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Acsenda School of Management (ASM) invites applications from all individuals interested in enrolling in a program of studies leading to a baccalaureate degree. While access to programs and courses is made available primarily to students who meet established admission criteria, all applicants will be assessed for their potential to engage in and benefit from studies at the post-secondary level. Where potential applicants have questions about their eligibility they should contact the College to arrange for a meeting, with an Advisor, to discuss their application. Prospective students should send their completed application form, along with all required documents and application fee, by mail to: The Office of the Registrar Acsenda School of Management 9th Floor, 1090 W. Pender , Vancouver, BC V6E 2N7 Phone: 604-430-5111 or fax to: 604-430-5119 E-mail: admissions@acsenda.com Web: www.acsenda.com

Accommodation of Persons with Disabilities

The Acsenda School of Management campus is wheelchair accessible. Individuals with disabilities should contact the campus to explore how their needs may be accommodated.

The Application Process

The academic year, which is 12 months in length, is divided into four three -month terms, starting in January, in April, in July and in October. Students may apply to begin their degree program at the beginning of any of these terms. To be considered as an applicant for admission to the BBA program, all supporting documents are required; these include:

A completed and signed application form (online or hard copy) If you cannot apply online, use the application form found in this calendar or print an application form from the website and send it by mail or fax to the address shown $150CAD non-refundable application fee payable by cash, cheque or credit card For Domestic Applicants, proof of graduation (Official Transcript, diplomas and certificates) from a high school with a minimum average grade of C+ (65% or higher) For International Applicants, proof of graduation from an institute offering a secondary education program equivalent to a Canadian high school For transfer students, proof of completion (Official transcripts, diplomas and certificates) of at least 18 credits with an average of C grade or better from a college or university For International students, a pre-paid tuition equivalent to eight BBA courses must be received, by ASM, before an official Letter of Acceptance will be provided.

Required Supporting Documents

Before completing the admissions process, the following documents must be received by the Registrars Office: Official transcripts sent directly from your high school or post-secondary institution. If in a language other than English, the official document must be accompanied by a certified English translation English Proficiency test scores (if required) sent directly from the testing agency Other documents as requested by the Registrar.

Review Process and Acknowledgement

The Admissions Office will review your application for completeness and suitability before passing it to the Office of the Registrar for eligibility assessment and document verification. Once the Office of the Registrar has confirmed the documentation and completeness of the application, a paper Letter of Acceptance is written by the Registrar to those who meet all admission requirements. If the application file is incomplete, a letter may be issued listing omissions that need to be filled before the process can be completed. Eligibility for transfer credits will be evaluated by the Office of the Registrar following receipt of all official transcripts.


Official Documents
Applicants to degree programs/courses are to submit official secondary school or post-secondary institution transcripts and other required official documentation at the time of application, where that documentation is necessary to prove that the applicant meets established admission criteria. Official transcripts are defined as either original transcripts or certified copies of the original document signed by the Principal or Registrar of the issuing institution and sent directly to the Office of the Registrar at Acsenda School of Management by the issuing institution. If final official transcripts or other official documents are not available at the time of application, conditional admission may be based on copies of the applicants original transcripts or notarized copies. However, the official notification of acceptance to the program will not be issued until all required official documents, including official transcripts, are received by the Office of the Registrar. An original transcript presented by an applicant upon arrival on campus to the Registrar in a sealed envelope bearing the issuing institutions embossed seal, chop, stamp or other official marking over the enclosure to the envelope will also be permitted. Neither unsealed transcripts nor notarized copies will be accepted. Credentials from any non-Canadian source must be vetted by ECE (Educational Credential Evaluators), ICES or WES or other recognized credential verification service. Applicants who are unable to submit secondary school transcripts must file a written statement explaining why they cannot meet this requirement. These petitions will be reviewed by the Academic Standards Committee. In addition to official transcripts and other documents pertaining to an applicants credentials, the Office of the Registrar must receive, if required:

Copies of a valid study permit and a passport Proof of English language proficiency

Admission Requirements
To be admitted into a degree program at Acsenda, applicants must be seventeen years of age or older by their first day of attendance. Applicants who are accepted to enter a degree program of studies at Acsenda are admitted under one of the eight categories described under the heading Student Categories.

Canadian Applicants

The applicant has completed British Columbia secondary school graduation in an academic program leading to university entrance or the equivalent (see below) from another school system, and successfully passed Grade 11 English, Grade 11 Math, Grade 12 English, and preferably Grade 12 Math; or The applicant has completed British Columbia secondary school graduation but requires no more than one course in the academic program leading to university entrance, or the equivalent from another school system; and has successfully passed Grade 11 English, Grade 11 Math and Grade 12 English. Completion of Grade 12 Math is recommended.


The Acsenda School of Managements degree program requires that students have BC secondary school graduation or equivalent with an average of C+ in order to meet entrance requirements. A graduation average in English 12 of less than C+ will require the student to take additional testing to demonstrate competence in the effective use of English. Students who have graduated from an academic secondary school program (Grade 12) in the Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland are considered to have satisfied this requirement. Students from Quebec who have completed one full academic year at CEGEP, or Ontario students graduating on the new curriculum (2003 or later) are considered to have equivalence to B.C. graduation. Ontario graduates from previous years will be required to have completed six Ontario Academic Credit (OAC) courses or Grade 13 those graduating after 2003 will only require grade 12.

Equivalency is defined for admission purposes as the student having met university -level admission requirements in his or her home jurisdiction. Eligibility for admission does not preclude the need to meet entry -level requirements specified for individual courses and programs


For students who have completed the International Baccalaureate (IB diploma), the admission average is calculated on 3 Higher level, and 3 Standard levels including English and any program Prerequisites (e.g. Math). If only Certificate courses have been completed, admission will be based on the high school curriculum. Acsenda requires an official transcript showing all courses and grades completed from grades 9 to 11, and a transcript showing all other courses in progress or completed (including IB courses). Students are to send a statement of anticipated higher level and standard level IB grades, as well as additional points for essays and other work. If offered admission, final official results (sent directly from the IBO) will still be required to confirm that the applicant has passed all prerequisites, maintained a competitive average, and received the IB diploma. Students who have completed the International Baccalaureate program or courses within these programs are eligible to apply for course credit. Credit will be granted as determined by the Dean or Registrar. For students who present results from one or more Advanced Placement (AP) courses, admission will be based on the highest of either the AP score or the approved course grade of an equivalent course in the curriculum being followed by the applicant. Students who have completed the Advanced Placement program or courses within these programs are eligible to apply for course credit. Credit will be granted as determined by the Dean.

International Applicants
An international applicant is defined as an individual who is neither a Canadian citizen nor a permanent resident of Canada. Exceptions include students whose status is one of the following: Ministerial permit claiming refugee status; Diplomatic visa or dependent of a person on a diplomatic visa; Restricted employment authorization or dependent of a person on a restricted employment authorization.

American School System

Students must have graduated from an academic or college-prep program and have 4 years of English (not ESL) to the senior level and 3 years of math to the senior level with a cumulative average of 75% in math. The admission average is calculated on 8 full-year or 16 half-year academic courses, half from grade 12 and half from grade 11. Standardized tests such as SAT or ACT are not required but good scores on such tests improve an applicants chances of admission. An official transcript of courses and grades completed from freshman to junior years plus an official transcript showing courses and grades for the first semester of the senior year must be submitted. Students on a trimester system must send their first senior year report card. Second semester grades should also be sent if they are more competitive. If offered admission, a final official transcript will still be required to verify that all prerequisite courses have been passed, that competitive averages have been maintained, and graduation diploma has been awarded. All such documentation must come directly from the high school to the Registrar at Acsenda.

British Patterned Education System

Students must have standing in at least 5 subject areas, including English and mathematics, with at least 3 A levels (or 6 subject areas at the Advanced Subsidiary Level). A subject may not be counted at both A-level and O-level. Both English and Mathematics will be accepted at the O -level with a minimum grade of C+. The admission average is calculated on at least 2 O levels, and 3 A-levels (or 6 Advanced Subsidiary Levels). Students who present subjects at the A -level with minimum grades of B may be granted first-year transfer credit for those subjects. A certified true copy of the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE), certified by the school, is required plus the predicted Advanced or Advanced Subsidiary Levels.


Countries Where English is Not the Language of Instruction
Schools in countries other than the United States, Great Britain, and countries that offer the British system of secondary education must be accredited by one of the regional or national accrediting bodies, or the Ministry of Education (or equivalent) of the country. Applicants from these countries who are applying after completion of high school, normally the equivalent of grade 12 in Canada, must meet the General Admission Requirements outlined above for Canadian students. In addition, all non -English speaking applicants whether high school graduates or transfer students from post -secondary institutions, must provide evidence of an acceptable standard of English proficiency as explained following the categories of applicants.

Categories of Applicants at Admission

The category under which a student has been admitted will be determined by the credentials submitted and the circumstances under which these credentials have been obtained.

Regular Student
In admitting applicants to degree programs, Acsenda admits to the regular category only those applicants who will gain full benefit from their studies without further formal preparation. These applicants will be graduates of a Canadian high school, an accredited high school in the United Sates or from other high -school systems where English is the principal language of instruction. To be admitted as a regular student, applicants must have obtained an overall average of C+ in their grade 12 courses and completed, with a minimum letter grade of C+, at least the equivalent of English 12 and the Fundamentals of Mathematics 11 under the British Columbia curriculum. The equivalent of the Fundamentals of Mathematics 12 in British Columbia is recommended. To be admitted as a regular student from an international school where English is not the language of instruction, students must also demonstrate English competency through passing an English proficiency test with scores equal to or higher than TOEFL 560, which presently is used as the standard of comparison. Also included in the regular student category are those applicants admitted as transfer students from other Colleges or Universities where they have completed credits toward a degree and have demonstrated competency in English through successfully completing English courses or passing an English proficiency test. Admission as a transfer student will be granted only to those students who are in good standing at their previous post-secondary institution and who have an overall academic average of C or higher.

Provisional Student
This category is for applicants who have the potential to engage in post -secondary studies and benefit from the knowledge thereby obtained, but have not achieved a satisfactory level of performance in or have not completed some of the courses required to be admitted as a regular student. Such applicants will have completed studies at the grade 12 level and will have earned a certificate of graduation. The deficiencies will include, inter alia, passing but lower than a C+ grade in English 12 or in Mathematics 11, but a high level of performance overall, less than the required level of grade 11 mathematics but acceptable grades in all grade 12 courses, an overall performance of less than a C+ average but at least a C and highly acceptable grades in one or both designated prerequisites. In addition, this category will include qualified applicants from foreign countries where English is not the language of instruction but who nonetheless have demonstrated through the interview process a level of English competency that should allow them to successfully participate in some courses. If admitted, these students will probably be required to enrol in ENGL 100, The Basics of English course.

Access Student
These are applicants who do not meet entrance criteria but can provide sufficient proof that they can probably complete the program for example, recent completion of grade 12 GED, completion of a diploma program, record of achievement at work and evidence of intellectual pursuit or ability to handle intellectual material. If admitted, these applicants will be granted permission to take up to four courses or with special permission they may be allowed to take more. However, if access students are considering applying for admission under regular status, they must pass all courses attempted with a minimum GPA of 2.0 (grade of C) before they will be officially considered for admission to the BBA program. Access is a very broad category under which the Dean of the Faculty gives final approval for admission. Under this category applicants are given the opportunity to take a limited number of courses to upgrade or achieve a qualification, or take courses


in a program without the intention of pursuing a degree. Normally, the number of credits permitted as an access student is limited on a per term basis, as well as an overall total. Admission as an access student does not guarantee subsequent transfer to the regular student category, but successful completion of courses attempted with an acceptable GPA will serve as an important consideration in making decisions on transferring students from the access category to the regular category. Many individuals who apply for admission through this category will have completed a secondary level of education but not necessarily one that provided the required prerequisites to college or university admission. While will require individuals admitted under this category to withdraw should they fail a course, it is not the intention of the institution to penalize students for exploring their academic potential. Therefore, access students will be considered as auditors, should they find they are unable to successfully complete all the requirements of the course. Access student applicants whose first language is not English and who have not had at least four years of study in schools where English is the language of instruction are required to satisfy the English language admission requirement in the same way as applicants to a degree program. Applicants to the Access Student category who have been required to withdraw from any post -secondary institution are required to submit transcripts. Students with unacceptable prior academic records may be required to complete further courses at another institution with a GPA of at least 2.0 on a 4 point scale. Students who have been required to withdraw more than once at other institutions for less than satisfactory academic performance, or who have been required to withdraw for academic misconduct, will not be accepted under any student category at Acsenda.

Mature Student Status

These are applicants who have been away from school for some time (usually they are over 25 years of age but may be considered upon reaching the age of 19), who have not graduated from grade 12, but who have demonstrated an ability to handle university courses through their work experience or other intellectual pursuits. Such students enter as regular students with the designation mature student. This is a category restricted to those applicants who have not matriculated but by taking advantage of employment opportunities or engaging in other pursuits have developed their intellectual maturity sufficiently to permit them to pursue a program of post-secondary studies without further high-school preparation. Acsenda reserves the right to determine whether or not an applicant can be considered admissible or classified as a mature applicant, and the decision is definitely not based solely on chronological age. These applicants would be advised that by being admitted under the mature designation they would become, upon registration, a regular student and therefore would be required to achieve at least the minimum standards required of regular students. Applicants who are not admitted under the mature category may be considered under the access student category.

These are students who have been allowed to enrol in a specified number of courses at Acsenda, the host institution, for transfer of credit(s) to their home institution. The Office of the Registrar at Acsenda requires a letter of permission (LOP) from the students home institution granting permission for the student to attend Acsenda as a visitor, specifying the status of courses to be taken at Acsenda (e.g. for credit or not), the number of courses or credits permitted for transfer credit and the duration of enrolment not to exceed one full academic year. Acsenda will accept, in lieu of a LOP, appropriate forms designed by the home institution to grant permission to a qualified student in good standing to study at a host institution. Additionally, the Office of the Registrar at Acsenda must receive either an official transcript of the visiting applicants academic record or a letter from the Dean of the Faculty or from the Registrar confirming that the student is in good standing at his or her home institution. Visiting students who wish to take advantage of including courses that are not offered by their home institution, during their time of enrolment at Acsenda, should first obtain permission from their home institution to be assured that transfer credit will be awarded. If credit is to be recognized at the intended level, formal arrangements must be made between and approved by both the sending (host) and the receiving (home) institutions.

Individuals who wish to acquire knowledge through attending structured academic courses without the obligation of writing examinations enrol as auditors. While these students are not required to write formal examinations, they are required to pay


full fees and are expected to fully participate in the program through attending lectures, attempting class assignments and engaging in class discussions. If the Registrars Office is notified of inadequate attendance (normally less than 70%), the student will be withdrawn from the course and will be assigned a WD (Withdrawn) standing. Application and registration are in accordance with current Registrars Office procedures. Written permission of the Dean or the course instructor is required. Definite limits are placed on the number of individuals accepted as auditors and they are not enrolled where space is limited. Students who audit a course do not receive credit for the course. However, the notation Audit will appear on the permanent record beside each course substantively audited.

Second Degree Candidate

These are applicants who already hold a baccalaureate degree, but apply to take a second degree with Acsenda. Students in this category must complete a minimum of 30 credit hours to satisfy the residency requirement. However, they must also satisfy certain business courses as identified upon enrolment. Those who do not present the necessary prerequisites for a Acsenda degree program will be required to complete more than 30 credits. Upon graduation, such students must have completed all courses in their area of concentration and any specific requirements specified by the Dean. No applicant will be permitted to take a second degree in a program that is not significantly different from that pursued for the first degree. In keeping with the policy of many other major North American Universities, this will not exclude students from taking a second degree in the same faculty as long as there is no overlap in the programs of the two degrees. The English requirements for a first degree, if not met, must also be satisfied in addition to the prerequisite and major subjects essential to the completion of the second degree requirements. Admission to a second degree program is limited to those students with high academic standing in their first degree.

These are applicants who have already been awarded a baccalaureate degree and who wish to advance their knowledge in one or more areas of concentration offered at Acsenda School of Management. Enrolment in courses under this category will be limited by space available and the credit earned while under this category will not lead to a degree or diploma.

English Language Admission Standards

English is the language of instruction at Acsenda School of Management. Everyone must demonstrate English language competence prior to admission in all four of the following areas: listening, reading, speaking, and writing. This can be accomplished by one of the following means:

Graduation from grade 12 with a minimum grade of 65% or better in English 12 Composition or English Literature or an equivalent course from a school in a country where English is the principal language. Graduation from grade 12 with a minimum grade equivalent to C+ or better in English 12 at an International School with English as the Language of Instruction. International schools that use English as the language of instruction but operate in countries where the primary language is not English include the following: International Baccalaureate diploma programs, Schools that are accredited members of the Council of International Schools (CIS), US Regionally accredited schools, and provincially authorized schools offering full Canadian curricula to the grade 12 level (non-ESL). Successful completion of six credits of post-secondary first-year English studies at a College or University where English is the language of instruction. Graduation from a recognized Degree Program at an Accredited College or University at which English is the primary language of instruction. Successful completion of one of the English Language Proficiency tests listed below: A TOEFL score of 83 (internet based), 560 (paper based), or higher. The institution code is 8724 An IELTS score of 6.5 or higher with no part less than 6.0


3. 4. 5.


Minimum of 4L on Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Exam (CELPIP) 85 in Michigan English Language Assessment (MELAB) 600 in Intensive English Program Certificate (IEP)

English Diagnostic Test

In addition to satisfying the English language admissions standard by one or more of the means described above, all incoming students are required to take the English Placement Test; the aim of this test is to determine each students readiness for university level English courses. This test consists of two parts: Reading & Writing and Speaking & Listening. The writing test has five components: (1) Sentence Structure, (2) Standard English Usage, (3) Word Usage, (4) Reading Comprehension and (5) Essay Writing. The test is designed to measure a students ability to spot and correct grammatical and structural errors in sentences, employ correct punctuations in sentences, recognize and use the correct words in appropriate contexts, assimilate information from written sources and present his or her opinion in an essay on one of the given topics. The time allotment is three hours. The speaking test (interview component) is aimed at determining a students confidence when communicating in daily practical and social situations, speaking on familiar topics, and responding to questions. The interview session per student is one half-hour. After both sections have been completed and the test marked, there will be a debriefing. The purpose of the debriefing is to make certain that students are aware of their weaknesses in the English language, areas in which they are expected to make improvement and the means by which they can make this possible. The ASM advising team and office support staff will assist in scheduling dates to take the tests.

Math Assessment Test

Acsenda School of Management Math admission requirement is a C+ in British Columbia Grade 11 math, or the equivalent from other provinces or countries. The completion of BC Mathematics 12 or equivalent from other secondary school systems is a definite asset. Given that applicants from high schools abroad and some College transfers come with different levels of quantitative skill, all incoming students, regardless of credit transfers, are required to take an in -house Math Assessment Test. The purpose of the Math Assessment is to identify a student's quantitative skill deficiencies. The Assessment Test covers areas of basic math such as problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, fractions, percentages, decimals, ratios, simple equations, and order of operations, rate of change, statistics, inductive and deductive reasoning, and problems involving inequalities. The identified areas of weakness are reviewed with the student and suggested remedial actions can be accomplished through on-line math tutorials, in-class tutorials, supplementary Math textbooks or a combination of these.

Transfer Credits
Acsenda will acknowledge prior studies taken at other recognized and accredited post -secondary institutions, by awarding transfer credits up to the maximum allowed under the residency requirement (see below for definition of Residency Requirement). Courses appropriate for transfer credit are those courses which can normally be applied to fulfill specific or general/elective requirements of a business degree. Applicants may request transfer credit for courses successfully completed at any recognized and accredited post -secondary institution. Courses completed at B.C. colleges and universities are awarded transfer credits based on the principles of transfer in BC as described in the BCCATs Transfer Guide. Students are advised to check the Guide http://www.bccat.bc.ca for current transfer agreements between BC institutions and Acsenda School of Management. Where a course has not yet been articulated, but is appropriate for transfer, credit will be awarded on a case -by-case basis. Similarly, transfer credit for courses successfully completed at accredited institutions outside the Province of British Columbia will be assessed on a case-by-case basis.


If students are applying from institutions where English is the language of instruction, they will be required to have a course catalogue or official course descriptions sent directly to Acsenda by the institutions offering the courses. Applicants from international schools where the language of instruction is other than English or French will be required to have their transcripts and course descriptions translated by certified translators. International applicants may also be required to have their academic credentials evaluated by a credential evaluation service such as ECE, ICES or WES.

Limitations, Restrictions on Transfer Credits

Students are advised that transfer credits will be granted only for approved courses in which passing grades have been obtained. Transfer credits are awarded both as assigned and unassigned credits. Assigned credits are awarded for courses with content acceptably similar to courses offered by Acsenda. Unassigned credits are granted where course -to-course equivalencies cannot be established. Such credits may be allowed as electives and may also be used to fulfill credit requirements for the degree. Applicants for admission as transfer students must have completed, with a C average (a grade point average of 2.0), a minimum of 18 transfer credits, assigned and unassigned, appropriate to the BBA degree program. If fewer than 18 credits have been completed during previous studies or the credits earned for courses taken at other institutions cannot be applied to the BBA degree program, applicants will be required to submit official transcripts of their high school record. Applicants, who have been required to withdraw from a previously attended post -secondary institution for academic failure, may be granted permission by the Dean, one year after completion of the suspension, to attempt selected courses as an Access Student for one term. Students who are given this opportunity, but fail to meet the required standards to continue, will be placed on permanent suspension. Students who have been required to withdraw from previously attended post secondary institutions for academic misconduct will not be admitted to the Acsenda BBA degree program.

Categories of credit in the BBA program consist of:


Assigned Credits - transfer credits deemed as equivalent to specific Acsenda School of Management Courses. Unassigned Credits - transfer credits recognized as post-secondary level which are not equivalent to courses offered by Acsenda, are not required for our BBA but may be accepted towards a BBA degree. These will not substitute for courses required to satisfy specific components of the BBA program. Exemption Credits - transfer credits used to replace one or more humanities/social sciences lower division courses or used to satisfy some upper division courses, but not as direct transfer credit assignment.



Notification of Transfer Credits

Applicants requesting transfer credit must submit official transcripts from all post -secondary institutions attended. Official transcripts are defined as those sent directly to the Registrar at Acsenda by the Office of the Registrar at the institutions previously attended. Transcripts must be sent in a timely manner otherwise offers for admission may be withdrawn. Transcripts provided by the student do not qualify as Official. Acsenda shall notify students, in writing, of all allocated and unallocated transfer credits awarded and of recognition of course credits for PLAR (Prior Learning Assessment and Recognition), after a student has enrolled in the BBA degree program at Acsenda and once the official transcript has been received by the Office of the Registrar. Courses for which transfer credits have been awarded will appear on the students transcript of academic record as allocated and unallocated credit toward the degree, but transfer credit will not be included in the calculation of the grade point average.

Appeal of Transfer Credit Award

Students who consider the evaluation of their academic credentials to be an inaccurate assessment of the number or types of credits earned, may submit to the Registrar a letter of appeal, requesting a re -evaluation of transfer credits.


Residency Requirement
Students must take a minimum of 30 credits (10 courses) at Acsenda to be eligible to graduate from the BBA program. Acsendas residency requirement (that is, the number of credits that must be completed at Acsenda) is 30 credits. Therefore, even if students are awarded more than 90 transfer credits toward a Acsenda BBA degree program, including both transfer credits and credits for PLAR (Prior Learning Assessment and Recognition), only 90 of those credits may be applied to their program. Students must satisfy both the minimum residency requirement of 30 credits and all specified courses in one of the four areas of concentration required for the BBA degree.

Prior Learning Assessment

Prior Learning Assessment (PLA) credit will be awarded only to those students who have applied for and have been accepted into the BBA degree program. Prior Learning Assessment (PLA) and Prior Learning Assessment and Recognition (PLAR) are an optional part of ASMs lifelong learning philosophy. PLA and PLAR will be applied on a course -by-course basis. Students admitted to ASM may request formal recognition for prior learning through one or more of the following (PLA/PLAR) processes. The Dean will determine which of these processes is appropriate:

Challenge Process: Written or oral testing as determined by the Department/Program. Challenge examinations are developed by the department/program in which the credit is sought. Portfolio-Assisted Assessment: Assessment of a file or folder of information that systematically documents and provides evidence of an individuals learning experiences and accomplishments in relation to the course objectives/ learning outcomes for a specific course or program. A portfolio must provide documented evidence of the basis for the experiences (e.g. employment records, affidavits, reference letters, etc.). Work-Based Assessment: Assessment of a students learning (knowledge skills, abilities and/or values) in a simulated or real setting. Learning is demonstrated in a comprehensive way, showing learning connections and levels of competence.