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BUSBAR CALULATION FOR 2000A COPPER BUSBARS

DATA AVAILABLE / ASSUMED 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Fault level Ambient Temp. Temp. Rise Max. busbar temp. while carrying full load current Permissible final temp. of busbar after short circuit for 1 Sec. Busbar Material Required Current Rating Size of Busbars (Selected) Enclosure sizes (Provided) : : : : : : : : : 50KA for 1 Sec. 45oC 40oC 85oC (45oC + 40oC) 200oC Electrolytic grade Copper 2000A (3.5 X 3 X 100 X 6) Sq.mm Cu. 900 x 345 Sq.mm

A.

CALCULATIONS FOR SHORT CIRCUIT :

Minimum Cross Sectional area of Copper Busbar required for 50KA fault level for 1 Sec. can be calculated by the formula given below: I ---------A OR A t = = 0.122 Where : I = A = t t =

I ----------0.122

Fault Current (KA) Cross Sectional area of Busbar in Sq.mm. Time in Sec.

If fault current is 50KA then A =

50 . 0.122

409.8 Sq. mm

Where as we are using 1800 Sq. mm Cross Sectional of Copper Busbar Which is more than the required. Therefore selected Bus bar are quite suitable for 50KA Fault level for 1 Sec.

[Contd2..]

-:2:B. CALCULATION FOR THERMAL RATING : 1. 2. De-Rating factor due to material of Busbar De-Rating Factor due to ambient temperature. Derating factor T1 T2 = = = . T2 T1 1/1.7 . = 1

Temp. rise over the ambient temperature as referred by the Bus bar manufacturer Temp. rise over the ambient temperature where the Panel Is installed.

The Derating factor to be applied on the ratings given in for 45Degree C ambient is 1/ 1.7 0.588 . 40 . = (0.88) = 0.93 45 3. De-Rating Factor due to enclosure : The % ratio of Cross Sectional area of Bus bar & Cross sectional area of enclosure. = = = = Now Derating factor for this percentage ratio So, Total derating factor for 2000A Current carrying capacity of 100x6 mm Cu Busbar Multiplying factor for 3 Busbar = = = = Total Cross Sectional area of bus bar Total Cross Sectional area of enclosure 3.5 x 3 X 100 x 6 900 x 345 0.02028 2.029% 0.80 1 x 0.93 x 0.80 = 0.744 1480A 2.09 [Contd3..] 6300 310500

-:3:Now Total Current carrying of 3x100x6 mm Cu Busbar Effective current carrying capacity Of Busbars after considering de-rating factor = 1480 x 2.09 = 3093.2A

3093.2x0.744 = 2301A

From the above calculation we note that the current carrying capacity of selected cross section of Busbar 1800 Sq.mm, is 2301A.