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CHAPTER 3 Test Bank

1. The basis strengthens unexpectedly. Which of the following is true (circle one) (a) A short hedger's position improves. (b) A short hedger's position worsens. (c) A short hedger's position sometimes worsens and sometimes improves. (d) A short hedger's position stays the same.

2. On March 1 the spot price of a commodity is $20 and the July futures price is $19. On June 1 the spot price is $24 and the July futures price is $23.50. A company entered into a futures contracts on March 1 to hedge the purchase of the commodity on June 1. It closed out its position on June 1. What is the effective price paid by the company for the commodity? .

3. On March 1 the price of a commodity is $300 and the December futures price is $315. On November 1 the price is $280 and the December futures price is $281. A producer entered into a December futures contracts on March 1 to hedge the sale of the commodity on November 1. It closed out its position on November 1. What is the effective price received by the producer?

4. Suppose that the standard deviation of monthly changes in the price of commodity A is $2. The standard deviation of monthly changes in a futures price for a contract on commodity B (which is similar to commodity A) is $3. The correlation between the futures price and the commodity price is 0.9. What hedge ratio should be used when hedging a one month exposure to the price of commodity A? ..

5. A company has a $36 million portfolio with a beta of 1.2. The S&P index is currently standing at 900. Futures contracts on $250 times the index can be traded. What trade is necessary to achieve the following. (Indicate the number of contracts that should be traded and whether the position is long or short.) (i) Eliminate all systematic risk in the portfolio

(ii) Reduce the beta to 0.9 .. (iii) Increase beta to 1.8 .

6. Futures contracts trade with all delivery months. A company is hedging the purchase of the underlying asset on June 15. Which futures contract should it use (circle one) (a) The June contract (b) The July contract (c) The May contract (d) The August contract

7. Which of the following is true (circle one) (a) The optimal hedge ratio is the slope of the best fit line when the spot price (on the y-axis) is regressed against the futures price (on the x-axis). (b) The optimal hedge ratio is the slope of the best fit line when the futures price (on the y-axis) is regressed against the spot price (on the x-axis). (c) The optimal hedge ratio is the slope of the best fit line when the change in the spot price (on the y-axis) is regressed against the change in the futures price (on the x-axis). (d) The optimal hedge ratio is the slope of the best fit line when the change in the futures price (on the y-axis) is regressed against the change in the spot price (on the x-axis).

8. Metallgesellschaft ran into problems because (circle one) (a) The price of oil rose (b) Margin calls created short term cash flow problems (c) Rolling hedges forward is a very dangerous strategy (d) All of the above