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EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR AVS BSR 933 C

AVS BSR 933 C GSM 900 DUAL BAND SELECTIVE REPEATER

EQUIPMENT MANUAL

The information contained herein is the responsibility of and is approved by the following, to whom all enquiries should be directed in the first instance:

AVS Teknoloji Ltd.Sti Ataturk Cad. Sitki Bey Plaza No:82 D:14 Kozyatagi Istanbul Turkey

No part may be reproduced, disclosed or used except as authorised by contract or other written permission. The copyright and the foregoing restriction on reproduction and use extend to all media in which the information may be embodied.

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0.2 CONTENTS
Section
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.10 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.4.1 2.4.2 2.4.3 2.4.4 2.4.5 2.4.6 2.4.7 2.4.8 2.4.9 2.4.10 2.4.11 2.4.12 2.4.13 2.4.14 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.7.1 2.7.2 2.7.3 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.3.1 3.3.2 3.4 3.4.1 3.4.2 3.4.3 3.4.4 3.4.5

Page
CONTENTS....................................................................................................................................... 2 INDEX TO FIGURES AND TABLES ............................................................................................. 4 HISTORY ........................................................................................................................................... 5 ISSUE CONTROL ............................................................................................................................ 6 REFERENCES ................................................................................................................................. 7 GLOSSARY OF TERMS ................................................................................................................. 8 SAFETY NOTICES AND ADMONISHMENTS............................................................................. 9 SERVICING POLICY AND RETURN OF EQUIPMENT........................................................... 10 READERS COMMENTS ............................................................................................................... 11 INTRODUCTON TO REPEATER ................................................................................................ 12 REPEATER APPLICATION.......................................................................................................... 12 BAND SELECTIVE REPEATERS................................................................................................ 13 CHANNEL SELECTIVE REPEATERS........................................................................................ 14 AVS BSR 933 C REPEATER INTRODUCTION........................................................................ 15 EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION....................................................................................................... 16 AVS BSR 933 C FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAM................................................................................ 16 CONNECTIONS ............................................................................................................................. 16 EQUIPMENT LAYOUT .................................................................................................................. 17 MODULE CONNECTIVITY ........................................................................................................... 18 Enclosure ......................................................................................................................................... 19 Product Labels ................................................................................................................................ 20 HINGED TRAY ............................................................................................................................... 21 MAIN CONTROL UNIT (MCU) ..................................................................................................... 22 INTERFACE BOARD..................................................................................................................... 23 POWER SUPPLY UNIT (PSU)..................................................................................................... 24 SURGE PROTECTOR .................................................................................................................. 25 LI-ION BACK-UP BATTERY......................................................................................................... 25 MICRO-SWITCH ............................................................................................................................ 26 DUPLEXER (DPX) ......................................................................................................................... 27 GSM MODEM ................................................................................................................................. 28 POWER AMPLIFIER (PA)............................................................................................................. 28 FREQUENCY SELECTOR (FS) .................................................................................................. 29 LOW NOISE AMPLIFIER (LNA)................................................................................................... 30 MANUFACTURING ENTITIES..................................................................................................... 31 KIT OF PARTS................................................................................................................................ 31 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS.................................................................................................. 32 ELECTRICAL AND POWER ........................................................................................................ 32 MECHANICAL, ENVIRONMENTAL ............................................................................................ 33 OPERATION & MAINTENANCE ................................................................................................. 33 INSTALLATION .............................................................................................................................. 34 WARNINGS AND ALERTS........................................................................................................... 34 SITE PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS........................................................................................ 35 SITE PLANNING - LINK BUDGET .............................................................................................. 36 REPEATER INSTALLATION CHECKLIST ................................................................................ 39 ANTENNA INSTALLATION CONSIDERATION ........................................................................ 39 INSTALLATION PROCEDURES ................................................................................................. 40 GOODS INWARDS INSPECTION............................................................................................... 40 TOOLS ............................................................................................................................................. 40 PREPARATION .............................................................................................................................. 40 WALL MOUNTING DETAILS ....................................................................................................... 41 POLE MOUNTING DETAILS........................................................................................................ 42
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EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR AVS BSR 933 C 3.4.6 3.4.7 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.7.1 4.7.2 4.8 5 6 7 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 DRIP-LOOP..................................................................................................................................... 43 EQUIPMENT CONNECTIONS..................................................................................................... 43 COMMISSIONING.......................................................................................................................... 44 MCU LED INDICATORS ............................................................................................................... 44 EQUIPMENT POWER-UP ............................................................................................................ 44 REPEATER PC SOFTWARE (RPS) ........................................................................................... 45 NON-VOLATILE MEMORY .......................................................................................................... 46 PREPARATION FOR REMOTE CONNECTION OF RPS USING WIRELESS MODEM ........................................................................................................................................... 47 CONNECTING RPS TO EQUIPMENT ....................................................................................... 47 LOCAL COMMISSIONING ........................................................................................................... 49 USING RPS SOFTWARE ............................................................................................................. 49 DESCRIPTION OF PARAMETERS ............................................................................................ 50 COMMISSIONING PROCEDURES ............................................................................................ 56 OPERATION ................................................................................................................................... 57 MAINTENANCE.............................................................................................................................. 58 APPENDICES ................................................................................................................................. 59 APPENDIX A: TOOLS ................................................................................................................... 59 APPENDIX B: VSWR RETURN LOSS TABLE ...................................................................... 59 APPENDIX C: UPLINK ATT AND NOISE LEVEL ..................................................................... 59 APPENDIX D: CHANNEL NUMBER AND FREQUENCY TABLE.......................................... 60 APPENDIX E: RPS INSTALLATION AND UN-INSTALLATION ............................................. 63

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0.3 INDEX TO FIGURES AND TABLES


Figure 1: Typical Repeater Setup .......................................................................................................12 Figure 2: Band Selective Repeater .....................................................................................................13 Figure 3: GSM Channel Selective Repeater.......................................................................................14 Figure 4: AVS BSR 933 C functional diagram ....................................................................................16 Figure 5: Equipment connections .......................................................................................................16 Figure 6: Layout view of equipped product .........................................................................................17 Figure 7: RF connectivity diagram ......................................................................................................18 Figure 8: Inside view of the equipment ...............................................................................................19 Figure 9: Side view of enclosure showing lock and label ...................................................................19 Figure 10 : CE label ............................................................................................................................20 Figure 11 : Product Identification Label ..............................................................................................20 Figure 12: Front view of hinged tray ...................................................................................................21 Figure 13: Erected hinged tray showing FS and PA...........................................................................21 Figure 14: MCU board.........................................................................................................................22 Figure 15 : MCU relationship diagram ................................................................................................22 Figure 16 : Interface board..................................................................................................................23 Figure 17 : Surge protector for power supply......................................................................................25 Figure 18: Li-ion battery pack..............................................................................................................25 Figure 19 : Location of Microswitch ....................................................................................................26 Figure 20: Duplexer (towards MT Connection) mounted on the hinged tray......................................27 Figure 21: Mounting Rack Dimension.................................................................................................41 Figure 22: Wall Mounting Overview ....................................................................................................42 Figure 23: Pole Mounting Overview ....................................................................................................42 Figure 24: Location of MCU and LED .................................................................................................44 Figure 25: RPS Main Screen- RF Parameters....................................................................................45 Figure 26: Wireless modem ................................................................................................................47 Figure 27: RPS Screenshot - Communication Setup .........................................................................47 Figure 28: RPS Screenshot Online Ok .............................................................................................49 Figure 29: RPS Screenshot- Network Parameter Window .................................................................50 Figure 30: RPS Screenshot: Alarm and Power Window.....................................................................53 Figure 31: RPS Software Version .......................................................................................................55 Table 1: AVS BSR 933 C Manufacturing Entities ...............................................................................31 Table 2: AVS BSR 933 C KOP ...........................................................................................................31 Table 3: Electrical specifications .........................................................................................................32 Table 4: Mechanical and environmental specifications ......................................................................33 Table 5: Management of AVS BSR 933 C..........................................................................................33 Table 6: Repeater Installation checklist ..............................................................................................39 Table 7: Antenna installation checklist................................................................................................39 Table 8: MCU LED ..............................................................................................................................44 Table 9: Management - Network Parameters ...................................................................................50 Table 10: Management - RF parameters............................................................................................51 Table 11: Management - Alarm list .....................................................................................................52 Table 12: Commissioning procedures ................................................................................................56 Table 13: Alarms diagnosis.................................................................................................................57

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0.4 HISTORY
Change No. 1 Issue/ENU 1-0-0 Details Of Change Initial document created in July 2005

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0.5 ISSUE CONTROL


Date 15 Aug 05 all

Section All

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0.6 REFERENCES
0.6.1 0.6.2 ETSI EN 300 609-4 Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2 & Phase 2+); Base Station System (BSS) equipment specification; Part 4: Repeaters (GSM 11.26 version 5.2.0) OHSAS 18000, BSI 18001, APR 1999 BSI

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0.7 GLOSSARY OF TERMS


Abbreviation ALC ATT BS BTS dB dBm DL DT DPX EEPROM FS GSM Hz ID LNA MCU MHz MT MTBF NC NF NO OMC PLL PSU RF RPS SMA SMS UL VAC VSWR Definition Automatic Level Control Attenuation Base Station Base Transceiver Station Decibel Decibels relative to 1 milliwatt Downlink Donor Terminal Duplexer Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory Frequency Selector Global Standard for Mobile Communication Hertz Identification Low Noise Amplifier Main Control Unit Megahertz Mobile Terminal Mean Time Between Failures Normally Closed Noise Figure Normally Open Operation & Maintenance Center Phase Locked Loop Power Supply Unit Radio Frequency Repeater PC Software Sub-Miniature A Connector Short Message System Uplink Volts Alternating Current Voltage Standing Wave Radio

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0.8 SAFETY NOTICES AND ADMONISHMENTS


This document contains safety notices in accordance with appropriate Code of Practice. Any installation, adjustment, maintenance and repair of the equipment must only be carried out by trained, authorized personnel. At all times, personnel must comply with any safety notices and instructions.
Warning Notices:

These draw the attention of personnel to hazards which may cause death or injury to the operator or others. Examples of use are cases of high voltage, laser emission, toxic substances, point of high temperature, etc. Alert Notices: These draw the attention of personnel to hazards which may cause damage to the equipment. An example of use is the case of static electricity hazard. Caution notices may also be used in the handbook to draw attention to matters that do not constitute a risk of causing damage to the equipment but where there is a possibility of seriously impairing its performance, e.g. by mishandling or gross maladjustment. Warnings and Cautions within the main text do not incorporate labels and may be in shortened form.

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0.9 SERVICING POLICY AND RETURN OF EQUIPMENT


The repair of individual units and modules of this equipment is not considered practicable without factory facilities. It is, therefore, the policy of AVS whereby faulty units or modules are returned to the local agent for repair. To enable an efficient, prompt after sales service to be provided for the diagnosis, repair and return of any faulty equipment, please comply with the following requirements. Items to be sent for repair should be packaged so as to provide both electrostatic and physical protection and a Repair Material Authorization completed giving the required information This request must be included with the item for repair, items for repair should be sent to the AVS office: AVS Teknoloji Ltd.Sti Ataturk Cad. Sitki Bey Plaza No:82 D:14 Kozyatagi Istanbul Turkey Phone number: + 90 216 360 67 67 Fax number: + 90 216 368 28 68

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0.10 READERS COMMENTS


Whilst every endeavour is made to ensure the accuracy of this AVS document, there is always the possibility that an inaccuracy or omission could occur. In order that any amendment/remedial action can be carried out promptly, we would appreciate your cooperation in filling out and returning a photocopy of this customer reply sheet as soon as possible. Customer Information: Name Title Company Date Address Telephone Number Customer Comments: Equipment title ENU Page number Paragraph number Line number Figure number Details of inaccuracies Other comments 1-0-0

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1 INTRODUCTON TO REPEATER
A repeater, in concept is a device that receives a signal, filters and retransmits the amplified version of the signal. This is simultaneously done for both up and downlink frequencies. Repeater systems are typically located in places of high elevation (on mountains and tall buildings) and are equipped with highly directional donor antennas and service antennas appropriately selected for the application, low loss feedlines, and a very reliable transmitter and receiver rated for continuous duty. Repeaters allow signal coverage to be extended into areas previously not covered without the need to add additional BTS infrastructure. Repeaters are used in Commercial Communications, Emergency Communications. Repeaters may have multiple powering options, including batteries for when commercial power is lost. Repeaters can be built that may run exclusively from batteries; recharged by solar or renewable energies.

1.1 REPEATER APPLICATION


A repeater works as a bi-directional amplifier to enhance the signal between mobiles and base stations, in uplink and downlink direction. Used for an area with poor coverage in outdoor and indoor environment, or for coverage enhancements in areas blocked by obstacles. Uses a pick up (donor) antenna to receive and amplify the radio signal from a donor cell, and then retransmits from an antenna mounted near the area to be covered. AGC limits intermodulation to a fixed level during overload. Complete local monitor function and powerful remote repeater network administration (OMC). Typical applications include Indoor: conference centre, shopping mall, office building. Radio shadow areas: underground car parks, tunnels, valleys. Coverage extension: motorways, remote villages.

Figure 1: Typical Repeater Setup

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Using a repeater can achieve the following benefits: Fast rollout and fast coverage leads to fast return on investment Low build out costs For GSM network, no planning of BSS parameter No microwave link and No 2 Mbit- connection needed Less antennas and cable usage, and much lighter steel hardware A strong tower is not required. Easy to locate site for installation & coverage Expands coverage areas in: rural, tunnels, in-building, canyons and highways Platform for subscriber growth AVS repeater types include: Broadband repeater Band-selective repeater Channel-selective repeater Fiber-optic repeater Frequency-shifting repeater In this manual we will focus on AVS BSR 933 C band selective repeater.

1.2 BAND SELECTIVE REPEATERS


Band selective repeaters amplify and retransmit all signals within a defined frequency band and are mainly used for coverage of dead zones, shadows, in-building coverage or other areas with inadequate signal strength. The band selective repeater is very suitable for applications where frequency hopping is used in the BTS network employing Time Division Multiple Access.

Figure 2: Band Selective Repeater

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1.3 CHANNEL SELECTIVE REPEATERS


Channel selective repeaters have the same functionality as band selective repeaters. The difference is that channel selective repeaters separate out specific carriers and amplify and retransmit all signals within a defined frequency channel. In a channel selective repeater each carrier is separately filtered, amplified and retransmitted. A channel selective repeater from AVS can have 1 to 8 channels. Channel selective repeaters may have higher output power per carrier and the maximum output power per carrier can be several watts.

Figure 3: GSM Channel Selective Repeater

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1.4 AVS BSR 933 C REPEATER INTRODUCTION


The AVS BSR 933 C dual band selective repeater is designed for outdoor operation in the GSM900 system. A band-specific linear amplifier and filter effectively amplifies the desired BTS carriers and provides superior out-of-band rejection. Typical units incorporate up to 15MHz adjustable bandwidth with frequencies programmed to specific requirements within the whole of the GSM900 band. Dual band selectivity is implemented with two band selective filters per UL/DL. Remote configuration and surveillance is possible through AVSs remote control and monitoring system, via laptop or wireless modem to the OMC. Li-ion backup battery built in enclosure ensures alarm signals are sent out while power is down, and optional external battery backup ensures operation in a condition with insufficient power supply or unstable supply voltages. The AVS BSR 933 C comes in a completely sealed, well-ventilated cast aluminum chassis, suitable for all weather conditions. Main features of AVS BSR 933 C: Band selectivity from two band-selective modules with user-defined bandwidth. Output power can be easily adjusted via repeater PC software (hereinafter called RPS) software to satisfy the requirement of network optimization. Integrated GSM radio modem for remote configuration, monitor and control. Automatic elimination for self-oscillation caused by a low isolation between DT and MT antennas. Internal backup battery keeps the alarm unit running for up to three hours after power loss. Optional OMC is available for remote operation and maintenance of repeaters. Designed for all weather outdoor waterproof, damp-proof and omni-sealed (IP65).

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2 EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION
2.1 AVS BSR 933 C FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAM
ALC
DLBand Selective Module

PA1

M-ATT LNA1 Downlink


ALC
DLBand Selective Module

PA2

Donor Ant DT
PA3
ALC
ULBand Selective Module

Mobile Ant MT
Mobile

M-ATT
ALC
ULBand Selective Module

LNA2 Uplink

PA4 RPS Computer with Data card


Alarm Indicator

Main Control Unit

Power Supply

Li-ion BATT

Wireless Modem

Modem

OMC RPS

External Power

Figure 4: AVS BSR 933 C functional diagram

2.2 CONNECTIONS

Figure 5: Equipment connections All connections are placed at the bottom of the repeater. For AVS BSR 933 C repeater are the following connections: N-type (female) connectors for DT & MT antennas, AC power (via cable gland) and grounding connection by an earth wire clamped to the grounding hole.

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2.3 EQUIPMENT LAYOUT

Figure 6: Layout view of equipped product

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2.4 MODULE CONNECTIVITY

Figure 7: RF connectivity diagram The diagram above shows the RF connection within AVS BSR 933 C and other connections existing within the product, which are fully described with each module.

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2.4.1 Enclosure
AVS repeaters are housed in a strong die cast aluminum enclosure which offers good heat conduction and waterproofing. A lock on the enclosure prevents unauthorized opening, the strong enclosure prevents damage to the sensitive electronics inside. The housing conforms to IP65 standard, and cooling is accomplished by convection. The mounting bracket supplied with the equipment allows the equipment to be mounted on a wall or on a pole.

Figure 8: Inside view of the equipment The repeaters are designed to be mounted on a wall or on a pole. They should always be mounted in a vertical position with the connectors facing downwards to prevent water existing in the chassis.

Figure 9: Side view of enclosure showing lock and label

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2.4.2 Product Labels


On the enclosure are label identifying the product and information to CE certification.

Figure 10 : CE label

Figure 11 : Product Identification Label

Other labels can be found inside the equipment to warn of high voltages.

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2.4.3 HINGED TRAY


The hinged tray holds two DPXs and one Li-ion battery and permits access to modules behind. Looking into the equipment from the front, the hinged tray is hinged along its lower edge. And on the top corners are two knurled screws, these secure the hinged tray in its normal position. Should inspection be required, loosen the both knurled screws, lift the folded-handle towards the top of the chassis to dis-engage the latching mechanism and carefully swing the entire tray until it is erected. Take the opposite actions after inspection is completed.

Figure 12: Front view of hinged tray

Figure 13: Erected hinged tray showing FS and PA AVS BSR 933 C QE ENU Status : 1-0-0
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2.4.4 MAIN CONTROL UNIT (MCU)


The main control unit (MCU) is the heart of the equipment, it monitors and controls the modules within the repeater. Data is collected from various modules such as PA, LNA and Power Supply utilizing a RS-485 bus. The collected data is processed and if an error is detected the MCU may send an alarm via Datalink or SMS using a built in wireless GSM modem to the Operation and Maintenance Center (OMC). MCU is constructed on a multi-layered PCB and is a plug-in board to the Interface board. Main components are: Motorola 68HC711 processor, non-volatile memory, communication processor, temperature sensor, LEDs and a small push-button switch. This switch is used to reset the equipment when equipment initialization fails, or non-normal operation happens, or when the equipment is re-connected to the RPS after powered off due to some reason. On the MCU there are four LEDs (L1~L4) on which displays the respective operation status. Their functions are described in a separate section.

Figure 14: MCU board

Figure 15 : MCU relationship diagram AVS BSR 933 C QE ENU Status : 1-0-0
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2.4.5 INTERFACE BOARD


The Interface board serves as a distributor for power and internal communication within the repeater. On the interface board, the main connectors as listed below: Identifier X5 X6 X9 X11 X12 X13 X14 X16 X17 DB9 DIN64 DB15 DB15 DB15 DB15 Signal names UL LNA alarm (LNA1) and ATT (ATT1) signals, +9V DC for UL LNA and GND DL LNA alarm (LNA2) and ATT (ATT2) signals, +9V DC for UL LNA and GND Voltage-free Normally closed Microswitch contacts for door-open alarm GND connection to PSU +26V, +5V DC to PSU +5V, +9V DC to PSU AC & DC alarm signals and power-control signals from PSU Malicious temper alarm for connecting to building ground (Unused) Tx, Rx, CTS, DTR, GND, RTS and RST signals for GSM modem RS-232 connector for connection with RPS For MCU UL FS signal and control DL FS signal and control UL PA signal and control DL PA signal and control

Figure 16 : Interface board

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2.4.6 POWER SUPPLY UNIT (PSU)

A switch mode power supply for 220VAC operation, the power supply can tolerate input voltage swings from 185 to 285V at 45 to 55Hz. Output voltage rails from the PSU are fed into the Interface board via a cabling assembly, Voltages rails are DC at +9V (for LNA, FS & PA), +26V (for PA). Connections are made by screw terminals identified as below: Terminal identifier -9V +9V -5V +5V -26V -26V +26V +26V MDMD+ B2B2+ B1B1+ LNE Voltage level GND for +9V +9V DC GND for +5V +5V DC GND for +26V GND for +26V +26V DC +26V DC GSM Modem supply GND GSM Modem power +12V Battery connection reserved for future use Battery connection reserved for future use Battery connection reserved for future use Battery connection reserved for future use AC mains connection from surge protector

The switch on the PSU is provided for convenience, and the 220VAC should be controlled at its outlet. With the equipment under operation, the switch on the PSU should be in the ON position at all times. Once the AC to the PSU removed, the backup Li-ion battery supplies power to the MCU and ensures alarm signals to be sent to the OMC via the RPS software or wireless modem. A customer replaceable fuse protects the AVS BSR 933 C against over current. The fuse holder is identified on the panel of the PSU. Supplied with the equipment are two spare 6.3A delay fuses for the PSU, the PSU is not a customer-repairable item, and should be returned for repair. When replacement of the PSU is necessary, in order to remove the PSU, remove all electrical connections to the PSU, unscrew four screws on each corner of the top mounting surface, which secure the PSU onto the chassis. The mounting surface of the replacement PSU should be coated with a layer of heat transfer compound before it is mounted. After the PSU mounted to the chassis, reconnect all electrical connections.

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2.4.7 SURGE PROTECTOR


Surge protectors are mounted next to the PSU for protection from transients caused by thunderstorms and switching process. Within it there are three connections: 220V VAC Live, Neutral and ground. This unit provides protection to the PSU. It is assumed the antenna system will have ample lighting protection themselves. On the top of each lighting arrester is a little window, beneath which is a coloured indicator, Green indicate protection is available, and in the event of a fault, these will turn to Black, and has to be replaced. Replacement is made by griping the edges and gently pulling it out of its socket. The replacing surge protector is inserted by observing its orientation before gently inserting it into the socket.

Figure 17 : Surge protector for power supply

2.4.8 LI-ION BACK-UP BATTERY


The Li-ion backup battery is located on the hinged tray. The Li-ion battery-pack is enclosed within a plastic cover and provides back-up supply to the MCU. An in-line connector close to the battery pack is disconnected before shipping. During installation, re-connect the in-line connector to ensure proper function of the MCU. The battery pack is rated at 21.6V, 1300mAh.

Figure 18: Li-ion battery pack

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2.4.9 MICRO-SWITCH
Mounted on the lower left of the enclosure is a micro-switch. This is to detect if the door of the AVS BSR 933 C is open. An alarm signal is generated to notify if the AVS BSR 933 C is being opened-up in normal use.

Figure 19 : Location of Microswitch

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2.4.10 DUPLEXER (DPX)


There are two duplexers, one is located towards the DT connection and the other towards MT connection. Their function is to combine/divide the uplink and downlink signals as well as select the required signals and reject the unwanted signals. Each DPX has four connections: For the DPX towards the DT connection, the connections are shown as below: Tx: ANT: Rx: 20dB coupling port: Connection for DL LNA Connection for DT port Connection for UL PA Connection for GSM Modem, used for coupling RF signals from GSM Modem. This port is only regard to the DT ANT connector.

For the DPX towards the MT connection, the connections are shown as below: Tx: ANT: Rx: 20dB coupling port: Connection for DL PA Connection for MT port Connection for UL LNA Connection for RF signal, used for detecting UL signals from service antenna or DL signals transmitted by repeater (reserved for future use)

Figure 20: Duplexer (towards MT Connection) mounted on the hinged tray

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2.4.11 GSM MODEM


A GSM wireless modem is mounted adjacent to the MCU, it has connection for RF, data and power. It is used for remote control and the MCU sends out alarms to the repeater OMC via the GSM modem. Required power voltage for GSM modem is +12 V. Power to the GSM modem is provided from the PSU via cabled connection from the Interface Board, and is protected with an in-line fuse. This gives the User the option to disconnect the modem power supply and forcing the modem to be restarted. RF connection is made with SMA connecting cable between the modem and the 20dB coupling port. On the GSM modem there is an indicator LED to show the modem status. The modem LED flashes slowly when operation is normal. When a data call is performed it will flash quickly. When SMS is sent, it flashes a little quicker than when operation is normal but slower than when a data call is ongoing.

RF connection

SIM card carrier LED Control and power

In the case of very low donor signal levels the 20dB coupling from the DT DPX to the modem can result in bad connectivity for the modem.

2.4.12 POWER AMPLIFIER (PA)


There are two power amplifiers, UL PA & DL PA, located in UL and DL branch respectively. Their function is to fulfill power amplification in both of uplink and downlink branches. Within the PA, there are three connections for power & MCU signals, RF-in and RF-out. Required power voltage for PA is +9V (for RF) and 5V(for MCU). It is mounted directly to the enclosure for maximum cooling efficiency.

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2.4.13 FREQUENCY SELECTOR (FS)


Frequency selector (FS) can select the required signal and reject the other unwanted signals effectively. It is mounted directly to the back of the equipment enclosure. Within the FS there are connections for power & MCU, RF-in and RF-out. And the required power voltage for PA is +9V (for RF) and 5V(for MCU). As a slave unit, the FS is under the direct control of the MCU over a RS-485 bus, each FS uses SAW filters and has four PLL and so giving the equipment superior control of frequency selection and stability. The RPS communicates to the MCU and the MCU communicates to each FS to implement the required operating band edges.

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2.4.14 LOW NOISE AMPLIFIER (LNA)


Located along the top edge of the equipment are UL and DL low noise amplifiers (LNAs), these are installed respectively in UL branch and DL branch. The repeater UL/DL ATT value ranges from 0~30dB, and corresponds individually to UL/DL LNA gain (40dB). This LNA is fed by 9V power and operates at 75MHz. The NF for the LNA is 1.5dB.

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2.5 MANUFACTURING ENTITIES


AVS BSR 933 C is composed of modules with the following identifiers. Identification Code PA-4550CSS03D PA-4550CSS03U FB-91DBD11 FB-91DBU11 LA-1439C1SS01 FD-89794235SS04 R-9110AC1-M1 R-1810DB-BB WAVECOM WMOD2 PC222435A-1 (26V) R-1822C4-3101TM 3.6V/1300mAh 6 V20-C/2 Description Downlink wideband power amplifier Uplink wideband power amplifier Downlink wideband frequency selector Uplink wideband frequency selector Low noise amplifier Duplexer Main control unit Interface board Wireless modem Power supply unit Enclosure Li-on battery assembly Surge protector Table 1: AVS BSR 933 C Manufacturing Entities

2.6 KIT OF PARTS


The following table shows the kit of parts are supplied with the equipment. Product identifier R-9122C8-5140/1 M10110 M1085110 5.5 R-9122C/R-9122AC Embossed 9122 6.3A AVS BSR 933 C QE 1-0-0 V1.01 Description Mounting rack (kit) for pole or wall mounting Masonry bolt for wall mounting U bolt for pole mounting Allen key for socket screws Field commission cable for RPS Key for classis door lock, type 9122 Delay Fuse (two provided) for PSU This equipment manual RPS software Table 2: AVS BSR 933 C KOP

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2.7 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS


2.7.1 ELECTRICAL AND POWER
Frequency Range, UL [MHz] Frequency Range, DL [MHz] Max. Filter Bandwidth (FBW) [MHz] Operating bandwidth (BW) for each sub-bands [MHz] Maximal System Gain Adjustable Range [dB] (1dB Step) Output Power - [dBm] - Multi Carrier - Single Carrier Pass Band Ripple @ FBW, p-p [dB] Group Delay [sec] Out-of-band Gain @System Gain 80 [dB] *1 - at Offset 400KHz - at Offset 600KHz - at Offset 1MHz - at Offset 5MHz Spurious [dBm] - 9kHz to 1GHz - 1GHz to 12.75GHz Intermodulation [dBm] Absolute Max. RF Input Power [dBm] VSWR Impedance [] Power Supply [VAC] Power Consumption [W] MCU Battery Backup Time [hr] Power Up Waiting Time [sec] *2 880 915 925 960 15 2 FBW (Adjustable in Band) 6083 2

27 1 33 1 5 6

< 50 < 40 < 35 < 25 -36 -30 -36 +10 1.5 50 155285 / 45-55Hz 120 (approx.) 3 (approx.) 60 (approx.)

Table 3: Electrical specifications

*1 out-of-band offset measured with respect to FBW and specification tested at the lower edge of left sub-band and upper edge of the right sub-band
*2

Power up waiting time for GSM modem includes BTS network acquisition and registration.

Note: Measurements taken at room temperature.

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2.7.2 MECHANICAL, ENVIRONMENTAL


Dimensions, L x W x H [mm] Housing Material Housing Color Weight [kg] Connector Type Operating Temperature [C] Operating Humidity [%] Cooling MTBF [hrs] Environmental Class 600 x 450 x 195 Aluminum Grey Anodized, RAL877U 37 (approx.) N-Female -25 to +55 95 Convection > 50,000 IP65

Table 4: Mechanical and environmental specifications

2.7.3 OPERATION & MAINTENANCE


Local Monitoring Feature Remote Data Transfer Local and Remote Controlled Parameters PC via RS232 Build-in wireless GSM modem (data or SMS), OMC(Optional) Channel No. Range, ATT, Soft ON/OFF, Oscillation Elimination ON/OFF, Over-Temp Threshold, DL Output Power Threshold, DL Input Power Threshold, Alarm Report Enable Alarms (LNA, PA, PLL unlock, Power Down, PSU Fault, Door Open, Self oscillation, DL Input Power Low, Over Temp, VSWR, DL Output Power Low), UL/DL Output Power, DL Input Power

Local and Remote Monitored Parameters

Table 5: Management of AVS BSR 933 C

End of section

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3 INSTALLATION
3.1 WARNINGS AND ALERTS
Radio Frequency energies There may be situations, particularly the workplace environments adjacent to high-powered RF sources, where recommended limits for safe exposure of human beings to RF energy could be exceeded. In such cases, restrictive measures or actions may be necessary to ensure the safe use of RF energy. Assume that other RF energies exist in the vicinity, always maintain a minimum distance of 1m from the human beings (assumption 935 MHz at 40W emitted power, source IEEE) High voltage The equipment has been designed and constructed as to prevent as far as reasonably practicable danger. Any activity, such as installation, operation and maintenance, on or near the equipment must be as far as reasonably free from danger. Where there is a risk of damage to electrical systems due to adverse weather, extreme temperatures, wet, corrosive or dirty conditions, flammable or explosive atmosphere, then the system must be suitably installed to avoid such a danger. To reduce the risk of damage to the equipment and to the customer, shut down the equipment and take action to isolate mains supply when performing any intrusive actions. Protective Earthing Equipment must be well grounded for the purpose of protecting individuals from electrical risk. Handling Precautions Precautions should be taken in equipment handling activities including lifting, lowering, pushing, pulling, carrying, moving or holding, or the activities to prevent an object, animal or other aspects going into the chassis, or the activities when extra efforts are needed such as pulling a lever, or operating power tools. ESD Take necessary precautions when handling ESD-sensitive devices. Assume that all solid-state electronic devices are ESD-sensitive. Do use a grounded wriststrap or the like while working with ESD-sensitive devices. Transport, store, and handle ESD-sensitive devices in static-free environments.

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3.2 SITE PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS


Site considerations The repeater is designed to be waterproof, rainproof, and with snow protection. Temporary protection should be taken when the equipment chassis is opened for installation or maintenance in an outdoor environment. The equipment must not be opened for installation or maintenance in bad weather (e.g. gale, storm rainfall, extreme temperatures and high humidity) Installation location Mounting surface shall be suitable to support weight of the equipment: for AVS BSR 933 C, this is about 37 kg (82 lb.). Environmental Humidity has an effect on the reliability of the equipment. It is recommended to install the equipment in location having stable temperature and un-restricted air-flow. AVS BSR 933 C equipment has been designed to operate in the ambient air temperature range of -25C to +55C (-13F to 131F) at 95% relative humidity. Should the direct day light temperature exceeds +55C (131F), then barrier device should be installed in to protect the equipment to limit sunlight exposure. Powering The power supply unit (PSU) provides power to all modules within the chassis. The PSU accepts 155~285VAC/50Hz5Hz. It is recommended that the PSU operate on a dedicated AC circuit breaker or fused circuit. In order to avoid electromagnetic interference, select the AVS BSR 933 C mounting location to minimize interference from electromagnetic sources such as high powered equipment. Grounding requirement Verify the equipment has been well grounded, this includes antennas and all cables connected. Ensure lightning protection for the antennas is properly grounded. Cable routing Four cables entries to the equipment: Two co-axial (connection for MT and DT), one 220VAC mains-power cable and 1x RS-232 commission cable during commissioning with the door open. Manual handling During transportation and installation, take necessary handling precautions to avoid potential physical injury to the installation personnel or damages to the equipment. (Reference 0.6.2)

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3.3 SITE PLANNING - LINK BUDGET


It is important to determine the link budget before installation and commissioning to ensure good system performance. In this example these fixed parameters are used: BTS Parameters Frequency BTS uplink noise figure (NFBTSU): BTS downlink power (PBTS): BTS Sensitivity BTS Feeder Loss (LBTS-feeder) BTS ANT Gain (GBTS-ant) Repeater Parameters DL Max. Gain (Grep-DLmax) UL Max. Gain (Grep-ULmax) UL NF (NFrep-UL) Fade Margin (repeater to MS) (Pmargin) NFMS Donor Antenna Gain (Grep-donor ant) Donor Antenna Front/Back Ratio (F/Brep-donor ant) Donor Feeder Loss (Lrep-donor feeder) Power Received at Donor Antenna (Prep-receive) Service Antenna Gain (Grep-service ant) Service Antenna Front/Back Ratio (FBrep-service ant) Service Antenna Height Path Loss (Lrep-mobile) MS Parameters MS Max. Output Power (Pmobile)

900MHz 5dB 40dB 109dBm 3dB 15dBi 90dB 90dB 6dB 90dBm 6dB 15dBi 28dB 2dB 65dBm 18dBi 28dB 3m 120dB 33dBm

PA1

GD=? Gu=?
PA2

?dBm -90dBm
Loss=120dB

40dBm
BTS
Mobile

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EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR AVS BSR 933 C Downlink Path: Fade margin of the coverage area (Pmargin) should satisfy the following: Rrep-receive + Grep-donor ant Lrep-donor feeder +Grep-DL Lrep-mobile =Pmargin 65dBm + 15dBi 2dB + Grep-DL 120dB = 90dBm From above, we derived: Grep-DL = 90dBm + 120dB(65dBm) 15dBi + 2dB =82dB Thus the downlink master ATT should be: Grep-DLmax Grep-DL =9082 =8dB Note: Grep-DL is the actual downlink Gain after the repeater is installed.

Uplink Path: The received power at BTS receiver (PBTS-receive) should satisfy the following formula: PBTS-receive =Pmobile +Grep-UL Lrep-donor feeder +Grep-donor ant (PBTS LBTS-feeder +GBTS-ant Prep-receive) RBTS 33 120 +Grep-UL 2 +15 [40 3 +15 (65)] 109 Therefore Grep-UL id determined as 82dB Thus the uplink master ATT should be: Grep-ULmax Grep-UL =90 82 = 8dB Note: Grep-UL is the actual uplink Gain after the repeater installed. NFTotalNFBTS10LOG1+10NFrep-ULNFBTS+Grep-UL- LBTS-REP/10= 5dB +1.19dB = 6.19dB Assuming that repeater noise power at MT port equals to 120dBm, then: Repeater noise power at BTS receiver should be: NFBTS = 120dBm + 82dB 105dB +6.19dB = 136.81dBm The total BTS thermal noise should be: 121dBm + (136.81dBm) = 120.8dBm From the results we can see the BTS thermal noise has increased by only 0.2dBm after the insertion of a repeater.

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EQUIPMENT MANUAL FOR AVS BSR 933 C Isolation: In the repeater application, isolation between donor antenna and service antenna should be taken into consideration and satisfy the following: I Grep-DL +15dB =97dB Assuming that both donor antenna and service antenna are horizontally installed, then: I = 32.4+20logf+20logD (Grep-donor ant +Grep-service ant) +(FBrep-donor ant +FBrep-service ant) I =32.4 +20log(900) +20logD (12dBi +18dBi) +(28dB +28dB) 97dB From above, we derived D 133m Assuming that both donor antenna and service antenna are vertically installed, then: I =28 +40log(H/) (Grep-donor ant +Grep-service ant) +( FBrep-donor ant +FBrep-service ant) 97dB From above, we derived H 4.7m

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3.3.1 REPEATER INSTALLATION CHECKLIST


Installation Location Requirement Working Space available AC power supply at each installation location: 155~285VAC/50Hz5Hz EMC and interference Maintain distance from chassis to DT, MT antennas Suitable operating environment Considerations Ample space on mounting pole or wall surface. Recommended: 800mm800mm800mm Power cord length is 2m (6.5 ft), use a dedicated AC breaker or fuse circuit, and with good access to an earthing point. Do not locate near large transformers or motors that may cause electromagnetic interference. Reduce of signal loss in feeder cable

-25 to +55C (-13 to 131F) at Maximum 95% relative humidity. Table 6: Repeater Installation checklist

3.3.2 ANTENNA INSTALLATION CONSIDERATION


Installation Location Requirement Considerations Locate donor antenna in a site to receive the Field intensity of receiving site: Typical mobile phone maximum signals from the desired BTS and test field intensity -70dBm to shield the other signals at the same time. Locate the mobile antenna in a position determined from site survey and site planning. Isolation of donor antenna and mobile I > Gmax+ 15dB antenna (I) must be larger than the maximum gain of the repeater in operation Table 7: Antenna installation checklist

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3.4 INSTALLATION PROCEDURES


3.4.1 GOODS INWARDS INSPECTION
Verify the number of packages received against the packing list. Check all packages for external damage; report any external damage to the shipping carrier. If there is damage, a shipping agent should be present before unpacking and inspecting the contents because damage caused during transit is the responsibility of the agent. Open and check each package against the packing list. If any items are missing, contact AVS. Do not remove items from antistatic packing until installation. If damage is discovered at the time of installation, contact the shipping agent.

3.4.2 TOOLS
See appendix A for a full list of tools required for new installation and routine maintenance.

3.4.3 PREPARATION
Repeater: Mounting surface or pole capable of support chassis weight: < 37 kg (82 lb.) Power outlet within 2m / 6.5 ft. Terminate unused antenna ports with a 50 ohm terminator. Earthing point/Safety ground within 2m / 6.5 ft. Antenna: Antenna installation is covered by their respective manuals. Take normal precautions when preparing and handling feeder cables to ensure they are not damaged.

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3.4.4 WALL MOUNTING DETAILS


Fix the mounting rack to a wall with four masonary bolts (M10100). If the mounting surface is not solid enough, insert two more masonary bolts to the upper mounting rack. Raise the chassis and position it over the mounting rack, hook the equipment chassis onto the mounting rack from the upper corners. To open the chassis door, first unlock and then using the allen key, remove four socket-head bolts on each corners of the door. Four bolts (M880) secure the chassis to the mounting rack, these are accessed from the rear rack. Close the chassis cover, tighten the socket-head bolts on four corners and lock the chassis door.

Figure 21: Mounting Rack Dimension

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Figure 22: Wall Mounting Overview

3.4.5 POLE MOUNTING DETAILS


The equipment can be mounted on customer-located poles of about 60~75mm in diameter. Insert and tighten the U bolts to secure the mounting frame onto the pole. The remainder of the installation are identical to wall-mounting.

Figure 23: Pole Mounting Overview

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3.4.6 DRIP-LOOP
AVS recommends that every horizontal cable entry to the equipment forms a 'U' before its entry to the equipment. Any accumulated water on the cable will drip down at the bottom of the loop and will not climb up to the equipment.

3.4.7 EQUIPMENT CONNECTIONS


The equipment has been designed for all cable entries from the bottom of the chassis. The only exception is the RS232 connection where it is a temporary connection for equipment commissioning. Ground connection The chassis must be grounded securely. Connect a copper wire (resistance <2.5 ) to the grounding terminal on the equipment chassis, and connect the other end to a protective ground (i.e. building earth point). An internationally acceptable coloring code of the ground connection wire is green/yellow. Service voltage connection The repeater accepts single phase 220VAC 50Hz power. The recommended AC connection is rated at AC 220V, 10A and has three connections to include earth. This connection is labeled AC in. RF signal connection Connection to donor antenna and mobile antenna is below: Donor antenna cable DT port Mobile antenna cable MT port Li-ion battery connection The lithium-ion battery-pack provides back-up supply to the MCU board; an in-line connector close to the battery pack is disconnected before shipping. During installation, re-connect the in-line connector to ensure proper function of the MCU. RPS connection for commission and local management The cable (R-9122C/R-9122AC) is supplied with the equipment. It connects the serial port of the PC to the RS-232 port (DB9) on the interface board within the chassis. Although it is not necessary, it is still recommended to temporarily break the Li-ion battery connection before making the RPS connection. This minimizes the occurrence of transients causing potential damage to either the equipment or the PC.

End of section

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4 COMMISSIONING
4.1 MCU LED INDICATORS
Four diagnostic LEDs are located on the MCU, each indicates the status of a particular function: Identifier L1 L2 L3 L4 Colour Red Red Green Red Indication Online programming. This will flash when users read, set or download files via RPS Warning LED, when ON, it indicates alarm condition MCU operation. Flashing at a rate of 1 flash/sec. Any other flashing rate indicates MCU is faulty, and has to be replaced. Wireless modem status. During normal operation, it is OFF, while ON, its indicating faulty wireless modem and no communication will take place. Table 8: MCU LED

MCU Initialization Indicators L1~L4 are flashing at the time the equipment is power up, indicating the system is self-checking. About 60 seconds later, L4 turns into Off status, and L3 continues flashing, indicating the MCU is under normal operation mode, when OMT/OMC on-line connection could be implemented. But if L4 remains On, it indicates the modem initialization failed and remote commission is not available.

Figure 24: Location of MCU and LED

4.2 EQUIPMENT POWER-UP


Before applying power, check that the expected voltage, current, and power levels do not violate any ratings. Double check all connections before applying power. Do not manipulate circuits or make changes with power applied.

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4.3 REPEATER PC SOFTWARE (RPS)


AVS RPS software is based on Windows operation system, and is designed for monitoring and maintaining of AVS repeaters and boosters. RPS is an online software program with an intuitive graphical interface that simplifies control and installation of the repeater. The RPS is a graphical interface to the repeaters MCU. It reads commands and attributes from the repeaters MCU and displays them in an intuitive layout. This eliminates the need to learn commands and attributes for controlling the repeater. Login to the repeater can be made by one or two means: RPS software running on a local PC with serial connection to the equipment AVS OMC software with remote connection to the equipment over wire/wireless telecommunication network (optional). As soon as the RPS is connected the RPS main window will appear, click Online in the window, the RPS constantly polls the repeater for parameters such as power supply levels, input and output levels, temperature, traffic, etc. The RPS software can accomplish the following functions: To configure and adjust the repeaters operating parameters Display the repeaters internal operation status Display the input field level and output power RPS firmware download

Figure 25: RPS Main Screen- RF Parameters

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4.4 NON-VOLATILE MEMORY


A non-volatile storage device on the MCU holds the configuration of the equipment, the following information are preserved in the event of power-loss: Repeater configuration Repeater number Device number SMS center number Alarm dial-up number AVS OMC inquiry number Remote communication mode Operating parameters Master ATT Assistant ATT PA soft on/off Oscillation elimination on/off Maximum output power (output power thresholds) Channel field Alarm thresholds Temperature thresholds VSWR Single carrier Multiple carrier

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4.5 PREPARATION FOR REMOTE CONNECTION OF RPS USING WIRELESS MODEM


A factory installed wireless modem with the equipment provides the option of remote connection of the equipment by RPS. The wireless modem implements the link for data and SMS. The power cable and data wire has already been connected to the wireless modem, customer only need to insert the SIM card into the wireless modem.

Figure 26: Wireless modem The requirement for SIM is data enabled and without PIN code. To insert or replace the SIM, locate and press down the recessed button to eject the SIM carrier. Insert the SIM and push-back the carrier until it is latched in place.

4.6 CONNECTING RPS TO EQUIPMENT


RPS communicates to the equipment by either a direct serial link or remotely by a wireless modem. 1. Connect the local PC to the equipment by RS-232 commission cable (labeled R-9122C or R-9122AC) supplied, one end connects to the RS-232 port (DB9) on the interface board within the equipment, the other to the serial port of PC. Power-up the equipment, and it will go through the initialization process (duration about 60~120s). After initialization, select System -> Connect -> Local connection -> OK Select Com-Setting -> Serial Port Setting to verify communication port configuration.

2. 3. 4.

Note: the default settings are: baud rate (9600), check bit (None), data bits (8 bits), and stop bit (1 digit).

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Select Ok the main window will appear, then select Online within the RPS main window, a pop-up message Online Ok will be followed. For remote connection, select the desired communication port and click Ok button, the modem will be initialized. When modem initialization completes, click Online in the RPS main window, the following box will appear.

Enter the correct phone number and click Dial, wait until the system indicates Online Ok. In the event of connection failure, a connection prompt will appear on the screen, proceed to verify the following and re-try the connection: Check the power connection Check serial port selection Check speed setting for the port Check whether the mains voltage is normal, and whether the repeater is switched on. Check whether the site ID is correct (when connection to OMC).

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4.7 LOCAL COMMISSIONING


4.7.1 USING RPS SOFTWARE
After installing RPS software on the PC (see 7.5 APPENDIX E), connection to the equipment can be done locally or remotely. With RPS executing on the local PC and connected to the equipment, select Network Parameter, then select online from the main window to enter the screen for equipment configuration and data inquiry. At this stage Online OK! message will appear.

Figure 28: RPS Screenshot Online Ok

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4.7.2 DESCRIPTION OF PARAMETERS


The parameters being described are applicable to AVS BSR 933 C equipment having power 0.5W and 2W.

4.7.2.1 NETWORK PARAMETERS


The following parameters are located on the left of the main screen, these include: Device ID, SMS and data link parameters, all of enables communication with the OMC located in a Network Operation Centre. DEVICE ID SMS ALARM REPORT The identification of each site to the OMC, a six digit number is typically used. Specifies the SMS centre the system dial when alarms are to be sent as SMS. The OMC report number specifies a number the MCU to dial for alarm reporting. In the datalink mode, alarms can be sent over the PSTN to a maximum of four PSTN numbers. Table 9: Management - Network Parameters

DATALINK ALARM REPORT

Note 1: Only one communication mode is available at one time. Green indicates active and red indicates disable. Note 2: If the alarm message has been acknowledged using RPS, then it would not be reported again.

Figure 29: RPS Screenshot- Network Parameter Window

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4.7.2.2 RF PARAMETERS
Occupying the middle of the main window are the RF parameters:
Identifier Soft On/Off Switch Application To avoid the electro-magnetic emission from the repeater in operation, by enabling/ disabling the DC power supply to the frequency selecting and amplifying module. The repeater gives out no power in this case, but other parameters are not affected. Setting 1 On' = DC power supply enabled, and the frequency selecting and amplifying module is enabled, parameters of which can be set and read. Setting 2 Initial setting

Off= no DC supply to ON frequency selecting and amplifying module. their parameters (frequency band, ATT, power, and alarm) can not be read or set.

On' = enable the function to eliminate the self-excited oscillation, this is done Off' = disable the To enable/disable the Oscillation automatically by function to eliminate the ON function that eliminates Elimination stepping down the self-excited oscillation. self-excited oscillation On/off gain when while isolation value is lower than the configured value. Uplink freq chn high edge = 88, To configure channel number, Uplink channel Channel Down channel numbers: Downlink freq numbers: High edge and allow fine tuning of number High edge and low edge chn high edge frequency in steps of 25KHz. and low edge setting = 66 0dB for both Assistant uplink / ATT setting Adjustment to the operation Master uplink / master and downlink ATT is gain for: Master uplink ATT, downlink ATT is assistant ATT, 0~15dB. 0~30dB master downlink ATT, assistant uplink ATT and assistant downlink ATT. Setting the Should the measured upper-temperature threshold temperature reach the Temperature +75c within the chassis. A threshold, the alarm is threshold measured temperature is generated. shown. Should the measured For downlink power threshold power value is lower setting ranging from +10 to than the setting, the +40dBm. A measures power Power +12dBm appropriate level is shown, and customer threshold uplink/downlink power can set power threshold alarm will be according to situation. generated. Field Intensity threshold, valid range is from 40 to 80dBm. Should the measured The measured value is shown field value is lower DL Field -55dBm than field threshold, a (DT port downlink input threshold field-low alarm is power), Customer can set field threshold according to generated. situation.

Table 10: Management - RF parameters

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4.7.2.3 EQUIPMENT RESET


In the unlikely events of false alarms being reported or software appear to run abnormally, the customer has the option to reset the equipment. Observing the read-only fields should indicate equipment reset had completed. Select System -> Device Reset followed by Yes or No

4.7.2.4 ALARM LIST


The Alarm list for the AVS BSR 933 C is shown below, these are enabled/disabled with RPS/OMC by placing a tick in the adjacent box against the required alarm condition and select Set: Alarm name UL/DL LNA alarm Power down alarm Power fault alarm Chassis Lock alarm Oscillation alarm UL/DL PA alarm Over Temperature alarm UL/DL VSWR alarm DL Output Power Low DL Output Power Over Load Band 1 UL High Edge PLL Band 1 UL Lower Edge PLL Band 2 UL High Edge PLL Band 2 UL Lower Edge PLL Band 1 DL High Edge PL Band 1 DL Lower Edge PLL Observations monitor whether uplink/downlink LNA is normal check whether the AC power supply is down check whether the power supply is at fault check whether the chassis door is closed check whether the system is in the status of self-excited oscillation check whether uplink/downlink power amplification is normal check whether the temperature in chassis is too high check whether DT/MT antenna VSWR is normal Check whether the DL output power is too low Check whether the DL output power is too high Check whether the band 1 UL edge PLL is too high Check whether the band 1 UL edge PLL is too low Check whether the band 2 UL edge PLL is too high Check whether the band 2 UL edge PLL is too low Check whether the band 1 DL edge PLL is too high Check whether the band 1 DL edge PLL is too low Table 11: Management - Alarm list

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Figure 30: RPS Screenshot: Alarm and Power Window On the RPS/OMC screen, the alarm is colour coded to indicate its status: Red indicates failure, and an alarm condition is generated. Green indicates normal, and no alarm is generated. Gray indicates null, meaning alarm can not be read (i.e. Soft ON/OFF set to Off)

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4.7.2.5 ALARM ACKNOWLEDGEMENT


As and when the designated Alarm occurs, it will be visible on RPS and/or reported to OMC. If OMC does not acknowledge after a time-out period of three minutes, the same alarm will be reported to OMC. After each time-out period, the un-acknowledged alarm will be reported again for a total of five attempts. Should the alarm is acknowledged within the time-out period, the alarm is deem acknowledged, and reporting stops. Alarm is cleared after the necessary diagnosis and rectification has been carried out, the on-screen colour indicator for the designated alarm should turn to green. Every twenty-four hours, the equipment will be reset automatically, any alarm messages held within the equipment would be cleared. For every five dial-up attempts, the equipment will be reset automatically, any alarm messages held within the equipment would be cleared. Should the Soft on/off function is OFF, then no alarm will be generated for the following conditions: Power down, power failed, chassis lock and over temp alarms.

4.7.2.6 SOFTWARE DOWNLOAD


This deals with the firmware held on the MCU, download is initiated by selecting Download in the RPS main window. The MCU firmware has its own version number. This version number is shown upper left in the RPS main window when selecting Network Parameter . Firmware update is carried out when a new version is released, the current firmware is at release V4.7.03. The repeater firmware has three main tasks: Set and configure parameters in the repeater, such as channel numbers, gain, power levels, and different report configurations Monitor and measure alarm sources, alarm parameters and repeater utilization Send reports and alarms to the repeater RPS

4.7.2.7 SOFTWARE VERSION


AVS RPS software are designed to be backward compatible. The current version number of RPS for this equipment is V1.01. It is compatible for both 0.5W and 2W version of the repeater. To view the RPS software version, select Help About in the RPS software main window.

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Figure 31: RPS Software Version The program can be installed from diskette or a CD. It is a Windows based application.

4.7.2.8 EXIT RPS


Click Quit from within the System pull-down menu within the RPS main window, select Yes, the system will exit from the RPS software.

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4.8 COMMISSIONING PROCEDURES


System commission can commence after the monitoring system has initialized. (e.g. when MCU LED L4 is off and L3 begin to flash). The commission sequence and procedure is as follow: Commissioning Tasks Observation Verify RF uplink and Locate the DT coupler at the inside left side of chassis. Measure signal downlink power from the 20dB coupling port with the DPX at the DT port to verify downlink signals from BS. Locate the MT coupler at the right side of chassis. Measure signal from the 20dB coupling port within the DPX to verify uplink signals from mobile antenna or downlink signals retransmitted by the repeater. On-line & inquiry status Enter into RPS Main window. Initialization of monitoring system will be up in about 2 minutes, at that time, on MCU L4 is off and L3 begins to flash. Click online button and inquiry the repeaters status. Go to next step if there is no alarm. Else or, check the point of failure and handle the alarm. Set site ID and telephone number Set On/off Status / Click ON of power supply in the RPS main window and set high edge and operating band/ gain low edge of the repeaters operating frequency, uplink/downlink master ATT (user can set initial value to 20~30dB) and uplink/downlink assistant ATT (factory set value is 0dB, and it is not recommended to use assistant ATT). Set monitoring system parameters Test DL input power and Observe DL input power from Field (dBm). Align the direction of donor align donor antenna antenna till the DL input power reading is maximized. Set monitoring system parameters Measuring power for UL/DL output levels Test DL output power Set the DL ATT to the optimal level to avoid saturating the DL PA or to and adjust DL ATT level satisfy designing requirement. Test coverage area field Use test-handset to verify field intensity within the coverage area. If intensity and adjust needed, re-align the mobile antenna to achieve the coverage as per mobile antenna. customer requirement. Note 1: If during operation, the equipment gain could not be set to maximum or the output power is not high enough due to influence of donor antenna and mobile antenna isolation, the value of Is should be re-calculated. If the output power has been high enough and ALC is enables, then adjust gain for the downlink branch to achieve ALC to operate within 4~7 dB. Note 2: Output power may be variable due to TDMA technology employed in GSM devices. Take the maximum value when reading parameters. Verify uplink gain and Adjust uplink gain and carryout test-call. Set the uplink gain slightly lower ensure test-call is proper than downlink gain. Then carryout test call in the coverage area while and there are no adjusting uplink gain if required. Note: If the repeater locates near the BTS interfering BS and the test-call performance is poor, this may be due to uplink noise interfere the BTS. Customers can calculate whether the repeater uplink noise interfere the BTS according to the table in APPENDIX C. Verify again theres no unacceptable interference to BTS and Isolation meets the need after test-call. Table 12: Commissioning procedures

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5 OPERATION
Following installation and commissioning, occasional operation tasks to handling alarms may be required: Alarm condition Diagnosis Power down / power fault Check AC power cable and verify AC mains supply is normal. During alarm power fault alarm, DC power supply has no output. Check if DC output power is overload or short-circuited. The PSU could be faulty. Uplink / downlink LNA, Check power and signal connections of respective modules. If the uplink / downlink PA, power and signal wire connections are OK, then the respective modules uplink / downlink high/low may be faulty. Replace the fault modules and return it to the factory for edge PLL alarms handling repair. Uplink / downlink power Eliminate alarm by correct setting of uplink/downlink power threshold low alarm The recommended power threshold is within the range of 10~40dBm. If alarm can not be cleared, check the equipment. Field low alarm Eliminate alarm by correct setting of field threshold. The recommended field threshold is within the range of 40~-80dBm. If alarm can not be cleared, check the DT antenna system. Oscillation alarm Check whether the Isolation between donor antenna and mobile antenna is large enough. Adjustment to RX/TX antennas can eliminate self-excited oscillation. Verify the (I) is 15dB larger than Gmax. Uplink / downlink VSWR Check DT antenna system if there is uplink VSWR alarm. Check MT alarm antenna system if there is downlink VSWR alarm. Over temperature alarm Eliminate alarm by correct setting of temperature threshold. If alarm can not be cleared, apply climatic protection to the equipment Door open alarm Close the chassis door Table 13: Alarms diagnosis

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6 MAINTENANCE
The AVS BSR 933 C repeater offers trouble free operation and generally does not need maintenance. The equipment operation status can be observed remotely through OMC. Periodic inspection of the repeater equipment(s) is recommended, the recommended tasks includes: Inspect and record operation status and output power of the repeater from OMC or RPS. Verify the direction and position of antennas. Re-align if necessary. Make sure the cable gland and sealing on the RF cable connectors are not damaged. Verify lightning and grounding protection are in good condition. For MCU Li-ion back-up battery, verify its state. Deeply discharged battery shall be return to AVS for replacement. A simple procedure to check Li-ion battery: after operating for 24-hours, switch off AC power supply. Measure and if the voltage of Li-on battery drops below 16V within one hour, the Li-on battery has been over-discharged.

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7 APPENDICES
7.1 APPENDIX A: TOOLS
Recommended Tools for new installation and routine maintenance Description Slotted screwdriver Philips screwdriver Electrically operated drill and masonary drill bit for 10 hole Anti-static wrist strap Ring Spanner (12~20mm) General Purpose Allen key (M5.5) Side cutter RF meter (e.g. Bird 5000)

7.2 APPENDIX B: VSWR RETURN LOSS TABLE


VSWR - Return Loss (dB) (VSWR - RL) 1.4 -- -15.5 1.5 -- -14 1.6 -- -12.8 1.7 -- -11.8 VSWR - Return VSWR - Return Loss (dB) Loss (dB) (VSWR - (VSWR - RL) RL) 1.8 -- -10.9 1.9 -- -10.2 2.0 -- -9.6 2.1 -- -9 2.2 -- -8.5 2.3 -- -8.1 2.4 -- -7.7 2.5 -- -7.4

7.3 APPENDIX C: UPLINK ATT AND NOISE LEVEL


Uplink Master ATT (dB) 0 -10 -20 -30~-40 -30~-40 -30~-40 Uplink Channel ATT (dB) 0 0 0 0 -10 -20 200KHz Noise Level (dBm) -21 -30 -37 -40 -47 -50

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7.4 APPENDIX D: CHANNEL NUMBER AND FREQUENCY TABLE


Band Channel UL freq (MHz) DL freq (MHz) Channel UL freq (MHz) DL freq (MHz)

975 976 977 978 979 980 EGSM1 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 EGSM(2) 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012

880.2 880.4 880.6 880.8 881.0 881.2 881.4 881.6 881.8 882.0 882.2 882.4 882.6 885.2 885.4 885.6 885.8 886.0 886.2 886.4 886.6 886.8 887.0 887.2 887.4 887.6

925.2 925.4 925.6 925.8 926.0 926.2 926.4 926.6 926.8 927.0 927.2 927.4 927.6 930.2 930.4 930.6 930.8 931.0 931.2 931.4 931.6 931.8 932.0 932.2 932.4 932.6

988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 0

882.8 883.0 883.2 883.4 883.6 883.8 884.0 884.2 884.4 884.6 884.8 885.0 887.8 888.0 888.2 888.4 888.6 888.8 889.0 889.2 889.4 889.6 889.8 890.0

927.8 928.0 928.2 928.4 928.6 928.8 929.0 929.2 929.4 929.6 929.8 930.0 932.8 933.0 933.2 933.4 933.6 933.8 934.0 934.2 934.4 934.6 934.8 935.0

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UL freq (MHz) 890.2 890.4 890.6 890.8 891.0 891.2 891.4 891.6 891.8 892.0 892.2 892.4 892.6 892.8 893.0 893.2 893.4 893.6 893.8 894.0 894.2 894.4 894.6 894.8 895.0 895.2 895.4 895.6 895.8 896.0 DL freq (MHz) 935.2 935.4 935.6 935.8 936.0 936.2 936.4 936.6 936.8 937.0 937.2 937.4 937.6 937.8 938.0 938.2 938.4 938.6 938.8 939.0 939.2 939.4 939.6 939.8 940.0 940.2 940.4 940.6 940.8 941.0 UL freq (MHz) 902.6 902.8 903.0 903.2 903.4 903.6 903.8 904.0 904.2 904.4 904.6 904.8 905.0 905.2 905.4 905.6 905.8 906.0 906.2 906.4 906.6 906.8 907.0 907.2 907.4 907.6 907.8 908.0 908.2 908.4 DL freq (MHz) 947.6 947.8 948.0 948.2 948.4 948.6 948.8 949.0 949.2 949.4 949.6 949.8 950.0 950.2 950.4 950.6 950.8 951.0 951.2 951.4 951.6 951.8 952.0 952.2 952.4 952.6 952.8 953.0 953.2 953.4

Band

Channel 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

Channel 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92

PGSM

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PGSM

31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62

896.2 896.4 896.6 896.8 897.0 897.2 897.4 897.6 897.8 898.0 898.2 898.4 898.6 898.8 899.0 899.2 899.4 899.6 899.8 900.0 900.2 900.4 900.6 900.8 901.0 901.2 901.4 901.6 901.8 902.0 902.2 902.4

941.2 941.4 941.6 941.8 942.0 942.2 942.4 942.6 942.8 943.0 943.2 943.4 943.6 943.8 944.0 944.2 944.4 944.6 944.8 945.0 945.2 945.4 945.6 945.8 946.0 946.2 946.4 946.6 946.8 947.0 947.2 947.4

93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124

908.6 908.8 909.0 909.2 909.4 909.6 909.8 910.0 910.2 910.4 910.6 910.8 911.0 911.2 911.4 911.6 911.8 912.0 912.2 912.4 912.6 912.8 913.0 913.2 913.4 913.6 913.8 914.0 914.2 914.4 914.6 914.8

953.6 953.8 954.0 954.2 954.4 954.6 954.8 955.0 955.2 955.4 955.6 955.8 956.0 956.2 956.4 956.6 956.8 957.0 957.2 957.4 957.6 957.8 958.0 958.2 958.4 958.6 958.8 959.0 959.2 959.4 959.6 959.8

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7.5 APPENDIX E: RPS INSTALLATION AND UN-INSTALLATION


Operation and Maintenance Terminal (RPS) is windows-based software designed for the control and maintenance of AVS repeaters. Installed in a PC, it performs the operation on the repeater either by local connection via RS232 cable or remote connection via line/ wireless modem. Main Functions in RPS: To configure and adjust the repeaters operating parameters To check the repeaters operating status To configure and detect the software network parameters Firmware download Part A: Environment for RPS operation Before installation of RPS, ensure the following requirements for running RPS software are met. a) Minimal Hardware Requirements: CPU : Pentium 2 processor at 300MHz or above RAM 128MB or above HDD 2GB MB or above RPS installation CD VGA 14 inch, with 800600 resolution Modem (either type may be used) Wireline modem: 56K modem, RJ11 telephone cord, RS-232 serial cable, PSU Wireless modem: Wavecom wireless modem, SIM card supporting datalink and SMS functions, optional antenna for wireless modem, RS232 cable from modem to PC, wireless modem PSU. Factory supplied serial cable (labeled "9122) b) Operating System (OS) Requirements: English version of the following OS has been tested: Win98 SE Win Me Windows NT Workstation / Windows NT Server Windows 2000 Professional with SP1, SP2, SP3, SP4 Windows 2000 Server Edition with SP1, SP2, SP3 Windows XP Professional with SP1 Our recommendation is: Windows 2000 Professional with SP3 or SP4.

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Insert the installation CD of RPS V1.01 into the CD-ROM, and double click the setup icon the welcome box will appear, shown as follow.

Select Next, a box for selecting destination location show up. Select Browse and choose the desired destination folder.

Select Next to continue. After that the RPS installation is complete with the following box indicated.

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At this stage, the AVS icon Part C : RPS un-installation

will appear on the desktop.

To uninstall RPS from the PC, follow the following steps: Double click the Setup.exe icon, select Remove -> next, or select Start -> Program -> Dual Band Selective Repeater -> Un-installation to commence un-installation. Follow on-screen until the following appears. Click Ok, this RPS software will be un-installed from the PC.

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