Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 156

Easy-Balancer

Vibration Analyser and Balancing instrument

MANUAL
VMI AB Torsgrnd 15 S 606 63 Norrkping Tel. +46 11 311667 / 311668 Fax +46 11 311678 Authorised distributor

Email info@vmiab.com www.vmiab.com

TABLE OF CONTENTS
A. System parts Easy-BalancerTM system .................................................A2 Optional equipment.........................................................A2 SpectraPro software program .....................................A3 Display unit ....................................................................A4 Technical specifications ..................................................A5 Vibration transducer........................................................A6 RPM transducer ..............................................................A7 RPM transducer stand ....................................................A8 B. Instrument Set-ups Selecting instrument set-ups...........................................B2 Transducer set-up..................................................... B3-B7 Modifying transducer properties ......................... B3-B4 Configuring Vib1 and Vib2 ........................................B5 Modifying special transddducers ..............................B6 Deleting a transducer................................................B7 View set-up ............................................................... B8-B9 Choosing a measuring unit .......................................B8 Choosing a average type..........................................B8 Choosing a unit for speed and frequency .................B8 Selecting a low frequency limit for spectra ...............B9 Instrument set-up .................................................... B9-B11 Setting of Backlight, Brightness, Contrast ..............B10 Choosing Language................................................B10 Adjusting date and time ..........................................B10 Choosing Baud rate ................................................B10 Start delay of measurement....................................B10 Wait analog.............................................................B11 Wait digital ..............................................................B11 C. Balancing Select new balancing ......................................................C2 1 plane balancing without help function schematics .......C3 1 plane balancin with help functions schematics ............C4 1 plane balancing theory.................................................C5 2 plane balancing without help function schematics .......C6 2 plane balancing with help functions schematics ..........C7 New two plane balancing start no T1....................... C8C9 Polar presentation.........................................................C10 Error messages and measurement saved ....................C11 Repeat a measurement ................................................C12 Trial weight in plane 1 ...................................................C13 Start no T2 ...................................................................C14 Trial weight in plane 2 ...................................................C15 Start no T3 ....................................................................C16 Balancing weights .........................................................C17

Start no T4 Balancing result........................................C18 Fine Balancing weights .................................................C19 Total Balancing weights ................................................C20 Start no T5 Balancing result Partial improvement.......C21 Save Balancing .............................................................C22 D. Balancing functions How to select a help function ..........................................D2 Brief descriptions of help functions .................................D3 Calulation of trial weight 1 plane balancing.............. D4D5 Calculation of trial weight 2 plane balancing............ D6D9 Weight distribution ............................................... D10D11 Balancing quality 1 plane balancing, rotor data ............D12 Balancing quality 2 plane balancing, rotor data ... D13D14 Balance quality class ....................................................D16 Balance quality Tolerance...........................................D17 Residual unbalance ......................................................D18 View Responce matrix ......................................... D18D19 Bias vibration ....................................................... D20D25 Collect response matrix ....................................... D26D28 Error messages.................................................... D29D30 E. Frequency analysis Selecting frequency analysis ..........................................E2 Spectrum set-up....................................................... E3E6 Taking a measurement ..................................................E7 Storing a measurement...................................................E8 Analysing a spectrum......................................................E9 Harmonic and Side-band cursors .................................E10 Frequency zoom ...........................................................E11 Interpretation of the cursor levels......................... E12E13 F. Time signal Time signal measurement............................................... F2 The Minus (-) button....................................................... F2 Time signal, analysis functions ....................................... F3 Cursor functions.............................................................. F3 Zoom in the Time signal.................................................. F4 Y-scale or level zoom...................................................... F5 Storing the Time signal ................................................... F6 View a stored time signal ................................................ F6 G. Envelope measurement and analysis What is Envelope analysis ....................................... G2-G3 How to select Envelope measurement .......................... G4 The Envelope Set-up menu ..................................... G5-G6 Envelope measurement ................................................. G7 Storing an Envelope spectrum....................................... G8

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Table of Contents

H. Coast Up measurement The purpose of Coast-up measurement .........................H2 Selecting Coast-up..........................................................H2 How to start a Coast-up measurement ...........................H3 Intepretation of a Coast-Up diagram...............................H4 I. Coast-Down Measurement The purpose of Coast-Down measurement ..................... I2 Selecting Coast-Down ..................................................... I2 How to start a Cost-Down measurement ......................... I3 Interpretation of a Coast-Down diagram .......................... I3 Store a Coast-Down measurement.................................. I4 J. Vibshape measurements The purpose of Vibshape measurement......................... J2 Selecting and starting Vibshape ..................................... J2 The Vibshape measuring procedure.......................... J3-J4 Next measurement.......................................................... J5 Saving a Vibshape list..................................................... J6 Re-measure an existing point ......................................... J7 Moving a measurement in the list .............................. J8-J9 Inserting a new measuring point in the list.................... J10 Deleting a measuring point ........................................... J11 Vibshape warning messages ........................................ J12 Print-out ........................................................................ J13 K. Total level and Bearing Condition value Measuring the total vibration level ..................................K2 Interpretation the total vibration level ..............................K3 Where to place the vibration transducer .........................K4 Extraction from the vibration standards ..........................K5 Measuring the Bearing condition value...........................K6 Interpretation of the Bearing Condition value..................K7 What is a Bearing Condition value..................................K8 L. Store and recall measurements Store a measurement ..................................................... L2 Recall a measurement .................................................... L3 M. Problem solver and Maintenance Problem Solver ............................................................... L2 Instrument maintenance ................................................ M3 N. Instrument connectors Instrument connectors ....................................................N2

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Table of Contents

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Table of Contents

DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY

Declaration of Conformity
Equipment: EASY-BALANCER AND EASY-VIBER PRODUCT RANGE VMI AB declares that the Easy-BalancerTM and Easy-ViberTM product ranges are manufactured in conformity with national and international regulations. The system complies with and is tested according to, following requirements: EMC Directive: Low Voltage Directive: 89/336/EEC 73/23/EEC including amendments by Directive 93/68/EEC.

1 February 2002, VMI AB

Markku Vehmas, Managing Director

HANDLING SECURITY
Safety precautions Vibration measurement and balancing involves measurement on rotating machines. Always keep a safe distance to rotating parts and secure transducers and transducer cables from rotating parts. Balancing involves mounting of trial and balancing weights on the rotor. Always secure the start switch with a locker and also use the emergency switch for double safety before working with the rotor. This is especially important when the machine is remote controlled.
VMI AB can not take responsibility for any accidents on people and machines.

DISCLAIMER
VMI AB and our authorized dealers will take no responsibility for damages on machines and plants as the result of the use of Easy-BalancerTM and Easy-ViberTM measurement and balancing systems. Even though great efforts are made to make the information in this manual free from errors, and to make the information complete for the user, there could be things we have missed, because of the large amount of information. As a result of this, we might change and correct these things in later issues without further information. Also changes in the Easy-BalancerTM and Easy-ViberTM equipment may take place that affect the information accuracy.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Handling Security

VMI AB
Easy-BalancerTM and Easy-ViberTM: Measurement equipment for your needs VMI develops and manufactures Easy-BalancerTM and Easy-ViberTM for solving vibration related problems and balancing of machinery on site. We have more than 30 years of field experience and product development. Still we provide measurement service, which means that we ourselves use the equipment we develop, and continuously improves it. Because of this we dare to call ourselves measurement specialists. Measurement service and training Dont hesitate to contact us about your measurement problems. We develop customized systems for specific customer applications; provide measurement service in the field and measurement training. You are welcome to drop by our web site for the latest information.
Measurement training

Development department

Easy-Balancer and Easy-Viber around the world VMI products are used in more than 40 countries around the world. This means that you as a user of Easy-BalancerTM and Easy-ViberTM have a lot of companions. For us this is the best source for improvements of the equipment. Wherever you are, we look forward to help you with your measurement and balancing tasks!
TM TM

Our products are used all around the world.

Easy-BalancerTM and Easy-ViberTM: Upgradeability VMI develops and manufactures Easy-BalancerTM and Easy-ViberTM for solving vibration related problems and balancing of machines on site. Because we ourselves use the equipments we develop, and continuously improve them, it is very simple to upgrade the internal program in the Easy-BalancerTM and Easy-ViberTM through the serial port without taking the instrument apart. To download a new program version from a PC takes only about 5 minutes with a special windows program that can be sent by e-mail. This download program is included in the SpectraPro software.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: VMI AB

Measurement programs in Easy-Balancer


8 measurement programs The Easy-BalancerTM system comes with 8 standard measurement programs, all in one display unit, and each one optimised for special measurement applications. Easy-BalancerTM can measure two transducers simultaneously. Here follows a brief introduction to each program.

Frequency analysis Frequency analysis within the frequency range 0.5 to 3200Hz is used to find the cause of the vibration. The measured spectra can be stored with a file name and can later be transferred the SpectraPro program. The frequency resolution is automatically selected to 0.5 or 1Hz depending on the number of transducers that are used. Easy-BalancerTM has single, harmonic and side-band cursors for quick analysis. The spectra can be zoomed up to full resolution in several steps. Time Signal The time signal from the 2 last seconds of a spectra measurement is automatically stored. The time signal is manly used for analysing gearbox vibrations and none harmonic vibrations and can be analysed with single and harmonic cursors. Envelope Envelope is spectra measurement that enhances the energy in the high frequency signals and is used to find early signs journal bearing faults. Envelope can also be used to detect cavitations in pumps. The Easy-BalancerTM has single, harmonic and side-band cursors for quick analysis. The spectra can be zoomed up to full resolution. Coast-Up and Coast-Down Coast-Up and Coast-Down is used to find the frequencies of mechanical resonances or critical speeds in a machine. Easy-BalancerTM presents the measurement as two diagrams, with level and phase as function of the machine speed. Static and Dynamic Balancing In one or two planes with several additional functions such as Calculation of a suitable trial weight Weight distribution Balancing quality according to ISO-Standard Tool compensation or balancing to a selected bias vibration Quick balancing - In one or two planes with use of the response matrix. With the use of a previously measured response matrix the Easy-BalancerTM can calculate the balancing weights directly without stopping the machine. Vibshape measurements Vibshape measurements are used when level and phase have to be measured in multiple points and is used for animation of machine vibrations. Vibshape measurements can also be used for multi-plane balancing or Coast-Up or Coast-Down of steam turbines. Total level Easy-BalancerTM measures live the total vibration as an RMS-value that is presented both as digits and bas a bargraph. This function is used for analysing the effect of mechanical actions such as tightening of bolts and other mechanical changes. It is also used to give a quick overview of the vibration status of the machine. Bearing condition value This live bearing condition value is presented both as digits and as a bargraph. This function is used for analysing the effect of lubrication or other actions on journal bearings.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Measurement programs in Easy-Balancer

GETTING STARTED
Manual This manual describes: The hardware parts with: Technical specifications and functions. Handling of the display unit with: Settings, button choices and measurement data handling. Handling of the measurement programs with: Measurement procedures step-by-step.

The measurement system The Easy-BalancerTM and Easy-ViberTM can measure two transducers simultaneously

1. Note! When only one transducer is used always connect it to the input marked Vib1. 2. Start the display box by pressing the On/OFF key. The first thing displayed is the program menu. Start the desired program by moving the black marker with the desired line and press the ENTER key. 3. To get back to the Main menu, press the MENU 4. Return to previous page by pressing BACKWARDS key! key.

UP or

DOWN key over the

5. In the Main menu you will find the line: Set-ups. Move the black marker over this line and press ENTER. 5A. Before you use the Easy-BalancerTM or Easy-ViberTM check in the Transducer set-up menu that the unit and sensitivity corresponds with the data in the calibration sheet of the transducer you are using. 5B. Check in the View set-up that the instrument is measuring in the unit you prefer. NOTE! You can not change the unit of measured data, only before a measurement is taken. It is later possible to change the unit in the SpectraPro software. 6. After a measurement is finished you can do the following; save the result in the display unit and if you have a printer; connect this and make a printout or connect the display unit to a PC and transfer the data. This is the basics to get on with the system.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Getting Started

Easy-BalancerTM and Easy-ViberTM is easy to use, but as with most things, practical training and experience are needed to correctly and effectively get through with the measurements.

Good luck, and thanks for choosing Easy-BalancerTM or Easy-ViberTM vibration analyser and balancing system!

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Getting Started

System Parts Instrument Set-ups Balancing Balancing Functions Frequency Analysis Time Signal Envelope Measurement and Analysis Coast Up Measurement Coast Down Measurement Vibshape Measurement Total Level and Bearing Condition Value Store and recall Measurements Problem Solver and Maintenance Instrument connectors

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Summary

System parts
A. System parts Easy-Balancer
TM

system ...................................................A2

Optional equipment .............................................................A2 SpectraPro software program ........................................A3 Display unit (the instrument) ...............................................A4 Instrument Technical Specifications....................................A5 Vibration transducer ............................................................A6 RPM transducer ..................................................................A7 RPM transducer stand ........................................................A8

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: System parts

A1

SYSTEM PARTS Easy-Balancer


TM

system

1 Display unit (Instrument) with batteries 1 Battery eliminator (used at long measuring times) 2 Accelerometer Transducers with magnets 2 Cables 1m for the Accelerometer 2 Extension Cables 5m for the Accelerometers 1 Vibration Transducer pointer (can be exchange with the magnet) 1 Optical RPM Transducer 1 Extension Cables 5m for the Optical transducer 1 Support for the Optical RPM Transducer including: 1 Rod 120 mm with M12 thread 1 Rod 120 mm 2 Fixtures 1 RPM Transducer holder 1 Magnet (Force 90kg) 1 Reflective tape 1 m [39.4] 1 RS232 Serial cable for PC connection 1 Manual and calibration chart 1 Carrying case, plastic

Optional Equipment
Vibration

Transducers: Accelerometers Velocity transducers Proximity probes

RPM

Transducers: Optical (infrared) Namur (inductive) Electromagnetic (magnet and coil) cables 5m and 10m

Extension Thermal

Printer with cable and charger

A2

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: System parts

THE SPECTRAPRO SOFTWARE SpectraPro functions


Communication
TM

with Easy-Balancer Alarm reports after transfer of measurements Database built-up with structure Multiple spectra analysis with reference spectra Trend analysis Narrow band Bearing database Fault frequency calculations of: Bearings Gearboxes Belt drives Unbalances Misalignment Electrical motor faults Blade pressure pulsations etc.
Automatic

report generator with ready made reports for: Spectra measurements Trend measurements

Automatic

comparison between calculated fault- and measured frequencies

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: System parts

A3

DISPLAY UNIT
Display unit: Battery operated unit with the capability of measuring 2 vibration transducers and 1 RPM transducer simultaneously, 9 universal programs for different measurements, 1 Mb data storage equal to approximately 45 spectra and communication with PC software or serial printer.

Input for battery eliminator

RPM input Vibration inputs

Serial Port R232

On/Off button

Numerical entries and spectrum zoom Display Activates the display of the time signal Displays the BC-value 1. Moves the marker sideways 2. Activates balancing functions Enter button Confirm choices and Starts and Stops measurements.

1. Activates the cursor in spectra and time signal. 2. Erases the letter to the right in text modes. 3. Repeats an existing measurement in balancing 1. Moves the marker up and down. 2. Zooms the level in spectra and time signal

Program button One step backward Battery lid Schematic of battery positions on the backside of the instrument

Program button One step forward

Back to main menu

Note! Use the battery eliminator when you expect the measurement or the procedure to take a long time such as coast-up or coast-down on steam and gas turbines and with balancing.

A4

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: System parts

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Signal inputs Standard vibration transducer 2 vibration inputs, 1 RPM / Phase input Accelerometer type AC-102-1A
Sensitivity Frequency range (+/-3db) Resonance frequency Temperature range Fixture Cable length 100mv/g 0.5-15000Hz 23000Hz -50oC +121oC magnet holder or hand held or extension rod 1m + 5m extension cable

Vibration input electrical specification


Maximum input signal level Transducer signals Built-in transducer power supply +/-5V Peak Accelerometer, Velocity, Proximity probe, AC signals +4mA constant current at max 20V for ICP accelerometer +24V/max. 25mA for Proximity probe

Infrared photocell Standard rpm / phase transducer RPM / Phase input electrical specification Maximum input signal level
Built-in transducer power supply Measuring distance Fixture Cable length 0.15 2 m adjustable support with magnet base 0.1m + 5m extension cable

+/-10V Peak
+24V/max. 25mA

Measuring Properties
Frequency resolution at spectrum measurement Selectable spectrum frequency ranges Selectable spectrum high pass filter limits Selectable types of spectrum averages Envelope frequency range Envelope band pass filter Frequency range at total level measurements Fixed unit for bearing condition measurements Frequency range for bearing condition measure Coast- Up/-Down, number of values per diagram Dynamic balancing Memory Auto range Dynamic range Real time sampling rate Selectable average for all measurements Selectable vibration units for all measurements (except envelope and BC-value) 0.03125 or 0.0625Hz, 0.5 or 1 Hz, 2.5 or 5Hz 0.5 200Hz, 0.5 3200 Hz, 2.5 16000Hz 0.5, 1, 2.5, 5, 10 Hz Linear, Exponential, Peak-Hold 1 1000 Hz 3.2 4.2kHz or 3.2 20kHz 10 - 3200 Hz (according to ISO2372) g, RMS 3.2 20 kHz 167 1 or 2 planes according to ISO1940 1Mb or approximately 45 spectra with highest resolution Yes >80dB 8.2 KHz / 16.4KHZ RMS, Peak, Peak-Peak m/s2, g, mm/s, m/s, in/s, m, mm, mils, thou, mV

Miscellaneous
Main processor Internal RAM Internal ROM Graphical Display Real time clock PC / Printer communication Power supply Power consumption at measuring / idle Min/max working temperature at measuring Dimensions Weight DSP Texas Instrument, floating point base, 50Mhz 1 Mb SRAM 4 Mb Flash memory 192x192 pixel, Back light Yes 9-Pin D-Type, RS232 max. 57600bps 4 x R14 2200mA, standard or rechargeable batteries 500mA / 80mA, 6 hour operation time -20oC +50oC 180 x 175 x 40mm 1.2 Kg including batteries

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: System parts

A5

VIBRATION TRANSDUCER
Vibration transducer
Accelerometer with built in amplifier Internally shielded and case isolated Measuring Spike Magnet TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR STANDARD TRANSDUCER Sensitivity (+/-10%) 100mV/g Frequency response (+3dB) 0.715.000Hz (+10%) 1.0-6000Hz (+5%) 1.7-4000Hz Dynamic Range 50 g peak Sensing Structure Shear Mode Internal resonance 23000Hz Settling time (Turn on time) Room temperature 20C Max. Temperature 121C Bias Voltage Electrical Case Isolation 2.5 Seconds 10 Seconds 10.14VDC >108 ohm Magnet, force 200N
Cable connector Measuring direction

M6 pin bolt

Temperature range (Continuous) -50 to 121 C Maximum Shock Protection 5000 g Electromagnetic Sensitivity CE-Certified Sealing Weight (without magnet) Case Material Mounting Mounting stud Mounting Torque Connector Hermetic Welded 90 grams 316L Stainless steel -28 Tapped Hole -28 to M6 Adapter stud 2.7-6.8 Nm 2 Pin MIL-C-5015-2

The accelerometer type may vary with the delivery and customer preferences.

Measuring spike

Note! Use of the Magnet will reduce the linear frequency response to 2000-4000Hz depending on the surface structure of the measuring point. Use of the Measuring spike will reduce the linear frequency response to 1200-2000Hz depending on the surface structure of the measuring point. Only use the measuring spike at otherwise inaccessible points.

A6

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: System parts

RPM TRANSDUCER
The Optical RPM transducer for shaft speed measurements TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR STANDARD RPM TRANSDUCER Supply Frequency range Output (Open collector) Measuring distance Operating Temperature Housing Material Sealing Shock Vibration Mounting Torque 1030VDC max 500 Hz max load 150mA 0.8 to 4 ft. or 0.25 to 1.2 m -22 to 160 F or -30 to 70 C PVC IP 66 50g 10g 0.2 Nm max 0.4 Nm Wrong

The optical RPM transducer produces a narrow light beam that is reflected back to the sensor by the reflex tape mounted on the rotating shaft.

Shaft

Wrong

Shaft

Measuring distance 0.8 4ft or 0.25 1.2m

Mount the transducer at an angle towards the reflex tape. This makes the light bounce off in a different direction from the shaft and only the light hitting the reflex tape is sent back to the transducer.

Shaft

Correct

Shaft

Correct

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: System parts

A7

RPM TRANSDUCER STAND


The RPM Transducer Stand 1 pc Large magnet with M10 treaded hole, force 900N 1 pc Extension rod D12 L120mm with M10 1 pc Extension rod L120mm 2 pc Joint 1 pc Transducer Fixture 1. Screw the extension rod D12 firmly to the magnet. 2. Mount the extension rod D10 together with D12 using the Joint with the largest holes. Tighten the screw so that the stand does not fall apart. 3. Mount the transducer inside the transducer fixture and tighten the nuts. Do not overstress the plastic nuts! Mount the fixture in the joint and then to the extension rod D10 and tighten the screw so that the stand does not fall apart. 4. Mount the stand on the machine and direct the transducer towards the reflex tape on the shaft and tighten the handle on the joints. 5. Start the Easy-Balancer . Power is sent to the transducer at the same time as the instrument starts to measure, select Balancing, Frequency analysis or Vibshape. The LED lamp on the transducer should now be flashing each time the reflex tape is passing by. If not, re-adjust the direction or angle. Note! Do not place the optical transducer too close to the shaft. A proper distance is about 0.84ft or 0.25 to 1.2 m.
TM

Transducer Transducer Fixture LED Lamp

Joint

Extension rod D10

Joint

Extension rod D12

Magnet base Note! The horizontal and vertical directions of the RPM transducer are very important with the functions Balancing and Vibshape. The horizontal and vertical directions can not be changed after the first measurements. A change of the direction or angle will influence the phase readings. That is why the magnet is so strong. It will not change direction even at large machinery vibrations.

A8

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: System parts

Instrument Set-ups
B. Set-ups Selecting the Set-ups ......................................................B2 Transducer set-up..................................................... B3-B7 Modifying transducer properties............................ B3-B4 Configuring Vib1 and Vib2 ..........................................B5 Modifying special transducers.....................................B6 Deleting a transducer..................................................B7 View set-up ............................................................... B8-B9 Choosing a measuring unit .........................................B8 Choosing a average type ............................................B8 Choosing a unit for speed and frequency ...................B8 Selecting a low frequency limit for spectra..................B9 Instrument set-up .................................................. B10-B11 Setting of Backlight, Brightness, Contrast.................B10 Choosing Language..................................................B10 Adjusting date and time ............................................B10 Choosing Baud rate ..................................................B10 Start delay of measurement......................................B11 Wait Analogue ..........................................................B11 Wait Digital................................................................B11 Total wait time...........................................................B12

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Set-ups

B1

SELECTING INSTRUMENT SET-UPS

Main Menu
Move the black line with the UP Set-ups and press ENTER. There are four different set-ups: Transducer set-up View set-up Instrument set-up Program set-up In the Transducer set-up menu we have to write information about the transducer properties such as sensitivity, unit etc. In the View set-up menu we have to chose the unit we want to use for the measurements like mm/s, in/s or mm etc. and the type of average RMS; Peak or P-P. We can also chose the unit for frequency and speed Hz or RPM. In the Instrument set-up menu we can change some properties of the instrument behavior, like if the back light should be on or off, contrast, language, date and time and baud rate for the printer etc. or the DOWN button to
Route Analysis Balancing Communication with PC Print-out Set-ups Delete

Set-up menu
Transducer set-up View set-up Instrument set-up Program set-up

About

In the Program set-up menu we can see the installed programs. This menu is only used, when the instrument is updated or reprogrammed. About: This menu contains information about the program version, date and time, number of stored files and free memory space. Note! If you experience some problem with the instrument, always give VMI or your local agent information about the program version and the serial number of the instrument! You will find the serial number on the backside of the instrument. Note! The instrument is automatically integrating or derivating the signal depending on the unit selected for the transducer and the unit we want to use for the measurement.

Example: If the unit for the transducer is m/s2 and we want to use the unit mm/s for our measurement, then the instrument automatically integrates the signal from acceleration to velocity and also makes the conversion from meter to millimeter.

B2

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Set-ups

TRANSDUCER SET-UP

MODIFYING TRANSDUCER PROPERTIES

You can create a list of up to 10 transducers all with different properties and then choose which of these transducers that are connected to input Vib1 and Vib2. If you select the same transducer for both Vib1 and Vib2 this means that both transducers must have the same properties. Creating a list of the properties of different transducers Move the black line with the UP button to Modify transducer. or the DOWN

Transducer set-up
Vib 1: 0 CTC 37256 Vib 2: 1 CTC 37257 Modify transducer Delete transducer

Transducer set-up

Vib 1. Press the LEFT or the RIGHT Transducer1: 0 CTC 37256 37256 set-up 0 CTC Name: Vib 2: 1 CTC 37257 button and select one of the 10 Type: Vib 1: 0 CTC 37256 Acceleration Modify transducer transducers that are going to be modified. Unit: Vib 2: 1 CTC 37257 g Delete transducer You can se that the name of the transducer Modify transducer mV/unit: 98.3 is changing. Delete transducer In this case we have selected transducer Name: 1 CTC 37257 number 2. Type: Acceleration Name: 2 Unit: g Type: Acceleration mV/unit: 102.2 Unit: g mV/unit: 100.00

Transducer set-up
Vib 1: 0 CTC 37256 Vib 2: 1 CTC 37257 Modify transducer Delete transducer Name: 2 KIN18 Type: Acceleration Unit: g mV/unit: 100.00

Then press ENTER and the black line jumps down to Name: 2. Press the CURSOR button and the existing name disappears. Write the new name, number or ID of the transducer.

Hints: Put a number in front of the transducer name. Use the same number that was used before for this transducer. Example: If you are modifying transducer 2, then put number 2 in front of the new name. Name: 2 KIN18 This will later help you to choose the correct transducer in the SpectraPro software.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Set-ups

B3

Transducer set-up

3. Press the DOWN Type:

button and the black line moves down to

There are 4 types of transducers. A Acceleration used for accelerometers with built in amplifiers. B. Velocity used for velocity transducers. C. Amplitude used for displacement transducers. D. Voltmeter used for arbitrary signals that does not need integration or derivation Choose the type of transducer with the LEFT RIGHT button. button again and the black line moves or the

Vib 1: 0 CTC 37256 Vib 2: 1 CTC 37257 Modify transducer Delete transducer Name: 2 KIN18 Type: Amplitude Unit: g mV/unit: 100.00

Transducer set-up
Vib 1: 0 CTC 37256 Vib 2: 1 CTC 37257 Modify transducer Delete transducer Name: 2 KIN18 Type: Amplitude Unit: um mV/unit: 100.00

4. Press the DOWN down to Unit.

You can choose between 10 units: mV, m/s2, g, mm/s, m/s, in/s, m, mm, mils, thou The unit information is usually found in the data sheet of the transducer Choose the unit of transducer with the LEFT button. 5. Press the DOWN to mV / unit. button and the black line moves down or RIGHT

Transducer set-up
Vib 1: 0 CTC 37256 Vib 2: 1 CTC 37257 Modify transducer Delete transducer Name: 2 KIN18 Type: Amplitude Unit: um mV/unit: 1.563

Write the sensitivity mV/unit of transducer. This information is usually found in the data sheet of the transducer. Then press ENTER and the information is stored. 6. Repeat this process step 1 to 5 if you want to add other transducers to the list.

Transducer set-up
Vib 1: 0 CTC 37256 Vib 2: 1 CTC 37257 Modify transducer Delete transducer Name: 3 HG91 Type: Velocity Unit: mm/s mV/unit: 5.02

Transducer set-up
Vib 1: 0 CTC 37256 Vib 2: 1 CTC 37257 Modify transducer Delete transducer Name: 4 PRESSURE Type: Voltmeter Unit: mV mV/unit: 23.421

B4

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Set-ups

TRANSDUCER SET-UP

CONFIGURING VIB1 AND VIB2 INPUT

This is how the menu can look like when we have a list of modified transducers. The black line is resting on Vib 1. It means that on the VIB 1 input we have to connect an accelerometer manufactured by CTC and with a sensitivity of 98.3 mV/g. Press the LEFT or the RIGHT button and select the transducer you want to connect to that input.
Transducer set-up
Vib 1: 0 CTC 37256 Vib 2: 1 CTC 37257 Modify transducer Delete transducer Transducer set-up

Transducer set-up
Vib 1: 4 PRESSURE Vib 2: 1 CTC 37257 Modify transducer Delete transducer Name: 4 PRESSURE Type: Voltmeter Unit: mV mV/unit: 23.421

Vib 1: 1 CTC 37257 Vib 2: 1 CTC 37257 37256 Name: 0 CTC ModifyType: Acceleration transducer DeleteUnit: g transducer Transducer set-up mV/unit: 98.3 Vib 1: 2 KIN18 Vib 2: 1 CTC Name: 1 CTC 37257 37257 Type: Acceleration Modify transducer Unit: g Delete Transducer set-up transducer mV/unit: 102.2 Vib 1: 3 HG91 Vib 2: 1 CTC 37257 Name: 2 KIN18 Modify transducer Type: Amplitude Delete transducer Unit: um mV/unit: 1.563 Name: 3 HG91 Type: Velocity Unit: mm/s mV/unit: 5.02

If we move the black line over Vib 2, we can make the same selection for this input. The black line is resting on Vib 2. It means that on the VIB 2 input we have to connected an accelerometer manufactured by CTC and with the serial number 37257 and with a sensitivity of 102.2 mV/g. The properties of the selected transducer are shown here.

Transducer set-up
Vib 1: 0 CTC 37256 Vib 2: 1 CTC 37257 Modify transducer Delete transducer Name: 1 CTC 37257 Type: Acceleration Unit: g mV/unit: 102.2

Hints:

The two input channels Vib1 and Vib2 are totally independent and you can have different types with different units and sensitivities for the two channels.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Set-ups

B5

TRANSDUCER SET-UP

SPECIAL TRANSDUCERS

If we have a special transducer, for example for pressure, and we want to measure the dynamic pressure variations we can use a special unit in the instrument. We assume that we want to use number 3 in the list for this purpose. Go down to Modify transducer and select number 3.

Transducer set-up
Vib 1: 3 Pressure Vib 2: 0 CTC Modify transducer Delete transducer Name: 3 Pressure Type: voltmeter Unit: mV mV/unit: 21.345000

Write the name of the transducer 3 Pressure. Use transducer type Voltmeter Select the unit mV. When we use this option, the instrument will not integrate or derivate the signal. If our transducer has a sensitivity of 21.345 mV per kilo Pascal, then we write mV/unit: 21.345.

Note! We also have to select the unit mV in the View set-up menu.

Hints: With this setting we will have the unit mV instead of kPa in the instrument, but when we have transferred the spectra to the SpectraPro program we can change the mV unit to any unit. It is only the mV unit that is possible to change in the SpectraPro program.

B6

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Set-ups

TRANSDUCER SET-UP Deleting a transducer Move the black line with the UP

DELETING A TRANSDUCER

B
or the DOWN button to Delete transducer.

Transducer set-up
1. Press the LEFT or the RIGHT button and select the transducer that is going to be deleted. Then press ENTER.

Vib 1: 0 CTC Vib 2: 1 CTC Modify transducer Delete transducer Name: 1 CTC Type: Accelerometer Unit: g mV/unit: 102.2

2. A new message will appear. Press the number 1 button if you want to delete the transducer and the number 0 button, if you want to keep the transducer. Then press ENTER.

Transducer set-up
Vib 1: 0 CTC Vib 2: 1 CTC Modify transducer Delete transducer Delete transducer (1/0) Name: 1 CTC Type: Accelerometer Unit: g mV/unit: 102.2

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Set-ups

B7

VIEW SET-UP MENU

MEASURING UNITS

Selecting the measuring units 1. Move the black line with the UP or the DOWN channel where you want to change the unit. The instrument has 10 different built in units for vibration: mV, m/s2, g, mm/s, m/s, in/s, m, mm, mils, thou. Press the LEFT or RIGHT button and select the unit you want to use for the following measurements. You can use any unit, except mV, regardless of the unit for the transducer. You can have different units for Vib 1 and Vib 2. to the

View set-up
Vib 1 in unit : mV Average: RMS Vib 2 in unit: mV Average: RMS Balancing: Show Hz Spectrum: Show Hz Spectrum min Hz: 2.000000

Note! Always use the unit mV if the transducer has the unit mV.

2. Move the black line with the UP or the DOWN button to the channel where you want to change the average type. The instrument has 3 different average types: RMS, Peak, Peak-Peak Press the LEFT or the RIGHT button and select the average type you want to use for the following measurements. You can have different averages for Vib 1 and Vib 2 Note! Do not change the unit after the first trial run T1 in balancing mode, because this will create errors in the calculation of the balancing weights.

View set-up
Vib 1 in unit: mm/s Average: RMS Vib 2 in unit: mm/s Average: RMS Balancing: Show RPM Spectrum: Show Hz Spectrum min Hz: 2.000000

View set-up
Vib 1 in unit: mm/s Average: RMS Vib 2 in unit: in/s Average: Peak Balancing: Show RPM Spectrum: Show Hz

The instrument has 2 different units for speed and frequency RPM and Hz.

Press the LEFT or the RIGHT button and select the Spectrum min Hz: 2.000000 unit that you want to use for the following measurements. You can have different units for balancing and spectrum. B8
Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Set-ups

VIEW SET-UP MENU

SELECTING LOW FREQUENCY LIMITS

Sometimes settling time of the transducer, temperature changes and digital sampling can create mathematical errors at low frequencies when the transducer signal is integrated. These errors can alter the spectra and can give too large total levels. This can influence the trend measurements. To prevent these errors from influencing the real vibration signal the lowest frequencies in the spectra are automatically removed.

View set-up

On this line you can set the lowest displayed frequency in the spectrum.

Vib 1 in unit: mV Average: RMS

Vib 2 in unit: mV Press the LEFT or the RIGHT button and select the Average: RMS lowest frequency. Balancing: Show Hz You can choose between: 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0 and 10Hz Spectrum: Show Hz The level in all lines below the selected frequency will be set to Spectrum min Hz: 2.000000 zero and will not be included in the total level of the spectrum.

The lowest displayed frequency is also depending on the number of integrations of the signal. Lowest spectrum frequency = Selected frequency x integration factor x range factor From / To Acceleration Velocity Displacement Frequency range Up to 200Hz Up to 3200Hz Up to 16000Hz Integration factor Acceleration Velocity 1.0 2.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 Range factor 1.0 1.0 5.0 Displacement 4.0 1.0 1.0
108.62

100.00 mm/ s RMS

If you measure a spectrum, like on the picture, where very low frequencies are dominating the spectrum, you have most likely experienced this problem. Increase the lowest frequency in the spectra or increase the waiting time!
20
Hz

360

Example If we select 0.5 Hz as the lowest frequency the real lowest frequency in the spectra will be: If the transducer is an accelerometer and the measuring unit is acceleration and the frequency range is 3200Hz the lowest frequency will be: 0.5 x 1.0 x 1.0 = 0.5Hz If the transducer is an accelerometer and the measuring unit is velocity and the frequency range is 16000Hz the lowest frequency will be: 0.5 x 2.0 x 5.0 = 5.0Hz If the transducer is an accelerometer and the measuring unit is displacement and the frequency range is 3200Hz the lowest frequency will be: 0.5 x 4.0 x 1.0 = 4.0 Hz
Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Set-ups

B9

INSTRUMENT SET-UP

BACKLIGHT, TIME, BAUD RATE ETC. or DOWN button to the row you want to change.

Move the black line with the UP

Change from On to Off by pressing the LEFT

or theRIGHT

button.

Instrument set-up
Background light : On Light on in sec : 10 Brightness : 7 Contrast : 2 Language : English Date : 2001-02-05 Time : 17:55:30 Baud rate printer : 9600 Wait analogue 3 Wait digital 2

Change the settings by pressing the LEFT

or the RIGHT button. The right button will increase the value. The left button will decrease the value Select the language by pressing the LEFT or the RIGHT button! Press ENTER and the language will change instantly.
Write the new date and time with the Number buttons. Change the baud rate settings by pressing the LEFT or the RIGHT button. The right button will increase the value. The left button will decrease the value.

Note! The baud rate setting controls the communication speed to the serial printer or the Windows hyper terminal. If the printout becomes wrong, check that the baud rate is the same in both the instrument and in the printer or hyper terminal. This setting does not change or influence the communication speed between the instrument and the SpectraPro software.

B10

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Set-ups

INSTRUMENT SET-UP

START DELAY OF MEASUREMENT

To save batteries the instrument goes to a sleep mode 15 seconds after the measuring cycle is finished. This means that the power to transducers and internal amplifiers are shut down. Mathematical errors at low frequencies can occur if the instrument starts to measure directly after the power to the transducers and the internal amplifiers are switched on, because the signals are still unstable. This effect is mostly noticed when the transducer signal is integrated. If you measure a spectra like on the picture, you have most likely experienced this problem. Increase the lowest frequency in the spectrm or increase the waiting time! These errors can alter the spectra and can give too large total levels that can influence the trend measurements. To prevent these errors from influencing the real vibration signal an adjustable time delay is introduced. Wait analogue is the time the instrument is waiting for the analogue signal to stabilize before the analogue to digital signal Instrument set-up conversion starts. If you are using an accelerometer as the Background light : On Light on in sec : 10 vibration transducer then choose:
20 Hz 360 100.00 mm/s RMS 108.62

Set wait analogue to: 2 if your measuring units is g, m/s2 3 if your measuring unit is mm/s, in/s or m/s 5 if your measuring unit is um, mils, thou or mm Change the waiting time settings by pressing the LEFT RIGHT button. The right button will increase the value. The left button will decrease the value. or the

Brightness : 7 Contrast : 2 Language : English Date : 2001-02-05 Time : 17:55:30 Baud rate printer : 9600 Wait analogue 3 Wait digital 2

Wait digital is the time the analogue to digital conversion is working without the data being used. If you are using an accelerometer as the vibration transducer then Instrument set-up choose Set wait digital to: Background light : On 1 if your measuring units is g, m/s2 Light on in sec : 10 2 if your measuring unit is mm/s, in/s or m/s Brightness : 7 Contrast : 2 3 if your measuring unit is um, mils, thou or mm Change the waiting time settings by pressing the LEFT RIGHT button. The right button will increase the value. The left button will decrease the value or the
Language : English Date : 2001-02-05 Time : 17:55:30 Baud rate printer : 9600 Wait analogue 3 Wait digital 2

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Set-ups

B11

The total waiting time is (wait analogue) + (wait digital) The settings in the table below are automatically selected by the instrument. Wait analogue in sec. From / To Acceleration Velocity Displacement Acceleration 2.0 3.0 5.0 Velocity 7.0 4.0 7.0 Displacement 5.0 3.0 2.0 From / To Acceleration Velocity Displacement Wait digital in sec. Acceleration Velocity 1.0 2.0 4.0 3.0 3.0 2.0 Displacement 3.0 4.0 1.0

The largest waiting time of the automatically or manually selected time will be used.

B12

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Set-ups

Balancing
Select new balancing ................................ 1 plane balancing without help function schematics 1 plane balancing with help functions schematics 1 plane balancing theory........................... 2 plane balancing without help functions schematics 2 plane balancing with help functions schematics New two-plane balancing start no T1........ Polar presentation..................................... Error messages and the message measurement saved Repeat a measurement ............................ Trial weight in plane 1 ............................... Start no T2 ............................................... Trial weight in plane 2 ............................... Start no T3 ................................................ Balancing weights ..................................... Start no T4 Balancing result Total improvement Fine Balancing weights ............................. Total Balancing weights ............................ Start no T5 Balancing result Partial improvement Save Balancing C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8C9 C10 C11 C12 C13 C14 C15 C16 C17 C18 C19 C20 C21 C22

SELECT NEW BALANCING

C
Move the black marker with the UP or DOWN buttons to Balancing in the Main Menu and press the ENTER key.

Main Men Main Menu


Route Analysis Balancing Print-out/communication Set-ups Delete

Move the black marker with the UP or DOWN button to New balancing in the Balancing menu and press the ENTER key.

Balancing modes
Ongoing balancing New balancing View stored balancing Collect response matrix

C2

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing

ONE PLANE (STATIC) BALANCING WITHOUT HELP FUNCTIONS

One plane or static balancing Balancing is neither simple nor difficult, it just follows a fixed procedure that can not be changed and is basically the same in all balancing instruments. One plane balancing is used when the heavy rotor part is narrow axially, for example a brake disk, a narrow fan wheel, or when the normal rotor speed is low. For One plane balancing we need to connect one transducer to VIB1 and one RPM transducer to REF. Because we only need one vibration transducer connected to the instrument Easy-BalancerTM and Easy-ViberTM automatically selects one plane balancing.

One Plane Balancing

Automatic functions

Vibration measurement trial run 1 Mounting of trial weight i plane 1 Vibration measurement trial run 2 Automatic check of the trial weight

Calculation and presentation of the balancing weight, mounting of the balancing weight

Vibration measurement trial run 3 Calculation and presentation of the fine and total balancing weight, mounting of the fine or total balancing weight

Automatic check of the balancing weights

An overview of the balancing procedure is shown in the picture to the right. You can always move forwards or backwards in the program with the FORWARDS or the BACKWARDS keys.

Save

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing

C3

ONE PLANE (STATIC) BALANCING WITH HELP FUNCTIONS

Manually activated Help functions

One Plane Balancing

Automatic functions

Bias vibration

Shaft speed measurement

Vibration measurement trial run 1 Calculation of trial weight Mounting of trial weight i plane 1 Vibration measurement trial run 2 Automatic check of the trial weight

View response matrix

Weight distribution

Calculation and presentation of the balancing weight, mounting of the balancing weight

Vibration measurement trial run 3 Calculation and presentation of the fine and total balancing weight, mounting of the fine or total balancing weight

Automatic check of the balancing weight

Weight distribution

Balancing quality compared with ISO-Standard Save

C4

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing

ONE PLANE (STATIC) BALANCING THEORY The balancing theory When we want to balance a new machine we do not know the relation between vibration and weight e.g. how much vibration a certain weight is creating. To solve this problem we measure the vibrations before and after we have mounted a trial weight. If the difference in vibration between the first and second trial run is 12 mm/s or 0.47 in/s due to a trial weight of 43grams then we can calculate how many grams that are needed to change the vibration 1 mm/s or 1 in/s. 43grams /(12 mm/s) = 3.58grams / mm/s or 43grams / (0.47 in/s) = 91.4grams / in/s This is called the unbalance sensitivity of the machine and depends on the stiffness of the machine and on the shaft speed. Easy-BalancerTM and Easy-ViberTM store this unbalance sensitivity with the name Response matrix. To balance a vibration of 7mm/s or 0.27in/s we only have to multiply the vibration with the unbalance sensitivity: 7 mm/s x 3.58grams / mm/s = 25grams or 0.27 in/s x 91.4grams / in/s = 25grams When we want to balance a machine where the unbalance sensitivity is unknown we must use trial weights and trial runs. Easy-BalancerTM and Easy-ViberTM calculate and store the unbalance sensitivity (Response Matrix) while we are balancing. Next time we want to balance the same machine we can use the response matrix and EasyBalancerTM and Easy-ViberTM calculate the balancing weights directly after the first trial run, or if all transducers are already mounted, even while the machine is still in production. To be able to use the Response Matrix all transducers including the RPM transducer must be placed in the same directions and locations as when the Response Matrix was first calculated. If there still are some vibrations when the balancing weight are installed in the machine the EasyBalancerTM and Easy-ViberTM calculate an additional fine balancing weight, with use of the unbalance sensitivity, in the same way as when the instrument calculated the first balancing weight. When the balance status is satisfactory the instrument is ready to store the whole balancing round or to print out a summary of the result.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing

C5

TWO-PLANE (DYNAMIC) BALANCING WITHOUT HELP FUNCTIONS

Basic two plane balancing program


Two Plane Balancing Automatic functions

Two-Plane balancing without help functions works the same way as one plane balancing. The only difference is that we have to mount a trial weight first in plane one and then in plane two and that we have to mount two balancing weights. Two-plane balancing must be used when the heavy part of the rotor is wide axially and when one plane balancing is not enough. The purpose of mounting a trial weight in plane 1 is to measure how much this weight is changing the vibration vector in measuring point 1 but also to measure how much the vibration is changing in measuring point 2. This is called the influence from plane 1 to plane 2. The purpose of mounting a trial weight in plane 2 is to measure how much this weight is changing the vibration vector in measuring point 2 but also to measure how much the vibration is changing in measuring point 1. This is called the influence from plane 2 to plane 1. If we mount both trial weights at the same time we do not know the cause and effect and the instrument can not calculate a correct response matrix.

Help functions menu

Shaft speed measurement Vibration measurement trial run 1 Mounting of trial weight i plane 1 Vibration measurement trial run 2 Mounting of trial weight i plane 2 Vibration measurement trial run 3 Automatic check of the trial weight Automatic check of the trial weight

Calculation and presentation of balancing weights, mounting of balancing weights

Vibration measurement trial run 4 Calculation and presentation of fine and total balancing weights, mounting of fine or total balancing weights

Automatic check of the balancing weights

Save

You can always move forwards or backwards in the program with the Forwards Backwards keys.

or

C6

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing

TWO-PLANE (DYNAMIC) BALANCING WITH HELP FUNCTIONS

Extended two plane balancing program


Manually activated Help functions Two Plane Balancing Automatic functions

Help functions menu

Bias vibration

Shaft speed measurement Vibration measurement trial run 1

Calculation of trial weight

Mounting of trial weight i plane 1 Vibration measurement trial run 2 Mounting of trial weight i plane 2 Automatic check of the trial weight

Calculation of trial weight

Display of response matrix

Vibration measurement trial run 3

Automatic check of the trial weight

Weight distribution

Calculation and presentation of balancing weights, mounting of balancing weights

Vibration measurement trial run 4 Calculation and presentation of fine and total balancing weights, mounting of fine or total balancing weights

Automatic check of the balancing weights

Weight distribution

Balancing quality compared with ISO-Standard

Save

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing

C7

TWO-PLANE (DYNAMIC) BALANCING WITHOUT HELP FUNCTIONS


We will start with going through a complete two-plane balancing in detail and we will explain all the different windows. The program for one plane balancing is very similar except that we need only one trial weight.

1. Select Balancing in the main menu and press the ENTER

Balancing modes
Ongoing balancing New balancing View stored balancing Collect response matrix

button. 2. Select New Balancing in the balancing menu and press the

ENTER

button.

Choose: Ongoing balancing when you want to continue with a balancing that you already have started. New balancing when you want to start from the beginning. View stored balancing if you want have a look at a balancing that is already saved in the memory. Collect response matrix when you want to balance a Balancing with previously balanced and saved machine again. calculation of trial weight For Two-plane balancing we need to connect one transducer to weight distribution VIB1 and one transducer to VIB2 and one RPM transducer to balance quality REF. response matrix view response matrix Because we need two vibration transducers connected to the bias vibration instrument Easy-BalancerTM and Easy-ViberTM select automatically two-plane balancing. Dont activate any of the balancing functions.

Just press the ENTER

button.

C8

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing

TWO-PLANE BALANCING START T1 ORIGINAL UNBALANCE

First start the machine


1. First we have to decide the balancing speed. The instrument has now switched on the power

to the RPM transducer and tries to measure the shaft speed so let us start the machine and let it run on the balancing speed. Adjust the distance or the direction if the RPM transducer does not work properly.

Balancing
Adjust the RPM transducer and start the machine

2. As soon as the shaft speed is above 30 RPM a new message appears in the bottom of the display.

RPM

button when the machine has reached Press the ENTER your chosen balancing speed and Easy-BalancerTM or EasyViberTM automatically stores the shaft speed and switches the display to vibration and phase measurements.

0.0

Balancing
Adjust the RPM transducer and start the machine

RPM

2965.9
Press ENTER when the machine has obtained balancing RPM

0.0000 000.0 Mp2


Measurement starts

The message Measurement starts is shown at least 2 seconds or the same time as Wait Analogue is set to in the Instrument set-up menu.

Mp1 0.0000 000.0

T1
Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing

C9

TWO-PLANE BALANCING POLAR PRESENTATION

Direction of shaft rotation

In this square are the values from measuring point 2 shown

Vibration in selected unit Polar presentation The upper circle belongs to measuring point 2. 90 degrees Phase in degrees 0 degree direction for measuring point 2

180 degrees Polar presentation The cross shows the same values as in measuring point 2.

0 degree direction for measuring point 1 Polar presentation The lower circle belongs to measuring point 1. 270 degrees T1 indicates that these values belong to Trial run 1. Polar presentation The cross shows the same values as in measuring point 1.

Vibration in selected unit Phase in degrees In this square are the values from measuring point 1 shown.

C10

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing

TWO-PLANE BALANCING MEASUREMENTS SAVED

Error messages
When the message Missing RPM pulse is visible check the position and direction of the RPM transducer and check the cables and that all connectors are connected.
When the message Missing transducer is visible check the cables and that all connectors are connected.

The instrument is always building an average of the measurements. When the message Saved is visible the instrument has automatically stopped the measurements and the values are saved. The power to the RPM transducer is also switched off.

The more stable the values are the faster the instrument is measuring. If the values are very unstable the instrument might not save the values. It is always possible to force the instrument to save by pressing the ENTER button.

Warning! If you force the instrument to save, means that you accept very unstable measurements. This can later cause errors in the calculated balancing weights.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing

C11

TWO-PLANE BALANCING

REPEAT MEASUREMENT

If you are not satisfied with the measurement and want to repeat a measurement press the CURSOR button.

8.4067 139.2 Mp2

The question Do you want to start a new measurement? will appear in the window. No is pre-selected.
Do you want to start a new Mp1 measurement?

Change the answer to YES with the LEFT button and press ENTER

or RIGHT

to start a new measurement.

No 20.724 200.9
to continue to the next

T1

If you do not want to make a new measurement just press ENTER window.

RPM control. It is very important to measure the vibrations at the same RPM during the whole measuring period and at the different trial runs.
Easy-BalancerTM or Easy-ViberTM is automatically watching the RPM and stops the measurements if the RPM is out of range and starts the measurement again when the RPM is within the range. In this case one of the error messages besides will appear. The actual RPM is within range if its between: selected balancing RPM +1% + 3 RPM / -1% -3 RPM. Example: 3000 RPM +30 RPM +3 RPM = 3033 RPM 3000 RPM - 30 RPM - 3 RPM = 2967 RPM
Balancing RPM 2965.9 Actual RPM 2467.3 Increase RPM

8.4067 139.2 Mp2

Balancing RPM 2965.9

Mp1 20.724 200.9

Actual RPM 3275.8 Decrease RPM

T1

C12

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing

TWO-PLANE BALANCING

TRIAL WEIGHT IN PLANE 1 Note: You decide the zero direction in the balancing plane by telling the instrument in what angle the trial weight is mounted. The zero (0) direction in plane 1 does not need to be in the same direction as in plane 2.

The marker is active on the radius. Write the radius on which the trial weight is mounted and press ENTER.

The marker jumps to Weight. Write the weight of the trial weight and press ENTER.
The marker jumps to Angle.

Write the angular position of the trial weight and press ENTER.

If you want to change some values move the marker with the Up or the Down button.

Press ENTER to start a new measurement.

First you have to write the radius on which the trial weight is mounted. The radius 1 is preselected and Zero (0) is not accepted by the instrument. The program works for any unit on the radius or weight, if the same unit is used in the whole balancing procedure.

Mounting of trial weight


Enter the mounted trial weight in

Plane

Second you have to write the weight of the trial weight. Zero (0) is not accepted by the instrument. Thrird you must enter the angle from the zero direction to where you have mounted the trial weight.

Radius: 650 Weight: 40 Angle: 90

Note: The angle is always counted against rotation

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing

C13

TWO-PLANE BALANCING

START T2

WEIGHT IN PLANE 1

The measurement starts automatically when the speed is within the speed range and the measurement is also automatically saved. The changes in vibration due to the trial weight are shown in the picture in the middle. The thick cross represents the present vibration and the thinner cross represents the previous vibration. The line in between represents the vectorial change in vibration.

7.9662 144.5 Mp2


Measurement starts

Mp1 15.406 168.2


When the measurements are saved you will get the question Shall the trial weight remain in plane 1. Press Enter if you will remove the trial weight. In this case the instrument will calculate a balancing weight that will balance the original unbalance. If you want to keep the trial weight in the machine, change

Saved

7.9662 144.5 Mp2

T2

the answer to YES with the LEFT button and press ENTER.

or the RIGHT

Mp1 15.406 168.2

T2

Why do I want to keep the trial weight in the machine? If the trial weight is impossible or very difficult to remove If I have drilled or grinded away material as a trial weight. If the trial weight substantially improved the balance status. In this case the instrument will calculate a balancing weight that will balance both the trial weight and the original unbalance at the same time.

7.9662 144.5 Mp2


Shall the trial weight remain in plane 1

No
Mp1 15.406 168.2

T2

C14

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing

TWO-PLANE BALANCING

TRIAL WEIGHT IN PLANE 2

The marker is active on the Radius. Write the radius on which the trial weight is mounted and press ENTER. The marker jumps to Weight. Write the weight of the trial weight and press ENTER. Zero (0) on the radius or weight is not accepted by the instrument. The marker jumps to Angle. Write the angular position of the trial weight and press ENTER.

Mounting of trial weight


Enter the mounted trial weight in

Plane

Radius: 420 Weight: 31 Angle: 180

If you want to change some values, move the marker with the Up button.

or the Down

Note: The angle is always counted against rotation. The program works for any unit for the radius or weight if the same units are used during the whole balancing procedure.

Note: You decide the zero direction in the balancing plane by telling the instrument in what angle the trial weight is mounted. The zero (0) direction in plane 2 does not need to be in the same direction as in plane 1.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing

C15

TWO-PLANE BALANCING

START T3

WEIGHT IN PLANE 2

The measurements starts automatically when the speed is within the speed range and the measurements are also automatically saved. The changes in vibration due to the trial weight are shown in the picture in the middle. The thick cross represents the present vibration and the thinner cross represents the previous vibration. The line in between represents the vectorial change in vibration. When the measurements are saved you will get the question Shall the trial weight remain in plane 2. Press ENTER if you are going to remove the trial weight. In this case the instrument will calculate a balancing weight that will balance the original unbalance. If you want to keep the trial weight in the machine change the answer to YES with the LEFT RIGHT button and press ENTER. or the

15.920 153.3 Measurement Mp2


starts Saved

Mp1 19.587 204.6

T3 15.920 153.3 Mp2

Mp1 19.587 204.6

T3 15.920 153.3 Mp2


Shall the trial weight remain in plane 1

In this case the instrument will calculate a balancing weight that will balance both the trial weight and the original unbalance at the same time. Why do I want to keep the trial weight in the machine? If the trial weight is impossible or very difficult to remove If I have drilled or grinded away material as a trial weight. If the trial weight substantially improved the balance status. Press ENTER when you are ready.

No Mp1 19.587 204.6

T3

C16

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing

TWO-PLANE BALANCING

BALANCING WEIGHTS

The instrument shows the size and position of the balancing weights with the previously used radius as pre-selected. The marker is waiting on Radius plane 1. The previously chosen radius is pre-selected and the size of the weight depends on this radius. Press ENTER if you want to use this radius and mount the weight in the direction indicated by the Angle. If you want to change the radius write the new radius and press ENTER and the size of the balancing weight is recalculated. Balancing weight in Plane 1 Radius for the balancing weight Size of the balancing weight Angular position of the balancing weight from zero degree in plane 1 Balancing weight in Plane 2 Radius for the balancing weight Size of the balancing weight Angular position of the balancing weight from zero degree in plane 1

Balancing weight Plane 1 Radius: 650 Weight: 76.377 Angle: 38.181 Plane 2 Radius: 420 Weight: 35.114 Angle: 341.16

The marker jumps to Radius Plane 2. The previously chosen radius is pre-selected and the size of the weight depends on this radius. Press ENTER if you want to use this radius and mount the weight in the direction indicated by the Angle. If you want to change the radius write the new radius and press ENTER and the size of the balancing weight is recalculated. You can have different radius in plane 1 and plane 2.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing

C17

TWO-PLANE BALANCING START T4 WITH BALANCING WEIGHTS

The balancing is actually now finished but we have to start the machine and measure at least one more time to check the result of the balancing weights. We may have made a mistake, when we mounted the balancing weights or it can be something wrong with the machine.

0.7139 141.8 Measurement Mp2 starts


Saved

The measurement starts automatically when the speed is within the speed range and the measurements are also automatically saved.

Mp1 0.6760 241.4

The changes in vibration due to the balancing weights are shown in the picture in the middle. The thick cross represents the present vibration and the thinner cross represents the previous vibration. The line between represents the vectorial change in vibration.

0.7139 T4 141.8 Mp2

Press ENTER and the next menu will appear.

Mp1 0.6760 241.4

T4

Balancing result
This window shows the improvement in percent and it means that the original vibration has been reduced by 95.2 %.

Total improvement 95.2%

Press ENTER and the next menu will be shown.

C18

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing

TWO-PLANE BALANCING

FINE BALANCING WEIGHTS

The menu Save or continue is shown. Select Continue balancing and the instrument calculates new fine balancing weights. Select Save in memory and you can save this balancing with your own label. Select Exit balancing and the program jumps to the first balancing menu.

Save or continue
Continue balancing Save in memory Exit balancing

When we have mounted the balancing weights sometimes a small unbalance will remain. We can then select Continue balancing and the instrument calculates new Fine balancing weights in the same way as the instrument calculated the balancing weights.

Fine balancing weight Plane 1 Radius: 650 Weight: 2.2610 Angle: 70.4742 Plane 2 Radius: 420 Weight: 2.727 Angle: 337.75

The Fine balancing weights are calculated so that they only will balance the remaining unbalance and we must therefore keep the first balancing weights in the balancing planes. If the radius is changed the weight will be recalculated to correspond to the new radius.

There are several reasons why we have to add Fine balancing weights: It is often difficult to place the balancing weight exactly in the angle that the instrument had calculated. It is often difficult to place the balancing weight on exactly the radius we have written in the instrument. The stiffness of the bearing support is nonlinear and depends on the vibration level.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing

C19

TWO-PLANE BALANCING

TOTAL BALANCING WEIGHTS

The instrument will always give you two options at fine balancing: First the Fine balancing weight. The fine balancing weight is the weight you have to add to balance the small remaining unbalance.

Second the Total balancing weight. The Total balancing weight is the vectorial sum of all the weights you have added to the balancing plane including the Fine balancing weight and the trial weight if it remains in the machine. Instead of adding more and more weights you can replace all the weights with the Total balancing weight.
The Total balancing weight is calculated so that it will replace all the previously calculated weights including the balancing weight, all the fine balancing weights and the trial weight, if it remains in the machine. If the radius is changed the weight will be recalculated to correspond to the new radius.

Total balancing weight Plane 1 Radius: 650 Weight: 78.2980 Angle: 39.0657 Plane 2 Radius: 420 Weight: 37.8380 Angle: 340.916

Note! If you use this option do not forget to remove all the weights you have previously installed at this balancing round.

Press ENTER when you are ready.

Warning! The Total balancing weight is the vectorial sum of all the previously calculated weights and not the sum of the weights you have mounted. Example: The instrument calculated the balancing weight to be 116grams but you chose to mount only 110grams. Then the instrument calculates the fine balancing weight to be 6grams. The total balancing weight is then 12grams or 6grams to large. To avoid this always install the weight the instrument has calculated.

C20

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing

TWO-PLANE BALANCING START T5 FINE BALANCING WEIGHTS

The measurement starts automatically when the speed is within the speed range and the measurement is also automatically saved.

0.1125 184.5 Measurement Mp2


starts Saved

Mp1 0.0263 163.1


The changes in vibration due to the fine or total balancing weights are shown in the picture in the middle. The thick cross represents the present vibration and the thinner cross represents the previous vibration. The line in between represents the vectorial change in vibration.

0.1125 184.5 Mp2

T5

Press ENTER and the next menu will be shown.

Mp1 0.0263 163.1

T5

Balancing result
This window shows the improvement in percent. Total improvement means that the original vibration has been reduced by 99.5 %. Partial improvement means that the vibration has been reduced by 90.0 % compared with the previous trial run. Press ENTER and the next menu will be shown.

Total improvement 99.5 % Partial improvement 90.0 %

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing

C21

TWO-PLANE BALANCING

SAVE OR CONTINUE BALANCING

Now we are back in the menu Save or continue. Select Continue balancing and the instrument calculates new fine balancing weights.

Save or continue
Continue balancing Save in memory Exit balancing

Select Save in memory and you can save this balancing with your own label. Select Exit balancing and the program jumps to the first balancing menu. If we are still not satisfied with the balancing we can again select Continue balancing and the instrument calculates new Fine balancing weights in the same way as before. You can repeat this fine balancing up to 15 trial runs (T15). When we are satisfied with the balancing we can select Save in memory and press ENTER. The menu Save balancing will appear. Select Yes and press ENTER. The menu Enter new name will appear. Write with the help of the numeric keyboard the file name and press ENTER. If you do not write a name the balancing will be saved with only the date and time when you press ENTER.

Save balancing
Yes No

Enter new name


FAN 32_

C22

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing

Balancing Functions
Balancing with help functions How to select a help function .............................. Brief descriptions of help functions ..................... Calculation of trial weight at 1-plane balancing ... Calculation of trial weight at 2-plane balancing ... Weight distribution .............................................. Balancing quality at 1-plane balancing, rotor data Balancing quality at 2-plane balancing, rotor data Balance quality class........................................... Balance quality Tolerance................................. Residual unbalance............................................. View Responce matrix ........................................ Bias vibration ..................................................... Collect response matrix....................................... Error messages...................................................

D
D2 D3 D4D5 D6D9 D10D11 D12 D13D14 D16 D17 D18 D18D19 D20D25 D26D28 D29D30

BALANCING WITH HELP FUNCTIONS

Balancing with manually activated help functions

Move the black marker with the Up or the Down button to the selected help function. Activate the help function with the Left or Right button.

Balancing functions
Calculation of trial weight Weight distribution Balancing quality Response matrix View response matrix Bias vibration

A help function is activated when a black mark is visible in front of the help function. With one or more help functions activated the basic balancing program is rerouted to the specific help function and returns after that to the basic program. The help functions are intended to give the user additional possibilities in the basic balancing program.

A brief description of the help functions are made on the next page D3.

D2

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

BRIEF DESCRIPTIONS OF HELP FUNCTIONS Calculation of trial weight With this function activated the instrument calculates a suitable trial weight if you enter some basic rotor information such as the rotor weight, the radius of the trial weight and the balancing speed. Note! This weight is calculated for machines with normal bearing support stiffness and might be too large if the balancing speed is close to a mechanical resonance. Weight distribution This is a very useful function! With this function activated the instrument distributes the balancing weight to evenly distributed positions. This eliminates the need of angle measurements in the rotor. For example if a fan has 12 blades then number the blades from 0 to 11. The instrument distributes the balancing weight to the blades nearest on each side of the correct angle. The vectorial sum of these two weights is equal to the calculated balancing weight. Balance quality Enter the rotor dimensions, rotor weight and maximum rotor speed. Select the balancing quality grade and the instrument calculates maximum allowable residual unbalance and compares this value with the remaining unbalance in the rotor. If the remaining unbalance is lower than the allowable the instrument displays an OK, otherwise ---. Response matrix This is a very useful function! The response matrix is the normalized unbalance sensitivity of a machine and can be used to calculate a new balancing weight the next time the same machine has to be balanced. To activate this function you must select a previously stored balancing by using the option Response matrix instead of New balancing. The help function Response MATRIX can not be activated while the function Calculation of trial weight is activated and vice versa. View response matrix When this function is activated the response matrix is displayed before the balancing weights are displayed. The response matrix is always transferred to the printer or computer together with all other balancing information. Bias vibration When this function is activated you can write a bias vibration (a vibration with the same frequency as the shaft speed but has a different origin, no unbalance vibration). This bias vibration will then be subtracted from the measured vibrations. Example: Unbalance in a dummy shaft. Balancing of rotors with two shafts. When proximity shafts are used.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

D3

CALCULATION OF TRIAL WEIGHT

ONE-PLANE BALANCING

Balancing with manually activated help functions After trial run T1 is finished the menu Rotor data will appear.

Rotor data
Estimated rotor weight kg: 500 Radius for trial weight plane 1: 650 Enter maximum rotor speed in RPM: 3000

The marker is waiting for an estimated rotor weight. In one-plane balancing we usually balance only a part of the rotor for example a fan wheel. Then estimate the weight of the fan wheel and the part of the shaft that goes from the fan wheel to the nearest bearing! Write the weight in kg and press the ENTER button or move down to Radius for trial weight plane 1: with the UP or the DOWN button!

Write the radius in mm where it is convenient to mount the trial weight and press the ENTER button or move down to Enter maximum rotor speed in RPM: with the UP button! Press the ENTER button when finished! Note! The unit of the speed depends on the settings in the View set-up menu and can be changed between RPM or Hz. or DOWN

D4

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

MOUNTING OF TRIAL WEIGHT Balancing with manually activated help functions

ONE-PLANE BALANCING

With the help of the rotor data the instrument calculates a trial weight. The marker is waiting on the radius. After you have written a new radius or if you accept the pre-selected radius press the ENTER button or move down to the next radius

Mounting of trial weight


Proposed trial weight in plane 1 Radius: 650 Weight: 40.825 Enter the mounted trial weight in plane 1 Radius: 650 Weight: 40 Angle: 90

with the UP or the DOWN button. If you write a new radius the proposed trial weight is recalculated. You have to decide the angular position of the trial weight because the instrument can not calculate angle for the trial weight.

Now we have to mount the trial weight in the machine. Because we do not need to mount exactly the proposed trial weight we must write the real radius and weight of the trial weight as well as the angular position from the zero (0) direction. Press the ENTER Press the UP or the DOWN or DOWN button after each new entry.

button, if you want to change the numbers.

Note 1! The calculated trial weight is only a proposed trial weight. We do not need to mount exactly the calculated weight. The proposed trial weight gives us a hint of the size of the weight. Note 2! If the shaft speed is close to a structural resonance in the machine we might have a large amplification of the vibrations. In this case the proposed trial weight might be too large.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

D5

CALCULATION OF TRIAL WEIGHT Rotor configuration 1

TWO-PLANE BALANCING

After trial run T1 is finished the menu Rotor configuration will appear. There are 3 different configurations. Use the LEFT machine. or RIGHT button to select the rotor configuration that best represents your

Rotor configuration 1
Rotor weight kg: 500
1. Press the ENTER Rotor weight. button and the marker jumps down to

300
or

2. Write the rotor weight in kg and press the ENTER DOWN button.

3. Write the distance between the left bearing and the left balancing plane and press the ENTER or DOWN button.

2500 3100 Balancing speed RPM: 2967.6

4. Write the distance between the left and right balancing plane and press the ENTER DOWN button.

or

5. Write the distance between the left and right bearing and press the ENTER button.
6. The presently used balancing speed is pre-selected, press the ENTER speed.

or the DOWN

button to confirm this

D6

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

CALCULATION OF TRIAL WEIGHT

TWO-PLANE BALANCING

Rotor configuration 2

1. Press the ENTER down to Rotor weight.

button and the marker jumps

Rotor configuration 2
Rotor weight kg: 500 300 2500

2. Write the rotor weight in kg and press the ENTER or the DOWN button.

3. Write the distance between the left and right balancing planes and press the ENTER button. or DOWN

3100

4. Write the distance between the left bearing and right bearing and press the ENTER button. or DOWN

Balancing speed RPM: 2967.6

5. Write the distance between the right balancing plane and the right bearing and press the ENTER or DOWN button. button to confirm

6. The presently used balancing speed is pre-selected, press the ENTER this speed.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

D7

CALCULATION OF TRIAL WEIGHT Rotor configuration 3

TWO-PLANE BALANCING

1. Press the ENTER Rotor weight.

button and the marker jumps down to or

Rotor configuration 3
Rotor weight kg: 500

2. Write the rotor weight in kg and press the ENTER DOWN button.

3. Write the distance between the left and right bearing and press the ENTER or DOWN button.

2500 3100 Balancing speed RPM: 2967.6

4. Write the distance between the left and right balancing plane and press the ENTER or DOWN button.

This configuration assumes that the balancing planes are placed on equal distances from the bearings.
5. The presently used balancing speed is pre-selected, press the ENTER

this speed.

button to confirm

D8

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

MOUNTING OF TRIAL WEIGHT Balancing with manually activated help functions

TWO-PLANE BALANCING

With the help of the information from the rotor configuration the instrument calculates a trial weight. The marker is waiting on the radius. After you have written a new radius or if you accept the pre-selected radius press the ENTER button or move down to the next radius

Mounting of trial weight


Proposed trial weight in plane 1 Radius: 650 Weight: 40.825 Enter the mounted trial weight in plane 1 Radius: 650 Weight: 40 Angle: 90

with the UP or DOWN button. If you write a new radius the proposed trial weight is recalculated. You have to decide the angular position of the trial weight, because the instrument can not calculate angle for the trial weight.

Now we have to mount the trial weight in the machine. Because we do not need to mount exactly the proposed trial weight, we must write the real radius and weight of the trial weight as well as the angular position from the zero (0) direction. Press the ENTER Press the UP Press the ENTER or DOWN or DOWN button after each new entry. button, if you want to change the numbers.

button when finished and the window changes to plane 2.

Note 1! The calculated trial weight is only a proposed trial weight. We do not need to mount exactly the calculated weight. The proposed trial weight gives us a hint of the size of the weight. Note 2! If the shaft speed is close to a structural resonance in the machine we might have a large amplification of the vibrations. In this case the proposed trial weight might be too large.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

D9

WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION

ONE AND TWO-PLANE BALANCING

With weight distribution activated the instrument presents the balancing weight in two ways: As a weight in a certain angle as previously described. As two weights in fixed positions. The menu Distribution Plane 1 shows the size of the balancing weight 76.37 and it should be placed 38.18 degrees from the zero (0) direction on the radius 650. It is often difficult to place a weight in a certain angle because the angle is difficult to measure in a real machine. The centre or angle measurements are occupied by the machine parts.

Distribution Plane 1
Balancing weight

Radius: 650 Weight: 76.37747955 Angle: 38.181823730


Number of positions: 8

Instead of mounting one weight in the correct position we can mount two weights in fixed positions. By changing the size of these weights and the relation between the weights we can simulate any weight between these two positions. Look at the picture. We have 8 positions evenly distributed. That will make 45 degrees between each position. If we place one weight of 12.82in position 0 and one weight of 66.76in position 1 it will do the same thing as the balancing weight 76.37in the angle 38.18degrees. The new weights must be placed on the same radius as the balancing weight. 66.76in the position 1

Pos Weight 0 12.823320 1 66.769859

76.37 in angle 38.18

12.82 in the position 0

Note: If we change the radius, all the weights will be recalculated to the new radius.

D10

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION

ONE AND TWO-PLANE BALANCING

With two-plane balancing the instrument will also display the weight distribution for plane 2. Note 1: You can have different radius and number of positions in the two-planes and the zero (0) degree direction does not need to be the same in the two-planes. Note 2: The number of positions is limited to 99 positions. The simplest way to choose the number of positions is to use parts in the rotor that are already evenly distributed, for example bolts in a coupling or blades in a pump- or fan wheel.

Distribution Plane 2
Balancing weight

Radius: 420 Weight: 35.11461257 Angle: 341.16192627


Number of positions: 6

Pos Weight 5 13.092382 0 26.687496

Place the first position Pos 0 in zero degrees and number the rest in a direction opposite or against the rotation.

Direction of rotation Direction of rotation

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

D11

BALANCE QUALITY

ROTOR DATA ONE-PLANE BALANCING

Balancing with manually activated help functions After the menu Balancing result the menu Rotor data will appear. The marker is waiting for an estimated rotor weight. In one-plane balancing we usually balance only a part of the rotor for example a fan wheel. Then estimate the weight of the fan wheel and the part of the shaft that goes from the fan wheel to the nearest bearing.

Rotor data
Estimated rotor weight kg: 500 Radius for trial weight plane 1: 650 Enter maximum rotor speed in RPM: 3000

Write the weight in kg and press the ENTER button or move down to Radius for trial weight plane 1 with the UP or DOWN button.

Write the radius, in mm, where it is convenient to mount the trial weight and press the ENTER button or move down to Enter maximum rotor speed in RPM with the UP button. Press the ENTER button when finished. Note! The maximum rotor speed is the maximum speed this rotor will ever reach in normal operation and not the balancing speed you have selected for the moment. or DOWN

D12

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

BALANCE QUALITY ROTOR CONFIG. 1 Rotor configuration 1

TWO-PLANE BALANCING

After the menu Balancing result the menu Rotor configuration will appear. There are 3 different configurations. Use the LEFT machine. or RIGHT button to select the rotor configuration that best represent your

1. Press the ENTER down to Rotor weight.

button and the marker jumps

Rotor configuration 1
Rotor weight kg: 500 300

2. Write the rotor weight in kg and press the ENTER or DOWN button.

3. Write the distance between the left bearing and the left balancing plane and press the ENTER button. or DOWN

2500 3100 Balancing speed RPM: 2967.6


or

4. Write the distance between the left and right balancing plane and press the ENTER DOWN button.

5. Write the distance between the left and right bearing and press the ENTER button.

or DOWN

6. Write the Running speed and press the ENTER

button.

Note! The running speed is the maximum speed this rotor will ever reach in normal operation and not the balancing speed you have selected for the moment.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

D13

BALANCE QUALITY ROTOR CONFIG. 2 Rotor configuration 2

TWO-PLANE BALANCING

Rotor configuration 2
Rotor weight kg: 500 300 2500
or

1. Press the ENTER to Rotor weight.

button and the marker jumps down

2. Write the rotor weight in kg and press the ENTER DOWN button.

3100

3. Write the distance between the left bearing and the left balancing plane and press the ENTER button. or DOWN

Balancing speed RPM: 2967.6

4. Write the distance between the left and right balancing plane and press the ENTER DOWN button.

or

5. Write the distance between the left and right bearing and press the ENTER button.

or DOWN

6. Write the Running speed and press the ENTER

button.

Note! The running speed is the maximum speed this rotor will ever reach in normal operation and not the balancing speed you have selected for the moment.

D14

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

BALANCE QUALITY ROTOR CONFIG. 3 Rotor configuration 3

TWO-PLANE BALANCING

1. Press the ENTER down to Rotor weight.

button and the marker jumps

Rotor configuration 3
Rotor weight kg: 500

2. Write the rotor weight in kg and press the ENTER or DOWN button.

3. Write the distance between the left bearing and the left

2500
balancing plane and press the ENTER button. 4. Write the distance between the left and right balancing plane and press the ENTER or DOWN button. or DOWN or DOWN

3100 Balancing speed RPM: 2967.6

5. Write the distance between the left and right bearing and press the ENTER button.

6. Write the Running speed and press the ENTER

button.

Note! The running speed is the maximum speed this rotor will ever reach in normal operation and not the balancing speed you have selected for the moment.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

D15

BALANCE QUALITY

QUALITY CLASS

Balancing with manually activated help functions Now we have to select the tolerance level according to the standard ISO1940. In this standard the machines are divided into different classes called Quality class.

Select the Quality class with the LEFT button. Press the ENTER

or RIGHT

Balance quality
Quality class 6.3

button when finished.

A brief description of the Quality classes This description is only an overview and not an extraction from the standard. Q40 Car wheels Q16 Agricultural machinery Q6.3 Normal process machinery Q2.5 Turbo compressors, computer hard disks Q1 Record players Q0.4 Gyroscopes Normally parts of a machine are balanced to one quality class lower than the whole machine. Example: A complete fan is normally balanced to Q6.3 but if we balance only the fan wheel we have to balance down to Q2.5. Press the ENTER button when finished.

Note! It is impossible to balance to zero (0). There must always be some small remaining unbalance in the machine when we are finished with the balancing. The ISO1940 standard gives us a help when we can stop balance. If the remaining unbalance is less than the allowable unbalance according to the standard then the machine is considered to be in good balance and we can stop the balancing procedure.

D16

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

BALANCE QUALITY One-plane Balancing

TOLERANCE

This menu presents the results of the balancing. Residual unbalance Plane 1 is the remaining unbalance in the machine. Allowable unbalance is the maximum allowable unbalance according to the ISO1940 standard. If the remaining unbalance is lower than the allowable unbalance the instrument answer Tolerance: OK. If the remaining unbalance is higher than the allowable unbalance the instrument answer Tolerance: ---. Two-Plane Balancing This menu presents the results of the balancing. Residual unbalance Plane 1 is the remaining unbalance in Plane 1. Residual unbalance Plane 2 is the remaining unbalance in Plane 2. Allowable unbalance is the maximum allowable unbalance according to ISO1940 standard. If the remaining unbalance is lower than the allowable unbalance, the instrument answer is Tolerance: OK. If the remaining unbalance is higher than the allowable unbalance the instrument answer Tolerance: ---. Press ENTER button when finished.

Balance quality
Quality class 6.3 Residual unbalance

Plane 1: 3349.344 Allowed: 8750.00 Tolerance: OK

Balance quality
Quality class 6.3 Residual unbalance

Plane 1: 1469.663 Allowed: 3528.225 Tolerance: OK Plane 2: 11457.055 Allowed: 3528.225 Tolerance: ---

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

D17

RESIDUAL UNBALANCE What is a residual unbalance? If we place a large weight in the shaft centre we do not get an unbalance. The radius from the shaft centre is also important.

The residual unbalance in Easy-BalancerTM or Easy-ViberTM is always the product of the unbalance weight times the radius and has often the unit grammm = gram millimeter. That is why the numbers in the residual- and allowable unbalance seams so large. A residual unbalance of 100grams corresponds to an unbalance weight of 1gram at the radius 100mm or 10grams at the radius 10mm or 100grams at the radius 1mm. They all produce the same centrifugal force and unbalance vibration.

RESPONSE MATRIX What is a response matrix? When we mount a trial weight in the machine and make a new start the vibrations have changed. (If they have not changed, the trial weight is too small). We can calculate this change by (vectorially) subtracting the vibrations without the trial weight from the vibrations with the trial weight. If we divide this change in vibration with the weight of the trial weight we will get the normalized unbalance sensitivity or the response matrix. For example: The change in vibration is 8 mm/s caused by a trial weight of 50 grams on the radius 400 mm. 8 Then the unbalance sensitivity will be = 0.0004 or 50 400 4.0 10 4 (mm / s ) /( gram mm) . This value is called a11=0.004 in the response matrix. The unbalance sensitivity can be explained in other words. First, we assume that the machine in our example has no unbalance what so ever thus the vibration is zero (0). If we mount a weight of 1gram on the radius 1mm = 1gram millimeter, than the vibration would be 0.0004 mm/s. If we mount this weight in the direction we call zero (0) degree in the machine and the vibration angle is 38 degrees then the value b11= 38in the response matrix. The values a11= and b11= goes together as all previous readings with vibration and angle.

D18

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

RESPONSE MATRIX

If the help function View response matrix is activated this menu will appear after the last trial run. The response matrix is saved together with all other information, when this balancing round is saved. This is the response matrix for one-plane balancing. a11 is the normalized vibration in Mp1 for 1gram millimeter unbalance. b11 is the angle of the vibration in Mp1 if the trial weight is mounted in the zero (0) direction.

Response matrix
a11 = 4.617020E-04 b11 = 337.691559

Response matrix This is the response matrix for two-plane balancing. a11 is the normalized vibration in Mp1 for 1gram millimeter a11 = 4.349834E-04 unbalance in plane 1. b11 = 337.868164 b11 is the angle of the vibration in Mp1 if the trial weight in a12 = 1.341771E-05 plan 1 is mounted in the zero (0) direction in plane 1. b12 = 153.350983 a12 is the normalized vibration in Mp1 for 1gram millimeter a21 = 3.373934E-05 unbalance in plane 2. b21 = 171.757965 b12 is the angle of the vibration in Mp1 if the trial weight in a22 = 6.168308E-05 plan 2 is mounted in the zero (0) direction in plane 2. a21 is the normalized vibration in Mp2 for 1gram millimeter b22 = 348.023224 unbalance in plane 1. b21 is the angle of the vibration in Mp2 if the trial weight in plan 1 is mounted in the zero (0) direction in plane 1. a22 is the normalized vibration in Mp2 for 1gram millimeter unbalance in plane 2. b22 is the angle of the vibration in Mp2 if the trial weight in plan 2 is mounted in the zero (0) direction in plane 2.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

D19

BIAS VIBRATION

PROXIMITY PROBES

What is a bias vibration? A bias vibration is a vibration with the same frequency as the rotating speed but is not a vibration that depends on the unbalance we are trying to balance.

When shall the Proximity probes be used? Proximity probes are measuring the distance between the transducer surface and the shaft surface. At critical speeds the rotor shaft is bending. The proximity probe measures this bending and can give an alarm before the bending becomes so large that the sealing might be damaged. These proximity probes can also be used for balancing to reduce the shaft bending at critical speed passages.

Centre of rotation

Surface Centre

Bias vibration when Proximity probes are used? The problems with proximity probes are that the shaft surface has to be perfectly centered round the center of rotation. If the shaft surface is wobbling we will get a signal from the transducer that is not caused by an unbalance.

We can measure this vibration, vibration and angle, with the instrument at a low speed (200300 rpm) and write this in the instrument as a Bias vibration. The instrument will then subtract this measurement from real vibrations at the balancing speed. In this way we will only balance the vibrations caused by an unbalance.

D20

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

ROTORS WITH TWO SHAFTS

BIAS VIBRATION

On site balancing of rotors with two concentric shafts Here we have a rotor with two concentric shafts. This type of rotor works like a centrifuge separating a liquid from solid materials. The two shafts has a small difference in speed causing the vibrations to periodically increase and decrease at a slow rate when the unbalances in the two shafts sometimes are in the same direction and sometimes in opposite directions.

D
Vibration when the outer and inner rotor are in the same (0) direction

Balancing procedure Put the shaft reference mark, for example the reflex tape, on the outer rotor. Remove the rotation stop for the gearbox so that the whole gearbox can rotate. Lock the gearbox so that both shafts have exactly the same speed and put a mark on the inner rotor, with a pencil, in the same direction as the mark on the outer rotor. Measure (1) the vibration and angle at the bearings. Unlock the gearbox and rotate the inner rotor 180 degrees and lock the gearbox again. Measure (2) the vibration and angle at the bearings.

Vibration when the outer and inner rotor are in opposite (180) direction

90

1 2 3

180

Unbalance in outer rotor New target for balancing The bias vibration

Unbalance in inner rotor

270

The difference between measurement 1 and 2 comes from that the unbalance in the inner rotor has been rotated 180 degrees. Half of that difference must be caused by the unbalance in the inner rotor. If the difference between measurement 1 and 2 is small this means that unbalance in the inner rotor is small and you can balance this rotor in the same way as normal machinery and you do not need to use the function Bias vibration.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

D21

BIAS VIBRATION

ROTORS WITH TWO SHAFTS

Balancing procedure Draw the measurements 1 and 2 in a polar diagram in a suitable scale.

Draw a line from the tip of measurement 1 to the tip of measurement 2. Divide this line between 1 and 2 in half, point 3.

Note! Write the radius for the balancing weight in the inner rotor and the balancing weight are recalculated for this radius. The balancing weight for the inner rotor has the same zero (0) direction as the outer rotor. Do not unlock the gearbox before the position of the balancing weight in the inner rotor is established.
Vibration when the outer and inner rotor are in opposite (180) direction Vibration when the outer and inner rotor are in the same (0) direction

Transport this line 23 so that point 3 moves to the centre of the polar diagram and so that the line 23 is still parallel with the line 21. Use the scale to convert the length of this line to vibration. Measure the angle from the zero (0) direction to this line. This vibration depends solely on the unbalance in the inner rotor. Because we leave the inner rotor in this position when we start the balancing we have to write this vibration as a bias vibration in the instrument and we can balance the outer rotor in a normal way. The instrument automatically subtracts the bias vibration from the measured vibrations. When we have finished balancing the outer part, we will have a remaining unbalance vibration that is equal to the vibration in the inner rotor.

90

1 2 3

180

Unbalance in outer rotor New target for balancing The bias vibration

Unbalance in inner rotor

Now we go backward in the balancing program and 270 write zero (0) as our new bias vibration. Then we go forward in the program to the last measurement and the instrument calculates the balancing weight for the inner rotor. Note! For two-plane balancing we also have to make a similar polar diagram for plan 2.

D22

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

COMPENSATION FOR DUMMY SHAFTS When we want to balance a part of a machine, for example a fan wheel, we have to use a dummy shaft and balance the fan wheel plus the dummy shaft in a balancing machine or special machine and not in the machine where this part is going to be installed. This dummy shaft or special shaft is made to fit the machine part that is going to be balanced but also to fit the balancing machine.

BIAS VIBRATION

If this dummy shaft has an unbalance and we mount a fan wheel on this shaft we may mount a balancing weight in the fan wheel that does not only compensate for the unbalance in the fan wheel but also for the unbalance in the shaft. Example: We have a fan wheel with no unbalance but we do not know it. We mount this wheel on the dummy shaft and measure some vibrations. We reduce the vibrations by balancing. What we have done is that we have compensated the unbalance in the shaft with a balancing weight in the wheel. We have created an unbalance in the fan wheel when thought we balanced it! How do we avoid this situation? By using bias vibration! How to use the Bias vibration Install only the dummy shaft in the balancing machine. Put the shaft reference mark on the dummy shaft. Run the shaft at the same speed as you are going to use for the machine part you are going to balance. Measure the vibrations caused by only the shaft. Mount the part you are going to balance and balance with the function Bias vibration activated. Use the same shaft reference mark on the dummy shaft and use the same speed as when only the dummy shaft was running. Write the vibrations caused by only the shaft as the bias vibration. The calculated balancing weights using Bias vibration will in this case only compensate for the unbalance in the machine part we will balance and not for the unbalance in the shaft.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

D23

BIAS VIBRATION

ONE-PLANE BALANCING

After we measured and accepted the balancing speed we will see the menu Enter bias vibration if the help function Bias vibration is activated.

Enter bias vibration


Enter the vibration and angle that will remain after the balancing is finished Mp 1

Write the vibration and angle that should remain after the machine is balanced. After we have measured the vibration with the balancing weight mounted in the machine (T3) the instrument subtracts the bias vibration from the measured vibration. This difference is presented as Vibrations adjusted for bias vibration and is the remaining vibration caused by an unbalance in the shaft we are balancing. The new fine balancing weight is calculated to exactly compensate for this remaining unbalance.

Vibration: 3.399998 Angle: 220

Balancing bias vibr.


Vibrations adjusted for bias vibration

After we have measured the vibration with the fine balancing weight mounted in the machine (T4) the instrument subtracts Mp 1 the bias vibration from the measured vibration. Vibration: 1.609405 This difference is again presented as Vibrations adjusted for bias vibration and is the remaining vibration caused by Angle: 59.727188 an unbalance in the shaft we are balancing. When this vibration becomes very small the total vibration measured in the polar diagram should be close to the vibration we wrote as the bias vibration.

Balancing bias vibr.


Vibrations adjusted for bias vibration Mp 1

Vibration: 0.213891 Angle: 31.656160

D24

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

TWO-PLANE BALANCING

BIAS VIBRATION

After we measured and accepted the balancing speed we will see the menu Enter bias vibration if the help function Bias vibration is activated. Write the vibrations and angles that should remain after the machine is balanced. After we have measured the vibrations with the balancing weights mounted in the machine (T4) the instrument subtracts the bias vibrations from the measured vibrations. These differences are presented as Vibrations adjusted for bias vibration and are the remaining vibrations caused by unbalances in the shaft we are balancing. The new fine balancing weights are calculated to exactly compensate for these remaining unbalances. After we have measured the vibrations with the fine balancing weights mounted in the machine (T5) the instrument subtracts the bias vibrations from the measured vibrations. These differences are again presented as Vibrations adjusted for bias vibration and are the remaining vibrations caused by unbalances in the shaft we are balancing. When these vibrations become very small the total vibrations measured in the polar diagram should be close to selected bias vibrations.

Enter bias vibration


Enter the vibration and angle that will remain after the balancing is finished Mp 1

Vibration: 1.8 Angle: 56


Mp 2

Vibration: 2.2 Angle: 194 Balancing bias vibr.


Vibrations adjusted for bias vibration Mp 1

Vibration: 1.8 Angle: 56


Mp 2

Vibration: 2.2 Angle: 194 Balancing bias vibr.


Vibrations adjusted for bias vibration Mp 1

Vibration: 0.045648 Angle: 353.912842


Mp 2

Vibration: 0.062668 Angle: 152.167770

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

D25

BALANCING WITH KNOWN RESPONSE MATRIX

If we want to balance a machine that we have previously balanced we can select the function Collect response matrix and press ENTER.

Balancing
Ongoing balancing New balancing View stored balancing Collect response matrix

The window Balancing will appear with a list of the previously stored balancings. Select the machine you want to balance again and press ENTER.

Balancing
FEED WATER PUMP 4 FAN 28 WITH NEW WHEEL DRY CYLINER 11 FAN 32_ BARKING MACHINE

The window Balancing functions appears. The help function View response matrix is automatically selected. You can also select all other balancing functions except Calculation of trial weight because the trial weight is not needed. All data regarding to the previous balancing such as the balancing speed, the number of transducers and the response matrix are also automatically transferred to this new balancing. Press ENTER when finished.

Balancing functions
Calculation of trial weight Weight distribution Balancing quality Response matrix View response matrix Bias vibration

D26

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

BALANCING WITH KNOWN RESPONSE MATRIX

The instrument waits until the speed is the same as on the previous balancing. The measurements starts and are saved automatically. Press ENTER and the menu Response matrix will appear. Instead of mounting a trial weight in the machine we use the normalized unbalance sensitivity = Response matrix. The response matrix for one-plane contains only 2 elements while the response matrix for 2-planes contains 8 elements. The numbers in the response matrix belongs to the machine with the file name we selected. The marker is waiting on a11. If we are going to balance this machine again we have to confirm the number by pressing the ENTER button once for row. If we want to balance a different machine where we have the response matrix written on paper we have to write the new value for a11 and press ENTER. The marker jumps to b11 and we have to write the next value until all numbers are written. The CURSOR button will clear the whole row.

8.4067 139.2 Mp2

Mp1 20.724 200.9


a11 = 4.617020E-04 b11 = 337.691559

T1

Response matrix

Response matrix
a11 = 4.349834E-04 b11 = 337.868164 a12 = 1.341771E-05 b12 = 153.350983 a21 = 3.373934E-05 b21 = 171.757965 a22 = 6.168308E-05 b22 = 348.023224

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

D27

BALANCING WITH KNOWN RESPONSE MATRIX

The instrument calculates the balancing weights directly without any trial weights.

Now the program works in the same way as the ordinary program. Use balancing with Response matrix when you want to balance the same machine again, balance identical machines or balance identical rotors in the same (balancing) machine.

Balancing weight Plane 1 Radius: 650 Weight: 76.377 Angle: 38.181 Plane 2 Radius: 420 Weight: 35.114 Angle: 341.16

Note! You can not use balancing with Response matrix if the bearing stiffness has been changed. For example: the machine has been moved from a stiff support to a support with springs or rubber feet, the machine has been moved from a support with springs or rubber feet to a stiff support or the weight of the machine has been changed more than +/- 10%.

D28

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

ERROR MESSAGE

TRIAL WEIGHT IS TOO SMALL OR LARGE

The trial weight is too small No vibrations are completely stable. If we measure the same measuring point twice, with a small time difference, the vibration readings usually differ a little due to normal variation in the vibrations, even if we are averaging the measurement. This difference is increased if we stop the machine between the measurements. To minimize the effect of this natural variation at balancing we must put in such a large trial weight that the change in vibration due to the trial weight is much larger than the natural variations. During a trial run the instrument checks if the change in vibration is sufficiently large. An error message will appear if the change in vibration is too small. The trial weight is too large If the vibrations are quite small when we start a balancing the trial weight might be too large. A large vibration is flexing the bearing supports more than a small. Most bearing supports change stiffness and become stiffer when the vibration increases. The balancing theory implies that the stiffness is independent of the vibration level. During a trial run the instrument checks if the change in vibration is too large. An error message will appear if the change in vibration is too large.

Change in vibration due to the trial weight.

T2

T1

D
Vibration before mounting of trial weight.

Note: An alarm message will appear if T2 is less than 30% of T1.

T2 T1

Change in vibration due to the trial weight.

Vibration before mounting of trial weight.

Note: An alarm message will appear if T2 is 4 times larger than T1.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

D29

ERROR MESSAGE

TRIAL WEIGHT IS TOO SMALL OR LARGE

If the trial weight is too small or too large one of these messages will appear when the ENTER button is pressed after the measurements are saved.

Yes is pre-selected. Press the ENTER button if you want to change the trial weight. The program then jumps back to mounting of trial weight and the instrument calculates a suitable trial weight based on the information from the first trial weight. If you want to use your first trial weight change the answer to No by pressing the LEFT or RIGHT button and then the ENTER button and the program continues.

Trial weight is too small in plane 1 New proposed trial weight in plane 1 Weight: 50.658665 Angle: 58.3 Ok?

YES Trial weight is too


large in plane 1 New proposed trial weight in plane 1 Weight: 47.867465 Angle: 37.6 Ok?

YES

Note! This new calculated trial weight can have large errors and gives only a hint of the weight and angle. There is no need to make and place the trial weight exactly as the calculated values, because it is only a trial weight. In the bottom of the display you must write the weight and position of the real trial weight you have mounted in the machine.

Mounting of trial weight


Proposed trial weight in plane 1 Radius: 650 Weight: 50.658665 Angle: 58.343109 Enter the mounted trial weight in plane 1 Radius: 650 Weight: 50 Angle: 60

Note! The same check is done for plane 2 at twoplane balancing.

D30

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Balancing Fuctions

Frequency analysis
Frequency analysis Selecting frequency analysis.......................................... E2 Spectrum set-up.......................................................E3E6 Taking a measurement .................................................. E7 Storing a measurement.................................................. E8 Analysing a spectra........................................................ E9 Harmonic and Side-band cursors................................. E10 Frequency zoom .......................................................... E11 Interpretation of the cursor levels .........................E12E13

SELECTING FREQUENCY ANALYSIS

Main menu
Press the Main menu
DOWN
ENTER

button, select Analysis


or

by moving the black marker with the UP

Route Analysis Balancing Communication with PC Print-out Set-ups Delete

button over this text and press the button.

Analysis menu
Select Frequency analysis by moving the black marker with the UP or DOWN button over
this text and press the ENTER
button.

Frequency analysis Envelope Coast-Up Coast-Down Vibshape Total level Bearing condition

Saved spectra
Select NEW SPECTRUM by moving the black marker with the UP
or DOWN
button button. over this text and press the ENTER

NEW SPECTRUM Latest 2001-01-22 19:18:48 FEED WATER PUMP 4 FAN 28 WITH NEW WHEEL DRY CYLINER 11 BARKING MACHINE

E2

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Frequency Analysis

FREQUENCY ANALYSIS

SPECTRUM SET-UP MENU

This is the Spectrum set-up menu Before we start a spectrum measurement we have to set some initial values. Move the black marker with the UP
or DOWN
buttons to the line you want to change.
or RIGHT button.

Select between the preset values by pressing the LEFT

Summation Summation means how the different part spectra are averaged together. There are three different types of summation Linear, Peak Hold and Exponential: Linear means that each part spectra has the same weight in the final spectra. If we for example select 8 part spectra every line level in the spectra will bedivided by 8. When all the parts spectra are summedthe level of each line is an average of the 8measurements. This type of average will enhance continues signalsand reduce noise and stochastic signals. Linear summation is used for trend analysis andmost other frequency analysis. The measurement stops automatically when all the part spectra have been measured. Peak Hold means that the largest value of eachspectrum line is stored in the final spectra. If the level at the 50 Hz line is largest in part spectra 2 and the 200Hz line is largest in part spectra 7 both will be saved in the final spectra. Peak hold is used at coast downs or when you want to measure an unexpected event. The measurement stops when the ENTER button is pressed. Exponential means that the last spectrum has the same weight in the final spectra as the sum of all previously measured part spectra. A sudden change in the vibration level is more visible than with the other averages. Exponential is used when you want to see the variations in the vibration signal. The measurement stops automatically when all parts of the spectrum have been measured.

Spectrum set-up
Summation: Linear Number of part spectra: 8 Bearing condition: Yes Window: Hanning No of markers: 7 Max Freq. (Hz) = 3200

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Frequency Analysis

E3

FREQUENCY ANALYSIS

SPECTRUM SET-UP MENU

To get a representative measurement of the vibrations in a machine we must measure the vibrations during a certain time. We can not decide to stop a machine or a whole plant based on a measurement taken during less than a few seconds. One way to extend the measuring time is to measure several spectra during a longer time and calculate an average spectrum. Each of these single spectra is called a measurement. Number of part spectra

If we for example select 8 part spectra the instrument will measure 8 different spectra and continuously calculate an average spectrum. The first spectrum takes 2 seconds to measure and the following spectra takes 0.5 seconds each. 8 spectra will than take about 5.5 seconds to measure. Part spectra works only together with Linear and Exponential summation. If set to zero (0) the instrument measures until the ENTER button is pressed but only the last spectrum is stored.

Spectrum set-up
Summation: Linear Number of part spectra: 8 Bearing condition: Yes Window: Hanning No of markers: 7 Max Freq. (Hz) = 3200

Activating a Bearing Condition measurement Move the marker down to Bearing condition and select Yes or No with the LEFT or button. RIGHT With the bearing condition active the instrument will also measure an average in acceleration of all vibrations between 3.2kHz to 20kHz with the unit g. If activated, this measurement starts automatically directly after the frequency spectrum is measured. The Bearing Condition value is a high frequency measurement that indicates that there might be a problem with the bearing such as poor lubrication, overload or bearing faults. A high reading is a warning signal and should always be followed by a careful study of the frequency and envelope spectra.

Spectrum set-up
Summation: Linear Number of part spectra: 8 Bearing condition: Yes Window: Hanning No of markers: 7 Max Freq. (Hz) = 3200

E4

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Frequency Analysis

FREQUENCY ANALYSIS

SPECTRUM SET-UP MENU

Spectrum set-up
To prevent mathematical errors when measuring continuous signals the input signal is multiplied with a certain function. In the Easy-ViberTM there is only one function available and it is called a Hanning window which is similar to the positive part of a sine wave.

Summation: Linear Number of part spectra: 8 Bearing condition: Yes Window: Hanning No of markers: 7 Max Freq. (Hz) = 3200

Spectrum set-up
No of markers means how many frequency cursors that will be visible in the frequency spectra. Move the marker down to No of markers: and select the number of cursors you want with the or RIGHT button. LEFT 10 markers is maximum choice.

Summation: Linear Number of part spectra: 8 Bearing condition: Yes Window: Hanning No of markers: 7 Max Freq. (Hz) = 3200

Note! All settings in this menu are automatically saved and will appear as preset values the next time this window is opened.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Frequency Analysis

E5

FREQUENCY ANALYSIS

SPECTRUM SET-UP MENU


Frequency resolution in Hz Frequency With 1 With 2 Range (Hz) transducer transducers 0,5-200 0,03125 0.0625 1,5-3200 0,5 1,0 7,5-16000 2,5 5,0

Easy-ViberTM has 3 selectable frequency ranges according to the table. The frequency resolution depends on how many transducers that are used.

Move the marker down to Max Freq. (Hz) = and select one of the three frequency ranges with the

LEFT

or RIGHT

button.

The range 200Hz is manly used on electrical motors and on very slow rotating machines. In this range the frequency resolution is 0,03125Hz which allows the user to differentiate between very narrow frequencies. Note. This measurement takes about 35 seconds because one cycle of the frequency =0,0315Hz takes about 32 seconds. The Number of part spectra: is pre-selected to 1 because 35 seconds is usually a sufficient time average. If you want to measure frequencies lower than 2 Hz, look at the data sheet for the vibration transducer you are using, it might not measure very low frequencies. The range 16.000Hz is manly used on gearboxes where very high frequencies can occur. If two transducers are used the resolution is 5Hz. This might, in some cases, be a too low resolution.

Spectrum set-up
Summation: Linear Number of part spectra: 1 Bearing condition: Yes Window: Hanning No of markers: 7 Max Freq. (Hz) = 200

Spectrum set-up
Summation: Linear Number of part spectra: 8 Bearing condition: Yes Window: Hanning No of markers: 7 Max Freq. (Hz) = 16000

Spectrum set-up
Summation: Linear Number of part spectra: 8 Bearing condition: Yes Window: Hanning No of markers: 7 Max Freq. (Hz) = 3200

The range 3.200Hz is the normal range used on most machinery and with 0,5Hz resolution it is possible to distinguish between narrow faults.

E6

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Frequency Analysis

FREQUENCY ANALYSIS

TAKING A MEASUREMENT

Press the ENTER button and the measurement starts. First is the adjusting the offset in the instrument.

Adjusting offset

E
After a few seconds the first part spectra is shown. The instrument continues to measure until all part spectra has been measured. The total value in the upper right corner is updated for each new part spectra. You can stop the measurement at any time by pressing the ENTER button.
10.000 mm/s RMS 7.4356

20.000 mm/s RMS

18.732

200

Hz

3000

10.000 mm/s RMS

7.4356

If the Bearing condition has been selected the instrument automatically measures this directly after the spectra measurement is finished.
Measuring
20.000 mm/s Bearing RMS

condition

18.732

200

Hz

3000

Note! The text Measuring Bearing condition will appear during this measurement so do not remove the transducer from the measuring point while this message is visible.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Frequency Analysis

E7

FREQUENCY ANALYSIS

STORING A MEASUREMENT

Press ENTER once more and the menu Save spectra will appear. Select Yes and press ENTER. Press ENTER once more and the menu Save Time signal will appear. No is pre-selected because the time signal is normally not stored Select Yes if you want to store also the time Signal and press ENTER. The time signal will be stored together with the Spectrum and to view the time signal you have to first open the spectra.

Save spectrum?
Yes No

Save Time signal?


Yes No

Enter new name


Fan 32_

Write the file name, press the ENTER key and the spectrum with this file name is stored. Follow the instructions in chapter N Store and Recall on how to store measurements and how to write file names. Note! Do not save unnessary time signals because each time signal takes the same memory space as 3 spectra.

If a transducer is connected only to input VIB1 the frequency spectra becomes twice as high, and the frequency resolution becomes double otherwise all other functions works the same way as with two transducers. With only one transducer connected to the instrument you can also use the button 6 for zoom.

20.000 mm/s RMS

18.732

20

Hz

360

E8

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Frequency Analysis

FREQUENCY ANALYSIS

ANALYSING A SPECTRA

Press the CURSOR button once and the cursor will appear at the highest peak. Move the cursor with the LEFT

20.000 mm/s RMS

15.682

Note! Total level if the cursor is not activated. Otherwise Level at the cursor position.

or RIGHT

button! Cursor

20

215.5Hz

360

Cursor frequency

Decrease scale level with the UP button.

Scale level

Increase scale level with the button. DOWN

10.000 mm/s RMS

18.732

20.000 mm/s RMS

18.732

50.000 mm/s RMS

18.732

20

Hz

360

20

Hz

360

20

Hz

360

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Frequency Analysis

E9

FREQUENCY ANALYSIS Press the CURSOR button

HARMONIC AND SIDE-BAND CURSORS

twice and the harmonic cursors will appear.


20.000 mm/s RMS 15.682

The distance between the harmonic cursors are always the same as the frequency of the main cursor. When the main cursor is moved with the

Main cursor

LEFT or the RIGHT button the distance between the harmonic cursors is changing to correspond with the frequency of the main cursor. Harmonic cursors are mainly used for analyzing synchronous signals.

Harmonic cursors

20

49.5Hz

360

Press the CURSOR button The UP

a third time and the side band cursors will appear.


20.000 mm/s RMS 15.682

button will increase and the DOWN

button will decrease the distance between the main cursor and the side band cursor. When the main cursor is moved with the LEFT button all cursors are moved the or RIGHT same distance while the distance between the side band cursors remain. Side band cursors are mainly used for analysing gearboxes, bearings and pump cavitations.
20

1
Main cursor Side band cursors

215.5/12.5

360

Press the CURSOR button the cursors will disappear.

one more time and


Frequency of main cursor Distance between side band cursors

E10

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Frequency Analysis

FREQUENCY ANALYSIS You can zoom in the spectrum by pressing the Number buttons. means full spectrum from 0-3200Hz. 1

FREQUENCY ZOOM
10.000 mm/s RMS 7.4356

2 3 4 5 6

means zoom range 1500Hz. means zoom range 750Hz. means zoom range 375Hz. means zoom range 190Hz. means zoom range 96Hz.
200 Hz 3000 20.000 mm/s RMS 18.732

1
10.000 mm/s RMS

6.5206

20.000 mm/s RMS

15.682

In the ranges 200Hz and 16000Hz the zoom buttons works in a similar way with half the frequency range in each step. You can jump from 1 to 6 in one step and the buttons do not need to be pressed in a certain order. Note! Button number 6 can be used when only one transducer is connected to the instrument. If the cursor is activated the zoom range will centre round the cursor.

1
10.000 mm/s RMS 6.5206

2
100 215.5Hz 1500

20.000 mm/s RMS

15.682

1
10.000 mm/s RMS 6.5206

2
50 215.5Hz 750

20.000 mm/s RMS

15.682

If the cursor is moved in a zoomed spectrum with the LEFT button and reaches one of or RIGHT the window edges, the zoom level is maintained while moving to other parts of the full spectra.

20

215.5Hz

360

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Frequency Analysis

E11

FREQUENCY ANALYSIS

INTERPRETATION OF CURSOR LEVELS

When you see the full spectrum from 03200Hz in the window it is impossible to show 6400 lines on a display with 190 lines. The presentation has to be a concentrate of the original spectrum. The level (height) of one line in the instrument window is the RMS average of all vibrations within a frequency band of 3200/190 = 17Hz at zoom level 1 and 96/190 = 0.5Hz at zoom level 6 . This means that at a zoom level lower than 6 a peak in the spectrum can contain several frequency peaks. You can easily see that a peak in the window actually contains several peaks because the cursor value is smaller than the line value. The cursor value shows the actual level of the cursor frequency in the memory and not the RMS value of the line.
Level at the cursor position

20.000 mm/s RMS

15.000

20.000 mm/s RMS

10.000

1
Cursor Zoom level 2 Cursor

Zoom level 2

100

150Hz

1500

100

155Hz

1500

Cursor frequency or position

Example: We have two vibrations one at 150Hz with a level of 15 mm/s and another at 155Hz and with a level of 10 mm/s. At zoom level 2 these two vibrations will be presented as one peak with a level of 18 mm/s. If we look at the cursor it shows 150Hz with a level of 15mm/s. When we move the cursor with the RIGHT button it jumps automatically to the next peak and show 155Hz with a level of 10mm/s but the cursor has not moved in the displayed spectra. At this zoom level the cursor does not move until the cursor motion is larger than 1500/190 = 8Hz. Note! At zoom levels lower than 5 or 6 the cursor moves from frequency peak to frequency peak in the memory and not in regular steps.

E12

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Frequency Analysis

FREQUENCY ANALYSIS

INTERPRETATION OF CURSOR LEVELS

This is the same spectrum as on the previous page but with zoom level 5 . At this zoom level you can clearly see two frequency peaks because the resolution in the shown spectra is now 180/190 = 1Hz. Now the cursor will move in the displayed spectrum each time the motion is larger than 1Hz. We have two vibrations, one at 150Hz with a level of 15 mm/s and another at 155Hz with a level of 10 mm/s.
Cursor level at 150Hz Cursor level at 155Hz

E
10.000

20.000 mm/s RMS

15.000

20.000 mm/s RMS

1
Zoom level 5 Zoom level 5 Cursor Cursor

10

150Hz

180

10

155Hz

180

Cursor frequency

Cursor frequency

Note! The two cursor values Frequency and Vibration are always collected from the stored spectrum in the memory (not from the visible) and have always full resolution regardless of the actual zoom level. This is why there sometimes is a difference between the level in the visible spectrum and the cursor values. The cursor values are always correct.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Frequency Analysis

E13

Time Signal
Time Signal Time Signal measurement .................................. F2 The Minus (-) button ........................................... F2 Time Signal, analysis functions........................... F3 Cursor functions.................................................. F3 Zoom in the Time signal...................................... F4 Y-Scale or Level Zoom........................................ F5 Storing the Time Signal....................................... F6 View a stored time signal .................................... F6

TIME SIGNAL MEASUREMENT


When measuring a spectrum the last 2 seconds of the time signal are always temporarily stored together with the spectrum, also if two transducers are used. The unit of the time signal has always the same unit as the spectrum unit.
20.000 mm/s RMS 15.682

Press the CURSOR

button to activate the cursor.

Move the cursor to the frequency of interest in the spectra with the LEFT or RIGHT button. The cursors in the time signal window will then have a time separation corresponding to the selected frequency

F
20 49.5Hz 360

22 mm/s

49.324Hz

Press the MINUS - button and the time signal for Vib1 will be shown. The number of cursors shown depends on the cursor settings in the Spectrum set-up menu. The distance between the cursors corresponds to the time for one period of the selected frequency in the spectra. The selected frequency is shown in the upper right corner. You can move the cursors along the time axis with the LEFT or buttons to investigate events synchronous with the selected RIGHT frequency.

1
0.0 0.1250

22 mm/s

49.324Hz

Press the MINUS - button once again and the time signal for Vib2 will be shown if two transducers have been used. Analyse this time signal in the same way as for Vib1. Press the MINUS - button once again and you will go back to the spectra. By pressing the MINUS - button repeatedly you will alternate between the spectra and the time signal.

2
0.0 0.1250

F2

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Time Signal

TIME SIGNAL ANALYSIS, ANALYSIS FUNCTIONS


Functions in the time signal display Time signal cursors
22 mm/s 49.324Hz

Y-scale range Positive Y-scale

This frequency corresponds to the distance between the cursors This number shows if the time signal belongs to Vib1 or Vib2 Displayed time range of the total 2 seconds

Zero line

Negative Y-scale

1
0.0 0.1250

Cursor functions Press the CURSOR button a second time and a single cursor will appear. The window will now display the time and level at the cursor position. You can move the cursor along the time axis with the LEFT RIGHT signal. or Cursor position buttons to investigate the time
25 mm/s 10.023mm/s 0.0485 s

Level at cursor position Time at cursor position

When the cursor reaches the edge of the window the next part of the time signal will be displayed.

1
0.0 0.1250

Press the CURSOR

button a third time and the cursor will disappear.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Time Signal

F3

TIME SIGNAL ANALYSIS, ZOOM IN THE TIME SIGNAL


Zoom in the time signal You can zoom in the time signal in the same way as in the spectrum by pressing the NUMBER buttons:
25 mm/s 24.732Hz

1 2 3 4

all the 2 seconds of the time signal is visible, 1 sec of the time signal is visible, 0.5 sec. of the time signal is visible, 0.25 sec. of the time signal is visible, 0.125 sec of the time signal is visible and 0.0625 sec. of the time signal is visible.
25 mm/s 0.0 24.732Hz

5 6

1
0.5000

You can jump from 1 to 6 in one step. The buttons do not need to be pressed in a certain order. When the cursor is moved in a zoomed time signal with the LEFT or RIGHT button and reaches one of the window edges the next part of the time signal is shown.
25 mm/s 24.732Hz

1
0.0 0.2500

25 mm/s

24.732Hz

1
0.0 0.1250

1
0.0 0.0625

F4

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Time Signal

TIME SIGNAL ANALYSIS, Y-SCALE ZOOM


Y-scale or level zoom

12.5 mm/s

Use the DOWN Use the UP

button to decrease the displayed signal level button to increase the displayed signal level.

The original time signal will not be destroyed if the displayed signal goes outside of the window range.

25 mm/s
0.0

1
0.1250

50 mm/s 0.0

1
0.1250

100 mm/s

1
0.0 0.1250

1
0.0 0.1250

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Time Signal

F5

TIME SIGNAL ANALYSIS, STORING THE TIME SIGNAL


Storing the time signal

Save spectrum?
Press ENTER and the menu Save spectrum will appear. Yes is already pre-selected. Select Yes and press ENTER. Note! You can not save the time signal without also saving the spectrum. Press ENTER once more and the menu Save Time signal will appear. No is pre-selected. Move the black line with the DOWN press the ENTER button. button over the line Yes and

Yes No

Save Time signal?


No Yes

Save Time signal?


No Yes

Enter new name


FEED WATER PUMP 4

Note! Do not save unnessary time signals because each time signal takes the same memory space as 3 spectra.
Write the file name and press ENTER and both the spectrum and time signal is saved with this file name. Note!!! If you just press the ENTER button without writing a file name the spectrum and the time signal will be stored with the date and time as the file name.

Saved spectra
NEW SPECTRUM Latest 2001-01-22 19:18:48 FEED WATER PUMP 4 FAN 28 WITH NEW WHEEL DRY CYLINER 11 BARKING MACHINE

Analysing a stored the time signal When you want to look at a saved time signal you have first to select the corresponding spectra and then open the time signal with the MINUS - button as described on the page E2.

F6

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Time Signal

Envelope measurement and analysis


Envelope measurement and analysis What is Envelope analysis...................................G2-G3 How to select Envelope measurement ................G4 The Envelope Set-up menu.................................G5-G6 Envelope measurement ......................................G7 Storing an Envelope spectrum ............................G8

WHAT IS ENVELOPE ANALYSIS


What is an Envelope spectrum? Assume that the time signal on the picture beside is coming from the vibration created by a gear mesh. Each period in this signal is then created by the transfer of the force from one tooth on the first wheel to another tooth on the second wheel. If the transfer of the force is equal for all the teeth then the vibration level of all the periods will have the same level.

10 mm/s RMS

7.682

A normal vibration spectrum of this signal will only have one frequency, the gear mesh frequency, which is the same as the wheel speed (N) times the number of teeth (T). F=N x T

Gear mesh Frequency

200

1192Hz

1500

If the pitch diameter of the first gear wheel doesnt have the same centre as the shaft centre the distance between the teeth on both wheels will change with a corresponding change in the transfer force. The force between the gears is reduced when the distance between the gears is increased. F The force between the gears is increased when the distance between the gears is decreased.

10 mm/s RMS

7.682

This will produce an amplitude fluctuation of the gear mesh frequency.

A spectrum of this signal will show two frequencies, one at the gear mesh and one at the shaft speed.
200

Gear mesh Shaft speed

1192Hz

1500

G2

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Envelope analysis

WHAT IS ENVELOPE ANALYSIS

Shaft speed fluctuations

This signal contains one stabile signal from the gear mesh and one fluctuating signal from the gear rotation speed.

Gear mesh

Shaft speed fluctuations If we instead make an instrument that only measures the fluctuations in the signal the remaining signal will look like the picture besides.

Shaft speed fluctuations The resulting spectrum will be a spectrum that emphasises the fluctuations and minimises the influence of stabile signals. In the new spectrum the shaft fluctuations becomes the dominating signal instead of the gear mesh in the normal spectrum. This is called an ENVELOPE spectrum.

2 gE RMS

1.068

100

49.5Hz

950

When we want to see the fluctuations of high frequencies it is better to use the unit g (acceleration) because the acceleration signal increases in signal level when the frequency increases. Envelope signals have got its own unit gE (Envelope acceleration). The level of an envelope signal depends more on how much fluctuations a certain fault can create on the original signal and not on the seriousness of the fault itself. It is therefore difficult to compare two different measuring points but it is possible to compare two Envelope spectra from the same measuring point.

Note! An ENVELOPE spectrum is mainly used to detect bearing and gear mesh faults at an early stage.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Envelope analysis

G3

HOW TO SELECT AN ENVELOPE MEASUREMENT

Main menu
Press the Main menu button, select Analysis by moving the black marker with the UP or the DOWN button over this text and press the ENTER button!
Route Analysis Balancing Communication with PC Print-out Set-ups Delete

G
Select Envelope by moving the black marker with the UP or the DOWN button over this text and press the ENTER button.

Analysis menu
Frequency analysis Envelope Coast-Up Coast-Down Vibshape Total level Bearing condition Temperature

Saved spectra
Select NEW SPECTRUM by moving the black marker with the UP ENTER or the DOWN button. button over this text and press the
NEW SPECTRUM Latest 2001-01-22 19:18:48 3H FAN BEARING DRIVE SIDE 3V FAN BEARING DRIVE SIDE 4H FAN BEARING WHEEL SIDE 4V FAN BEARING WHEEL SIDE

G4

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Envelope analysis

THE ENVELOPE SET-UP MENU Before we start a spectrum measurement we have to select some initial values. Move the black marker with the UP change. or the DOWN buttons to the line you want to or the RIGHT button.

Select between the preset values by pressing the LEFT

To achieve a representative measurement we have to measure during a certain time, usually not less than 8-10 seconds. It means that we will measure several spectra during this time. The meaning of Summation is how the different part spectra or measurements are averaged together. There are three different types of summation Linear, Peak Hold and Exponential: To get a representative measurement of the vibrations in a machine we must measure the vibrations during a certain time. We can not decide to stop a machine or a whole plant based on a measurement taken during less than a few seconds. One way to extend the measuring time is to measure several spectra during a longer time and calculate an average spectrum. Each of these single spectra is called a measurement. If we for example select 4 measurements the instrument will measure 4 different spectra and then calculate an average spectra. Usually 6 to 8 measurements are enough. Part spectra works only with Linear and Exponential summation. If set to zero (0) the instrument measures until the ENTER button is pressed and only the last spectra is stored. Linear means that the values from the same line in all part spectra are summed and divided with the number of part spectra. Each part spectrum has therefore the same weight in the final spectra. Linear is used for trend analysis and most other frequency analysis. The measurement stops automatically when all the part spectra have been measured. Peak Hold means that the largest value from the same line is line is stored in the final spectra. Peak hold is used at coast downs or when you want to measure an unexpected event Note that the measurement stops only when the ENTER button is pressed. Use the battery eliminator at coast downs and when you expect that the measurement will take a long time. Exponential is variation of the linear average where the last spectrum has the same weight as the sum of all previously measured part spectra. A sudden change in the vibration level is more visible than with the other averages. Exponential is used when you want to see the variations in the vibration signal. The measurement stops automatically when all the part spectra have been measured.

Spectrum set -up


Summation: Linear Nos of measurements: 1 Window: Hanning Nos of markers: 9 Band filter: 0.8 - 4.2Hz 4.2kHz

Spectrum set -up


Summation: Linear Nos of measurements: 1 Window: Hanning Nos of markers: 9 Band filter: 0.8 - 4.2Hz 4.2kHz

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Envelope analysis

G5

THE ENVELOPE SET-UP MENU


The signal fluctuations can be measured on signals in two different frequency ranges. Band filter: 0.8-4.2kHz means that the signal fluctuations are measured on signals within the frequency band from 800Hz to 4200Hz. Use this band filter with normal machinery up to 6000rpm and slow rotating gear boxes. Band filter: 3.2-20 kHz means that the signal fluctuations are measured on signals within the frequency band from 3200Hz to 20000Hz. Use this band filter with machinery with speeds above 6000rpm and normal or high speed gear boxes. Try both frequency ranges and use the one that gives you the best information. Envelope measurements can also be used to measure periodic signals in noise related signals as cavitations and valve vibrations.

Spectrum set-up
Summation: Linear Nos of measurements: 1 Window: Hanning Nos of markers: 9 Band filter: 0.8- 4.2Hz 4.2kHz

Spectrum set -up


Summation: Linear Nos of measurements: 1 Window: Hanning Nos of markers: 9 Band filter: 3.2 - 20Hz 20kHz

Nos of markers means, how many cursors that will be visible in the frequency spectra, 10 markers is maximum. Move the marker down to Nos of markers: and select the number you want with the LEFT The maximum is 10 markers. or RIGHT button.

Spectrum set-up
Summation: Linear Nos of measurements: 1 Window: Hanning Nos of markers: 9 Band filter: 0.8- 4.2Hz 4.2kHz

The selected number does not influence the measurement

To prevent mathematical errors when measuring continuing signals the input signal is multiplied with a certain function. In Easy-Viber there is, for the moment, only one window function available and it is called a Hanning window. This window function is similar to the positive part of a sine wave. You can not change to a different window.

Spectrum set-up
Summation: Linear Nos of measurements: 1 Window: Hanning Nos of markers: 9 Band filter: 0.8- 4.2Hz 4.2kHz

Note!

All settings in this menu are automatically saved, when the program goes to another part for example frequency analysis, and will appear as preset values the next time this window is opened.

G6

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Envelope analysis

ENVELOPE MEASUREMENT

Hold the transducer against the measuring point and press the ENTER You can only use one transducer at an Envelope measurement. If the transducer is connected to the wrong transducer input or if two vibration transducers are connected the message USE ONLY VIB1 appears. Correct and press ENTER again and the measurement starts.

button and the measurement starts.

Use only VIB1

The measurement starts with giving power to the transducer and the amplifiers. While the instrument is waiting for the signal to stabilise the message ANALOGUE INIT is shown.

Analogue init Measuring... Filtering...

The message MEASURING is shown while the instrument is actually measuring The signal is then filtered according to the selected frequency band in the Spectrum Set-up menu. After filtering a frequency spectrum is calculated with the frequency range 1 1000Hz with a resolution of 1Hz or 1000lines.

FFT calc...

This measuring procedure will be repeated as many times as selected on the line Nos of measurements in the Spectrum Set-up menu.
2 gE RMS 1.5682

1
The frequency spectrum will be shown when the measurement is ready. You can zoom and use the cursors in the same way as described in normal spectrum measurement in Chapter D. Note! If Nos of measurements is set to more than 1 make sure you are holding the vibration transducer against the measuring point until the spectra is shown in the window.
50 544 / 51Hz 1000

If you have chosen more than 1 measurement you can stop the measurement at any time by pressing the ENTER button but the instrument will finish the ongoing measuring cycle.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Envelope analysis

G7

STORING AN ENVELOPE SPECTRUM

Press the ENTER

button while the spectra is shown and the window Save spectrum will appear.

Save spectrum?
Select Yes with the UP or the DOWN button if you want to button. store this spectrum and press the ENTER
Yes No

Just press ENTER if Yes is already pre-selected.

G
Write the file name, press the ENTER this spectrum is stored. and the file with

Enter new name


FAN 32_

Follow the instructions in chapter L Store and Recall on how to store measurements and how to write file names.

G8

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Envelope analysis

Coast Up measurement
Coast-Up measurement The purpose of Coast-Up measurement ............ H2 Selecting Coast-Up ............................................. H2 How to start a Coast-Up measurement ............... H3 Interpretation of a Coast-Up diagram .................. H3 Storing a Coast-Up measurement....................... H4

SELECTING COAST-UP Coast Up is used for analysing mechanical resonances (the speeds where the vibration is amplified) and for monitoring excessive shaft bending in steam turbines due to uneven heating. Avoid running the machine for a longer time (more than 1 hour) on the speeds where the vibration is amplified more than 3 times.

Main menu
Press the Main menu button, select Analysis by moving the black marker with the UP or DOWN button over this text and press the ENTER button.

Route Analysis Balancing Communication with PC Print-out Set-ups Delete

Analysis menu
Select Coast-Up by moving the black marker with the
UP ENTER or DOWN button. button over this text and press the

Frequency analysis Envelope Coast-Up Coast-Down Vibshape Total level Bearing condition Temperature

Saved Coast ups


NEW MEASUREMENT

Select NEW MEASUREMENT by moving the black marker with the UP or DOWN button. button over this text and

press the ENTER

Latest 2001-01-22 19:18:48 FEED WATER PUMP 4 FAN 28 WITH NEW WHEEL DRY CYLINER 11 BARKING MACHINE

H2

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Coast-Up measurement

HOW TO START A COAST-UP MEASUREMENT Write the maximum speed you want to investigate. The instrument will then measure from 240 rpm up to this speed.

Coast Up
Note! The speed unit can be either RPM or Hz. Make sure that you write the speed in the correct unit. Press ENTER and the instrument will start to measure. The instrument has now switched on the power to the RPM transducer and tries to measure the shaft speed so let us start the machine. Adjust the distance or the direction if the RPM transducer does not work properly. Note! Coast Up can not be used at machines with a quick start. The start up time should be at last 60 seconds with a slow start at low speeds (below 600rpm). It will take a few second before the first measurement will appear. Because the instrument is measuring an average of the amplitude and phase it needs some turns of the shaft before the average is representative. At slow speed the number of turns per second is few and the average takes a longer time to stabilize. Coast Up is most useful at speed regulated machines and steam turbines.
Max freq. (RPM) = 1440

The measurement will stop automatically when the speed is the same as the selected Max freq. If the machine never reaches the selected speed the measurement can always be stopped by pressing the ENTER button.

Look at the next chapter I COAST DOWN for information on how to interpret the diagram. The instrument is automatically dividing the speed range in 167 equal parts or steps. When the machine speed has increased 1/167 of the selected maximum speed the instrument measures the vibration level and phase again. This is repeated for every step until the speed has reached the maximum speed or the ENTER button is pressed. The marker will appear when the measurement is finished. If the speed is increased faster than the instrument can measure it jumps directly to the step above the actual speed and some of the resolution is lost.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Coast-Up measurement

H3

STORE A COAST-UP MEASUREMENT

Save the Measurement?


Press the ENTER button while the diagram is displayed and this window will appear.
Yes No

Select Yes with the UP or DOWN button, if you want to store this Coast-Up and press the ENTER button. Just press ENTER if Yes is already pre-selected.

H
Enter new name
FAN 32_

Write the file name, press the ENTER coast up with this file name is stored.

and the

Follow the instructions in chapter L Store and Recall on how to store measurements and how to write file names.

H4

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Coast-Up measurement

Coast Down measurement


Coast-Down measurement The purpose of Coast-Down measurement ........................I2 Selecting Coast-Down.........................................................I2 How to start a Coast-Down measurement ..........................I3 Interpretation of a Coast-Up or Coast-Down diagram .........I3 Storing a Coast-Down measurement ..................................I4

SELECTING COAST-DOWN Coast Down is used for analysing mechanical resonances (the speeds where the vibration is amplified). Avoid running the machine for a longer time (more than 1 hour) on the speeds where the vibration is amplified more than 3 times.

Main menu
Press the Main menu button, select Analysis by or moving the black marker with the UP DOWN button. button over this text and press the ENTER

Route Analysis Balancing Communication with PC Print-out Set-ups

I
Select Coast-Down by moving the black marker with the UP or DOWN button over this text and press the ENTER button.

Delete

Analysis menu
Frequency analysis Envelope Coast-Up Coast-Down Vibshape Total level Bearing condition Temperature

Saved Coast Downs


Select the NEW MEASUREMENT by moving the black marker with the Up and press the ENTER or Down button. button over this text
NEW MEASUREMENT Latest 2001-01-22 19:18:48 FEED WATER PUMP 4 FAN 28 WITH NEW WHEEL DRY CYLINER 11 BARKING MACHINE

I2

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Coast-Down measurement

HOW TO START A COAST-DOWN MEASUREMENT

The instrument has now switched on the power to the RPM transducer and tries to measure the shaft speed so let us start the machine.

Coast Down
Adjust the distance or the direction if the RPM transducer does not work properly.
Adjust the RPM transducer and start the machine

RPM

0.0
As soon as the shaft speed is above 30 RPM the message on the top disappears and new message appears on the bottom of the display.

Coast Down
Wait until the machine has the speed we want to coast down from. button when the machine has Press the ENTER reached the maximum the speed you will start the coastdown from. Easy-ViberTM will automatically store the shaft speed and switch to display the vibration and phase measurements.

RPM

2965.9
When the machine has reached maximum RPM press ENTER and turn off the machine.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Coast-Down measurement

I3

INTERPRETATION OF A COAST-DOWN DIAGRAM The instrument measures the vibration level and phase in the same way as with balancing. The instrument is automatically dividing the speed range in 167 equal parts or steps. When the machine speed has slowed down 1/167 of the original speed the instrument measures the vibration level and phase again. This is repeated for every step until the speed is below 30 rpm or the ENTER button is pressed. The marker will appear when the measurement is finished. If the speed slows down faster than the instrument can measure it jumps directly to the step below the actual speed and some of the resolution is lost.

Press the number one 1 button and you will see the coast-down measured with the Vib1 transducer. Press the number two 2 button and you will see the coast-down measured with the Vib2 transducer.

Vib1 transducer

Phase at cursor position Phase diagram

C= 192.3 DEG

180

Phase Cursor

360 20
Increase the scale level with the UP button. Decrease the scale level with the DOWN button. Level Cursor

C= 6.1228 mm/s RMS

Level diagram

0 0 C=2145.4RPM 3000
Level at the cursor position

Cursor position

Move the cursor with the

LEFT

and RIGHT

button!

I4

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Coast-Down measurement

STORE A COAST-DOWN MEASUREMENT

Save the Measurement?


button while the diagram Press the ENTER Is displayed and this window will appear. Select Yes with the UP or DOWN button, if you want to store this Coast-Down and press the ENTER button.
Yes No

Just press ENTER if Yes is already pre-selected.

I
Enter new name
Write the file name, press the ENTER button and the coast up with this file name is stored. Follow the instructions in chapter L Store and Recall on how to store measurements and how to write file names.
FAN 32_

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Coast-Down measurement

I5

Vibshape measurements
Vibshape measurements The purpose of Vibshape measurements .......................... J2 Selecting and starting Vibshape ........................................ J2 The Vibshape measuring procedure .................................. J3 J4 Next measurement............................................................. J5 Saving a Vibshape list ........................................................ J6 Re-measure an existing point............................................. J7 Moving a measurement in the list....................................... J8 - J9 Inserting a new measuring point in the list ......................... J10 Deleting a measuring point................................................. J11 Vibshape warning messages ............................................. J12 Print-out.............................................................................. J13

SELECTING VIBSHAPE To use the Vibshape function the instrument must have a signal on the RPM input. This signal is usually coming from the RPM transducer in the same way as with balancing but can also come from another source like a signal generator driving a vibrator. The Vibshape function is mainly used to collect data for computer animation of machinery vibrations. The Vibshape function can also be used to measure Vibshape or coast-up on RPM controlled machines like steam turbines and frequency controlled motors. Because the instrument saves the vibration, phase and speed of each measurement many transducers (one by one) can be measured at the same speed

Main menu
Move the black line using the UP key. or DOWN

Route Analysis Balancing Communication with PC Frequency analysis Print-out Envelope Coast-Up Set-ups Coast-Down Delete Vibshape Total level Bearing Vibshapecondition
Ongoing Vibshape list New Vibshape list View stored Vibshape

key to Analysis and press the ENTER

Analysis

Move the black line using the UP

or

DOWN ENTER

key to Vibshape and press the key.

Move the black line using the UP DOWN the ENTER key.

or

key to New Vibshape list and press

Vibshape
Mltpl A: 1 Mp Vib 001 Mltpl B: 3 Angle RPM/Hz

The instrument is now ready to measure. The instrument can measure two values from the same transducer at the same time. By entering for example 1 after MItpl A: and 3 after Mltpl B: the instrument will measure the vibration and angle (phase) of one and three times the shaft speed or reference input.

Note. If you are entering a multiple value, for example 1/3 = 0.333333, this is not an exact multiple or division of the speed and the phase reading will slowly change (rotate). This will occur, because the internal instrument speed is not exactly the same as the rotation speed. The change is increasing with time and the different measurements will not be comparable.

J2

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Vibshape measurements

VIBSHAPE MEASURING PROCEDURE 1. Press ENTER and the marker jumps to MItpl A: (multiple). Enter the multiple or speed order for the first value to measured, using the numeric keyboard, and press ENTER. The marker then jumps to MItpl B. 2. Enter the multiple for the second value to measured, using the numeric keyboard. Press ENTER and the measurement starts.

2. Enter the multiple for the first value. Press ENTER and the marker jumps to Mltpl B. Measuring unit for the first and the second value. This unit is valid for all the measurements below untill a new unit is selected and shown. 3. Measurement point number

1. Enter the multiple for the second value. Press ENTER and the instrument will start to measure.

Vibshape
Mltpl A: 1 Mp Vib Mltpl B: 3 Angle RPM/Hz Hz 49.5 148.5 001 um 001 437.28 142.9 001 98.342 311.6 001

Speed unit for the first and the second value. This unit is valid for all the measurements below untill a new unit is selected and shown.

This line (the lower) shows the measured values for Mltpl B: (multiple), filtered at the RPM or frequency determined by reference signal multiplied by the selected multiple B.

This line (the upper) shows the measured values for Mltpl A: (multiple) filtered at the RPM or frequency determined by reference signal multiplied by the selected multiple A.

J3

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Vibshape measurements

VIBSHAPE MEASURING PROCEDURE Mltpl A: the number 1 means that the signal with the same frequency as the reference signal (1xn) is filtered out and shown. Mltpl B: the number 3 means that the signal with the frequency 3 times the reference signal (3xn) is filtered out and shown.

Vibshape
The message Measuring starts indicates the the instrument is measuring.
Mltpl A: 1 Mp Vib 001 Mltpl B: 3 Angle RPM/Hz

Measuring starts
Adjusting offset

The measurement starts by first adjusting the offset and the adjustment is in progress as long as this message is shown.

If two vibration transducers are connected, both transducers will be measured simultaneously. The transducer that is connected to VIB 1 will automatically receive the lower measuring point number. The transducer that is connected to VIB 2, will automatically receive the next higher measuring point number.

The instrument is now repeatedly measuring the level and angle until a vectorial average reached. The average of the filtered signal of 1xn will now be measured. The average of the filtered signal of 3xn will be measured simultaneously. When the variation in the average of the first value (Mltpl A) is less than 1.8%, both values will be saved automatically.

Vibshape
Mltpl A: 1 Mp Vib Mltpl B: 3 Angle RPM/Hz Hz 49.5 148.5 001 um 001 437.28 142.9 001 98.342 311.6

Saved

The measurement can always be stopped and saved by pressing the ENTER key. Note! The measured value can be uncertain, if the measurement is stopped manually because the variation in the average is then greater than 1,8%.

J4

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Vibshape measurements

VIBSHAPE NEXT MEASUREMENT As soon as the measured value is saved the program automatically jumps to the next measuring point. The selected multiples for the MItpl A and the MItpl B in the previous measuring point are preselected values in the next measuring point.

2. The selected multiple in the previous measuring point is preselected in the next measuring point. Press ENTER directly if you do not want to change the multiple and the marker jumps to Mltpl B.

3. The selected multiple in the previous measuring point is pre-selected in the next measuring point. Press ENTER directly, if you do not want to change the multiple and the measurement starts.

Vibshape
1. The program automatically jumps to the next measuring point. Press ENTER and the marker jumps to Mltpl A.
Mltpl A: 1 Mp Vib Mltpl B: 3 Angle RPM/Hz Hz 49.5 148.5

001 um 001 437.28 142.9 001 98.342 311.6 002

Note! The selected multiple x the reference speed is not allowed to exceed 3200Hz or 192000RPM.

J5

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Vibshape measurements

VIBSHAPE SAVING A VIBSHAPE LIST Press the Program Menu key and the window below is shown.

Save or continue
Move the black line using the UP or DOWN key. key
Continue the list Save in memory Exit Vibshape

to Save in memory and press the ENTER

Save or continue
Move the black line using the UP to Yes and press the ENTER key. or DOWN key
Yes No Exit Vibshape

Enter new name


Fan 32_

Enter the name (file name) for your Vibshape list and press the ENTER key and then list is saved.

Note! If you do not write a file name and press the ENTER key, the list will be stored with the date and time as the file name.

J6

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Vibshape measurements

RE-MEASURE AN EXISTING POINT

Vibshape
Move the black line using the UP or the

Mltpl A: 1 Mp Vib

Mltpl B: 1 Angle RPM/Hz

DOWN key to the measuring point that you want to measure again.

Press Marker

key and this window will be

shown. Move the black line using the UP or DOWN the ENTER key to Re-measure and press key.

001 um Hz 001 437.28 142.9 49.5 001 98.342 311.6 148.5 002 294.13 182.6 49.5 003 mm/s RPM 003 12.578 78.7 5940 003 4.8235 192.2 20790 004 mm/s Hz Modify list 004 7.4312 4.7 24.5 005 back Go Re-measure Move measurement Insert new point Delete this point

Vibshape
Mltpl A: l1 Mp Vib
The list is shown again but the measured values are now deleted at the selected measuring point.

Mltpl B: 1 Angle RPM/Hz Hz 49.5 148.5

The marker is waiting on MItpl A. Press ENTER directly, if you do not want to change the multiple and the marker jumps to MItpl B.

001 001 001 002 003 003 003 004 004 005

um 437.28 142.9 98.342 311.6

mm/s RPM 12.578 78.7 5940 4.8235 192.2 20790 mm/s Hz Vibshape 7.4312 4.7 24.5 Mltpl A: 1 Mltpl B: 1 Mp Vib Angle RPM/Hz 001 001 001 002 003 003 003 004 004 005 um 437.28 98.342 374.48 mm/s 12.578 4.8235 mm/s 7.4312 142.9 311.6 218.1 78.7 192.2 4.7 Hz 49.5 148.5 49.5 RPM 5940 20790 Hz 24.5

Press ENTER directly if you do not want to change the multiple B and the measurement starts and is saved as usually.

J7

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Vibshape measurements

VIBSHAPE MOVING A MEASUREMENT IN THE LIST

Vibshape
Mltpl A: 1 Mp Vib
Move the black marker using the UP or the

Mltpl B: 1 Angle RPM/Hz Hz 49.5 148.5 49.5 RPM 5940 20790 Hz 24.5

DOWN key to the measuring point that you want to move.

Press the Marker shown.

key and this window is

Move the black line using the UP or the DOWN key to Move measurement and

001 um 001 437.28 142.9 001 98.342 311.6 002 294.13 182.6 003 mm/s 003 12.578 78.7 003 4.8235 192.2 004 mm/s 004 list Modify 7.4312 4.7 005 Go back Re-measure Move measurement Insert new point Delete this point

press the ENTER

key.

Vibshape
Mltpl A: 2 Mp Vib 001 001 001 002 003 003 003 004 004 005 um 437.28 98.342 374.48 mm/s 12.578 4.8235 mm/s 7.4312 Mltpl B: 7 Angle RPM/Hz 142.9 311.6 218.1 78.7 192.2 4.7 Hz 49.5 148.5 49.5 RPM 5940 20790 Hz 24.5

You are now in the list again, but the measured values are marked instead.

Vibshape
Mltpl A: 2 Mp Vib 001 um 001 437.28 001 98.342 002 mm/s 002 12.578 002 4.8235 003 um 003 374.48 004 mm/s 004 7.4312 005 Mltpl B: 7 Angle RPM/Hz Hz 142.9 49.5 311.6 148.5 RPM 78.7 5940 192.2 20790 Hz 218.1 49.5 Hz 4.7 24.5

or the DOWN key and the Press the UP values are moved one step at each pressing.

J8

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Vibshape measurements

VIBSHAPE MOVING A MEASUREMENT IN THE LIST

Vibshape
In our example we have moved the values in the measuring point 2 to measuring point 4 by pressing the DOWN key twice.

Mltpl A: 2 Mp Vib 001 um 001 437.28 001 98.342 002 mm/s 002 12.578 002 4.8235 003 mm/s 003 7.4312 004 um 004 374.48 005

Mltpl B: 7 Angle RPM/Hz Hz 142.9 49.5 311.6 148.5 RPM 78.7 5940 192.2 20790 Hz 4.7 24.5 Hz 218.1 49.5

The measured points in between will be re-numbered automatically and will also keep there measured units.

Vibshape
Press the ENTER key when you have moved the measurements to the desired point. The active Mp marker will then go back to the normal position in the measuring point (MP) list.

Mltpl A: 2 Mp Vib 001 um 001 437.28 001 98.342 002 mm/s 002 12.578 002 4.8235 003 mm/s 003 7.4312 004 um 004 374.48 005

Mltpl B: 7 Angle RPM/Hz Hz 142.9 49.5 311.6 148.5 RPM 78.7 5940 192.2 20790 Hz 4.7 24.5 Hz 218.1 49.5

J9

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Vibshape measurements

VIBSHAPE INSERTING A NEW MEASURING POINT

Vibshape
Mltpl A: 2 Mp Vib
Move the black line using UP or the

Mltpl B: 7 Angle RPM/Hz Hz 49.5 148.5 49.5 RPM 5940 20790 Hz 24.5

DOWN key to the measuring point where you want to insert a new measuring point.

Press the Marker shown.

key and this window is

Move the black line using the UP or the DOWN key to Insert new point and press ENTER key.

001 um 001 437.28 142.9 001 98.342 311.6 002 374.48 218.1 003 mm/s 003 12.578 78.7 003 4.8235 192.2 004 mm/s 004 7.4312 4.7 Modify list 005 Go back Re-measure Move measurement Insert new point Delete this point

Vibshape
Mltpl A: 2 Mp Vib 001 001 001 002 003 004 004 004 005 005 Mltpl B: 7 Angle RPM/Hz Hz 49.5 148.5 49.5 RPM 5940 20790 Hz 24.5 um 437.28 142.9 98.342 311.6 374.48 218.1 mm/s 12.578 78.7 4.8235 192.2 mm/s 7.4312 4.7

You are now in the list again and a new empty measuring point is inserted. You can now measure this new measuring point as usually by pressing the ENTER key.

Note! All the values including those in the selected measuring point have been moved downwards one step.

J10

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Vibshape measurements

VIBSHAPE DELETE A MEASURING POINT

Vibshape
Mltpl A: 2 Mp Vib 001 001 001 002 003 003 003 004 004 005 um 437.28 98.342 374.48 mm/s 12.578 4.8235 mm/s 7.4312 Mltpl B: 7 Angle RPM/Hz 142.9 311.6 218.1 78.7 192.2 4.7 Hz 49.5 148.5 49.5 RPM 5940 20790 Hz 24.5

Move the black line using the UP

or the DOWN

key to the measuring point you want to delete.

Modify list
Press the Marker shown. key and this window is

Move the black line using the UP key. First a warning text will appear.

or the DOWN

key to Delete this point and press the ENTER

Go back Re-measure Move measurement Insert new point Delete this point

Do you really want to delete this point?

Change from No to Yes by pressing the Right or the Left side key.

No
Do you really want to delete this point?

Yes
Press the ENTER key to confirm your choice.

Vibshape
You are now in the list again and the selected measuring point is deleted. Note that all the values below the erased measuring point have been moved upwards one step and that they will keep their measured units.

Mltpl A: 2 Mp Vib 001 001 001 002 003 003 004

Mltpl B: 7 Angle RPM/Hz Hz 49.5 148.5 49.5 Hz 24.5

um 437.28 142.9 98.342 311.6 374.48 218.1 mm/s 7.4312 4.7

J11

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Vibshape measurements

VIBSHAPE WARNING MESSAGES 1.

Missing transducer

This warning message is shown if there is no transducer connected to the input VIB 1 even if a transducer is connected to VIB 2. Check that a transducer is connected to VIB 1 and that the cables are Ok. This message is shown in 3 seconds and then the program returns to the beginning of the measuring procedure. Note. A transducer must be connected to VIB 1, otherwise the instrument cannot measure.

2.

Missing RPM pulses

This warning message is shown if the RPM pulses are missing. Check that the RPM transducer is connected to REF input and that the cables are Ok. Check also the distance and angle between the RPM transducer and the reflective tape on shaft. This message is shown in 3 seconds and then the program returns to the beginning of the measuring procedure.

J12

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Vibshape measurements

VIBSHAPE PRINT OUT

Program menu
Move the black line using the UP or the DOWN key. key to Print-out and Press the ENTER

Route Analysis Balancing Communication with PC Print-out Set-ups Print-out Spectra Delete Coast down Vibshape Balancing

Move the black line using the UP

or the DOWN key.

key to Vibshape and press the ENTER

Print out Vibshape


Compressor Cooling water pump Fan 2

Move the black line using the UP key to the list you want to print out. Press the ENTER

or the DOWN

key and the printing starts.

Easy-Viber 4.00.00 SE 2001-09-25 Vibshape Fan 2 2001-10-22 16:34:06 mm/s 22.1996 204.9 9.13114 138.1 in/s 0.35997 136.4 in/s 0.87892 203.6 um 72.7006 291.0 28.9437 150.4 mm/s 0.05672 0.23819 in/s 0.00911 in/s 0.00401 um 0.21115 0.66934 RPM 2966.17 2965.11 RPM 2966.95 Hz 49.4348 Hz 49.4311 49.4904

1 x RPM

1 2 3 4 5 6

The measured values are first sorted after the same RPM or frequency and then after the measuring point number.

1 2 3 4

RPM 328.8 5932.34 139.3 5930.22 RPM 143.8 5933.91 Hz 317.9 98.8696 Hz 68.78 148.293 237.6 148.471

2 x RPM Note! Only a saved list can be printed out

5 6

3 x RPM

J13

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Vibshape measurements

Total level and Bearing Condition value


Total level and Bearing Condition value Measuring the total vibration level.......................................K2 Interpretation of the vibration level ......................................K3 Where to place the vibration transducer..............................K4 Extraction from the vibration standards...............................K5 Measuring the Bearing Condition value ..............................K6 Interpretation of the Bearing Condition value ......................K7 What is a Bearing Condition value ......................................K8

MEASURING THE TOTAL VIBRATION LEVEL The Total level is used to get a fast judgment of the severity of the vibration. It is also used to analyze the largest vibration on a machine or structure by moving the transducer to different positions and directions.

Program menu
Move the black line with the UP or the DOWN button. button to Analysis and press the ENTER
Route Analysis Balancing

Analysis Communication with PC Frequency analysis Print-out


Set-ups

Select in the same way Total level and press ENTER.

Coast-down Delete Total level Bearing condition

Press ENTER and the instrument will start to measure the total RMS level (the average of all vibrations) within the frequency range 23200Hz. The instrument will make the offset adjustments during the first seconds. The total level is shown both as a black line at the bottom and as numbers with unit. The scale for the bottom line is automatically changing at 0.2, 2 and 20 and so on.

Total level
Vib 1 Vib 2

17.635 mm/s RMS


0 1 2

9.3452 mm/s RMS


20

Press ENTER once more and the instrument will stop the measurement. Press ENTER once more and the instrument starts measuring again. If only the input Vib1 is used the values on Vib 2 will be zero.

Press the Menu

, the Backward

or the Forward

button to leave this menu.

Note 1! The instrument continues to measure until you press the ENTER button. Do not leave the instrument measuring for a long time because it will use a lot of power from the batteries. Note 2! In this mode the instrument does not store any measurements only the last measurement is stored on the screen.

K2

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Total level and Bearing Condition value

INTERPRETATION OF THE VIBRATION LEVEL The following is in part an extraction of the old ISO 2372 class 4 standard, large machines on weak foundations. This simplified list can be used as a first consideration, when you approach a machine newly commissioned or after some time in operation. Take as a good housekeeping rule to investigate the reason for any machine to vibrate above 3 mm/s rms. Do not leave them above 7mm/s without being assured that they will sustain long term operation without increased wear since the machines capable of that are very few. Unit: mm/s 0 3 Small vibrations: None or very small bearing wear. Rather low noise level. 37 Noticeable vibration levels often concentrated to some specific part as well as direction of the machine. Noticeable bearing wear. Seal problems occur in pumps etc. Increased noise level: Try to investigate the reason. Plan an action during next regular stop. Keep the machine under watch and measure at smaller time intervals than before to detect a deterioration trend if any. Compare the vibrations with other operating variables. The vibration level 4.5 mm/s in pumps with mechanical seals have been seen as an important level. Higher vibration levels will increase the wear of the mechanical seal.

7 18 Large vibrations: Bearings are running hot. Bearing wear-out causes frequent replacements. Seals wear out; leakage of all kinds is evident. Cracking welds and concrete foundations. High noise levels. Plan action soonest! Do your best to reveal the reason. You are wearing down investment quickly. 18 Very large vibrations and high noise levels: This is detrimental to the safe operation of the machine. Stop operation, if technically or economically possible considering the plant stop cost. No known machine will withstand this level without internal or external damage. Reduce any further running time to an absolute minimum.

A major concern for newly installed machinery is the presence of resonance amplification at some frequency that the machine is producing by its natural functions. Such amplification should be reduced very early since it will greatly affect the economic operation of the machine.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Total level and Bearing Condition value

K3

WHERE TO PLACE THE VIBRATION TRANSDUCER To better understand what the measure means it can be helpful to consider the reading as a mean value of the velocity of the back and forward motion. This measure gives a good understanding of the amount of break down energy, causing mainly wear and fatigue work, in the machine or structure being measured. The instrument is measuring the total RMS-value of the vibration within the instrument frequency range 23200Hz. This RMS-value is a special sum or average of all the different causes of vibration. Example: If the simultaneous vibration caused by imbalance is (4mm/s), by misalignment (2 mm/s) and by the gear mesh forces (5 mm/s) then the total vibration will be 6.7 mm/s. Total vibration =

(4

+ 22 + 52 6.7mm / s

Recommended transducer locations: Measure on or as close to the bearings as possible! Measure vertically and horizontally in a direction that points the shaft centre! Measure axially in the same height as the shaft centre!

K
Mp 4 V Mp 3 V Mp 2 V Mp 1 V Mp 2 A Mp 2 H Mp 4 A Mp 1 H Mp 1 A

Mp 4 H

Mp 3 A Mp 3 H

Warning! Dont measure on thin sheet metal plates, as the fan cover on electrical motors!

K4

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Total level and Bearing Condition value

EXTRACTION FROM VIBRATION STANDARDS Vibration standards: Extraction from the old ISO 2372 Class 1: Small machines up to 15 kW Class 2: Medium size machines between 1575 kW without special foundations and machines up to 300 kW on special foundations. Class 3: Large machines mounted on heavy foundations, which are stiff in the measuring direction. Class 4: Large machines mounted on soft foundations, which are weak in the measuring direction. This is the grade normally used for most machinery.

ISO Standard 2372 mm/s 0,71 1,12 1,8 2,8 4,5 7,1 11,2 18 Class 1 A A B B C C D D D C C D B B A A Class 2 Class 3 Class 4

K
Vibration standards: Extraction from ISO 2372 (The new standard) Group 1: Large machines with rated power above 300kW and not more than 50MW; electrical machines with shaft height H>315mm Group 2: Medium-size machines with rated power above 15kW up to and including 300kW; electrical machines with shaft height 160mm < H >315mm Group 3: Pumps with multivane impeller and with separate driver (centrifugal, mixed flow or axial flow) with rated power above 15kW
Extraction's from ISO 10816-3 Industrial machines with power above 15kW and nominal speeds between120 -15000 r/min Unit mm/s 0-1.4 1.4-2.3 2.3-2.8 2.8-3.5 3.5-4.5 4.5-7.1 7.1-11 11-Group 1 and 3 Rigid Flexible Group 2 and 4 Rigid Flexible

Group 4: Pumps with multivane impeller and with integrated driver (centrifugal, mixed flow or axial flow) with rated power above 15kW.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Total level and Bearing Condition value

K5

MEASURING THE BEARING CONDITION VALUE

Program menu
Move the black line with the UP or the DOWN button.
Route Analysis Balancing

button to Analysis and press the ENTER

Analysis

Communication with PC Frequency analysis Print-out Set-ups Coast-down Delete Total level Bearing condition

Select in the same way Bearing condition and press ENTER.

When instrument starts to measure, it will make the offset adjustments during the first seconds and then measure the total acceleration within the frequency range 3.220 kHz with the unit g RMS.

Bearing condition
Vib 1 Vib 2

You can see the total acceleration level both as a black line at the bottom and as numbers with the unit g. The scale for the bottom line is automatically changing at 0.2, 2 and 20 and so on.

3.7445 g
0 1 2

2.1522 g
20

Press ENTER once more and the instrument stops measuring. Press ENTER once more and the instrument will start measuring again. If only the input Vib1 is used the values on Vib 2 will be zero.

Press the Menu

, the Backward

or the Forward

button to leave this menu.

Note 1! The instrument continues to measure until you press the ENTER button. Do not leave the instrument measuring for a long time because it will use a lot of power from the batteries. Note 2! In this mode the instrument does not store any measurements only the last measurement is stored on the screen.

K6

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Total level and Bearing Condition value

INTERPRETATION OF THE BEARING CONDITION VALUE The bearing condition value is the total RMS value of the acceleration of all high frequency vibrations within the range from 3.200 Hz up to 20.000 Hz with the unit g. This average has the unit g (= acceleration due to gravity)

l ep R

e ac

g il in Fa
ir le F a t ab ep cc A od Go

Note!
The diagram above is only a guide to interpret the bearing condition value. If vibrations of other causes (e.g. flow surge and sometimes gearmesh forces) have vibrations within the frequency range 3.220 kHz this can give a high bearing condition value without the bearing being damaged. A high bearing condition value can also be acquired, if the bearing is poorly lubricated or is overloaded due to a large misalignment or a large belt tension.

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Total level and Bearing Condition value

K7

WHAT IS A BEARING CONDITON VALUE The bearing condition value is an indirect method to measure the status of anti-friction bearings and is not failsafe. A high value should initiate frequency analysis and not replacement. The bearing condition value is a sum average value, RMS value, of all high frequency vibrations between 3.200 Hz to 20.000 Hz. This value is an acceleration average with the unit g, because high frequencies give large signals if it is measured in acceleration. When the balls or rollers rotate inside the bearing a wide-band noise and vibration arises. This noise or vibration is increased if the bearing is poorly lubricated, overloaded or has a damaged surface. Because this is a natural wide-band vibration it is possible to select any frequency or frequency-band as a measurement of the bearing condition. If the selected frequency band includes low frequencies the bearing condition value would also include vibration from the imbalances, the misalignment etc, and not purely from bearing vibrations and would therefore be difficult to interpret. If the selected frequency band only includes very high frequency vibrations (above 20 kHz) we would need a special vibration transducer that is very rigidly and closely mounted to the bearing, because the machine structure works as a mechanical filter for high frequencies. Easy-ViberTM is measuring the bearing condition value from 3.200 Hz to 20.000 Hz, similar to many other instruments. Within this frequency range there is a common experience in the evaluation of the bearing condition value. Normal machinery vibrations from imbalances and misalignment etc, has very rarely vibrations above 3.200 Hz. The upper frequency limit of 20 kHz is selected because most vibration transducers have an upper frequency limit of about 720 kHz, without special mounting arrangements, and the transducer signal is very low above 20 kHz. Note 1! A high bearing condition value should always be used as a request to make frequency analysis. NOTE! High bearing condition values can appear at gear boxes, grinding machines, converting machines with cutters and similar machines without any bearing faults because these machines naturally produce frequencies above 3200 Hz and the bearing condition value can be misinterpreted. Try to measure when the machine is unloaded!

K8

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Total level and Bearing Condition value

Store and recall Measurements

Store and recall measurements Store a measurement............................L2 Recall a measurement..L3

STORE A MEASUREMENT When a measurement is finished, this window will appear. The marker _ is waiting for you to enter a file name. The file name can be any combination of numbers and letters and approximately 20 figures long. If you do not want to write a file name just press the ENTER button and the measurement will be stored with only date and time. The measurement result with date, time and file name can be stored in the internal memory, and will be kept even when the display unit is shut off. The stored result can later be reviewed on the display, printed or transferred to a PC. Date and time are stored automatically. When you type the letters and figures, the cursor jumps to the next position after 1 second. Repeated pressing will give the next letter or figure. Move the marker _ with the LEFT and RIGHT button.

Enter new name


Fan 32_

Characters 1

1
2 3 4 5

2ABC 3DEF 4GHI 5JKL 6MNO 7PQR 8STU 9VWX 0YZ . _ * /

By pressing the CURSOR button you will erase the letter to the right of the marker. Press ENTER when you are finished.

6 7 8 9 0

L
NOTE! If you do not have time to save the measurement, the latest measurement is always saved with the file name Latest. NOTE! When the memory is full the message Memory Full will appear and the last measurement will not be saved.

Example: press 9 three times and you will write a W.

L2

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Store and recall Measurements

RECALL A MEASUREMENT First select the type of measurement e.g. Route, Balancing, Frequency spectra or Coast-Down you want to recall. Route and Balancing has separate directories, the rest you will find under the Analysis directory.

Main Menu
Route Analysis Balancing

Balancing Print-out/communication
Example: finding a certain spectrum. Move the black line with the UP or the DOWN
Ongoing balancing New balancing Set-ups View stored balancing Collect response matrix Delete

button to Analysis and press the ENTER button. Select in the same way Frequency analysis and press ENTER. You will now se a list of the stored spectra. or the DOWN Move the black line with the UP button to the spectrum you want to analyse and press ENTER. The program works in the same way in all the other functions except Route, where you first have to select the Route name and then move step by step within the route with the FORWARDS button. or the BACKWARDS

Main menu
Route Analysis Balancing Communication with PC Print-out

Analysis menu

Frequency analysis Set-ups Envelope Delete Coast-Up Coast-Down Vibshape Saved spectra Total level NEW SPECTRUM Bearing condition Latest 2001-01-22 19:18:48
FEED WATER PUMP 4 FAN 28 WITH NEW WHEEL DRY CYLINER 11 BARKING MACHINE

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Store and recall Measurements

L3

Problem Solver and Maintenance


Problem Solver and Maintenance Problem Solver.......................................... Instrument Maintenance............................ M2M3 M3

PROBLEM SOLVER, MAINTENANCE A. The system can not be started: 1 Dont press the On/Off -button too long because the instrument will interpret this as a double click! 2 Check that the battery poles are pointing according to the labels! 3 Change batteries! B. The instrument can not be turned Off: 1 You pressed the Off button after you have pressed the On button. Wait about 15 seconds and the instrument will turn Off. To avoid this press another button first before you press the Off button. C. The instrument does not respond to the first pressed button. 1 This is quite normal and is due to the advanced battery saver. The first time a button is pressed, after the instrument is turned on, it wakes up the processor. D. Strange or very low measurement values are displayed: 1 Check the settings in the transducer set-up menu. 2 Check the settings in the view set-up menu. 3 Check the transducer cables and connectors. 4 Always check the settings after a battery replacement. E. Unstable measurement values: 1 Check that the vibration transducer is firmly positioned against the measuring surface. 2 Check that the magnet is not loose from the vibration transducer. F. The display is getting weak or is disappearing. 1 Replace the batteries if the display is getting weak when the instrument is measuring. G. The RPM is unstable. 1 Check that the RPM transducer and holder is firmly attached to the machine and that all joints are tightened. 2 Check the distance between the reference mark on the shaft and the transducer. Do not put the optical transducer too close to the shaft. Minimum 1ft or 300mm 3 If the optical transducer works at low speeds but not on higher speeds, then increase the size of the reflex tape. H. The light diode in the RPM transducer is not working. 1 The power to the RPM transducer is not switched on until the measurements starts. I. The instrument is locked and does not respond to any buttons. 1 Disconnect the batteries for a few seconds and the instrument will restart. J. The instrument does not communicate with the PC-program. 1 Move the marker down to Communicating with PC and press the ENTER button. 2 Check that the serial communication cable is of type Null-modem cable where terminal 2 and 3 are twisted. M2 EB Manual: problem Solver and Maintenace

K. There is no print-out from the printer: 1 Check the printer cable. 2 If red diode on the printer lights out, charge the printer batteries. L. Battery Eliminator When switching from the battery supply to the battery eliminator nothing should happen, but sometimes there might be short moment of loss of power. This can sometimes initiate a loss of memory. To prevent this always turn the instrument off before you connect or disconnect the battery eliminator. Cleaning For best measurement result, always keep the equipment clean. Use a dry rag for cleaning. Batteries The system is powered by 4 pcs R14 (C) batteries. Most types of batteries can be used, even rechargeable, but alkaline batteries will give you the longest operating time. Use the battery eliminator, if the measurement will take a long time for example at: Balancing Coast down Communication with the PC-program The batteries should be removed, if the system will not be used for a long time.

EB Manual: problem Solver and Maintenace

M3

Instrument connectors
Instrument connectors Instrument connectors ....................................................... N2

INSTRUMENT CONNECTORS The Easy-Balancer front has five connectors, one for the serial communication with a computer, two for vibration transducers, one for the refrence speed transducer and one for a battery eliminator. Vibration INPUT 2
3 2 4 3 1 5 1 2

D-SUB for a standard RS232 cable (NULL modem)

Vibration INPUT 1 RPM INPUT

Connector for a 6V (800mA) battery eliminator

Pin 1 2 3 4 5

Vibration INPUT GROUND +24V +5V SIGNAL SENSE

RPM INPUT PULSE GROUND +24V -

On the vibration transducers the pin 1 and 5 must be shortcircuited (connected to each other).

N2

Easy-BalancerTM Manual: Instrument connectors