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Anggreani Lukita 0909025003 Teknik Sipil

1) SLUMP Recommended slumps for various types of construction Types of construction Reinforced foundation walls and footings Plain footings, caissons, and substructure walls Beams and reinforced walls Building columns Pavements and slabs Mass concrete Enter (from Table above) slump values: maximum = mm minimum = mm 2) MAXIMUM AGGREGATE SIZE Enter the nominal maximum size of coarse aggregate = mm 3) MIXING WATER & AIR CONTENT AIR-ENTRAINED CONCRETE Approximate mixing water (kg/m3) for indicated nominal maximum sizes of aggregate Slump (mm) 25 to 50 75 to 100 150 to 175 More than 175 Level of Exposure Mild Exposure Moderate Exposure Severe Exposure 9.5 mm 181 202 216 9.5 mm 4.5 6.0 7.5 12.5 mm 175 193 205 12.5 mm 4.0 5.5 7.0 19 mm 168 184 197 19 mm 3.5 5.0 6.0 25 mm 160 175 184 25 mm 3.0 4.5 6.0 37.5 mm 150 165 174 37.5 mm 2.5 4.5 5.5 50 mm 142 157 166 50 mm 2.0 4.0 5.0 75 mm 122 133 154 75 mm 1.5 3.5 4.5 150 mm 107 119 150 mm 1.0 3.0 4.0 Maximum Slump (mm) 75 75 100 100 75 75 Minimum Slump (mm) 25 25 25 25 25 25

Recommended averages of total air content (%) for level of exposure

Enter (from Table above) water weight for air-entrained concrete = kg/m3 Enter (from Table above) amount of entrapped air = %

4) WATER-CEMENT RATIO Relationship between water-cement or water-cementitious materials ratio and compressive strength of concrete Compressive strength at 28 days (MPa) 40 35 30 25 20 15 Enter compressive strength at 28 days = MPa Enter (from Table above) water-cement (or water-cementitious materials) ratio = Important! Check the maximum permissible water-cement ratio from the Table below and revise the watercement ratio entered in the box above accordingly. Maximum permissible water-cement or water-cementitious materials ratios for concrete in severe exposure Type of Structure Thin section (railings, curbs, sills, ledges, ornamental work) and sections with less than 25 mm cover over steel All other structures Weight of cement = kg/m3 Structure wet continuously and exposed to frequent freezing and thawing 0.45 0.50 Structure exposed to sea water or sulfates 0.40 0.45 Water-cement ratio by weight (Air-entrained concrete) 0.39 0.45 0.52 0.60 0.70

5) COARSE AGGREGATE Volume of oven-dry-rodded coarse aggregate per unit volume of concrete for different fineness moduli of fine aggregate Nominal maximum size of aggregate (mm) 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00

9.5 12.5 19 25 37.5 50 75 150

0.50 0.59 0.66 0.71 0.75 0.78 0.82 0.87

0.48 0.57 0.64 0.69 0.73 0.76 0.80 0.85

0.46 0.55 0.62 0.67 0.71 0.74 0.78 0.83

0.44 0.53 0.60 0.65 0.69 0.72 0.76 0.81

Nominal maximum size of aggregate = mm Enter unit weight of coarse aggregate (if unknown, use 1500 to 1900 kg/m3 for normal weight aggregate) = kg/m3 Enter fineness modulus of fine aggregate = Enter (from Table above) volume of coarse aggregate per unit volume of concrete = Weight of coarse aggregate = kg/m3 6) FINE AGGREGATE First estimate of concrete weight (kg/m3) Nominal maximum size of aggregate (mm) 9.5 12.5 19 25 37.5 50 75 150 Nominal maximum size of aggregate = mm Enter (from Table above) first estimate of concrete weight = kg/m3 Weight of fine aggregate = kg/m3 7) ADJUSTMENT FOR MOISTURE IN AGGREGATE Design mix water = kg/m3 Enter total moisture content in coarse aggregate = % Enter total moisture content in fine aggregate = % Air-entrained concrete 2200 2230 2275 2290 2350 2345 2405 2435

Enter the degree of moisture absorption of coarse aggregate = % Enter the degree of moisture absorption of fine aggregate = % Bahan dalam keadaan di Lapangan Net mix water = kg/m3 Wet weight of coarse aggregate = kg/m3 Wet weight of fine aggregate = kg/m3 8) SUMMARY OF MIX DESIGN Enter batch percentage = % Compressive strength at 28 days = MPa Slump: maximum = mm minimum = mm Nominal maximum size of aggregate = mm Water-cement (or water-cementitious materials) ratio = Concrete type is Air content = % Unit weight of coarse aggregate = kg/m3 Ingredients of Concrete Mixture Coarse Aggregate kg/m3 1100.94 Fine Aggregate kg/m3 744.59

Water kg/m3

Cement kg/m3

111.26

355.56