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CENTRAL ELECTRICITY SUPPLY UTILITY (CESU) Introduction: EMPLOYEE SAFETY IMPORTANT FOR ORGANIZATION:

To cross-disciplinary area concerned with protecting the safety of people engaged in work of employment. Also foster a safe and healthy work environment. To also protect co-workers, family members, employers, customers, suppliers, nearby communities, and other members of the public who are impacted by the workplace environment as well as reduce medical care. Employee safety is important in CESU in every work environment. The sections cover circuit breaker loads, electrical grounding, electrical safety guidelines, and electrical emergency response. The danger of injury through electrical shock is possible whenever electrical power is present. When a person's body completes a circuit and thus connects a power source with the ground, an electrical burn or injury is imminent. Thats why employee safety is important for CESU. Safety in every business is important. Every office has a basic ground rule for safety that is followed on a regular basis. It is important for everyone who visits the office premises to know how this safety circuit works. For this the employer should take an initiative to organize meetings to update workers in the office about the various guidelines and equipment available to ensure safety in the office. Unless the boss shows interest in the safety of his employees, the latter group also ceases to pay attention to important details that may become crucial knowledge in certain situations. Here are some easy to follow steps that you can implement to spread awareness about the safety precautions followed in your business:

Call monthly meetings to get updates on what is being done to maintain the safety measures taken in the office.

Find out what one has to do in order to prevent or salvage an emergency situation such as blackouts, fire or elevator malfunctions. Educate your employees on how to

handle situation such as these which include pressing the emergency button immediately in the elevator or using a fire extinguisher.

Run regular check on the electrical connections and equipment of the building to ensure that the circuit and wires are in proper condition.

Make a list of Do's and Don'ts regarding safety precautions and stick up copies of these in every floor at strategic positions.

In case of a mistake in following the rules of safety by an employee, educate him better for the next time instead of punishing the individual.

It is also very important that employees are recognized and rewarded for achieving safety performance. Although employees are expected to perform their jobs safely, it is a huge cost benefit to the company when this actually takes place. Use safety accomplishments as another opportunity to show your employees how much you care and that you recognize their efforts. HAZARDS VIEW: Hazards are considered to be potentially dangerous substances or behaviours that can cause harm or injury to an employee. There are several hazards employees can be exposed to in the workplace. Health hazards can range from catching diseases spread from one worker to another to poisonous chemicals that are not properly stored and maintained. For example, some organization are exposed to dangerous gases such as carbon monoxide. This organization must follow specific safety procedures in the event of an emergency situation involving the substance. EMPLOYEMENT SAFETY: Most employees have the expectation that their workplace will offer a safe environment in which they will do work. Some workplaces are safer than others just as some occupations offer more safety than others. Workplace safety ranks high on the list of goals for most workplaces.

The OSHA requirement says that when working near exposed energized conductors or circuit parts, each employee must use insulated tools or handling equipment if he or she might make

contact with the conductors or parts. If the insulating capability of insulated tools or handling equipment can be damaged, the insulating material must be protected. Protective leather gloves must be worn over the rubber gloves to provide additional protection unless you can demonstrate that the possibility of physical damage to the rubber gloves is small and you use a rubber insulating glove one class higher than required for the voltages involved. Insulated hand tools provide an additional layer of shock protection. The insulation also protects against an arc flash hazard if the tool is mishandled or dropped. Commonly, arc flash is caused by using the wrong meter or using the right meter the wrong way. Qualified persons, those permitted to work on or near exposed energized parts, must, at a minimum, have the skills and techniques necessary to distinguish exposed live parts from other parts of electric equipment, and the skills and techniques necessary to determine the nominal voltage of exposed live parts. Employees working in areas where there are potential electrical hazards must be provided with and use electrical protective equipment that is appropriate for the specific parts of the body to be protected and for the work to be performed. SOME AUTHOURS VIEW: Dean,joseph c: The development of a workplace safety culture with particular emphasis on a concept called "actively caring," in which employees are self-motivated to pursue safety for each other as an interdependent unit. An overview is presented of actions taken to promote an actively caring safety culture by the manufacturer Shaw Industries Group Inc. Fibers Division, including communication training, management recognition of worker efforts, and conducting organizational surveys. Nalbon David p: It focuses on the use and benefits of safety perception surveys as industrial safety measure. It notes that using an employee safety perception survey, an organization will have the best resource for hazard identification. It stresses that such surveys measure employee perceptions

on key factors of an organization's safety management system. Moreover, it states that the survey offers vital information to improve an organization's safety processes. Kelloway,E.Kevin: Transformational leadership based interventions were assessed using a pre-test, post-test, and control group design. Leaders (N = 54) from 21 long-term health care organizations were randomly assigned to general transformational leadership training, safety-specific transformational leadership training, or a control group. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) showed that leadership training resulted in significant effects on manager posttraining ratings of safety attitudes, intent to promote safety, and self-efficacy. The effects of leadership training on employee (N = 115) perceptions of leader safety-specific transformational leadership, safety climate, safety participation, safety compliance, safetyrelated events and, injuries were also assessed. Multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA), with the pre-test scores as the covariates, showed that leadership training resulted in significant effects on the safety-specific transformational leadership and safety climate outcomes.

This study is important for CESU?


The scope of work in brief shall include design, manufacture, type testing, inspection, supply, Loading at factory, transportation to site / stores, unloading at site/stores including guaranteed Obligation of complete supply of materials in conformity to the technical specification Enclosed. Thats why this study is important. FOCUS ON CESU? Because to ensure nonstop quality and reliable power supply to its consumers. It is the best distribution utility of India. To make every work place a safe working place. To be socially responsible for employees and society. EMPLOYEE SAFETY PROGRAMMS: Employee safety issues can be very expensive in lost man hours, workers compensation claims, or even lawsuits. Emphasizing employee safety with a safety program from Loyal Nation doesnt just save you money, it creates a safer employee work environment for everyone in your organization. Creating a safe workplace is not just a matter of employee safety. Conveying to your people that employee safety and workplace safety are more important than speed to

market or cutting every cost. What you invest in an employee safety program will reward you and your employees tenfold. Insufficient employee safety is a variable that can cost your business thousands of dollars. Loyal Nation will create a customized delivery system for a safety message that saves your business money day in and day out.

FACILITY FOR EMPLOYEMENT SEFETY: The bill would allow OSHA to issue warnings in lieu of documents if violations did not trigger a safety threat and if the employer agreed to correct the problems. Paperwork violations would be cited only if they were repeat or wilful offenses. OSHA inspectors could advise employers on how to correct violations during inspections. The bill also would require that all final rules be submitted to the National Academy of Sciences for review. OSHA officials were still reviewing the legislation at press time and were not ready to comment. BENEFITS OF EMPLOYEE SAFETY: The Employee Safety and Benefits Section serves to administer DHHS programs(Department of Health and Human Services.) in the areas of Safety and Health, Workers' Compensation, Employee Assistance, Wellness, Drug Free Workplace, Violence in the Workplace, Work/Life, State Employees Incentive Bonus, Criminal Records Checks, and Employee Benefits. Their overall mission is to ensure consistent, accountable compliance with federal, state, and department policies and regulations, and to institute other programs designed to promote the well-being of our employees clients. To accomplish this, the Employee Safety and Benefits Section is responsible for the development of policies and procedures, provision of technical assistance and consultative services, monitoring and evaluation of the development and implementation of programs, and provision of staff training and resources. Morale enhancer: Every company envisions having happy and motivated employees; it's not just financial compensation that will help achieve this end. Having a health and

safety strategy that takes the well-being of employees to heart will help increase their productivity. Example: If you really want to increase your employee morale through safety, give your employees an opportunity to actively engage in health and safety issues. Innovation: Everyone these days knows the critical importance of innovation in all aspects of business - from product design and manufacturing through to technology implementation, sales and marketing, etc. When employees' primary needs are taken care of, they're able to think about new ways of doing things. Setting a culture of safety in place will set the stage for innovations to emerge and for your company to build its legacy. Example: After implementing a strict health and safety program, decided to challenge their employees to come up with an innovative way to get rid of forklifts in their plant . Not long after the challenge was issued, individuals in management and in the union collectively came up with a magnetic track system that has replaced the forklift and has transformed. Teamwork: Implementing a good health and safety policy is not a static action - to be effective, it must be tweaked and changed as industry and innovation changes. Having a group of people involved in this process will benefit to your health and safety department, and create a sense of accomplishment that can only come through teamwork Example: Teamwork is the name of the game when it comes to developing a culture of health and safety. Through their mentoring program, employees with experience are paired with younger workers, where they are commissioned to learn from one another. This teamwork approach has been very effective at reducing and preventing accidents in this industry, and has created an environment where teamwork and camaraderie are encouraged. Employee Retention: In a day and age where the average employee changes his/her job every two and half years, it is important that employers have a strategy in place to retain workers. According to a recent study, employee mistrust will be the leading cause of employee turnover as the job market gains momentum." Creating a health and safety culture where employees feel respected and believe that the company treats them with respect can treat some of this mistrust and can help to actively engage employees in their jobs which is critical to retaining them over the long haul.

Example: One of the most important ways Hydro One Networks, in partnership with the Power Workers' Union, have been able to retain workers is through the high standards of safety they have set for their industry. Unlike many companies, Hydro One is able to retain workers for years and, in many cases, for life.

Employee Attraction (Talent War): Finding outstanding talent in any industry is increasingly difficult. In an age where the birthrate of most developed nations continues to decline, finding a strategy to attract workers must be put in place immediately. Todays employee is looking for an environment in which he/she feels respected as well as a good compensation package. By developing a health and safety culture, you'll promote this benefit to potential workers and make your company stand out from your competitors also seeking talent.

Example: Through their innovative health and safety program, the steel manufacturer has become a leader in employee attraction. Providing a world-class recreation centre, innovative safety symposiums, and high safety standards has helped Dofasco attract some of the top leaders in their industry.

COMPANY PROFILE: The Orissa Electricity Regulatory Commission (the Commission) vide its order dated 31.03.1999 passed in case No.2/99, under the provisions of the Orissa Electricity Reform Act, 1995, had issued License to Central Electricity Supply Company of Orissa Ltd. (CESCO) Registered Office: 2nd Floor, IDCO Tower, Jan path, Bhubaneswar-751022, Dist: Khurda, Orissa, to carry out the business of Distribution & Retail Supply in the area of supply as mentioned in the said license. Under the said license, CESCO had been carrying out the Distribution and Retail Supply as its licensed activity in its area of supply as stated in the said license. The Commission revoked the license of CESCO with effect from 01.04.2005 and on 18.04.2005 the Commission appointed Chief Executive Officer and Administrator (CEO & A) to discharge the licensed activity of Central Zone Electricity Distribution and Supply Utility (CZEDSU). Later, vide order dt.08.09.2006, the Commission in exercise of power u/s 22 of the Electricity Act,2003 has formulated a Scheme named Central Electricity Supply Utility of Orissa ( Operation and Management ) Scheme , 2006 for operation and management of the Utility. The said Scheme shall remain in force for a period of 2 years which may be extended by the Commission in public interest. Under the provisions of said Scheme, all assets, liabilities,

rights, proceedings and manpower as well as the license for distribution and supply of electricity held by CESCO has been developed and vested on Central Electricity Supply Utility of Orissa (CESU) and it has been authorized to carry out the business of distribution of electricity in accordance with license conditions in respect of area assigned to CESCO under revoked license has to abide by the directions of the Commission issued from time to time. The period of the Scheme is further extended for a period of one year w.e.f. 08.09.2010 to 07.09.2011.As per provision of last amendment on 6th Sept, 2008 for the general / overall management of CESU, the Commission has also constituted a Management Board and one Utility Advisory Committee for development of customers services. The scheme is again amended in 2010 and 2011 extended upto 07.09.2012 respectively. Under the aforesaid Scheme, the CESU has to comply with the provisions of the Electricity Act, 2003 and other relevant statutory provisions and license conditions with regard to distribution of electricity in its area of supply. CEO, CCO, COO, CFO, CPIO & CHRDO of CESU are the full time members.

CESU AT A GLANCE AS ON 31.03.2010 A Total customers Domestic 88% (Rural Domestic-64%+ Urban Domestic-24%). Commercial-8%, Industry-1%, Irragation-1%, Others-2% B Total Input (in MU) C Total Billing (in MU) D Total Billing (in Rupees Cr.) E Total Collection (In Rupees Cr.) F Total Transmission & Distribution loss (%) G AT & C Loss (%) H BST Bill I Total number of metered consumers (I) Total OK Metered consumers (II) Total defective metered consumers J Total Inhabited Villages under CESU (After RGGVY) K Total Villages Electrified L Total Govt. LI points Energized M Total Private Points Energized 7069.310 4361.332 1649.00 1577.02 38.31% 42.49% 1295.17 Cr. 12,94,226 11,35,702 1,23,908 11858 11858 18526 13636 12,94,226

N Total OLIC / KFW O Total Pumpsets under BKBY energized P Total Employees of all category Q Total Numbers of Offices: Circle Divisions Sub-Divisions Sections TOTAL ASSETS AS ON 31.03.2010 (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) 33KV Lines 11KV lines LT Lines 33 / 11KV Transformers 11 / 0.4 KV Transformers 33 / 11kv feeders 11kv feeders

4575 315 8248

5 20(+ 11 others) 65(+ 12 others) 250

2828 CKT Km 18466 CKT Km 20475 CKT Km 397 nos 25848nos 110 nos 624nos

Structure in Brief

Chairman CEO COO CCO CHRDO CPIO

HR & A Wing Technical Wing Commerce Wing Finance Wing Consumer Relation Wing Public Relation Law Field Offices

OBJETIVE: To ascertain the level of safety provided by the organization to their employee. To find out steps to ensure employee safety. To find out pre/post safety tools. To know safety strategy formulated by the organization. The perception of employees with regard to the safety measures

METHODOLOGY: Measure methodology applied in this research project is Interview FGD Survey

QUESTIONNAIRE 1) Are you aware of the government legislation that oversees employee health and safety? a) Yes b) No

2) Do you have an effective policy for your employees that is appropriate for their health and safety? a) Yes b) No

3) If no, why not? Give reasons. __________ 4) Do your employees aware of such a policy about their health and safety? a) Yes b)No

5) Is there a person or a department that looks into matters of employee health and safety? Please give detail.________ 6) Are your employees actively involved in matters related to health and safety. a) Yes b)No c)Can say

7) Is there any health and safety risks faced by your company? If yes, please give details of those risks. ________

8) How often do you conduct health checkups for your employees for transferable or chronic diseases? a) Once in a year b) Twice in a year c)Never

9) Do your employees know about the ideal health and safety practices? 10) Do you hold health and safety sensitisation programs for your employees to create more awareness? 11. What are the safety tools you use? Give details:
12. Is there any one is being engaged to see for safety of employees at the time of any

dangerous work going on? 13. Are you satisfied with the quality of the safety equipments? a) Yes b) No

14. Is there the safety officers available in the company to check for the activities of employees? a)Yes b) No

15. Are the employees getting safety equipments after them loss or being detoriatered. 16. Is there any safety lock available to issue to lock high voltage panels? 17. To ensure safety activities is there any safety check list available? 18. Are the employees being directed by any experts while they are working in high voltage supply lines? 19. Is the high voltage KV lines are insulated to protect? 20. Is there any safety tag or Caution Board available to tag while the work is in progress? 21. Is there any prior planning to ensure safety before working any dangerous works?

REFRENCE:
Sinhala P.R.N, Industrial Relation, Treaded Unions and Labour Legislation, Deshmukh L.M, Industrial Safety
http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/selectdb?sid=b2681e53-d4ce-4af8-813e0be4af760086%40sessionmgr104&vid=1&hid=104

http://humanresources.about.com/od/safetyworkplacesafety/Safety_Workplace_Safety_and_Empl oyee_Safety.htm

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