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DESIGN OF R.C.C. GANTRY BEAM 1. Design data : Gantry beam is designed as simply supported beam resting on corbels.

Load carrying capacity of crane Span of gantry beam 'l ' Wheel base of crane Weight (approximately) Weight on a wheel / wheel load Weight of crab Grade of concrete Reinforcement Size of gantry beam Width Depth Clear cover to reinforcement Self weight of Beam + rail load Wheel load considering impact of 18.00 + 18.00 x 25 /100 = 22.50 Ton : 25.00 : 6.00 : 4.00 : 19.00 : 18.00 : 13.00 : M 25 : Fe 415 : 400 : 600 : 30 : 8.00 : 25 : 225 Ton m m Ton Ton Ton

mm mm mm kN/m % kN

2. Analysis of the beam : For maximum Bending Moment : Case I : one of the load and the C.G. of the moving load are equidistance from the centre of beam span.
C.G. of loads 8.0 kN/m A 3.00 RA = 174.0 kN centre of beam C 225.0 kN 1.00 1.00 4.00 3.00 RB = 324.0 kN D 225.0 kN B

Support reaction RA = {(225.0 x 4.00) + (225.0 x 0.00) + (8.0 x 6.00 x 6.00 /2)}/6.00 = 174.00 kN RB = {(225.0 x 6.00) + (225.0 x 2.00) + (8.0 x 6.00 x 6.00 /2)}/6.00 = 324.00 kN MC = {(174.0 x 2.00) - (8.0 x 2.00 x 2.00 /2)} = 332.00 kN m MD = {(324.0 x 0.00) - (8.0 x 0.00 x 0.00 /2)} = 0.00 kN m Case II : one of the wheel load is at centre of the span.
8.0 kN/m A 3.00 RA = 136.5 kN C 3.00 RB = 136.5 kN 225.0 kN B

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Support reaction RA = {(225.0 x 3.00) + (8.0 x 6.00 x 6.00 /2)}/6.00 = 136.50 kN RB = {(225.0 x 3.00) + (8.0 x 6.00 x 6.00 /2)}/6.00 = 136.50 kN MC = {(136.5 x 3.00) - (8.0 x 3.00 x 3.00 /2)} = 373.50 kN m For maximum Shear Force:
8.0 kN/m A C 4.00 6.00 RA = 174.0 kN RB 225.0 kN 225.0 kN B

= 324.0 kN

Support reaction RA = {(225.0 x 4.00) + (8.0 x 6.00 x 6.00 /2)}/6.00 = 174.00 kN RB = {(225.0 x 6.00) + (225.0 x 2.00) + (8.0 x 6.00 x 6.00 /2)}/6.00 = 324.00 kN \ Design / Factored Span Moment Mmax = 373.50 x 1.5 = 560.25 kN m & Factored Shear Force Vmax = 324.00 x 1.5 = 486.00 kN For Transverse Breaking Force :
Transverse breaking force per wheel = 10% of (weight to be lifted + weight of crab)

T.B.F. = 10 % (25.0 + 13.0) = 3.80 Ton = 38.0 kN Hence total transverse breaking force on gantry beam = 38.0 x 2 = 76.0 kN Considering the rail height = 150 mm Eccentricity of T.B.F. : = Moment due to eccentricity : = Factored Torsional moment : Tu =

600 / 2 + 150 450.0 mm 2 x 38.0 x 0.45 34.2 kN m 1.5 x 34.20 51.3 kN m

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Equivalent Bending Moment Me = Mu + Mt where, M u = bending moment at the cross-section, 51.3 [{1+(600/ 400)}/1.7] = \ M e = 560.25 + 75.44 = Equivalent Shear V e = V u + 1.6 T u / b = 3. Balance Design Parameters : ku = 700 / (1100 + 0.87 f y) = 0.48 Ru = 0.36 f ck ku (1 - 0.42 ku)
2 = 3.44 N/mm p t = (0.36 f ck / 0.87 f y) x ku x 100

75.44

kN m

635.69 kN m

691.20 kN

1.19

4. Design for Flexure : Moment of resistance of the section M cr = Ru b d2 = 428.97 kN m < Me = Design Beam as Doubly Reinforced Section. Area of tension reinforcement required Mu1 = Mucr = Ru bd2 = & Mu2 = Mu - Mu1 = 428.97 kN m 635.69 - 428.97 =

635.69 kN m

206.72 kN m

\ Ast1 = 2658.23 mm2 & Ast2 = 1121.07 mm2 \ Ast = Ast1 + Ast2 = 3779.29 mm2 mm f bars. Use 25 Nos of bar required = 8 Provide nos of bar = 8 Ast provided = 3927.0 mm2 Area of compression reinforcment required

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esc = 0.0035 {1 - d'c/(ku d)}


= 0.0035 {1- 52.5/(0.48 x 547.5)} = 0.0028 From IS 456 : 2000, cl. 38.1 and fig. 23A f sc = 0.976 f y /1.15 = 352.2 N/mm2 f cc = 0.446 f ck = \ Asc = 1186.84 mm2 mm f bars. Use 25 Nos of bar required = 3 Provide nos of bar = 3 Ast provided = 1472.6 5. Check for Shear : Equivalent shear force V e = 691.20 kN Shear stress tve = 691.20 x 1000 / (400 x 600) = 2.88 N/mm2 < 3.10 N/mm2 (Max. permissible shear stress) Percentage of steel provided pt = 1.76 % Design shear strength of concrete with amount of reinforcement provided (Ref. IS 456 : 2000, table19) tc = 0.78 N/mm2 Transverse Reinforcement required mm2 11.2 N/mm2

where, Tu = Vu = sv = b1 =

torsional moment = 51.3 kN m shear force = 486.00 kN spacing of the stirrup reinforcement = 135 mm c/c distance between corner bars in the direction of the width 315 mm = d 1 = c/c distance between corner bars = 521.5 mm b = breadth of the member = 400 mm

\ A sv = 256.15 mm2
Minimum transverse reinforcement required

where, t ve = equivalent shear strength t c = shear strenght of the concrete \ A svmin = 313.47 mm2
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= =

2.88 0.78

N/mm2 N/mm2

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Use, 4 legged, A sv = 314.16 mm2

10

mm dia. stirrups

Provide 4 legged, # 10 stirrups @ 135 mm c/c

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