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RYAN FEBRIANSYAH / 05831

FISIOLOGI TERNAK

Cattle selected for lower residual feed intake have reduced daily methane production1,2 R. S. Hegarty*,3, J. P. Goopy ,4, R. M. Herd* and B. McCorkell
*

New South Wales Department of Primary Industries, Beef Industry Centre, Armidale, New South Wales 2351, Australia; and University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales 2351, Australia; and and Tamworth Agricultural Institute, Tamworth, New South Wales 2340, Australia
3

Corresponding author: roger.hegarty@dpi.nsw.gov.au

Seventy-six Angus steers chosen from breeding lines divergently selected for residual feed intake (RFI) were studied to quantifythe relationship between RFI and the daily rate of methane production (MPR). A 70-d feeding test using a barleybased ration was conducted in which the voluntary DMI, feeding characteristics, and BW of steers were monitored. The estimated breeding value (EBV) for RFI (RFIEBV) for each steer had been calculated from 70-d RFI tests conducted on its parents. Methane production rate (g/d) was measured on each steer using SF6 as a tracer gas in a series of 10-d measurement periods. Daily DMI of steers was lower during the methane measurement period than when methane was not being measured (11.18 vs. 11.88 kg; P = 0.001). A significant relationship existed between MPR and RFI when RFI (RFI15d) was estimated over the 15 d when steers were harnessed for methane collection (MPR = 13.3 x RFI15d + 179; r2 = 0.12; P = 0.01). Animals expressing lower RFI had lower daily MPR. The relationship established between MPR and RFI15d was used to calculate a reduction in daily methane emission of 13.38 g accompanied a 1 kg/d reduction in RFIEBV in cattle consuming ad libitum a diet of 12.1 MJ of ME/kg. The magnitude of this emission reduction was between that predicted on the basis of intake reduction alone (18 gd1kg of DMI1) and that predicted by a model incorporating steer midtest BW and level of intake relative to maintenance (5 gd1kg of DMI1).

RYAN FEBRIANSYAH / 05831

FISIOLOGI TERNAK

Comparison of data from steers exhibiting the greatest (n = 10) and lowest (n = 10) RFI15d showed the low RFI15d group to not only have lower MPR (P = 0.017) but also reduced methane cost of growth (by 41.2 g of CH4/kg of ADG; P = 0.09). Although the opportunity to abate livestock MPR by selection against RFI seems great, RFI explained only a small proportion of the observed variation in MPR. A genotype x nutrition interaction can be anticipated, and the MPR:RFIEBV relationship will need to be defined over a range of diet types to account for this. Key Words: beef cattle feed conversion efficiency genetics methane production
1

This work was funded by the New South Wales Department of Primary Industries.
2

The assistance provided by R. Woodgate, S. McClelland, J. Brunner, W. Johns, and S. Sinclair of NSW Department of Primary Industries, as well as R. Geddes of the University of New England, and M. Wolcott of the Cooperative Research Centre for Cattle and Beef Quality is acknowledged.
4

J. P. Goopy was supported by a postgraduate scholarship funded by Meat and Livestock Australia.

RYAN FEBRIANSYAH / 05831

FISIOLOGI TERNAK

Sapi yang dipilih untuk konsumsi pakan yang lebih rendah telah mengurangi sisa produksi metana harian * New South Wales Departemen Industri Primer, Pusat Sapi Industri, Armidale, New South Wales 2351, Australia, dan Universitas New England, Armidale, New South Wales 2351, Australia; dan dan Tamworth Institut Pertanian, Tamworth, New South Wales 2340, Australia Tujuh puluh enam Angus sapi jantan galur divergently dipilih untuk konsumsi pakan sisa (RFI) mempelajari hubungan quantifythe antara RFI dan tingkat harian produksi metana (MPR). Kami melakukan uji coba memberi makan 70-d dengan ransum jelai, yang mengendalikan DMI sukarela, dan karakteristik BB sapi. Estimasi nilai pemuliaan (EBV) untuk RFI (RFIEBV) untuk masing-masing arah dihitung 70-d tes RFI dilakukan pada orang tua mereka. Methane laju produksi (g / d) diukur di setiap arah menggunakan SF6 sebagai jejak gas dalam serangkaian 10-d periode pengukuran. Harian DMI dari sapi jantan lebih rendah selama periode pengukuran metana metana daripada ketika tidak sedang diukur (11,18 vs 11,88 kg, P = 0,001). Sebuah hubungan yang signifikan ada antara MPR dan RFI ketika RFI (RFI15d) diestimasi pada d 15 ketika sapi digunakan untuk koleksi metana (MPR = 13,3 x RFI15d + 179, r2 = 0,12, P = 0,01). Hewan mengekspresikan RFI bawah yang lebih rendah MP harian. Sebuah hubungan yang signifikan ada antara MPR dan RFI ketika RFI (RFI15d) diestimasi pada d 15 ketika sapi jantan digunakan untuk pengumpulan gas metana (MPR = 13,3 x + 179 RFI15d; r2 = 0,12, P = 0,01). Hewan mengekspresikan RFI rendah telah MPR harian yang lebih rendah. Hubungan antara MPR dan RFI15d digunakan untuk menghitung emisi metana harian g disertai dengan pengurangan 1 kg / d pada sapi RFIEBV ad libitum mengkonsumsi diet 12,1 MJ ME / kg. Besarnya pengurangan emisi ini adalah antara yang diperkirakan berdasarkan hanya mengurangi konsumsi (18 g d -1 kg DMI-1) dan yang diprediksi oleh model menggabungkan midtest mengarahkan BW dan tingkat relatif terhadap pemeliharaan asupan (5 g d-1 kg DMI-1). embandingkan data sapi jantan dengan (n = 10) tertinggi dan terendah (n = 10) menunjukkan kelompok RFI15d RFI15d rendah tidak hanya memiliki MPR yang lebih rendah (P = 0,017), tetapi juga mengurangi biaya metana pertumbuhan (41,2 g CH4/kg ADG, P = 0,09). Meskipun kemungkinan mengurangi MPR ternak oleh seleksi terhadap RFI tampak besar, RFI menjelaskan hanya sebagian kecil dari variasi yang diamati di

RYAN FEBRIANSYAH / 05831

FISIOLOGI TERNAK

MPR. Sebuah genotipe x interaksi gizi dapat diantisipasi, dan hubungan MPR: RFIEBV harus didefinisikan pada berbagai jenis makanan ke account untuk ini.