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Gabriella Tarjn and Lszl P. Kollr

Dept. of Mechanics, Materials and Structures, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, H-1521 Budapest, Megyetem rpt. 3. Hungary

KEYWORDS: buckling, plate, elastic support, shear load, linearly varying load INTRODUCTION When thin-walled composite beams or columns are subjected to axial load, bending or transverse loads, their walls may buckle locally. Local buckling analysis of members can be performed by modeling the wall segments as long orthotropic plates and by assuming that the edges common to two or more plates remain straight [1, 2, 5]. The rotation of the long edges is restrained by the adjacent wall segments. A conservative estimate of the local buckling load can be obtained if the restraining effect is neglected and the long edges (common to two or more plates) are assumed to be simply supported. Buckling loads of simply supported long plates subjected to axial load, linearly varying load (bending) and shear load (Fig. 1) are available in the literature [3]. More accurate solutions can be obtained if the restraining effects are taken into account. Nxy,cr Nxb,cr Nx,cr


( b)


Fig. 1. Uniform compression (a), linearly varying compression (b) and shear (c) of a plate

Buckling loads of long plates with restrained edges subjected to axial load, are also available in the literature [3], however no solutions are available for long plates subjected to bending or shear. These cases are important for calculating the web buckling of beams subjected to bending or transverse loads, and hence it will be treated in this paper. LONG PLATES WITH RESTRAINED EDGES Depending on the configuration of the restraining wall, two kinds of restraining effects must be considered [4]: either both edges are attached to adjacent walls or one of the long edges is free (Fig 2). In the first case the restraining effect is equivalent to that of a rotational spring: w M y = ( )k , (1) y while in the second case it is equivalent to the effect of a torsional stiffener: , (2) xy 2 where k = rotational spring stiffness, GIt = rotational stiffness of the stiffener (the calculations are given in [4]), My = is the restraining moment, w = deflection, x = longitudinal coordinate, and y = coordinate perpendicular to the long edges.
M y = ( )GI t 3w

k k (a) (b)


Fig. 2. Web with restrained edges. The restraining wall segment may have (a) two edges attached to adjacent walls or (b) one edge is free

k1 or GI1 x k2 or GI2 Lx

Fig. 3. Plate with restrained edges

RESULTS Explicit expressions are developed for the buckling analyses of rectangular (long) plates (Fig.3): for uniform compression (Fig. 1a) new results are presented when the longitudinal edges are rotationally constrained; for linearly varying axial load (Fig. 1b) the known results for hinged supports are corrected and new results are presented for constrained and built-in edges; for shear load (Fig. 1c) new results are presented for constrained edges.

The results are based on the Rayleigh-Ritz method. REFERENCES 1. Bank, L. C. Composites for construction, J. Wiley & Sons. Hobken, 2006. 2. Bleich, F. Buckling of metal structures, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1952. 3. Kollr, L. P., and Springer, G. Mechanics of composite structures, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2003. 4. Kollr, L. P. Local buckling of fiber reinforced plastic composite members with open and closed cross sections. J. Struct. Eng., 129(11), pp. 1503-1513. 2003. 5. Mottram, J. T. Determination of critical load for flange buckling in concentrically loaded pultruded columns, Composites Part B: Engineering, 35(1), pp. 35-47. 2004.