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CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

TRAINING

RESIDENTIAL. COMMERCIAL. HIGH VELOCITY.

The Evolution Of DuctWork

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC. TRAINING


AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING
Complete Line of PE Air Distribution Ductwork

AKDUCT

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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

CDCEI and NATE


Separate Training &Exam
AIR
DISTRIBUTION
Certification

CDC
Enterprises

AIT*

AIT Program is a subset of


the NATE Air Distribution
Certification
3 different Classes;
Associate, Master, Instructor

4 Credit Awarded by
NATE for Completion

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TECHNICIAN (AIT)


AKDUCT INSTALLER TRAINING (AIT)
*AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC Enterprises, Inc. training is for underground air duct installation.


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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT TRAINING


Three Types of Training Courses


 Associate AKDUCT Installers Training AAIT
Product and Installation Overview
 Lecture with Hands-on Exercise (Depended on facility)


NATE 4 Credits
 Four hours of training
 On-Line PRE-EXAM

 Masters


AKDUCT Installers Training MAIT

Take Off, Materials List, Winning Bids




Two Hours Lecture Only

 Instructor

- IAIT
3

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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Training Objectives










High-level Overview of CDC ENTERPRISES


AKDUCT Products and Identify Fittings
Identify planning & placement
Understand Pipe and Plenum Depth
Understanding clamping and gasket connections
Proper cutting techniques for saddle and pipe
Apply caulking techniques
Understand Leveling techniques
Understanding Pressure Testing
4

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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Who we
are

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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

High Level Explanation of What we Do

QADUCT

Raw Polyethylene
Add UV Inhibitors

UL181

Notes:
We developed and trademarked two types of ductwork systems marketed under the names AKDUCT (transite)
and QADUCT (above ground). These proprietary technologies were founded by CDC Enterprises, Inc. in
August, 2001. We started to manufacture and market plastic (HDPE) insulated heating and cooling ductwork in
August, 2003. From that point on, CDC Enterprises, Inc.'s goal is to engineer and manufacture all the related
fittings necessary for a complete heating and cooling supply system designed for residential, commercial, and
industrial sites. Today we are in full force production of underground and above-ground polyethylene insulated
ductwork.
AKDUCT & QADUCT provides the benefit of an air-tight and water-tight HVAC ductwork installation, which
can be pressurized more than a common duct working pressure. As a result of the ability to create a slightly
pressurized duct system, builders can now use smaller heating and cooling systems, smaller duct sizes, and
can be assured of substantially more efficient operating systems after construction is complete.
QADUCT is an energy efficient, pre-insulated duct system that is completely pre-engineered and easy to install.
It conserves energy by being air-tight and thermally efficient. It delivers improved indoor air quality. QADUCT is
manufactured using a HDPE (high density polyethylene) composite material for durability and light-weight
construction, but with a natural FR (fire and smoke retardant) filler added to enable it to pass the UL 181
regulations for above-ground ductwork applications. QADUCT is mold and mildew resistant, will not rust, will not
crack under pressure and is extremely durable.

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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

What is AKDUCT?














Created for underground air duct applications


Air tight above 10 water column pressure
Water tight, applications for Below Flood Elevation
Mold and mildew resistant, Close Cell Polyethylene
Environmentally Friendly; Recyclable, non-toxic
Light weight
Self Insulted tested to perform like PVC wrapped w/R10
Easy to assemble
Easy to cut
Affordable
Modular
Durable
Available in standard sizes 3 - 24

Our ductwork products are classified as High Density Polyethylene (HDPE), which is a closed cell plastic
material with an additional high thermal property. It is unique to other materials because it is manufactured with
food grade plastic that is safe for humans and the environment. The material is mixed with a foaming additive
during manufacturing to achieve the density and performance parameter desired. The preformed ductwork has
the characteristic of a smooth low friction surface that is resistant to mildew, mold, and Radon; under pressure it
will not crack and is non-toxic and recyclable.
In addition, the ductwork is self-insulating, adjustable and easy to install. A thermal efficiency performance that
has been test proven equivalency to deliver effectiveness comparable to underground PVC coated spiral and
PVC ductwork wrapped in R10.
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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Building Codes & Regulatory


ICC PMG 1023
 Code Compliant with IMC
 Code Compliant with UMC
 Code Compliant with IRC
 LA Approval


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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Building Energy SAVINGS


SMACNA IECC (International Energy
Conservation Code)
 AKDUCT can be tested to attain 2%
leakage or less and is in compliance with
energy code.


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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

How we do it

10

Re-cycle

ROTOMOLDING
Rotomolding is useful in QADUCT and AKDUCT product lines. This process to create one piece seamless and stress free
with superior surface finish is here. AKDUCT products can be up to 60 inches or as small as 3 inches to create a complete
air distribution line.
Rotomolding is a method that involves the slow tumbling, heating, and melting of a thermoplastic type powder in a bi-axial
rotating mold to produce seamless, hollow plastic parts. This process is typically used to mold hollow parts, especially those
with complex and varied shapes not easily obtainable by other hollow-art processes. It is a virtually a shear-free and
pressure-free process. The wall thickness uniformity and part weight can be easily maintained. There is very little waste of
material due to scrap.
Process Steps
The Rotomolding process begins by placing a pre-measured amount of plastic material (in either liquid or powder form) in a
cavity. The mold is then closed and indexed into an oven where it and its contents are brought up to the molding
temperature. CDC Enterprises production capabilities uses multiple state-of-the-art rotational molding machines, including a
process-controlled system. As the mold is heated it is rotated continuously about its vertical and horizontal axes. This biaxial
rotation brings all surfaces of the mold in contact with the plastic material.
The mold is rotated within the oven until all the plastic material has been picked up by the hot inside surfaces of the cavity
and dandifies into a uniform layer. Rotating arms move the mold out of the oven and into the cooling chamber. Air, or a
mixture of air and water, cools the mold and the layers of molten plastic material. This cooling process continues until the part
has cooled sufficiently to retain its shape. The machine then indexes the mold to the loading and unloading station. The mold
is opened and the part removed. A new batch of material is then placed in the cavity, the mold is closed and the process is
repeated.
Injection molding
Our clamps use injection molding. This is accomplished by large machines called injection molding machines. The resin is
injected into the mold by a reciprocating screw or a ram injector. The reciprocating screw offers the advantage of being able
to inject a smaller percentage of the total shot (amount of melted resin in the barrel). The ram injector must typically inject at
least 20% of the total shot while a screw injector can inject as little as 5% of the total shot.
Extrusion molding
Our three 3" High Velocity pipes are manufactured using extrusion molding, which is a process, forcing a solid metal through
a suitably shaped orifice under compressive forces.
CDC ENTERPRISES, INC uses the hot extrusion process. In this process, a heated billet of metal is placed in a cylindrical
chamber and then compressed by a hydraulically operated ram (see illustration). The opposite end of the cylinder contains a
die having an orifice of the desired shape; as this die opening is the path of least resistance for the billet under pressure, the
metal, in effect, squirts out of the opening as a continuous bar having the same cross-sectional shape as the die opening. By
using two sets of dies, stepped extrusions can be made. The extrusion is then cooled and forms a solid shape. The tube may
be printed upon, and cut at equal intervals.

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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Manufacturing
Process
Once this is done the mold
is removed from the oven
and allowed to cool for a
period of time

The finished product is


then removed from the
mold, clean, labeled and
boxed

11

MATERIALS
A.

Unless otherwise noted, all pipes and fittings shall be High Density Polyethylene and Foam poly in
accordance with ASTM D2412.

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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Detail overview of AKDUCT


Identify Fittings
 Identify planning and placement for piping
and fittings
 Understand Rough-in process


12

DUCT SYSTEMS
BASIC DUCT SYSTEMS
Overview of duct systems for split and package systems
1.

Duct configuration - extended plenum

2.

Duct configuration - reducing extended plenum

3.

Duct configuration - perimeter radial

4.

Duct configuration - perimeter loop

5.

Duct configuration - branching flexible

6.

Duct configuration - concentric

7.

DUCT LOCATION

Basement

Crawlspace

Slab

Furr down

Chases

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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

IDENTIFY AKDUCT FITTINGS


6

10

12

14

10 Pipe

End Cap

Offset Saddle w/ 4x12 Boot

6 90Boot 4x 12

18

Tee

45/ 90Elbow

Saddle w/ 4x 12 Boot

16

10 Inline Boot 4x 12

6 Footer Boot 3x 14

20

Tee Reducer

Saddle Reducer

Plenum Adapter

Reducer

Plenum

13

IDENTIFY AKDUCT FIXTURES & MATERIALS


CONSTRUCTION
A. Unless otherwise noted, all pipes and fittings shall be constructed per SMACNAs Duct Construction Standards (+10 in
W.G.) shown in the following table:
Diameter (inches)
PE Pipe
PE Fittings
3, 6, 8, 10, 12
.5
.5
14, 16, 18
.625
B. FITTINGS
All fitting ends shall be manufactured with male ends. Gasket shall be manufactured to gauge and flexibility so as to insure
that system will meet all of the performance criteria set forth in the manufacturers literature. Gasket shall be classified
by an internationally recognized laboratory authority to conform to air and water tight.
All fitting ends shall be calibrated to manufacturers published dimensional tolerance.
All fitting ends shall have trimmed edges for good fit.
All 90elbows shall be constructed to be able to cu t to two 45elbows.
AKDUCT:
Duct shall be calibrated to manufacturers published dimensional tolerance
standard.
The pipe is pre-insulated by manufacturing eight foot sections to test greater than PVC wrapped in R-10 value giving the
contractor insulating above current R-5 code on pipe and fittings.
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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Commercial Elbow

14

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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Commercial Pipe

15

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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Commercial Pipe Reducer

16

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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Five Register Sizes


 4x12

Center Saddle 6, 8, 10
 4x12 Offset Saddle 10,12
 4x12 90 Boot 6, 8
 4x24 Offset Saddle (fits 10, 12 pipe)
 6x24 Linear Diffuser
 6x36 Linear Diffuser
 6x48 Linear Diffuser


Every Linear Diffuser will need:


 Linear Diffuser Adapter
 Side Saddle
 Plenum Adapter
 Two Clamps and Gaskets
 Piece of Pipe to connect
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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

LINEAR DIFFUSERS


Three Industry Standard Sized Linear


Diffusers
24x6
 36x6
 48x6


18

IDENTIFY AKDUCT FIXTURES & MATERIALS


Diffusers
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18
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Linear Diffuser Adapter Connection

19

IDENTIFY AKDUCT FIXTURES & MATERIALS


Diffusers
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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Linear Diffuser Adapter Connection


1

Flip right-side up

Pipe (duct) hole


6 to 14 hole (optional Plenum adapter)
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IDENTIFY AKDUCT FIXTURES & MATERIALS


Diffusers
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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Two Linear Diffuser Adapters

21

IDENTIFY AKDUCT FIXTURES & MATERIALS


Diffusers
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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

PLENUM, BOOT, SADDLE




Sealed Plenum Box

Sealed 4x12 90 Boot

Sealed 4x12 Center and Offset Saddles

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IDENTIFY AKDUCT FIXTURES & MATERIALS


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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

SEALANTS
Quick intro: I will talk more about this later
 Sealing products
 MAXSEAL gasket material (next two slides)
 Tested to withstand 42 of water column
pressure before leaking

 AIRTITE

 Caulk


SEALANT (next two slides)

for Saddle & Plenum Adapter

Tested to withstand 42 of water column pressure before leaking

23

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23
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

24

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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AK AIRTITE SEALANT


There are 6 fittings in the AKDUCT system


that require caulk to be connected


Plenum Adapter


Reducing Side Saddle




About 3 per tube

Linear Diffusers


About 5 per tube

4x24 Offset Saddle




About 5 per tube

4x12 Center and Offset saddles




Between 15 (6) and 7 (18) per tube

About 3 per tube

Boot Extensions


About 5 per tube


25

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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

MAXSEAL

26

Gasket is MAXSEAL is a butyl rubber sealant with a Tedlar facing to give it excellent weather ability in exterior and interior
sealing and patching applications. Color: Gray - butyl tape with gray Tedlar facing

Method Trim to fit, remove release liner. Apply to clean, dry surface. Preparation Area is clean from
debris and oils, when temperature is under moderate conditions and temperature above 40F
Odor None, Solids 100%, Shrinkage None
Elongation 54%
Storage Shelf Life - 1 Year
Service Temperature -40F to +250F
Chemical Resistance Excellent to water, water vapors, ozone and mild alcohols
Bonding Time Instant tack, full 24 hours
Notes:

Smoke Developed Index 5


MAXSEAL is a butyl rubber sealant with a Tedlar facing to give it excellent weather ability in exterior sealing
and patching applications. A 1/8 thick rubber tape that is 4 or 6 wide performs as a gasket covering duct
joints. Our test using screw down clamp MAXSEAL held 41" w.c. Water column pressure...after cure. The
result that was well over 10 times code.

26
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Putting the System Together


MAXSEAL Clamps and Gaskets


One Clamp and Gasket per =







Two Clamps and Gaskets per =





Plenum Adapter
End Cap
90 4x12 Boot
8 Section of Pipe

90 Elbow
Reducer (one per size, larger and smaller)

Three Clamps and Gaskets per =





Tee
Wye

There is no need to caulk the overlap of MAXSEAL gasket material.


27

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27
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Reducers in the AKDUCT System


Four Types of Reducers, Each of these Reducers can be cut in-between the lines

Concentric Reducer

Tee Reducer

12x 10x 8x 6 / 16x 14 x12 10

8 x 8 x 8 x 6

Eccentric Reducer

Saddle Reducer

18 x16 x 14 x 12

10 8 x 6
12 x 10
14 x 12
16 x 14
18 x 16
NOTE: Fits on all pipe
28

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Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Watch AKDUCT Assembly Video

29

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29
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Plenum and Pipe Installation

30

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30
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

ICC PMG-1023

31

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31
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Outline of what we will cover










Plenum Size
Setting Plenum Depth
Plenum adapter placement
Trench depth
Plenum Adapter
Clamp and Gasket
Pressure Testing

32

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32
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Plenum Size
25 Wide x 30 Length x 48 High
20 Wide x 24 Length x 36 High

HIGH

LE

NG

TH

TH
ID

33

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33
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Examples of Plenum Installs

34

Identify planning and placement for piping, fittings and Plenum


Notes:
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34
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Lets Identify the layout


2 Plenum minus 12 = PD

PD
Plenum Depth = PD
1

Above floor is 8

SLAB 4
At lease 2 of fill below slab

Plenum

Pipe Trench Depth

PD
PD

35

Notes:
Pipe Trench Depth Example: If Plenum Adapter is 10, then
2 (foam Block) + 10 (pipe size) + 2 (pee gravel) = 14 (Pipe Trench Depth)
Foam Block + Plenum Adapter (OD) + Fill = Pipe Trench Depth
Plenum Depth Example:
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35
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Placement of Plenum, Part 1 of 3


1. Subtract 12 from the height of either plenum as that
portion will be above finished floor. (8 above finished floor
and 4 in SLAB)

36

Identify planning and placement for piping, fittings and Plenum


Notes:
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36
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Placement of Plenum, Part 2 of 3

2. Dig the hole, depending


on which size plenum;
width, length, and height
minus the 12 inches
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37
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Placement of Plenum, Part 3 of 3


Plenum should be 8
inches above slab.
Level on side and top

38

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38
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Pipe Depth

39

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39
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Setting Pipe Depth


PD = Plenum Depth

Pipe Size
PLENUM

18

16

14

12

10 8

6
24

36
36

48
22

20

18

16

14

12 10

Pipe Trench Depth PD

40

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40
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Installing Plenum Adapter


1.

2.
3.

4.

Once the plenum hole is dug along with the


trench for the system set your plenum in the
hole butting directly up to your initial run trench
Place a foam block in trench about an inch
away from the plenum
Place your plenum adaptor flange pushed
snuggly against the plenum and the throat
resting on the foam block
Set plenum w/ attached adaptor back in trench,
level, and youre ready for your first 8 piece of
pipe
41

AKDUCT has several properties that make it very unique from traditional air duct materials:
Proper restraint must be used when coupling pipe ends to prevent pullout from hydraulic forces or temperature
changes.
AKDUCT HDPE length shrinks 1 inch per 100 feet of pipe length with a 10F temperature drop, but remem ber
ground temperature changes very little so it is unlikely to pull out of restrained clamp and gasket, But still pay
careful attention to installing clamp and gasket. One great advantage of underground air ducting is the constant
temperature found in earth as nature plays a role in the Thermal Mass. This is why AKDUCT out performs
conventional above ground air duct systems.
Preinstall without clamp and gasket is necessary to make sure you have the lengths and elbows correct to
trench. Once gasket has been firmly applied and had time to cure it be very difficult to remove in order to make
further adjustments.
Creep is continuous yield of material under stress. HDPE will creep if the stress placed on it gets above a
certain level (refer to ICC-PMG-1023). Follow installation instructions of 2" of pea-gravel above trench and
pipe. If great care is not taken when installing pipe in trench for use on long trunk systems, stress level can be
exceeded and fittings that work great today may fail later as the HDPE creeps. Some contractors will use a
cement slurry as a reinforcement to create a uniform cross section in areas they suspect issues.
Low coefficient of friction means HDPE is very slick", that means air flow internally is higher but for the outer
perimeter this makes clamp and gasket to rotate on the pipe or migrate along if care is not taken to press gasket
firmly around perimeter.
Notes:
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

41
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Trench and Pipe Rough-In

42

42
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Set initial piece of pipe in the predug trench and butt plenum

Mark the top and bottom of the


pipe on the workable area of the
plenum

Remove plenum from 20 x 24 x


24 or 25 x 30 x 36 hole and use
the plenum adapter to complete
the outline of the pipe on the face
of the plenum. (next slide)

Place plenum back in trench

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Installation of Plenum, Steps 6-8


6. Cut out marked outline
7. Attach plenum adapter per installation
guidelines

43

Identify planning and placement for piping, fittings and Plenum


Notes:
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

43
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Step 5 Attaching Air Test










Put end cap on end of


pipe that was cut #1
Attach steel plate to
opposite end with AAS
Attach valve
Apply pressure to system
via hand pump or
compressor
Attach manometer and
open valve
Observe

44

A manometer is a pressure measuring instrument, usually limited to measuring pressures near to atmospheric.
The term manometer is often used to refer specifically to liquid column hydrostatic instruments.
----------------------------------------------------OPTIONAL AIR TEST ASSEMBLY:
Place a bead of caulk under the air test plate.
Position air test kit over existing hole in top of plenum.
Screw down using screws provided. Caulk around outside. If not using plenum attach air test plate to end cap
and do the same pressure test. Allow caulking to dry 24 hours prior to testing.
Fill pressure gauge to 1.5 W.C. on the manometer. (Note: - .75 and +.75 is 1.5 of W.C. pressure). System
will hold 1.5 of W.C. for 5
Notes:
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

44
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

PRESSURE TESTING


Gauge Manometer


Static pressure

Air pressure Measurement terminology


using Negative Pressure
45

AIR BALANCING
GATHERING DESIGN INFORMATION
Interpreting system design
Interpreting specifications
Interpreting equipment information
Interpreting control data
Modifying system design
PREPARATION OF SYSTEM FOR AIR TESTS
Locating registers, grilles, equipment, controls, and dampers in building walkthrough
Setting dampers for tests
Setting thermostat for tests
Checking for proper fan operation and rotation
Checking for proper static pressure and temperature
PROCEDURES FOR CONDUCTING AIR TESTS
Measurements of each supply outlet - total readings
Measurements of each return inlet - total readings
MAKING ADJUSTMENTS
Adjust airflow to achieve required total airflow
Re-measure total supply and return grille airflow
Adjust dampers to obtain design airflow
Re-measure total airflow to verify that it is within +/- 10%

45
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Techniques and Information

www.blueduct.com
Education Videos
Specifications and Training
Links to other supporting information
 Next slides will be JOB SITES
Commercial
Residential


46

Notes:
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

46
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Case Study 1

47

Notes:
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

47
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Case Study 2

48

The customer reported that in the period of time since the system modification the building comfort
has greatly improved.
This report supplies before and after data regarding system air flow comparing a conventional flex
duct system to an AKDUCT system. The unit tested is an ICP straight cool mobile home package
system with a 9.8kw electric heater. In both cases, the return is a single duct from a floor mounted
return to the cooling unit.
The supply duct splits into two supply trunks that feed chase mounted pipe supplies to the ceiling
supply trunks and registers.
The customer reports that in period of time since the system modification, the building comfort has
greatly improved. The system is reported to cycle normally as opposed to continuous operations. The
customer also reports a reduction in the power by $40 dollars per month.

48
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Case Study 2 sites in California

49

Notes:
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

49
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

New Mexico

50

Notes:
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

50
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Wisconsin

51

Notes:
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

51
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Technical Brief Handout

52

Notes:
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

52
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

INDUSTRY STANDARDS


INSTALL & DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS


 TWO


MARKETS
COMMERCIAL 6 to 24
RESIDENTIAL 6 to 18

53

INDUSTRY STANDARDS
EQUIPMENT STANDARDS
SYSTEM STANDARDS
Introduction to industry standards
Notes:
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

53
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Commercial Assembly

54

Notes:
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

54
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Commercial Installation

55

Notes:
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

55
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Commercial Installation

56

Notes:
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

56
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Commercial Installation

57

Notes:
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

57
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

PVC Toxic Gas Generation







NIOSH states vinyl chloride is a known carcinogen.


OSHA has determined that Hydrogen Chloride is IDLH *
@ 50 ppm.
(* IDLH Immediately Dangerous to Life & Health.)
PVC generates 1000 PPM of Hydrogen chloride under
standard testing for Toxic Gas Generation.


20 times the legal limit

58

Notes:
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

58
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

EXAM Overview


Online Pre-Exam (Open Notes) 75% to Pass


 Type answer in the blank
 Multiple choice
 True and false
 Match

59

Notes:
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

59
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

AKDUCT Associate Installation Technician - AAIT

AKDUCT INSTALLATION TRAINING

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Our mission is to
reduce your installation
time and improve the
quality of air duct
system installs.
Leave you with 2 thoughts
We reduce your construction cost
so you can increase your profits!
Our products make your
customers happy!

60

ANY QUESTIONS?
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

THANK YOU FOR


ATTENDING!

60
Copyright 2010 CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.

Listing Number: PMG-1023


Effective Date: October 1, 2009

PMG LISTING

This listing is subject to re-examination in one year.

ICC Evaluation Service, Inc.


www.icc-es.org/pmg

Business/Regional Office 5360 Workman Mill Road, Whittier, California 90601 | 562.699.0543
Regional Office 900 Montclair Road, Suite A, Birmingham, Alabama 35213 | 205.599.9800
Regional Office 4051 West Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, Illinois 60478 | 708.799.2305

CSI:

DIVISION: 15MECHANICAL
Section: 15810Ducts

Product:

AK Duct and AK Duct Premier

Listee:

CDC Enterprises, Inc.


13355 George Weber Drive, Suite M
Rogers, Minnesota 55374
www.cdcenterprisesinc.com

Compliance with the following codes:

2009 International Residential Code (IRC)

2009 International Mechanical Code (IMC)

2009 Uniform Mechanical Code (UMC)*


*

Uniform Mechanical Code is a copyrighted publication of the International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials,

Compliance with the following standards:


ASTM D 2412 Standard Test Method for Determination of External Loading Characteristics of Plastic
Pipe by Parallel-Plate Loading
LC1014 Listing Criteria for Underground Plastic Air Ducts
UL 723 Test for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
Identification:
The CDC Enterprises AK Duct and AK Duct Premier duct and fittings described in this listing are
identified by a stamp bearing the manufacturers name (CDC Enterprises, Inc.) and/or trademark, the
product name and the model number. The ICC-ES PMG listing number (PMG-1023) and/or the ICCES PMG listing mark must be placed on the listed products packaging or installation instructions.
Installation:
Installation of AK Duct and AK Duct Premier duct and fittings must comply with the
manufacturers published installation instructions and the applicable codes.
Residential Sealing Method: Two sections of pipe (or pipe and fitting) are placed end to end. The
adhesive backing is peeled off a gasket and the gasket is wrapped around the duct. The gasket
1
should overlap approximately /4 inch (6 mm). A clamp is placed around the gasket, with the clamp
and gasket lined up. The clamp screw is tightened with a drill. Clamp ends do not have to meet each
other to be airtight.
Commercial Sealing Method: A bead of sealant is applied to each flanged end and around the bolt
holes. Two sections of pipe (or pipe and fitting) are placed end to end. The bolts, nuts and washer are
Listings are not to be construed as representing aesthetics or any other attributes not specifically addressed, nor are they to be construed as an
endorsement of the subject of the listing or a recommendation for its use. There is no warranty by ICC Evaluation Service, Inc., express or
implied, as to any finding or other matter in this listing, or as to any product covered by the listing.

Copyright 2008

PMG-1023

Page 2

installed through the predrilled template holes. Bolts are tightened until they are flush. Sealant is used
to cover both ends of each nut and bolt.
Underground Systems: The CDC Enterprises AK Duct duct and fittings are laid directly upon a subbed of gravel or other suitable coarse fill. Any unfilled gaps below the pipe must be filled and
compacted with pea gravel or aggregate so as to create a level sub-bed. A vapor barrier is not
required between the pipe and soil. Back-fill material must be spread evenly around the pipe and
gently tamped into place.
The loading of the duct from wet concrete and/or soil above the duct must be limited so as not to
produce deflections greater than 15 percent of the original duct diameter (see Table 1).
Surface Burning Characteristics: AK Duct Premier has a flame spread index of 200 or less when
tested in accordance with UL723 (ASTM E 84).
Models:

The CDC Enterprises AK Duct duct and fittings are an underground air duct and fitting system for
use in forced-air heating and cooling systems in accordance with Section 603.8 of the IMC, Section
M1601.1.2 of the IRC or Section 105.0 of the UMC, as applicable. See Table 2, below.
The CDC Enterprises AK Duct Premier duct and fittings are an above ground air duct and fitting
system for use in forced-air heating and cooling systems in accordance with IRC Section M1601.1.1.
See Table 2, below.

Conditions of Listing:
1. Designs using AK Duct duct and fittings must be limited to systems with a maximum air
temperature of 150F (66C) at the discharge of the unit entering the duct system. Sizing must be
in accordance with Section 603.2 of the IMC, Section M1601.1 of the IRC or Section 601.2 of the
UMC.
2. AK Duct duct and fittings can be installed underground or embedded within concrete slabs.
3. AK Duct Premier duct and fittings can be installed as part of an aboveground duct system in
accordance with IRC Section M1601.1.1.
4. AK Duct duct and fittings must slope to allow drainage to a point provided with access.
5. The design of concrete slabs with an embedded air duct is beyond the scope of this evaluation.
6. Underground air duct pipes located below the design flood elevation must be designed and
installed to resist hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loads and stresses, including the effects of
buoyancy, during the occurrence of flooding to the design flood elevation, in accordance with
Section 603.13 of the IMC, Section M1601.3.8 of the IRC or Section 604.6 of the UMC, as
applicable.
7. The maximum depth below BFE in which the duct can be installed based on testing per LC1014
Section 4.3.2 is 27 inches (686 mm).

PIPE DIAMETER
(inches)
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24

TABLE 1LOADING1
AVERAGE WALL THICKNESS
AS TESTED
(inch)
0.429
0.507
0.416
0.575
0.700
0.472
0.692
0.460
0.770

LOAD at 15% DEFLECTION


(lbs/lineal ft)
205
353
102
117
135
189
208
433
390

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 lb = 14.59 N/m.


Loads are the results of ASTM 2412 testing without safety factors yielding a 15% deflection based on inside diameter.

TABLE 2SYSTEM COMPONENTS

PMG-1023

Page 3

ITEM

DESCRIPTION

SIZE (inches)

ACCESSORIES:20-0027

Foam Trench Block

ACCESSORIES:20-0030

Damper

ACCESSORIES:20-0050

Boot Extension

ACCESSORIES:20-0100A

Air Test Kit

13"

ACCESSORIES:20-0101A

Air Test Kit

8"

ACCESSORIES:20-0200

Boot Reducer

ACCESSORIES:20-0300

Bolt with 1 nut & 2 washers (pkg of 12)

ACCESSORIES:20-0711

Airtite Sealant

BLUE:03-0090

Rubber Gasket for 3" HV

BLUE:03-2510

Pipe

3"

BLUE:03-2511

End Cap

3"

BLUE:03-2530

90 Degree Elbow (Long Sweep)

3"

BLUE:03-2531

90 Degree Elbow (Short Sweep)

3"

BLUE:03-2532

45 Degree Elbow

3"

BLUE:03-2533

22.5 Degree Elbow

3"

BLUE:03-2534

Sound Attenuator

3"

BLUE:03-2535

Sound Attenuator Replacement Cartridge

3"

BLUE:03-2590

Saddle Take Off

3"

BLUE:06-2501

Offset Footer Boot

6"

BLUE:06-2502

90 Degree Boot (4 x 12)

4"x 12" - 16"

4"x 12" to 2 1/4"x 12"


2-1/2" x 1/4"

6"
6"x 8'

BLUE:06-2510

Pipe

BLUE:06-2511

End Cap

6"

BLUE:06-2530

90/45 degree Elbow

6"

BLUE:06-2560

Plenum Adapter with Screws

6"

BLUE:06-2570

Center Saddle - 4 x 12 Boot with screws

6"

BLUE:08-2502

90 Degree Boot (4 x 12)

8"

BLUE:08-2510

Pipe

BLUE:08-2511

End Cap

BLUE:08-2520

Tee

8"x 8'
8"
8"

BLUE:08-2525

Tee Reducer

8"x 8"x 8"-6"

BLUE:08-2530

90/45 Elbow

8"

BLUE:08-2540

Reducer

BLUE:08-2560

Plenum Adapter with Screws

8"

BLUE:08-2565

Plenum Adapter with 12" piece & End Cap

8"

BLUE:08-2570

Center Saddle - 4"x12" Boot with screws

8"

BLUE:10-2510

Pipe

BLUE:10-2511

End Cap

10"

BLUE:10-2515

Inline Boot (4 x 12)

10"

BLUE:10-2520

Tee

10"

BLUE:10-2530

90/45 degree Elbow

10"

BLUE:10-2540

Round Reducer

BLUE:10-2545
BLUE:10-2550

Round Reducer
Offset Saddle - 4" x 12" Boot with screws. Fits 10"
pipe

BLUE:10-2560

Plenum Adapter with Screws

BLUE:10-2570

Center Saddle - 4 x 12 boot with screws

8"x 6"

10"x 8'

10"x 8"
10"x 8"x 6"
10"
10"
10"
10"- 8"x 6"

BLUE:10-2578

Saddle Reducer (with screws) Fits 10" & 12" Pipe

BLUE:12-2510

Pipe

BLUE:12-2511

End Cap

12"

BLUE:12-2520

Tee

12"

12"x 8'

PMG-1023

Page 4

ITEM

DESCRIPTION

BLUE:12-2530

90/45 Degree Elbow

BLUE:12-2540

Reducer

BLUE:12-2547
BLUE:12-2550

Reducer
Offset Saddle - 4 x 12 boot with screws. Fits 12", 14",
16" & 18" Pipe

BLUE:12-2551

Offset Saddle - 4" x 24" Boot with screws

BLUE:12-2560

Plenum Adapter with Screws

SIZE (inches)
12"
12"x 10"
12"x 10"x 8"x 6"
12"
12"
12"
12"x 10"

BLUE:12-2577

Saddle Reducer

BLUE:14-2510

Pipe

BLUE:14-2511

End Cap

14"

BLUE:14-2530

90/45 Degree Elbow

14"

BLUE:14-2560

Plenum Adapter with Screws

14"

BLUE:14-2575

Wye

14"

BLUE:14-2577

Saddle Reducer - Fits 14", 16", & 18" Pipe

BLUE:16-2510

Pipe

BLUE:16-2511

End Cap

16"

BLUE:16-2530

90/45 Degree Elbow

16"

BLUE:16-2540

Reducer

16"x 14"

BLUE:16-2547

Reducer

16"x 14"x 12"x 10"

BLUE:16-2560

Plenum Adapter with Screws

BLUE:16-2575

Wye

14"x 8'

14"x 12"
16"x 8'

16"
16"
16"x 14"

BLUE:16-2577

Saddle Reducer - Round - Fits 16" & 18" Pipe

BLUE:16-3510F

Pipe with Flange

16"x 8'

BLUE:18-2510

Pipe

18"x 8'

BLUE:18-2511

End Cap

BLUE:18-2530

90/45 Degree Elbow

BLUE:18-2540

Eccentric Reducer

BLUE:18-2560

Plenum Adapter with Screws

BLUE:18-2577

Saddle Reducer - Round

BLUE:18-3510F

Pipe with Flange

18"
18"
18"x 16" x14"x 12"
18"
18"x 16"
18"x 8'
18"x 16"

BLUE:18-3541F

Eccentric Reducer with Flange

BLUE:20-0010

Plenum

20"x 24"x 36"

BLUE:20-0015

Plenum

25"x 30"x 48"

BLUE:20-0050

Boot Extension

BLUE:20-0060

Universal Linear Diffuser Adapter

BLUE:20-0061

Linear Diffuser 49" x 7" x 8" O.D.

48"

BLUE:20-0062

Linear Diffused 37" x 7" x 8" O.D.

36"

BLUE:20-0063

Linear Diffuser 25" x 7" x 8" O.D.

24"

BLUE:20-3510F

Pipe with Flange

BLUE:20-3530F

90/45 Degree Elbow with Flange

BLUE:20-3541F

Eccentric Reducer with Flange

BLUE:20-3542F

Eccentric Reducer

BLUE:20-3575F

Tee/Wye

BLUE: 24-3510F

Pipe with Flange

BLUE: 24-3530F

90/45 Degree Elbow with Flange

BLUE: 24-3541F

Eccentric Reducer with Flange

BLUE: 24-3575F

Tee/Wye

4x12 - 16"

20"x 8'
20"
20"x 18"
20"x 18"x 16"
20"
24 x 8
24
24 x 20
24

BLUE:24-3542F

Eccentric Reducer with Flange

24"x 20"x 18"

BLUE:24-3543F

Eccentric Reducer with Flange

24"x 20"x 18"x 16"

CLAMPS:03-0080

Stainless Steel Clamp

3"

PMG-1023

Page 5

ITEM

DESCRIPTION

SIZE (inches)
6"

CLAMPS:06-0080

Clamps & Gasket Set

CLAMPS:08-0080

Clamps & Gasket Set

8"

CLAMPS:10-0080

Clamps & Gasket Set

10"

CLAMPS:12-0081

Clamps & Gasket Set

12"

CLAMPS:14-0081

Clamps & Gasket Set

14"

CLAMPS:16-0081

Clamps & Gasket Set

16"

CLAMPS:16-0100

Steel Clamp

16"

CLAMPS:16-0912

wide W6403 Gasket

12"

CLAMPS:18-0081

Clamps & Gasket Set

18"

CLAMPS:18-0100

SS Clamp

18"

CLAMPS:18-0912

wide W6403 Gasket

12"

CLAMPS: 20-0081

Clamps & Gasket Set

20

CLAMPS: 24-0081

Clamps & Gasket Set

24

AKDUCT TECHNICAL OVERVIEW


Prepared for Inspectors, Architects, & Contractors
To review all AKDUCT Technical Documents go to http://www.akduct.com/doc

ENGINEER SPECIFICATIONS DIVISION 23


Document located at:
http://www.akduct.com/doc/Engineer_Specification_Division_23.pdf
ICC / PMG-1023
2.0 USES: The CDC Enterprises AK Duct is an underground air duct and fitting system for use in forced
air heating and cooling systems, in accordance with 2003 IMC 603.8.3. When tested in accordance with
ASTM 2412, at the average wall thickness noted in Table 1, the pipe stiffness exceeds 8 psi (55 kPa) at 5%
deflection.
View entire PMG-1023 report at:
http://www.akduct.com/doc/ICC-PMG1023.pdf
AKDUCT PLASTIC vs. PVC DUCTING BY COHEAT TEST METHODOLOGY
This test was conducted by using R10 insulation on the bottom, both sides and the top, which exceeds the
requirements for insulation for both the Wisconsin UDC & CBC codes. The test is a demonstration of heat
transfer through a pressurized air duct system and shows the other factors that may contribute to the
complexity of heat conduction measurements, such as: thermal transmittance that includes convection plus
radiation; pressurized air movement; radiation through a cylindrical surface, emissivity of the duct surface,
thermal diffusivity of underground air ducts; and all could contribute directly or indirectly to the total fuel
utilization efficiency of the duct system.
View entire TEMPERATURE PERFORMANCE TEST OF AKDUCT PLASTIC vs. PVC DUCTING BY
COHEAT TEST METHODOLOGY at:
http://www.akduct.com/doc/CDC-AKDUCT-PVC-R-10-Coheat-99090_Final_Draft_R21.pdf
COMMERCIAL AIR TEST
The flange joint sustained 2-1/2 times the rate pressure or 25 inches WC pressure for 1 hour along 40
inches / WC and 50 inches W. pressure for 1 hour, with no bubble leakage indicated or separation of the
joints. http://www.akduct.com/doc/PRESSURE_TESTING_OF_ 20inch_flange_Duct_report_09078
INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
http://www.akduct.com/doc/AKDUCT_INSTALLATION_INSTRUCTIONS.pdf
PRESSURE TEST OF 10 DUCT PIPE / SUMMARY OF RESULTS:
The AKDUCT 10 plastic duct pipe joint connection/clamping system in an unrestrained state, sustained an
internal pressure of 1.5 psi (41.5 WC) for 5 minutes with no leakage or separation.
The system momentarily reached the pressure of 1.75 psi (48.4 WC) at which point the end-cap was noted
pushing out of the clamp until it separated enough that leakage occurred.
The tensile force (pull apart pressure) on the system joints was calculated to be 170 lb at 1.5 psi and 198 lb
at 1.75 psi.
View the entire Pressure Test report at:
http://www.akduct.com/doc/Pressure_Test_Result-90760.pdf

MOLD GROWTH & HUMIDITY TEST / PROCEDURE & RESULTS:


PROCEDURE: The sample was evaluated in accordance with UL 181, Section 11.0. Four samples were
exposed to Chaetomium Globosium for 60 days.
RESULTS: Growth Observed on all four samples; NONE.
View entire Mold Growth & Humidity Test report at:
http://www.akduct.com/doc/Mold_Growth_and_Humidity_Test.pdf

Confidential

Page 1

03/31/09

AKDUCT TECHNICAL OVERVIEW


Prepared for Inspectors, Architects, & Contractors
To review all AKDUCT Technical Documents go to http://www.akduct.com/doc

TOXIC GAS GENERATION / PROCEDURE & RESULTS:


PROCEDURE: Specimens were exposed to flaming conditions in the smoke chamber, in accordance with
procedures in ASTM E662.
View entire Toxic Gas Generation test procedure and results at:
http://www.akduct.com/doc/material_and_combustion.pdf
RESULTS: Below are Tables of the results of flaming AKDUCT material and no toxic gases are detected
for HCN, HF and SO2. The small amounts detected for HCL, NOX, and CO are well below the levels
determined to be an Immediate Danger to Life and Health (IDLH), and the small levels also would pass
compliance within a standard workplace environment by published OSHA guidelines for workplace safety.
CO
HF
HC1
NOx
S02
HCN

carbon monoxide
hydrogen fluoride
hydrogen chloride
nitrogen oxides (both NO, nitric
oxide, and N02, nitrogen dioxide,
are detected)
sulfur dioxide
hydrogen cyanide

Results
Table 2 Test Results with notations
(Concentrations in ppm unless otherwise noted)
No.
HC1
HCN
HF
1 Flaming
6
N.D.
N.D.
2 Flaming
4
N.D.
N.D.
Average
5
N/A
N/A

NOx
15
15
15

S02
N.D.
N.D.
N/A

CO
150
110
130

NOTES: N.D. = None Detected; N/A = Not Available

BELOW FLOOD ELEVATION TESTING / PROCEDURE & RESULTS:


PROCEDURE: Testing of the AKDUCT assembly with pipe and fittings with 8 joint connections was
conducted by submerging the assembled system under 4 feet of water for 24 hours.
RESULTS: The plastic duct mockup (AKDUCT) with 8 joint connections following 24 hours
submergence under 4 feet of water showed NO leakage of water into the interior passageway.
The results are included in the 2008 ICC PMG LC 1014 listing.
View entire Below Flood Elevation test procedure and results at:
http://www.akduct.com/doc/AK%20DuctCDC-97818.pdf
KFI ENERGY ANALYSIS COMPARISON REPORT / EXECUTIVE SUMMARY:
Karges-Faulconbridge Inc. completed an independent analysis of the data of the June 28, 2007 report titled
Temperature Performance Test of AKDUCT vs. PVC conducted by a certified laboratory. The Thermal
Distribution Efficiency (TDE) for AKDUCT was determined to be 95% and the TDE for the PVC was
determined to be 93% from the data collected for temperature (in BTUH) for input and output. The
Thermal Distribution Efficiency of the AKDUCT is essentially the same as the PVC Duct System which
was insulated with R-10 per the standard referenced design by typical state building codes for energy
efficiency.
View entire KFI Energy Analysis Comparison Report Cover Letter & Executive Summary at:
http://www.akduct.com/doc/kfi_Energy_Analysis_Comparison_Report_AK_v_PVC.pdf

Confidential

Page 2

03/31/09

AKDUCT TECHNICAL OVERVIEW


Prepared for Inspectors, Architects, & Contractors
To review all AKDUCT Technical Documents go to http://www.akduct.com/doc

Minnesota Department of Labor & Industry :


The Board finds that AKDUCTs thermal properties satisfy the intent of the Minnesota Building Code
(Minnesota Rule 1346.0603 Subpart 7;603.7.6)
View Letter goto http://www.akduct.com/doc/Mn. Appeals Decision akduct.pdf

Confidential

Page 3

03/31/09

MAXSEAL is a butyl
rubber sealant with a
Tedlar facing to give
it excellent weather
ability in exterior and
interior sealing and
patching
applications

MAXSEAL
Seals & Bonds
Punctures in Roof, Flashing,
Vents, Ductwork and seams.

INSTANT TACK
UV RESISTANT
BUTYL RUBBER BASE
FORMS TO IRREGULAR SURFACES
NON-STAINING
Technical Data

Application

Color

Gray - butyl tape with gray


Tedlar facing

Temperature Above

Solids

100%

Method

Odor

None

Preparation

Shrinkage
Elongation
Service Temperature

None
54%
-40F to +250F
Excellent to water, water
vapors, ozone and mild
alcohols
Instant tack, full 24 hours

Temperature
Storage

Chemical Resistance
Bonding Time

40F
Trim to fit, remove
release liner. Apply
to clean, dry surface
Area is clean from
debris and oils
Moderate conditions
Shelf Life - 1 Year

Testing Results
AAMA Specification 804.1-85
1.2.4.1 Basic Visual Backing
1.2.4.2.1 Hardness Shore
1.2.4.3 Yield Strength
1.2.4.4 Sag
1.2.4.5 Vehicle Migration
1.2.4.6 Low Temperature Flexibility
1.2.4.7 Water Resistance
1.2.4.8 Penetration

Requirements
No surface cracks,
bond loss staining or
vehicle bleed
00 not greater than
Oven
Unaged
aged
6psi
10psi
1/16
None
No cracks or loss of
adhesion
No voids, cracks, or
separation
Not less than 50

Results
Pass
Pass
Pass
90% cohesive
failure
Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass

CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.


Phone 763-416-7773

FAX 763-416-7774

contactus@cdcei.net

www.akduct.com

AKDUCT AIRTITE SEALANT block co-polymer


adhesive sealant. With unique rubber/resin
matrix formed when cured gives AIRTITE
bonding strength and flexibility.
Color

White, Black, Silver

Solvent

Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Weight per Gallon


Solids Content

8.3 Lb
76% (+/- 2%)
75 seconds/ .104 orifice, 40 psi
@ 78F
300%
-40F to +250F
Excellent to water and mild
acids
1 to 1-1/2 Minutes
24 Hours
7 Days

Viscosity
Elongation
Service Temperature
Chemical Resistance
Skin Over/Tack Free
Initial Cure Time
Full Cure Time

Seals & Bonds

A Product of
CDC ENTERPRISES, INC.
Testing Results
Ultimate Tensile
Strength

1490(psi)

ASTM-D412

Shear Strength

99(psi)

ASTM-D1002

Cleavage Peel
Resistance

38 (lbs/in-width)

Durometer Hardness

scale A 48

ASTM-D3807

NON-SAGGING
STAYS FLEXIBLE
ULTRA VIOLET STABILITY
NON-STRINGING
LOW VOC

ASTM-D2240

Additional Specifications

U.S.D.A. Acceptability:

Product meets the U.S.D.A.


require meets for use in meat
and poultry processing areas
under U.S.D.A. inspection.

F.D.A. Acceptability:

Meets 21CRF175.105

Package Size
Case Pack
10.3 oz. Cartridge
24
Storage

Temperature Moderate conditions


1 Year Shelf Life

Application
Temperature

Above 40F

Method

Standard Caulking Gun

Preparation

Apply to clean, dry surface.


Adequate ventilation required

Clean Up
Disposal

Clean tools with Mineral Spirits


According to Local, State and
Federal Laws

Phone 763-416-7773

FAX 763-416-7774

contactus@cdcei.net

www.akduct.com