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MTI (MOVING TARGET INDICATOR)

Contents
Introduction of MTI Principle of MTI MTI filter and operation Problem and solution Pulse doppler radar

Introduction of MTI
MTI detects only moving objects Cl Clutter should b removed f d h ld be d for detecting d i d moving targets i desired i MTI cant estimate of targets velocity

Normal video

MTI video

Clutter

Received pulse and data collection

Principle of MTI
I or Q channel s channels samples

Receiver

A/D Converter

I&Q channel

MTI Filter

Samples of moving target

Samples of clutter

Principle of MTI

MTI filter

Clutter PSD
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Two pulse canceller

h t t t T
H 1 e
1 jT

H 1 e
2 1

MTI filter frequency response

1 e 2 1 cos T 4 sin T / 2
jT jT 2

MTI filter

Two pulse canceller

Three pulse canceller


Three pulse canceller

h t t 2 t T t 2T
2

H 1 2e
2

j T

e
2

j2 T

H H H
2
2 1 1

H 16 sin T / 2
2 2

MTI filter operation

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Blind speed

Blind speed occur when PRF equals the doppler frequency of target

Target Spectrum

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Staggered PRF

Using multiple PRFs allows targets, whose radial velocity corresponds to the blind speed at 1 PRF to be detected at another PRF PRF, Use of staggered PRFs does not allow MTI cancellation of 2nd time around clutter

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Pulse Doppler Radar


Doppler Filter Bank
M i Moving t targets can b separated f t be t d from moving clutter i a filt b k i l tt in filter bank A measure of the targets radial velocity can be obtained

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MTI and Pulse Doppler Radar


Moving Target Indicator (MTI) Radar
Detect moving targets i Small number of pulses typically used
Two to three pulses

N estimate of targets velocity No i f l i

Pulsed Doppler (PD) Radar


Suppress clutter with a set of pass band Doppler filter bank A large number of pulses are coherently processed
From 10s to 1000s of pulses

Targets radial velocity estimated MTI


PRF Range Measurement Velocity Measurement Low PRF Unambiguous Ambiguous

PD
High PRF Ambiguous Unambiguous

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Range ambiguity

Range ambiguous detections occur when echoes from one pulse are not all received before the next pulse

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