent; his or her presence is necessary at criminal proceedings pending in the territoryoftherequestedParty; transferisliabletoprolonghisorherdetention,or there are other overriding grounds for not transferring him or her to the territoryoftherequestingParty.

c d

Subject totheprovisions ofArticle 2ofthisConvention,inacase coming within paragraph1,transitofthepersonincustodythroughtheterritoryofathirdParty, shallbegrantedonapplication,accompaniedbyallnecessarydocuments,addressed bytheMinistryofJusticeoftherequestingPartytotheMinistryofJusticeoftheParty throughwhoseterritorytransitisrequested.APartymayrefusetogranttransittoits ownnationals. ThetransferredpersonshallremainincustodyintheterritoryoftherequestingParty and,whereapplicable,intheterritoryofthePartythroughwhichtransitisrequested, unlessthePartyfromwhomtransferisrequestedappliesforhisorherrelease. Article4Channelsofcommunication

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Article15oftheConventionshallbereplacedbythefollowingprovisions: 1 Requests for mutual assistance, as well as spontaneous information, shall be addressedinwritingbytheMinistryofJusticeoftherequestingPartytotheMinistry ofJusticeoftherequestedPartyandshallbereturnedthroughthesamechannels. However,theymaybeforwardeddirectlybythejudicialauthoritiesoftherequesting PartytothejudicialauthoritiesoftherequestedPartyandreturnedthroughthesame channels.

Applications as referred to in Article 11 of this Convention and Article 13 of the SecondAdditionalProtocoltothisConventionshallinallcasesbeaddressedbythe MinistryofJusticeoftherequestingPartytotheMinistryofJusticeoftherequested Partyandshallbereturnedthroughthesamechannels. Requestsformutualassistanceconcerningproceedingsasmentionedinparagraph3 ofArticle1ofthisConventionmayalsobeforwardeddirectlybytheadministrative or judicial authorities of the requesting Party to the administrative or judicial authoritiesoftherequestedParty,asthecasemaybe,andreturnedthroughthesame channels. Requests for mutual assistance made under Articles 18 and 19 of the Second Additional Protocol to this Convention may also be forwarded directly by the competent authorities of the requesting Party to the competent authorities of the requestedParty. Requests provided for in paragraph 1 of Article 13 of this Convention may be addresseddirectlybythejudicialauthoritiesconcernedtotheappropriateauthorities oftherequestedParty,andtherepliesmaybereturneddirectlybythoseauthorities. Requests provided for in paragraph 2 of Article 13 of this Convention shall be addressedbytheMinistryofJusticeoftherequestingPartytotheMinistryofJustice oftherequestedParty. Requestsfor copiesofconvictionsandmeasuresasreferredtoinArticle 4ofthe Additional Protocol to the Convention may be made directly to the competent authorities.AnyContractingStatemay,atanytime,byadeclarationaddressedtothe SecretaryGeneraloftheCouncilofEurope,definewhatauthoritiesitwill,forthe purposeofthisparagraph,deemcompetentauthorities. Inurgentcases,wheredirecttransmissionispermittedunderthisConvention,itmay takeplacethroughtheInternationalCriminalPoliceOrganisation(Interpol). AnyPartymay,atanytime,byadeclarationaddressedtotheSecretaryGeneralof the Council of Europe, reserve the right to make the execution of requests, or specifiedrequests,formutualassistancedependentononeormoreofthefollowing conditions:

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a

thatacopyoftherequestbeforwardedtothecentralauthoritydesignatedin thatdeclaration; thatrequests,excepturgentrequests,beforwardedtothecentralauthority designatedinthatdeclaration; that,incase ofdirecttransmissionforreasonsofurgency,acopyshallbe transmittedatthesametimetoitsMinistryofJustice; thatsomeorallrequestsforassistanceshallbesenttoitthroughchannels otherthanthoseprovidedforinthisarticle.

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RequestsformutualassistanceandanyothercommunicationsunderthisConvention or its Protocols may be forwarded through any electronic or other means of telecommunicationprovidedthattherequestingPartyisprepared,uponrequest,to produceatanytimeawrittenrecordofitandtheoriginal.However,anyContracting State,maybyadeclarationaddressedatanytimetotheSecretaryGeneralofthe CouncilofEurope,establishtheconditionsunderwhichitshallbewillingtoaccept andexecuterequestsreceivedbyelectronicorothermeansoftelecommunication. Theprovisionsofthisarticlearewithoutprejudicetothoseofbilateralagreementsor arrangementsinforcebetweenPartieswhichprovideforthedirecttransmissionof requestsforassistancebetweentheirrespectiveauthorities. Article5Costs Article20oftheConventionshallbereplacedbythefollowingprovisions:

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Partiesshallnotclaimfromeachothertherefundofanycostsresultingfromthe applicationofthisConventionoritsProtocols,except:
a

costsincurredbytheattendanceofexpertsintheterritoryoftherequested Party; costs incurred by the transfer of a person in custody carried out under Articles13or14oftheSecondAdditionalProtocoltothisConvention,or Article11ofthisConvention; costsofasubstantialorextraordinarynature.

c 2

However, the cost of establishing a video or telephone link, costs related to the servicingofavideoortelephonelinkintherequestedParty,theremunerationof interpretersprovidedbyitandallowancestowitnessesandtheirtravellingexpenses intherequestedPartyshallberefundedbytherequestingPartytotherequested Party,unlessthePartiesagreeotherwise. Partiesshallconsult witheachotherwithaviewtomakingarrangementsforthe paymentofcostsclaimableunderparagraph1.cabove. TheprovisionsofthisarticleshallapplywithoutprejudicetotheprovisionsofArticle 10,paragraph3,ofthisConvention. Article6Judicialauthorities Article24oftheConventionshallbereplacedbythefollowingprovisions: Any State shall at the time of signature or when depositing its instrument of ratification,acceptance,approvaloraccession,bymeansofadeclarationaddressedto theSecretaryGeneraloftheCouncilofEurope,definewhatauthoritiesitwill,forthe

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purposeoftheConvention,deemjudicialauthorities.Itsubsequently may,atany timeandinthesamemanner,changethetermsofitsdeclaration.

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ChapterII Article7Postponedexecutionofrequests
1

TherequestedPartymaypostponeactiononarequestifsuchactionwouldprejudice investigations,prosecutionsorrelatedproceedingsbyitsauthorities. Before refusing or postponing assistance, the requested Party shall, where appropriateafterhavingconsultedwiththerequestingParty,considerwhetherthe requestmaybegrantedpartiallyorsubjecttosuchconditionsasitdeemsnecessary.

If the request is postponed, reasons shall be given for the postponement. The requestedParty shall also informthe requesting Party ofany reasons that render impossibletheexecutionoftherequestorarelikelytodelayitsignificantly. Article8Procedure Notwithstanding the provisions of Article 3 of the Convention, where requests specifyformalitiesorprocedureswhicharenecessaryunderthelawoftherequesting Party,evenifunfamiliartotherequestedParty,thelattershallcomplywithsuch requeststotheextentthattheactionsoughtisnotcontrarytofundamentalprinciples ofitslaw,unlessotherwiseprovidedforinthisProtocol. Article9Hearingbyvideoconference

IfapersonisinonePartysterritoryandhastobeheardasawitnessorexpertbythe judicial authorities of another Party, the latter may, where it is not desirable or possibleforthepersontobeheardtoappearinitsterritoryinperson,requestthatthe hearingtakeplacebyvideoconference,asprovidedforinparagraphs2to7. TherequestedPartyshallagreetothehearingbyvideoconferenceprovidedthatthe useofthevideoconferenceisnotcontrarytofundamentalprinciplesofitslawandon conditionthatithasthetechnicalmeanstocarryoutthehearing.Iftherequested Partyhasnoaccesstothetechnicalmeansforvideoconferencing,suchmeansmaybe madeavailabletoitbytherequestingPartybymutualagreement. Requests for a hearing by video conference shall contain, in addition to the information referred to in Article 14 of the Convention, the reason why it is not desirableorpossibleforthewitnessorexperttoattendinperson,thenameofthe judicialauthorityandofthepersonswhowillbeconductingthehearing. ThejudicialauthorityoftherequestedPartyshallsummonthepersonconcernedto appearinaccordancewiththeformslaiddownbyitslaw.

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Withreferencetohearingbyvideoconference,thefollowingrulesshallapply:
a

ajudicialauthorityoftherequestedPartyshallbepresentduringthehearing, wherenecessaryassistedbyaninterpreter,andshallalsoberesponsiblefor ensuringboththeidentificationofthepersontobeheardandrespectforthe fundamental principles of the law of the requested Party. If the judicial authorityoftherequestedPartyisoftheviewthatduringthehearingthe fundamentalprinciplesofthelawoftherequestedPartyarebeinginfringed, itshallimmediatelytakethenecessarymeasurestoensurethatthehearing continuesinaccordancewiththesaidprinciples; measuresfortheprotectionofthepersontobeheardshallbeagreed,where necessary, between the competent authorities of the requesting and the requestedParties; the hearing shall be conducted directly by, or under the direction of, the judicialauthorityoftherequestingPartyinaccordancewithitsownlaws; attherequestoftherequestingPartyorthepersontobeheard,therequested Partyshallensurethatthepersontobeheardisassistedbyaninterpreter,if necessary; thepersontobeheardmayclaimtherightnottotestifywhichwouldaccrue tohimorherunderthelawofeithertherequestedortherequestingParty.

Withoutprejudicetoanymeasuresagreedfortheprotectionofpersons,thejudicial authority of the requested Party shall on the conclusion of the hearing draw up minutesindicatingthedateandplaceofthehearing,theidentityofthepersonheard, theidentitiesandfunctionsofallotherpersonsintherequestedPartyparticipatingin thehearing,anyoathstakenandthetechnicalconditionsunderwhichthehearing took place. The document shall be forwarded by the competent authority of the requestedPartytothecompetentauthorityoftherequestingParty. Each Party shall take the necessary measures to ensure that, where witnesses or expertsarebeingheardwithinitsterritory,inaccordancewiththisarticle,andrefuse totestifywhenunderanobligationtotestifyordonottestifyaccordingtothetruth, itsnationallawappliesinthesamewayasifthehearingtookplaceinanational procedure. Parties may at their discretion also apply the provisions of this article, where appropriate and with the agreement of their competent judicial authorities, to hearingsbyvideoconferenceinvolvingtheaccused personorthesuspect.Inthis case,thedecisiontoholdthevideoconference,andthemannerinwhichthevideo conference shallbe carriedout,shallbe subject toagreement betweenthe Parties concerned, in accordance with their national law and relevant international instruments. Hearings involving the accused person or the suspect shall only be carriedoutwithhisorherconsent.

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AnyContractingStatemay,atanytime,bymeansofadeclarationaddressedtothe SecretaryGeneraloftheCouncilofEurope,declarethatitwillnotavailitselfofthe possibility provided in paragraph 8 above of also applying the provisions of this articletohearingsbyvideoconferenceinvolvingtheaccusedpersonorthesuspect.

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Article10Hearingbytelephoneconference
1

IfapersonisinoneParty'sterritoryandhastobeheardasawitnessorexpertby judicial authorities of another Party, the latter may, where its national law so provides,requesttheassistanceoftheformerPartytoenablethehearingtotakeplace bytelephoneconference,asprovidedforinparagraphs2to6. Ahearingmaybeconductedbytelephoneconferenceonlyifthewitnessorexpert agreesthatthehearingtakeplacebythatmethod. TherequestedPartyshallagreetothehearingbytelephoneconferencewherethisis notcontrarytofundamentalprinciplesofitslaw. A request for a hearing by telephone conference shall contain, in addition to the information referred to in Article 14 of the Convention, the name of the judicial authorityandofthepersonswhowillbeconductingthehearingandanindication thatthewitnessorexpertiswillingtotakepartinahearingbytelephoneconference. ThepracticalarrangementsregardingthehearingshallbeagreedbetweentheParties concerned.Whenagreeingsucharrangements,therequestedPartyshallundertake to:
a

notify the witness or expert concerned of the time and the venue of the hearing; ensuretheidentificationofthewitnessorexpert; verify that the witness or expert agrees to the hearing by telephone conference.

b c

TherequestedPartymaymakeitsagreementsubject,fullyorinpart,totherelevant provisionsofArticle9,paragraphs5and7. Article11Spontaneousinformation

Without prejudice to their own investigations or proceedings, the competent authorities of a Party may, without prior request, forward to the competent authoritiesofanotherPartyinformationobtainedwithintheframeworkoftheirown investigations, when they consider that the disclosure of such information might assistthereceivingPartyininitiatingorcarryingoutinvestigationsorproceedings,or mightleadtoarequestbythatPartyundertheConventionoritsProtocols. TheprovidingPartymay,pursuanttoitsnationallaw,imposeconditionsontheuse ofsuchinformationbythereceivingParty. ThereceivingPartyshallbeboundbythoseconditions.

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4

However, any Contracting State may, at any time, by means of a declaration addressedtotheSecretaryGeneraloftheCouncilofEurope,declarethatitreserves therightnottobeboundbytheconditionsimposedbytheprovidingPartyunder paragraph2above,unlessitreceivespriornoticeofthenatureoftheinformationto beprovidedandagreestoitstransmission.

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Article12Restitution
1

AttherequestoftherequestingPartyandwithoutprejudicetotherightsofbonafide thirdparties,therequestedPartymayplacearticlesobtainedbycriminalmeansatthe disposaloftherequestingPartywithaviewtotheirreturntotheirrightfulowners. InapplyingArticles3and6oftheConvention,therequestedPartymaywaivethe returnofarticleseitherbeforeorafterhandingthemovertotherequestingPartyif therestitutionofsucharticlestotherightfulownermaybefacilitatedthereby.The rightsofbonafidethirdpartiesshallnotbeaffected. IntheeventofawaiverbeforehandingoverthearticlestotherequestingParty,the requestedPartyshallexercisenosecurityrightorotherrightofrecourseundertaxor customslegislationinrespectofthesearticles. Awaiverasreferredtoinparagraph2shallbewithoutprejudicetotherightofthe requestedPartytocollecttaxesordutiesfromtherightfulowner. Article13TemporarytransferofdetainedpersonstotherequestedParty

WherethereisagreementbetweenthecompetentauthoritiesofthePartiesconcerned, aPartywhichhasrequestedaninvestigationforwhichthepresenceofapersonheld incustodyonitsownterritoryisrequiredmaytemporarilytransferthatpersontothe territoryofthePartyinwhichtheinvestigationistotakeplace. Theagreementshallcoverthearrangementsforthetemporarytransferoftheperson andthedatebywhichthepersonmustbereturnedtotheterritoryoftherequesting Party. Whereconsenttothetransferisrequiredfromthepersonconcerned,astatementof consentoracopythereofshallbeprovidedpromptlytotherequestedParty. ThetransferredpersonshallremainincustodyintheterritoryoftherequestedParty and,whereapplicable,intheterritoryofthePartythroughwhichtransitisrequested, unlessthePartyfromwhichthepersonwastransferredappliesforhisorherrelease. TheperiodofcustodyintheterritoryoftherequestedPartyshallbedeductedfrom theperiodofdetentionwhichthepersonconcernedisorwillbeobligedtoundergo intheterritoryoftherequestingParty. The provisions of Article 11, paragraph2, and Article 12ofthe Convention shall applymutatismutandis. AnyContractingStatemayatanytime,bymeansofadeclarationaddressedtothe Secretary General of the Council of Europe, declare that before an agreement is reachedunderparagraph1ofthisarticle,theconsentreferredtoinparagraph3of

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thisarticlewillberequired,orwillberequiredundercertainconditionsindicatedin thedeclaration.

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Article14Personalappearanceoftransferredsentencedpersons TheprovisionsofArticles11and12oftheConventionshallapplymutatismutandis alsotopersonswhoareincustodyintherequestedParty,pursuanttohavingbeen transferredinordertoserveasentencepassedintherequestingParty,wheretheir personalappearanceforpurposesofreviewofthejudgementisappliedforbythe requestingParty. Article15Languageofproceduraldocumentsandjudicialdecisionstobeserved


1

TheprovisionsofthisarticleshallapplytoanyrequestforserviceunderArticle7of theConventionorArticle3oftheAdditionalProtocolthereto. Proceduraldocumentsandjudicialdecisionsshallinallcasesbetransmittedinthe language,orthelanguages,inwhichtheywereissued. NotwithstandingtheprovisionsofArticle16oftheConvention,iftheauthoritythat issuedthepapersknowsorhasreasonstobelievethattheaddresseeunderstands onlysomeotherlanguage,thepapers,oratleastthemostimportantpassagesthereof, shallbeaccompaniedbyatranslationintothatotherlanguage. Notwithstanding the provisions of Article 16 of the Convention, procedural documents and judicial decisions shall, for the benefit of the authorities of the requestedParty,beaccompaniedbyashortsummaryoftheircontentstranslatedinto thelanguage,oroneofthelanguages,ofthatParty. Article16Servicebypost

The competent judicial authorities of any Party may directly address, by post, proceduraldocumentsandjudicialdecisions,topersonswhoareintheterritoryof anyotherParty. Proceduraldocumentsandjudicialdecisionsshallbeaccompaniedbyareportstating thattheaddresseemayobtaininformationfromtheauthorityidentifiedinthereport, regardinghisorherrightsandobligationsconcerningtheserviceofthepapers.The provisionsofparagraph3ofArticle15aboveshallapplytothatreport. TheprovisionsofArticles8,9and12oftheConventionshallapplymutatismutandis toservicebypost. Theprovisionsofparagraphs1,2and3ofArticle15aboveshallalsoapplytoservice bypost. Article17Crossborderobservations

Police officers of one of the Parties who, within the framework of a criminal investigation, are keeping under observation in their country a person who is

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presumedtohavetakenpartinacriminaloffencetowhichextraditionmayapply,or apersonwhoitisstronglybelievedwillleadtotheidentificationorlocationofthe abovementioned person, shall be authorised to continue their observation in the territoryofanotherPartywherethelatterhasauthorisedcrossborderobservationin responsetoarequestforassistancewhichhaspreviouslybeensubmitted.Conditions maybeattachedtotheauthorisation.

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On request, the observation will be entrusted to officers of the Party in whose territoryitiscarriedout. Therequestforassistancereferredtointhefirstsubparagraphmustbesenttoan authoritydesignatedbyeachPartyandhavingjurisdictiontograntortoforwardthe requestedauthorisation.
2

Where,forparticularlyurgentreasons,priorauthorisationoftheotherPartycannot be requested, the officers conducting the observation within the framework of a criminal investigation shall be authorised to continue beyond the border the observationofapersonpresumedtohavecommittedoffenceslistedinparagraph6, providedthatthefollowingconditionsaremet:
a

theauthoritiesofthePartydesignatedunderparagraph4,inwhoseterritory theobservationistobecontinued,mustbenotifiedimmediately,duringthe observation,thattheborderhasbeencrossed; a request for assistance submitted in accordance with paragraph 1 and outlining the grounds for crossing the border without prior authorisation shallbesubmittedwithoutdelay.

ObservationshallceaseassoonasthePartyinwhoseterritoryitistakingplaceso requests,followingthenotificationreferredtoina.ortherequestreferredtoinb.or where authorisation has not been obtained within five hours of the border being crossed.
3

Theobservationreferredtoinparagraphs1and2shallbecarriedoutonlyunderthe followinggeneralconditions:
a

Theofficersconductingtheobservationmustcomplywiththeprovisionsof this article and with the law of the Party in whose territory they are operating;theymustobeytheinstructionsofthelocalresponsibleauthorities. Exceptinthesituationsprovidedforinparagraph2,theofficersshall,during the observation, carry a document certifying that authorisation has been granted. Theofficersconductingtheobservationmustbeableatalltimestoprovide proofthattheyareactinginanofficialcapacity. The officers conducting the observation may carry their service weapons during the observation, save where specifically otherwise decided by the requestedParty;theiruseshallbeprohibitedsaveincasesoflegitimateself defence. Entry into private homes and places not accessible to the public shall be prohibited.

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Theofficersconductingtheobservationmayneitherstopandquestion,nor arrest,thepersonunderobservation. AlloperationsshallbethesubjectofareporttotheauthoritiesofthePartyin whoseterritorytheytookplace;theofficersconductingtheobservationmay berequiredtoappearinperson.

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The authoritiesof the Party from which the observing officers have come shall,whenrequestedbytheauthoritiesofthePartyinwhoseterritorythe observation took place, assist the enquiry subsequent to the operation in whichtheytookpart,includinglegalproceedings.

Parties shall at the time of signature or when depositing their instrument of ratification,acceptance,approvaloraccession,bymeansofadeclarationaddressedto the Secretary General of the Council of Europe, indicate both the officers and authoritiesthattheydesignateforthepurposesofparagraphs1and2ofthisarticle. Theysubsequentlymay,atanytimeandinthesamemanner,changethetermsof theirdeclaration. The Parties may, at bilateral level, extend the scope of this article and adopt additionalmeasuresinimplementationthereof. The observation referred to in paragraph 2 may take place only for one of the followingcriminaloffences: assassination; murder; rape; arson; counterfeiting; armedrobberyandreceivingofstolengoods; extortion; kidnappingandhostagetaking; trafficinhumanbeings; illicittrafficinnarcoticdrugsandpsychotropicsubstances; breachofthelawsonarmsandexplosives; useofexplosives; illicitcarriageoftoxicanddangerouswaste; smugglingofaliens; sexualabuseofchildren. Article18Controlleddelivery

Each Party undertakes to ensure that, at the request of another Party, controlled deliveries may be permitted on its territory in the framework of criminal investigationsintoextraditableoffences. Thedecisiontocarryoutcontrolleddeliveriesshallbetakenineachindividualcase bythecompetentauthoritiesoftherequestedParty,withdueregardtothenational lawofthatParty. Controlled deliveries shall take place in accordance with the procedures of the requestedParty.Competencetoact,directandcontroloperationsshallliewiththe competentauthoritiesofthatParty.

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Parties shall at the time of signature or when depositing their instrument of ratification,acceptance,approvaloraccession,bymeansofadeclarationaddressedto the Secretary General of the Council of Europe, indicate the authorities that are competentforthepurposesofthisarticle.Theysubsequentlymay,atanytimeandin thesamemanner,changethetermsoftheirdeclaration.

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Article19Covertinvestigations
1

The requesting and the requested Parties may agree to assist one another in the conductofinvestigationsintocrimebyofficersactingundercovertorfalseidentity (covertinvestigations). The decision on the request is taken in each individual case by the competent authoritiesoftherequestedPartywithdueregardtoitsnationallawandprocedures. Thedurationofthecovertinvestigation,thedetailedconditions,andthelegalstatus oftheofficersconcernedduringcovertinvestigationsshallbeagreedbetweenthe Partieswithdueregardtotheirnationallawandprocedures. Covert investigations shall take place in accordance with the national law and proceduresofthePartyontheterritoryofwhichthecovertinvestigationtakesplace. The Parties involved shall cooperate to ensure that the covert investigation is preparedandsupervisedandtomakearrangementsforthesecurityoftheofficers actingundercovertorfalseidentity. Parties shall at the time of signature or when depositing their instrument of ratification,acceptance,approvaloraccession,bymeansofadeclarationaddressedto the Secretary General of the Council of Europe, indicate the authorities that are competentforthepurposesofparagraph2ofthisarticle.Theysubsequentlymay,at anytimeandinthesamemanner,changethetermsoftheirdeclaration. Article20Jointinvestigationteams

Bymutualagreement,thecompetentauthoritiesoftwoormorePartiesmaysetupa jointinvestigationteamforaspecificpurposeandalimitedperiod,whichmaybe extendedbymutualconsent,tocarryoutcriminalinvestigationsinoneormoreofthe Parties setting upthe team. The composition ofthe team shall be set out in the agreement. Ajointinvestigationteammay,inparticular,besetupwhere:
a

a Partys investigations into criminal offences require difficult and demandinginvestigationshavinglinkswithotherParties; anumberofPartiesareconductinginvestigationsintocriminaloffencesin whichthecircumstancesofthecasenecessitatecoordinated,concertedaction inthePartiesinvolved.

Arequestforthesettingupofajointinvestigationteammaybemadebyanyofthe Parties concerned. The team shall be set up in one of the Parties in which the investigationsareexpectedtobecarriedout.

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2

InadditiontotheinformationreferredtointherelevantprovisionsofArticle14of theConvention,requestsforthesettingupofajointinvestigationteamshallinclude proposalsforthecompositionoftheteam. AjointinvestigationteamshalloperateintheterritoryofthePartiessettingupthe teamunderthefollowinggeneralconditions:

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theleaderoftheteamshallbearepresentativeofthecompetentauthority participating in criminal investigations from the Party in which the team operates. The leader of the team shall act within the limits of his or her competenceundernationallaw; theteamshallcarryoutitsoperationsinaccordancewiththelawoftheParty inwhichitoperates.Themembersandsecondedmembersoftheteamshall carryouttheirtasksundertheleadershipofthepersonreferredtoinsub paragrapha,takingintoaccounttheconditionssetbytheirownauthoritiesin theagreementonsettinguptheteam; thePartyinwhichtheteamoperatesshallmakethenecessaryorganisational arrangementsforittodoso.

Inthisarticle,membersofthejointinvestigationteamfromthePartyinwhichthe teamoperatesarereferredtoasmembers,whilemembersfromPartiesotherthan thePartyinwhichtheteamoperatesarereferredtoassecondedmembers. Secondedmembersofthejointinvestigationteamshallbeentitledtobepresentwhen investigativemeasuresaretakeninthePartyofoperation.However,theleaderofthe teammay,forparticularreasons,inaccordancewiththelawofthePartywherethe teamoperates,decideotherwise. Secondedmembersofthejointinvestigationteammay,inaccordancewiththelawof thePartywheretheteamoperates,beentrustedbytheleaderoftheteamwiththe taskoftakingcertaininvestigativemeasureswherethishasbeenapprovedbythe competentauthoritiesofthePartyofoperationandthesecondingParty. Wherethejointinvestigationteamneedsinvestigativemeasurestobetakeninoneof thePartiessettinguptheteam,memberssecondedtotheteambythatPartymay request their owncompetent authoritiestotake those measures. Those measures shallbeconsideredinthatPartyundertheconditionswhichwouldapplyifthey wererequestedinanationalinvestigation. Wherethejointinvestigationteamneedsassistance fromaPartyotherthanthose whichhavesetuptheteam,orfromathirdState,therequestforassistancemaybe made by the competent authorities of the State of operation to the competent authoritiesoftheotherStateconcernedinaccordancewiththerelevantinstruments orarrangements. Asecondedmemberofthejointinvestigationteammay,inaccordancewithhisor hernationallawandwithinthelimitsofhisorhercompetence,providetheteam with information available in the Party which has seconded him or her for the purposeofthecriminalinvestigationsconductedbytheteam.

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10

Informationlawfullyobtainedbyamemberorsecondedmemberwhilepartofajoint investigationteamwhichisnototherwiseavailabletothecompetentauthoritiesof thePartiesconcernedmaybeusedforthefollowingpurposes:


a

forthepurposesforwhichtheteamhasbeensetup;

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subject to the prior consent of the Party where the information became available,fordetecting,investigatingandprosecutingothercriminaloffences. Suchconsentmaybewithheldonlyincaseswheresuchusewouldendanger criminal investigations in the Party concerned or in respect of which that Partycouldrefusemutualassistance; for preventing an immediate and serious threat to public security, and without prejudice to subparagraph b. if subsequently a criminal investigationisopened; forotherpurposestotheextentthatthisisagreedbetweenPartiessettingup theteam.

11

This article shall be without prejudice to any other existing provisions or arrangementsonthesettinguporoperationofjointinvestigationteams. TotheextentthatthelawsofthePartiesconcernedortheprovisionsofanylegal instrumentapplicablebetweenthempermit,arrangementsmaybeagreedforpersons otherthanrepresentativesofthecompetentauthoritiesofthePartiessettingupthe jointinvestigationteamtotakepartintheactivitiesoftheteam.Therightsconferred uponthemembersorsecondedmembersoftheteambyvirtueofthisarticleshallnot applytothesepersonsunlesstheagreementexpresslystatesotherwise. Article21Criminalliabilityregardingofficials DuringtheoperationsreferredtoinArticles17,18,19or20,unlessotherwiseagreed uponbythePartiesconcerned,officialsfromaPartyotherthanthePartyofoperation shall be regarded as officials of the Party of operation with respect to offences committedagainstthemorbythem. Article22Civilliabilityregardingofficials

12

Where,inaccordancewithArticles17,18,19or20,officialsofaPartyareoperatingin anotherParty,thefirstPartyshallbeliableforanydamagecausedbythemduring theiroperations,inaccordancewiththelawofthePartyinwhoseterritorytheyare operating. ThePartyinwhoseterritorythedamagereferredtoinparagraph1wascausedshall makegoodsuchdamageundertheconditionsapplicabletodamagecausedbyits ownofficials. The Party whose officials have caused damage to any person in the territory of anotherPartyshallreimbursethelatterinfullanysumsithaspaidtothevictimsor personsentitledontheirbehalf. Without prejudice to the exercise of itsrights visvisthirdpartiesand with the exception of paragraph 3, each Party shall refrain in the case provided for in

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paragraph 1 from requesting reimbursement of damages it has sustained from anotherParty.


5

TheprovisionsofthisarticleshallapplysubjecttotheprovisothatthePartiesdidnot agreeotherwise.

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Article23Protectionofwitnesses WhereaPartyrequestsassistanceundertheConventionoroneofitsProtocolsin respectofawitnessatriskofintimidationorinneedofprotection,thecompetent authorities of the requesting and requested Parties shall endeavour to agree on measuresfortheprotectionofthepersonconcerned,inaccordancewiththeirnational law. Article24Provisionalmeasures
1

AttherequestoftherequestingParty,therequestedParty,inaccordancewithits nationallaw,maytakeprovisionalmeasuresforthepurposeofpreservingevidence, maintaininganexistingsituationorprotectingendangeredlegalinterests. The requested Party may grant the request partially or subject to conditions, in particulartimelimitation. Article25Confidentiality TherequestingPartymayrequirethattherequestedPartykeepconfidentialthefact andsubstanceoftherequest,excepttotheextentnecessarytoexecutetherequest.If therequestedPartycannotcomplywiththerequirementofconfidentiality,itshall promptlyinformtherequestingParty. Article26Dataprotection

PersonaldatatransferredfromonePartytoanotherasaresultoftheexecutionofa requestmadeundertheConventionoranyofitsProtocols,maybeusedbytheParty towhichsuchdatahavebeentransferred,only:


a

for the purpose of proceedings to which the Convention or any of its Protocolsapply; for other judicial and administrative proceedings directly related to the proceedingsmentionedunder(a); forpreventinganimmediateandseriousthreattopublicsecurity.

c 2

Suchdatamayhoweverbeusedforanyotherpurposeifpriorconsenttothateffectis given by either the Party from which the data had been transferred, or the data subject. AnyPartymayrefusetotransferpersonaldataobtainedasaresultoftheexecutionof arequestmadeundertheConventionoranyofitsProtocolswhere suchdataisprotectedunderitsnationallegislation,and

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the Party to which the data should be transferred is not bound by the Convention for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic ProcessingofPersonalData,doneatStrasbourgon28January1981,unless thelatterPartyundertakestoaffordsuchprotectiontothedataasisrequired bytheformerParty.

Any Party that transfers personal data obtained as a result of the execution of a requestmadeundertheConventionoranyofitsProtocolsmayrequirethePartyto whichthedatahavebeentransferredtogiveinformationontheusemadewithsuch data. AnyPartymay,byadeclarationaddressedtotheSecretaryGeneraloftheCouncilof Europe,requirethat,withintheframeworkofproceduresforwhichitcouldhave refusedorlimitedthetransmissionortheuseofpersonaldatainaccordancewiththe provisionsofthe Conventionor oneofitsProtocols,personaldatatransmittedto anotherPartynotbeusedbythelatterforthepurposesofparagraph1unlesswithits previousconsent. Article27Administrativeauthorities Partiesmayatanytime,bymeansofadeclarationaddressedtotheSecretaryGeneral of the Council of Europe, define what authorities they will deem administrative authoritiesforthepurposesofArticle1,paragraph3,oftheConvention. Article28Relationswithothertreaties TheprovisionsofthisProtocolarewithoutprejudicetomoreextensiveregulationsin bilateral or multilateral agreements concluded between Parties in application of Article26,paragraph3,oftheConvention. Article29Friendlysettlement TheEuropeanCommitteeonCrimeProblemsshallbekeptinformedregardingthe interpretation and application of the Convention and its Protocols, and shall do whateverisnecessarytofacilitateafriendlysettlementofanydifficultywhichmay ariseoutoftheirapplication.

ChapterIII Article30Signatureandentryintoforce
1

This Protocolshall be openfor signature by the member States ofthe Council of EuropewhichareaPartytoorhavesignedtheConvention.Itshallbesubjectto ratification,acceptanceorapproval.Asignatorymaynotratify,acceptorapprove this Protocol unless it has previously or simultaneously ratified, accepted or approvedtheConvention.Instrumentsofratification,acceptanceorapprovalshallbe depositedwiththeSecretaryGeneraloftheCouncilofEurope.

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This Protocol shall enter into force on the first day of the month following the expirationofaperiodofthreemonthsafterthedepositofthethirdinstrumentof ratification,acceptanceorapproval. In respect of any signatory State which subsequently deposits its instrument of ratification,acceptanceorapproval,theProtocolshallenterintoforceonthefirstday ofthemonthfollowingtheexpirationofaperiodofthreemonthsafterthedateof deposit. Article31Accession

AnynonmemberState,whichhasaccededtotheConvention,mayaccedetothis Protocolafterithasenteredintoforce. Such accession shall be effected by depositing with the Secretary General of the CouncilofEuropeaninstrumentofaccession. InrespectofanyaccedingState,theProtocolshallenterintoforceonthefirstdayof themonthfollowingtheexpirationofaperiodofthreemonthsafterthedateofthe depositoftheinstrumentofaccession. Article32Territorialapplication

Any State may at the time of signature or when depositing its instrument of ratification,acceptance,approvaloraccession,specifytheterritoryorterritoriesto whichthisProtocolshallapply. AnyStatemay,atanylaterdate,bydeclarationaddressedtotheSecretaryGeneralof theCouncilofEurope,extendtheapplicationofthisProtocoltoanyotherterritory specifiedinthedeclaration.InrespectofsuchterritorytheProtocolshallenterinto force on the first day of the month following the expiration of a period of three monthsafterthedateofreceiptofsuchdeclarationbytheSecretaryGeneral. Anydeclarationmadeunderthetwoprecedingparagraphsmay,inrespectofany territoryspecifiedinsuchdeclaration,bewithdrawnbyanotificationaddressedto theSecretaryGeneral.Thewithdrawalshallbecomeeffectiveonthefirstdayofthe monthfollowingtheexpirationofaperiodofthreemonthsafterthedateorreceiptof suchnotificationbytheSecretaryGeneral. Article33Reservations

ReservationsmadebyaPartytoanyprovisionoftheConventionoritsProtocolshall beapplicablealsotothisProtocol,unlessthatPartyotherwisedeclaresatthetimeof signatureorwhendepositingitsinstrumentofratification,acceptance,approvalor accession.Thesameshallapplytoanydeclarationmadeinrespectorbyvirtueofany provisionoftheConventionoritsProtocol.

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2

Any State may, at the time of signature or when depositing its instrument of ratification,acceptance,approvaloraccession,declarethatitavailsitselfoftheright nottoacceptwhollyorinpartanyoneormoreofArticles16,17,18,19and20.No otherreservationmaybemade. AnyStatemaywhollyorpartiallywithdrawareservationithasmadeinaccordance withtheforegoingparagraphs,bymeansofadeclarationaddressedtotheSecretary GeneraloftheCouncilofEurope,whichshallbecomeeffectiveasfromthedateofits receipt. Any Party which has made a reservation in respect of any of the articles of this Protocol mentioned in paragraph 2 above, may not claim the application of that articlebyanotherParty.Itmay,however,ifitsreservationispartialorconditional, claimtheapplicationofthatprovisioninsofarasithasitselfacceptedit.

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Article34Denunciation
1

AnyPartymay,insofarasitisconcerned,denouncethisProtocolbymeansofa notificationaddressedtotheSecretaryGeneraloftheCouncilofEurope. Suchdenunciationshallbecomeeffectiveonthefirstdayofthemonthfollowingthe expirationofaperiodofthreemonthsafterthedateofreceiptofthenotificationby theSecretaryGeneral. DenunciationoftheConventionentailsautomaticallydenunciationofthisProtocol. Article35Notifications TheSecretaryGeneraloftheCouncilofEuropeshallnotifythememberStatesofthe CouncilofEuropeandanyStatewhichhasaccededtothisProtocolof:


a b

anysignature; the deposit of any instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession; anydateofentryintoforceofthisProtocolinaccordancewithArticles30and 31; any other act, declaration, notification or communication relating to this Protocol.

Inwitnesswhereoftheundersigned,beingdulyauthorisedthereto,havesignedthis Protocol. DoneatStrasbourg,this8th dayofNovember2001,inEnglishandinFrench,both textsbeingequallyauthentic,inasinglecopywhichshallbedepositedinthearchives of the Council of Europe. The Secretary General of the Council of Europe shall transmitcertifiedcopiestoeachmemberStateoftheCouncilofEuropeandtothe nonmemberStateswhichhaveaccededtotheConvention.