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CONTROL SYSTEMS ENGINEERING LAB ASSIGNMENT EXPERIMENT-1

Submitted by

Khurram Hashmi F08-H 0660

To

Engr. Majid Gulzar

12/27/2011

CHAPTER4 Experiment1 Q1

As the pole moves farther away on real axis . system achieves stability sooner. Thus , nearing required stable response for farther off poles in a first order system Q2.(a) a=4 b=25 Tp 0.69 Ts 2.00 %O.S. 25.38 Tr 0.293

Q2(b) For doubling real part and maintaining imaginary constant a=8 b=37 Tp 0.69sec Ts 1.00sec %O.S. 6.44 Tr 0.33sec

A reduction in peak amplitude, %age overshoot and settling time while real part is doubled Q2(c) For halving real part while maintain imaginary constant a=2 b=22 Tp 0.69sec Ts 4.00sec %O.S. 50.38 Tr 0.26sec

With real part halved, system rises quickly to peak value with greater %age overshoot and settles later on than before

Q3(a) For maintain the real part and doubling the imaginary part a=4 b=88 Tp 0.34 Ts 2.00 %O.S. 50.38 Tr 0.13

Imaginary part of roots doubled, system rises quicker to peak value with greater % age overshoot and increased settling time Q3(b) For maintain the real part and quadrupling the imaginary part a=4 b=339.6 Tp 0.17 Ts 2.00 %O.S. 70.97 Tr 0.06

Imaginary part of roots quadrupled, system rises even quicker to peak value with much greater % age overshoot and increased settling time with much oscillation Poles farther off on imaginary axis

Q4 (a) Maintaining damping ratio while doubling natural frequency a=8 b=100 Tp 0.34 Ts 1.00 %O.S. 25.38 Tr 0.147

Q4(b) Maintaining damping ratio while quadrupling natural frequency a=16 b=400 Tp 0.17 Ts 0.50 %O.S. 25.38 Tr 0.07

With increase in natural frequency, Rise time and settling time decreases but peak value remains the same (1.25). Overall step response graph form is similar in both cases

Q5

The real part of the roots contributes to system stability and damping whereas the imaginary part yields instability, overshoot and oscillations. Overall system response is determined by the %age of both in the root. A greater real part in the roots means system sees less oscillations and settles quickly A greater imaginary part means system rises quickly to peak value, has less damping i.e. more oscillations and a greater settling time

CHAPTER4 EXPERIMENT-2 Q1(a). same as Q2(a) Q1 (b). & (c).

Farther away the additional pole is on ve real axis, greater system resemblance to original system. (F) Transient response is more affected by poles nearer to origin than those farther away

Q2.

As the zero moves farther off on the ve real axis. System response increases in magnitude not varying greatly in form from original.

Q3.

When a=3 and b=4 system E has closest position to pure 2nd order system when b is being ignored so b=4 will affect the response lesser Q4.

When a=30 and b=40 system E has closest position to pure 2nd order system when b is being ignored so b=40 will affect the response lesser

CHAPTER6 Experiment1
Q1. T(s)= Q2. K=-1, -2 for overdamped Q3. K=1, 2 for Underdamped Q4. K=0 for Critically damped K=4 for marginally stable

CHAPTER7 Experiment1
1. What system types will yield zero steady-state error for step inputs? Type 1 and Type2 Systems 2. What system types will yield zero steady-state error for ramp inputs? Type 2 systems 3. What system types will yield infinite steady-state error for ramp inputs?

Type 0 systems
3. What system types will yield zero steady-state error for parabolic inputs? (?) 5. What system types will yield infinite steady-state error for parabolic inputs? Type zero and type1 systems