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ITU/BDT Arab Regional Workshop on 4G Wireless Systems - Tunisia 2010

ITU/BDTArab Regional W k h ITU/BDT A b R i l Workshopon 4GWirelessSystems y


LTETechnology

Session1:Evolution path towards 4G


Technology volution and Regulation TechnologyEvolution andRegulation
Speakers Date M.Lazhar BELHOUCHET M.HakimEBDELLI M Hakim EBDELLI 27 29January 2010

Evolution path towards 4G

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ITU/BDT Arab Regional Workshop on 4G Wireless Systems - Tunisia 2010

Agenda
Terminology DriversofMobileNetworksEvolution EnablersofMobileNetworksEvolution Enablers of Mobile Networks Evolution ITUWork:Spectrum,StudyGroups, RecommandationsandSchedule R d i dS h d l

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Terminology
Throughput: thegrossbitrate thatistransferredphysically Goodput: theapplication level throughput, i.e. the throughput,i.e.the numberofuseful bits perunit oftimeforwardedbythe networkfromacertain network from a certain sourceaddresstoacertain destination, excluding protocoloverhead, e cl ding protocol o erhead andexcludingretransmitted datapackets
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Goodput 7. Application 6. Presentation 5. Session 4. Transport 3. Network 2. Data Link 1. Physical Throughput 7. Application 6. 6 Presentation 5. Session 4. Transport 3. Network 2. Data Link 1. Physical

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Terminology Cont.
Capacity:itsthemaximumnumberofusersorthetotaldatathroughput anetworkcansupportreliably.Itreliesontrafficloading,trafficpatterns, cellsiteequipmentcapability,andhardwaredimensioning. MultipleAccesstechnique:defineshowterminalstransmitoverthe sametransmissionmediumandshareitscapacity.Examples: p y p Circuitmodechannelaccessmethods:FDMA,TDMA,CDMA,SDMA, OFDMA Contentionbased multipleaccessmethods:Aloha,CSMA/CD b d l l h d l h / (Ethernet),CSMA/CA, multiplexing :isa process wheremultiplesignals/streamsarecombined p g p p g / intoonesignaloverasharedmedium:FDM,TDM Dupplexingtechniques:definehowtodivideULandDLcommunication channelsonthesamephysicalcommunicationmedium channels on the same physical communication medium
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Terminology Cont.
CellSpectralefficiency:theaggregatethroughputofallusers(the numberofcorrectlyreceivedbits)dividedbythechannelbandwidth dividedbythenumberofcells.Thechannelbandwidthisdefinedas theeffectivebandwidthtimesthefrequencyreusefactor.It's measuredinbit/s/Hz/cell. Thepeakspectralefficiencyisthehighesttheoreticaldatarate (normalisedbybandwidth),whichisthereceiveddatabitsassuming error freeconditionsassignabletoasinglemobilestation,whenall errorfree conditions assignable to a single mobile station when all availableradioresourcesforthecorrespondinglinkdirectionare utilised FrequencyReusefactor:istherateatwhichthesamefrequencycan f h h h h f beusedinthenetwork.Itis1/KwhereKisthenumberofcellswhich cannotusethesamefrequenciesfortransmission.
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Terminology Cont.
Controlplane(CPlane)latencyis l l ( l )l typicallymeasuredasthe transitiontimefromdifferent connectionmodes,e.g.,fromidle toactivestate. Userplanelatency:(alsoknown User plane latency : (also known astransportdelay)isthetransit time betweenapacketbeing availableattheIPlayerinthe available at the IP layer in the userterminal/basestationand theavailabilityofthispacketatIP layerinthebasestation/user l i h b i / terminal.

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DriversofTechnology Evolution(MobileNetworks)
Higher bitratestomeet userdemands andsupportmore services Betterspectralefficiency Morecapacity More capacity Better Mobility andRoaming Better quality of service ofservice Less delay (latency) Simplified architecture Lowercosts Use of new spectrum opportunities Useofnewspectrumopportunities www.cert.nat.tn Evolutionpathtowards4G 7

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EnablersofTechnology Evolution(MobileNetworks)

Terminals:Laptops,Phoneswithcamera Costofnetworkequipmentsisdecreasing Services: video (video sharing websites), e Services:video(videosharingwebsites),e Government,PeertoPeer(torrents)

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TechnologyEvolution
The evolution of wireless telephone technologies can be yg p g discretely grouped into various generations based on the level of maturity of the underlying technology. The classification into generations is not standardized on any given metrics or parameters and as such does not represent a strict demarcation. It represents a perspective which is commonly agreed upon, both by industry and academia, and hence conceived to be an unwritten standard standard.

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TechnologyEvolution Cont.
Generation Family/Standardization body Technologies Features Mobil./Roam Throughput Capacity Services

1G (1981) ETSI/3GPP 3GPP2 Other GSM/3GPP / 3GPP 3GPP2 3GPP 3GPP2

NMT,AMPS,TACS NMT AMPS TACS

Extended coverage,Bad coverage Bad quality,drops Bettermobility, Roaming,Better quality,SMS+ lowbitrate date PSdata Higherdatarate, PSdata Higherdata rates,Global roaming

GSM andGSM/CSD CdmaOne (IS95AandB) DAMPS (IS54 and IS 136), PDC, PHS GPRS, HSCSD

2G (1991 95) 2.5G (1999 (1999 00) 2.75G (2000) 3G (IMT 2000) (2002 03)

EDGE/EGPRS CDMA20001xRTT (IS2000) ( ) UMTS :WCDMA,TDCDMA, TDSCDMA CDMA20001xEVDO (IS856)

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TechnologyEvolution Cont.
Generation Family/Standard. body Technologies Features Mobil./Roam Throughp Capacit Service ut y s

3.5G 3 5G (2005 present) 3.75G (2007 present) 3.9G (2010)

3GPP 3GPP2 3GPP 3GPP2 3GPP Other

HSDPA, HSDPA HSUPA EVDORev.A HSPA+ CDMA2000 3x (EVDO Rev.B) 3GPPLTE IEEE802.16e 2005, FlashOFDM, IEEE 802.20 ?

Higherdatarates, Higher data rates lesslatency,more capacity Higherdatarates, Higher data rates morecapacity

4G (IMT Advanced)

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TechnologyEvolution Throughput
3.9 G Typicalbitratepercarrier
350000 300000 250000 200000 kb/s 150000 100000 50000 0 1.2 9.6 104 39 9.6 200 270 384 153 3072 144400 326400

Wifi

1G

2G

2.5G

3G

96000

3.9G
14400

54000

39000

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GSM/GPRS/EDGE mainfeatures
GSM: GSM
Dup./Channelaccess:FDD/FTDMA ChannelBandwidth:200KHz SpeechCoding:FR,EFR,HR,AMRFR,AMR Speech Coding: FR EFR HR AMR FR AMR HR MaxBitrate:14.4 kbit/s(Data) channeldatarate:270.833 kbit/s Services:voice,SMS,CSdata NewPSdomain Sevices :+Internet,WAP,MMS,PTT Bitrates[kb/s]:CS1(9.05kbit/s),CS2(13.4), CS3(15.6),CS4(21.4) BTSneedstobeupgradedtosupportEDGE Modulations:GMSK+8PSK MCS:8.80 59.2kb/s:473.6kbit/sfor8TS Sevices :+video

GPRS:Rel 97

EDGE(IMT SingleCarrier):(Rel98) EDGE (IMT Single Carrier): (Rel 98)


EvolvedEDGE(3GPPRel 7) Bitrates:1.3Mbpsinthedownlinkand Bitrates : 1 3Mbps in the downlink and 653Kbpsintheuplink Modulations:32QAMand16QAM Dualantennas

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UMTS mainfeatures
3G 3GPPRel 99/ l l 99/Rel4
Mutiple accessmethod:CDMA Dupplexing method:FDDandTDD ChannelBandwidth:5MHz/1.6MHz Channel Bandwidth : 5 MHz/1 6 MHz Chiprate:3.84Mcps/ 1.28Mcps SpeechCoding:AMR Modulation:QPSK Userbitrates:384kbit/sPS,64kbit/sCS Servcies :+moble TV,video calling HSDPA:16QAM,14.4Mbit/sinDL HSUPA:5.76Mbit/s DLMIMO,DL64QAM,UL16QAM, Peakdatarates:28Mbit/sinDL,11.5 Mbit/sinUL
Evolutionpathtowards4G

3GPPRel 5 3GPPRel 6 3GPPRel 7HSPA+ 3GPP R l 8 3GPPRel


42.2Mbit/sinthedownlink

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WhyMoveTowards4G?
Limitationtomeetexpectationsofapplicationslikemultimedia, , , g fullmotion,video,wirelessteleconferencing WiderBandwidth Difficulttomoveandinteroperateduetodifferentstandards hampering SeamlessRoaming Globalmobilityandserviceportability Primarily Cellular (WAN) with distinct LANs; need a new PrimarilyCellular(WAN)withdistinctLANs ;needanew integratednetwork pp y g p y Limitationsinapplyingrecentadvancesinspectrallymore efficientmodulationschemes NeedalldigitalnetworktofullyutilizeIPandconvergedvideo anddata www.cert.nat.tn Evolutionpathtowards4G 15

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ITUWork
ITURadiocommunicationAssemblyapprovedQuestionITUR / p y 2292/5 onthefuturedevelopmentofIMT2000andsystems beyondIMT2000. ThatQuestionasksgenerallyabouttheoverallobjectivesand thetechnical,operationalandspectrumissuesrelatedtothe futuredevelopmentofIMT2000andsystemsbeyondIMT 2000. 2000 Oneoftheinitialstepsintheprocessofaddressingthis QuestionisproducingtheRecommendationonthe Question is producing the Recommendation on the frameworkofthefuturedevelopmentofIMT2000and y y ( ) systemsbeyondIMT2000(ITURRECM.1645).
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ITUWork RESOLUTIONITUR56
Specifiesthenomenclatureforthefuturedevelopmentof y y IMT2000andsystemsbeyondIMT2000: 1. thetermIMT2000encompassesalsoitsenhancements andfuturedevelopments1; 2. thetermIMTAdvancedbeappliedtothosesystems, systemcomponents,andrelatedaspectsthatincludenew radiointerface(s)thatsupportthenewcapabilitiesof systemsbeyondIMT20002;and 3. h 3 thetermIMTistherootnamethatencompassesboth IMT i h h b h IMT2000andIMTAdvancedcollectively.
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ITURWork ResolutionITUR57
ITURprocessofdevelopingITURRecommendationsfortheterrestrial componentsoftheIMTAdvancedradiointerface(s)isguidedby ResolutionITUR57 ResolutionITUR57Resolves:
to define minimum technical requirements and evaluation criteria, based on todefineminimumtechnicalrequirementsandevaluationcriteria,basedon theframeworkandoverallobjectivesofIMTAdvanced,thatsupportthenew capabilitiesexpressedinRecommendationITURM.1645; to invite Members of ITUR and other organizations through a circular letter toinviteMembersofITU Randotherorganizations,throughacircularletter, toproposecandidateradiointerfacetechnologiesforIMTAdvanced; toevaluatebyITURoftheradiointerfacetechnologiesproposedfor IMTAdvancedtoensurethattheymeettherequirementsandcriteriadefined IMT Advanced to ensure that they meet the requirements and criteria defined tobuiltconsensuswiththeobjectiveofachievingharmonizationwhichwould havethepotentialforwideindustrysupportoftheradiointerfacesthatare developedforIMTAdvanced; developed for IMT Advanced;
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ITURWork StudyGroups
StudyGroup1(SG1) Spectrum management StudyGroup3(SG3) Radiowave propagation StudyGroup4(SG4) Satelliteservices StudyGroup5(SG5) Terrestrialservices StudyGroup6(SG6) Broadcasting service StudyGroup7(SG7) Scienceservices CoordinationCommitteeforVocabulary (CCV) ConferencePreparatoryMeeting(CPM) C f P t M ti (CPM) SpecialCommittee(SC) StudyGroup5(SG5) g y WorkingParty5A(WP5A) Landmobileservice excludingIMT;amateurandamateursatellite service WorkingParty5B(WP5B) Maritimemobile serviceincludingGlobalMaritimeDistressand service including Global Maritime Distress and SafetySystem(GMDSS);aeronauticalmobile serviceandradiodetermination service WorkingParty5C(WP5C) Fixedwireless systems;HFandothersystemsbelow30MHzin thefixedandlandmobileservices WorkingParty5D(WP5D) IMTSystems JointTaskGroup56 Studiesontheuseofthe Joint Task Group 5 6 Studies on the use of the band790862MHzbymobileapplicationsandby otherservices

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ITURWork IMTAdvancedKeyfeatures
PublishedinITURRECM.1645(radioaccessnetwork)andITUTRecommendation ITUTQ.1702(corenetwork): highdegreeofcommonalityoffunctionalityworldwidewhileretainingthe h hd f l ff l ld d h l h flexibilitytosupportawiderangeofservicesandapplicationsinacostefficient manner; compatibilityofserviceswithinIMTandwithfixednetworks; capabilityofinterworkingwithotherradioaccesssystems; highqualitymobileservices; g q y ; userequipmentsuitableforworldwideuse; userfriendlyapplications,servicesandequipment; worldwideroamingcapability;and, worldwide roaming capability; and enhancedpeakdataratestosupportadvancedservicesandapplications(100 Mbit/sforhighand1Gbit/sforlowmobilitywereestablishedastargetsfor research). h)
Evolutionpathtowards4G

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ITURWork CircularLetter5/LCCE/2
7March2008:Invitationforsubmissionofproposalsforcandidateradiointerface technologiesfortheterrestrialcomponentsoftheradiointerface(s)forIMT Advancedandinvitationtoparticipateintheirsubsequentevaluation Advanced and invitation to participate in their subsequent evaluation ThepurposeofthisCircularLetteristoinvitethesubmissionofproposalsfor candidateradiointerfacetechnologies(RITs)orasetofRITs(SRITs)forthe terrestrialcomponentsofIMTAdvanced. t ti l t f IMT Ad d ThisCircularLetteralsoinitiatesanongoingprocesstoevaluatethecandidateRITs orSRITsforIMTAdvanced,andinvitestheformationofindependentevaluation groupsandthesubsequentsubmissionofevaluationreportsonthesecandidate d h b b i i f l i h did RITsorSRITs. WithintheITUR,theworkonIMTAdvancedwillbeconductedinITU RadiocommunicationStudyGroup5(SG5).WorkingParty5D(WP5D)ofSG5has ( ) ( ) f beenidentifiedasthegroupresponsibleforthiswork.

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ITURWorkMinimumtechnicalrequirements andEvaluationcriteria and Evaluation criteria


Spectralefficiency:
i :numberofcorrectlyreceivedbitsbyuseri (downlink)orfromuseri (uplink)ina systemcomprisingauserpopulationofN usersandM cells. ii l i fN d M ll :channelbandwidth T :thetimeoverwhichthedatabitsarereceived.

Test T t environment i t Indoor Microcellular Base coverage urban High speed

Downlink (bit/s/Hz/cell) D li k (bit/ /H / ll) 3 2.6 2.2 1.1

Uplink (bit/ /H / ll) U li k (bit/s/Hz/cell) 2.25 1.80 1.4 0.7

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ITURWorkMinimumtechnicalrequirements andEvaluationcriteria and Evaluation criteria


Peakspectralefficiency
D Downlinkpeakspectralefficiencyis15bit/s/Hz li k k t l ffi i i 15 bit/ /H Uplinkpeakspectralefficiencyis6.75bit/s/Hz.

Bandwidth
Upto100MHz

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ITURWorkMinimumtechnicalrequirements andevaluationcriteria and evaluation criteria


Celledgeuserspectralefficiency:
Thecelledgeuserspectralefficiencyisdefinedas5%pointofthe g p y %p cumulativedistributionfunction(CDF)ofthenormalizeduser throughput
i : number of correctly received bits of user i :numberofcorrectlyreceivedbitsofuseri, Ti :activesessiontimeforuseri :channelbandwidth Test environment Indoor Microcellular Base coverage urban High speed Downlink (bit/s/Hz/cell)
0.1 0.075 0.06 0.04

Uplink (bit/s/Hz/cell)
0.07 0.05 0.03 0.015

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ITURWorkMinimumtechnicalrequirements andevaluationcriteria and evaluation criteria Latency Controlplanelatency


<100ms:fromidlestatetoan activestate

Userplanelatency
l lessthan10ms i th 10 inunloadedconditions l d d diti

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ITURWorkMinimumtechnicalrequirements andevaluationcriteria and evaluation criteria Mobility


Thefollowingclassesofmobilityaredefined: The following classes of mobility are defined:
Stationary:0km/h Pedestrian:>0km/hto10km/h Vehicular:10to120km/h V hi l 10 t 120 k /h Highspeedvehicular:120to350km/h

Mobilityclassesthatshallbesupportedintherespectivetestenvironment. Testenvironments
Indoor Microcellular Base coverage urban High speed

Mobility supported

classes

Stationary, pedestrian

Stationary, pedestrian, Vehicular (up to 30 km/h)


Evolutionpathtowards4G

Stationary, pedestrian, vehicular

High speed vehicular, vehicular

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ITURWorkMinimumtechnicalrequirements andevaluationcriteria and evaluation criteria


Amobilityclassissupportedifthetrafficchannellinkdatarate, normalizedbybandwidth,ontheuplink,isasshowninTablebelow,when normalized by bandwidth on the uplink is as shown in Table below when theuserismovingatthemaximumspeedinthatmobilityclassineachof thetestenvironments.
Bit/s/Hz Indoor Microcellular Base coverage urban High speed 1.0 0.75 0.55 0.25 Speed (km/h) 10 30 120 350

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ITURWorkMinimumtechnicalrequirements andevaluationcriteria and evaluation criteria Handover


Handover type Intra-frequency Intra frequency Inter-frequency within a spectrum band between spectrum bands Interruption time (ms) 27.5 27 5 40 60

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ITURWorkMinimumtechnicalrequirements andevaluationcriteria and evaluation criteria VoIPCapacity


Test environment Indoor Microcellular Base coverage urban High speed Min VoIP capacity (Active (A ti users/sector/MHz) / t /MH ) 50 40 40 30

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ITURWork Timeschedule

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ITURWork developmentprocess

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ITURWork developmentprocess Cont.

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ITU/BDT Arab Regional Workshop on 4G Wireless Systems - Tunisia 2010

ITURWork Receivedproposals
Doc.IMTADV/4 AcknowledgementofcandidatesubmissionfromIEEEunder Step3oftheIMTAdvancedprocess(IEEEtechnology) Doc.IMTADV/5 AcknowledgementofcandidatesubmissionfromJapanunder / k l d f dd b f d Step3oftheIMTAdvancedprocess(IEEEtechnology) Doc.IMTADV/6 AcknowledgementofcandidatesubmissionfromJapanunder Step3oftheIMTAdvancedprocess(3GPPtechnology) Doc.IMTADV/7 AcknowledgementofcandidatesubmissionfromTTAunderStep 3oftheIMTAdvancedprocess(IEEEtechnology) Doc.IMTADV/8 Acknowledgementofcandidatesubmissionfrom3GPP proponent(3GPPorganizationpartnersofARIB,ATIS,CCSA,ETSI,TTAANDTTC) underStep3oftheIMTAdvancedprocess(3GPPtechnology) Doc.IMTADV/9 AcknowledgementofcandidatesubmissionfromChina(Peoples Republicof)underStep3oftheIMTAdvancedprocess(3GPPtechnology

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ITURWork EvaluationGroups
ARIBEvaluationGroup l ATISWTSC CanadianEvaluationGroup(CEG) Canadian Evaluation Group (CEG) ChineseEvaluationGroup(ChEG) ETSI IsraeliEvaluationGroup(IEG) RussianEvaluationGroup(REG) WINNER+ WINNER TCOEIndia d TR45 TTAPG707 TTA PG707 UADE,InstitutodeTecnologa (Argentina) WiMAXForumEvaluationGroup (WFEG) WirelessCommunications Wireless Communications AssociationInternational(WCAI)

Evaluation Reports :The evaluation reports will be made available on WP 5D Website. Website They will also be prepared as inputs to Working Party 5D 5D.
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ITURWork WorkshopsonIMTAdvanced 1stWorkshoponIMTAdvanced Kyoto,22 May2007 M 2007 2ndWorkshoponIMTAdvanced Seoul,7 October2008 3rd Workshop on IMT Advanced Dresden 15 3rdWorkshoponIMTAdvanced Dresden,15 October2009

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ITURWork WebpageforIMTAdvanced
TheRadiocommunicationBureauhasestablishedanIMT p g ( p // / /g / g Advancedwebpage(http://www.itu.int/ITUR/go/rsg5imt advanced/)tofacilitatethedevelopmentofproposalsandthe workoftheevaluationgroups. TheIMTAdvancedwebpage:
Providesdetailsoftheprocessforthesubmissionofproposals IncludetheRITandSRITsubmissions, I l d th RIT d SRIT b i i Containsevaluationgroupcontactinformation, Containsevaluationreportsandotherrelevantinformationonthe developmentofIMTAdvanced.

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ITUWork Spectrum
WARC92identifiedthebandsforIMT2000(andIMTAdvancedtoo):
18852025MHz 21102200MHz 2 1102 200 MHz 806960MHz 17101885MHz 25002690 20MHzintheband450470MHz(globally) 72MHzintheband790862MHzforRegion1(Europe)and3(Asia) 164MHzintheband698862MHzforRegion2(Americas) 100MHzintheband2.32.4GHz(globally) 200MHzintheband3.43.6GHz(noglobalallocation,butacceptedbymanycountries) 200 MH i th b d 3 4 3 6 GH ( l b l ll ti b t t db ti )

WRC2000identifiedthebandsforIMT2000(andIMTAdvancedtoo):

WRC07AdditionalspectrumwasallocatedforIMTsystemsinvariousnewbands:

Note:Thisspectrumwillnotbeavailableimmediately,butopenedtothemarketfollowing transitionperiodsofseveralyears.

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LTEadoption
Commercialnetworks:
December 14 2009 the first commercial LTE deployment in December14,2009,:thefirstcommercialLTEdeploymentin StockholmandOslobyTeliaSonera.
networkinfrastructure:Huawei(inOslo)andEricsson(inStockholm) introductorytest:TCPgoodputof42.8Mbit/sDLand5.3Mbit/sUL

Carriersadoption
MostcarrierssupportingGSMorHSUPAnetworkscanbeexpectedto upgradetheirnetworkstoLTE:AT&TMobility,TMobile,Vodafone,France
Tlcom,Telefnica,TelecomItaliaMobile, Tlcom, Telefnica, Telecom Italia Mobile

MostoperatorsofnetworksbaseduponCDMAsystemhavealso announcedtheirintenttomigratetoLTE: VerizonWireless,China


Telecom/ChinaUnicom,Japan s Telecom/China Unicom Japan's KDDI
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Conclusion
4Gdevelopment processisongoing LTEisanevolved3Gtechnology(IMT2000) LTEAdvanced is Not Yet 4G but a 4G LTE AdvancedisNotYet4Gbuta4G technologycandidate(IMTAdvanced)

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Thanks for your Attention foryour

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