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THEORY: Types of Theory: Explains phenomenon or events Prescribes bases or guidelines Relationship between architecture and society Architectural

ral Orders: Use eyes to perceive architecture Use other senses to experience architecture Interpreting the symbols and meanings of architecture Primary Elements of Design: No length and direction, center of a field, 2 ends of a line Having these characteristics: length, direction and position Length and width, shape, surface, orientation, position Length, width and depth, form and space, surface, orientation, position Form Articulation: 7 Properties of Form

DESCRIPTIVE PRESCRIPTIVE CRITICAL PHYSICAL PERCEPTUAL CONCEPTUAL POINT LINE PLANE VOLUME SHAPE, SIZE, COLOR, TEXTURE, POSITION, ORIENTATION, VISUAL INERTIA DIMENSIONAL, SUBTRACTIVE, ADDITIONAL SPACE WITHIN A SPACE, INTERLOCKING SPACES, ADJACENT SPACES, SPACES LINKED BY A COMMON SPACE CENTRALIZED LINEAR RADIAL CLUSTERED GRID

3 Form transformation and organization

Space Articulation: 4 Spatial Relationships

5 Organization of Spaces - Main space with secondary spaces around it - String spaces along a line - Central space with radiated corridors - Grouped together by proximity/ sharing a common visual trait - Set of modular forms related and regulated by 3D grid Circulation: Experienced by the 4th dimension: time 3 Elements of Circulation:

MOVEMENT THRU SPACE APPROACH

- 1st impression, experienced at eye level - It should catch attention to the users - Configuring the experiences that the users will feel Principles of Design 3 Bases of Proportions Theories of Proportions - short is to long, long is to whole, formula found in NATURE. (0.618= DIA) - Height of the column is the same as the diameter of the base - Developed musical proportion, architecture and mathematics Based on anthropometrics Acdg to the size of a tatami mats.

ENTRANCE CONFIG OF PATH

MATERIAL, STRUCTURAL. MANUFACTURED GOLDEN SECTION REGULATING LINES CLASSICAL ORDERS RENAISSANCE THEORIES MODULOR KEN

Types of Proportion - Part of a whole - Part of something bigger - H( L + W) / 2 - H= sqrt ( L x W) - H= (2 L x W) / (L + W) Part to a fixed standard, HUMAN scale To intensify each elements properties Designing around a defined axis to see proximity

ABSOLUTE RELATIVE ARTHIMETIC GEOMETRIC HARMONIC

System of ordered elements, sequence to make the mind understand Patterned repetition of elements of a design at a regular/ irregular intervals Chromatic Energy of Architectural Design Colors present in a color wheel, the color itself Lightness or darkness Brightness or dullness

SCALE CONTRAST BALANCE/ AXIS/ SYMMETRY HIERARCHY RHYTHM/ REPITITION HUE TONAL VALUE CHROMA/ INTENSITY

ARCHITECTURAL PROGRAMMING: Parts of an Issue- Based Program Any matter or concern that demands a design in order for a bldg to be successful Objective that is verifiable by some measurement or observation How to answer the issues presented Statement of intention, an action statement A statement that relates to function instead of quality Required State Program: Came from values/ viewpoints which the development of the design solutions will take off Statement of the overall issue derived from the previously- generated issues Solution to the overall design problem, projects form and space Sub- concepts that correspond to the particular issues

ISSUE FACT VALUES GOAL PERFORMANCE REQTS DESIGN PHILOSOPHY DESIGN PROBLEM DESIGN CONCEPT CONCEPT BREAKDOWN

SPATIAL THEORIES: Architecture and the Self: 4 levels of the Self: 1. - Human being is the most important entity in the universe, human being is the center of the space (ex. Ifugao House: womans womb) - Architectural form becomes the human body (ex. Tausog house: 9 posts which represents the 9 parts of a human body) - Study of measurements of the human body 2. 3. 4. Designing perfectly for the human body Expresses aggressive, extroverted qualities Expresses introspective, social, introverted qualities Expresses both the masculine and feminine qualities Expresses neither masculine nor feminine qualities Expresses one or more distinct emotions in form and space Reflects and expresses the concept of Oneness in form and space

BODY - ANTHROPOCENTRISM - ANTHROPOMORPHISM - ANTHROPOMETRICS - ERGONOMICS GENDER - MASCULINE - FEMININE - GAY - ANDROGYNOUS EMOTIONS SPIRIT

PROXEMICS: Symbolic and communicative role of the spatial separation individuals maintain in various social and interpersonal situations Invisible boundary surrounding the persons body Levels of distance: 0- 18 inches average 18- 48 inches average 4- 12 feet average 12 or more feet average Triggers behavior that gather people together Triggers behaviors that separate people PROXEMICS PERSONAL SPACE INTIMATE PERSONAL SOCIAL PUBLIC SOCIOPETAL SOCIOFUGAL

KINDS OF PRIVACY: The state of being free from observation by others The state of being with another person but free from the outside world The state of being unknown even in a crowd The state in which a person employs psychological barrier to control unwanted intrusions PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES AND ARCHITECTURE: 5 Theories on Needs SOLITUDE INTIMACY ANONYMITY RESERVE

SELF ACTUALIZATION SELF ESTEEM SOCIAL ACCEPTANCE SECURITY PHYSIOLOGICAL COGNITION SYMBOLS SEMIOTICS GESTALT ECOLOGICAL TRANSACTIONAL

Theories on Perception: Mental process by which knowledge is acquired Something that represents something else by association The science of signs Objects observed have innate qualities that make them independent of the perceiver and environment Conditions in the envirionment affect the way an object is perceived Recognizes the role of experience, dynamic relationship between the person and the environment, perception is active rather than passive

AESTHETICS: Personal beliefs or ideas 1. Interpretation of the environment as a text Intuitive insights into relationships of person and environment Creative act and creative artifact Representation of class struggle 2. Creation as cathartic act Stimulation thru sensations or images Beauty from everyday, nature Fusion of body and soul Expressive value of pattern s on forms 3. Environment as a set of images that act as stimuli Meaning of environmental elements Cultural, learned meanings Neurophysiological processes of brain THEMATIC OR SYMBOLIC ARCHITECTURAL CONCEPTS: Personal beliefs or ideas 4. Interpretation of the environment as a text Intuitive insights into relationships of person and environment Creative act and creative artifact Representation of class struggle 5. Creation as cathartic act Stimulation thru sensations or images Beauty from everyday, nature Fusion of body and soul Expressive value of pattern s on forms 6. Environment as a set of images that act as stimuli Meaning of environmental elements Cultural, learned meanings SPECULATIVE APR. PHILOSOPHICAL HERMENEUTIC PHENOMENOLOGICAL EXISTENTIAL POLITICAL SCIENTIFIC APR. PSYCHOANALYTIC MECHANISTIC CONTEXTUAL ORGANISMICIST FORMIST EMPIRICAL INFORMATION SEMANTIC SEMIOTIC SPECULATIVE APR. PHILOSOPHICAL HERMENEUTIC PHENOMENOLOGICAL EXISTENTIAL POLITICAL SCIENTIFIC APR. PSYCHOANALYTIC MECHANISTIC CONTEXTUAL ORGANISMICIST FORMIST EMPIRICAL INFORMATION SEMANTIC SEMIOTIC PSYHCHOBIOLOGICAL

Neurophysiological processes of brain

PSYHCHOBIOLOGICAL