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Magic Wand Tool - Photoshop lesson 1 Magic Wand is a tool selects the portion of an image, based on similar color

pixels. This tool works very well with the images having few colors and the wide range of similar color pixels. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. File > Open 3. Open the image from Program Files > Adobe > Photoshop7.0 > Samples > Ducky.tif 4. Select the second tool from the second column in the toolbox. It is called Magic Wand Tool. 5. Click on the red beak of the duck. You will notice that only red colored pixels are selected. 6. Click on the yellow body. Again, only yellow colored portion is selected. 7. Try to click on the black portion in the eyes. Only that portion is selected. 8. Click on the white background. The entire white background is selected with single click. 9. Press Alt + Del to fill the color in the selection or try to paint with Paint Brush or Air Brush Tool. 10. Press Ctrl + D to deselect. 11. While closing the image Photoshop will ask to save it. Polygonal Lasso - Photoshop lesson 2 Polygonal Lasso is another selection tool selects the object by forming the straight segments around it using mouse clicks. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. File > New 3. Make it 5 x 5 inches, RGB mode, white background 4. Choose the color from swatches. 5. Choose Polygonal Lasso Tool from the Lasso Fly out itself. 6. Click and go on clicking on different places. Come back to the starting point. The cursor will display small zero with it, which indicates the joining point. Click here to complete the selection. 7. At any point of time if you want to get rid of clicking, simply double click and the segments joins automatically. 8. Press Alt + Del to fill the color in the selection. 9. Press Ctrl + Z for Undo. 10. Try to pain with Paint Brush or Air Brush Tool. 11. Press Ctrl + D to deselect. Lasso Tool - Photoshop lesson 3 In this we will study the Lasso Tool. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. File > New 3. Make it 5 x 5 inches, RGB mode, white background 4. Choose the color from swatches. 5. Choose second tool from the toolbox that is called Lasso Tool 6. Click and drag the mouse as if you are drawing some shape. 7. Release the mouse button. The selection will close automatically. 8. Press Alt + Del to fill the color in the selection. 9. Press Ctrl + Z for Undo. 10. Try to paint with Paint Brush or Air Brush Tool. 11. Press Ctrl + D to deselect.

Marquee tool - Photoshop lesson 4 As a raster program, selection is one of the most important aspects of PhotoShop. Image is formed with the group of pixels and they need to be selected for image processing. PhotoShop offers tools and procedures for this selection. Elliptical & Rectangular marquee tool is used for selection as well as to move the outline of the selection. These tools are generally used for basic type of selections where you don't select irregular shapes. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. File > New 3. Make it 5 x 5 inches, RGB mode, white background 4. Choose the color from swatches. 5. Choose first tool from the toolbox that is called Rectangular Marquee Tool. 6. Drag on the file to form rectangle. 7. You will get dotted animated rectangular selection. 8. Press Alt +Del to fill the color in the selection. 9. Press Ctrl + Z for Undo. 10. Select Paint Brush or air Brush Tool. 11. Start painting within selection. 12. Try to paint outside the border of the selection. You will notice that you cannot paint beyond the border of the selection. Press Ctrl + D to deselect. Try the same with Elliptical Marquee Tool. Simply keep the Rectangular Marquee Tool pressed for a while, it will open more tools within, and then select Elliptical Marquee Tool. Navigation - Photoshop lesson 5 In this lesson we will see the navigation facilities in Photoshop. Photoshop provides 2 basic tools for navigation and display. 1. Zoom Tool & 2. Hand Tool You will find both the tools at the bottom of the toolbox. These tools are common in almost all the graphic softwares. The functions are also same. Zoom Tool is used for magnifying the image and Hand Tool is to scroll around the image if it is broader than the desktop. But there is something more with these tools in Photoshop. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. Adobe > Photoshop 7.0 > Samples > Eagle.psd 3. You may get the 66.7% of the original images. 4. Double click on the Zoom Tool. You will get enlarged 100% image. 5. The percentage can be read on the top of the image file. 6. Maximize the image. It may be broader than window. If not, click Zoom Tool once in the image. It will be more enlarged. 7. Select Hand Tool to scroll the image. 8. Double click on the Hand Tool to fit the image in the window. 9. Go to Window > Show Navigator if the palette is not opened. 10. Move the slider to left and right. Check the change in the display of an image. 11. Click on the Zoom In and Zoom out icons to the left and right side of the slider. 12. Check out the percentage value when you will click Zoom in and Zoom out. Try different images and work with Zoom and Hand Tool with Navigator Palette.

Colors and Swatches - Photoshop lesson 6 Working with colors is a serious job in Photoshop. We will see some basics of the color facilities in the software. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. File > New 3. RGB mode, 5 X 5 inches, white background. 4. Check out at the bottom of the toolbox. You will find two small squares overlapping each other. 5. Top Square represents Foreground color and the bottom one represents Background color. 6. There is another smaller version of the Squares at bottom left of the big pair. 7. Click on it and the Squares turn into black and white. 8. Click on the top square. Color picker box will open. Select any shade of the color. 9. Click on the bottom square. Color picker box will open. Select any shade of the color. 10. There is double sided bend arrow on the top right side of the squares. 11. Click on it. You will notice that the color changes their position. i.e. foreground become background and vice versa. 12. Hold Alt and click on the color in the Swatches select the background color. Gradient Tool - Photoshop lesson 7 Gradient Tool is used for creating smooth color effect from foreground to background or vice versa, rainbow and preset colors. In web graphics, it is used for making web buttons. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. File > New 3. 5 x 5 inches, 72 PPI, RGB mode, White background. 4. Choose foreground and background colors. 5. Choose Gradient Tool from sixth row and second column in the toolbox. 6. The option bar below the menu bar is changed into the properties of Gradient Tool. 7. Click the cursor on the first drop down list. It will display the list of the color bands available. 8. The first color band will be made with the colors you have chosen as foreground and background. 9. Select the color band and drag on the file. 10. The canvas is filled with the smooth color transition. 11. Press CTRL + Z for undo and try all the color bands. 12. There are five types of gradients available. You will find into the right of drop down list. 13. Select one by one and try on the canvas. Blur Tool - Photoshop lesson 8 Blur Tool is used to soften the sharp portion of an image. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. File > Open 3. Open the image from Program Files > Adobe > Photoshop 7.0 >Samples > peppers.jpg 4. Choose Blur Tool from the first column, seventh row. 5. Choose bigger brush size say 95 from the option bar. 6. Start dragging the brush on the image. 7. You need to wait for few seconds if you have slow machine to get the effect. 8. Wherever you drag the brush, the portion becomes blurred. 9. Try the tool on different portion. 10. Change the brush size and try the tool. 11. Change the percentage of the pressure in the option bar and try the tool again. 12. Keep on pressing ctrl + Z for Undo. 13. Please don't save an image.

Sharpen Tool - Photoshop lesson 9 Sharpen Tool is used to Sharpen the Blurred portion of an image. You have to be very careful while using Sharpen Tool because it may destroy the image by making it too sharp with even a single excessive stroke of the tool. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. File > Open 3. Open the image from Program Files > Adobe > Photoshop 7.0 >Samples > peppers.jpg 4. Choose Sharpen Tool from the first column, seventh row. 5. Choose bigger brush size say 95 from the option bar. 6. Start dragging the brush on the image. 7. You need to wait for few seconds if you have slow machine to get the effect. 8. Wherever you drag the brush, the portion becomes sharp. 9. Try the tool on the background also. 10. Change the brush size and again try the tool. 11. Change the percentage of the pressure in the option bar and try it again. 12. Keep on pressing CTRL + Z for Undo. 13. Please don't save an image. Smudge Tool - Photoshop lesson 10

Smudge Tool is used for the effect of dragging the finger through wet paint. This way you can get the effect of mixing two colors also. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. File > Open 3. Open the image from Program Files > Adobe > Photoshop 7.0 >Samples > Peppers.jpg 4. Choose Smudge Tool from the first column, seventh row. 5. Choose Hard brush size say 19 pixels. 6. Start dragging the brush on the image. 7. You need to wait for few seconds if you have slow machine to get the effect. 8. Wherever you drag the brush, it appears as if you have dragged the finger through the wet paint. 9. Try the tool on different colors in the image. 10. Change the brush size and try the tool. 11. Change the percentage of the pressure in the option bar and try the tool again. 12. Keep on pressing ctrl + Z for Undo. 13. Please don't save an image.

Dodge Tool - Photoshop lesson 11 Dodge Tool is used to lighten the dark area in an image. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. File > Open 3. Open the image from Program Files > Adobe > Photoshop 7.0 >Samples > Peppers.jpg 4. Choose Dodge Tool from the second column, seventh row. 5. Choose bigger brush size say 65 from the option bar. 6. Start dragging the brush on the image. 7. You need to wait for few seconds if you have slow machine to get the effect. 8. Wherever you drag the brush, the portion becomes lighter. 9. Try the tool on the background. 10. Change the brush size and try the tool. 11. Change the percentage of the pressure in the option bar and try the tool again.

12. Keep on pressing CTRL + Z for Undo. 13. Please don't save an image. Burn Tool - Photoshop lesson 12 Burn Tool as a name suggests is used to darken the light area in an image. 1. Open Photoshop 2. File > Open 3. Open the image from Program Files > Adobe > Photoshop 7.0 >Samples > Peppers.jpg 4. Choose Burn Tool from the second column, seventh row. 5. Choose bigger brush size say 65 from the option bar. 6. Start dragging the brush on the image. 7. You need to wait for few seconds if you have slow machine to get the effect. 8. Wherever you drag the brush, the portion becomes darker. 9. Try the tool on different colors in the image. 10. Change the brush size and use the tool. 11. Change the percentage of the pressure in the option bar and try the tool again. 12. Keep on pressing ctrl + Z for Undo. 13. Please don't save an image. Sponge Tool - Photoshop lesson 13 Sponge Tool is used to change the color saturation in an image. You have to observe the effect of this tool minutely. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. File > Open 3. Open the image from Program Files > Adobe > Photoshop 7.0 > Samples > Dune.tif 4. Choose Sponge Tool from the second column, seventh row. 5. In the option bar, Desiderate is selected in the mode. 6. Choose Hard brush size say 65 pixels from the option bar. 7. Start dragging the brush on the face of the bear. Keep on dragging in the same area. 8. You need to wait for few seconds if you have slow machine to get the effect. 9. Wherever you drag the brush, the color is fading out and the portion is turning towards gray. 10. Try the tool on the sky. 11. In the option bar, choose saturate in the Mode. 12. Start dragging the brush on the sand. Keep on dragging in the same area. 13. Wherever you drag the brush, the color intensity is increasing. 14. Change the brush size and try the tool. 15. Change the percentage of the pressure in the option bar and try the tool again. 16. Keep on pressing CTRL + Z for Undo. 17. Please don't save an image. The concept of Photo Retouching - Photoshop lesson 14

In this lesson we will study the concept of Photo Retouching! Photo retouching is a serious chapter of Photoshop. Most of the beginner deals with filter as if it is made for fun. This may be true only for the beginner. But once you want to use the software for serious work, filters helps you exclusively for minute detailing in photo retouching. What is Photo Retouching? In simple words, photo retouching is manipulation of the photograph according to the requirement-using photo retouching commands. This manipulation or the editing has a wide range. The photograph maybe blurred, needs sharpening. It may be too sharp needs little blurring. It may be dark needs lightening. It may be light needs little darkening.

Besides, you need to change the intensity of the tones of the image. Every image made up of three types of pixels. Shadows, represents darkest pixels, midtones represent gray pixels and the highlights represents lightest pixels in the image. You may need to change the levels of the intensity of these images. You may get old photograph where you want to remove dust and scratches. You may want to color the black and white photograph. And finally you may want to add special effects to the image by applying filters. All this comes under Photo Retouching and it is still more. Retouching an image is a matter of skill and experience. User has to go slow. Wait to see the effects. Photo retouching commands are very minute. Sometimes you may not see any dramatic change in the image but the overall appearance of the image may be changed. User must train himself to acknowledge the difference after applying the minute retouching commands. Undo and History palette - Photoshop lesson 15 Undo is a universal command found in almost all the softwares. It is a facility to go back to your previous work if you made mistake or you need to go back to previous step. There are packages like Corel DRAW comes up with several steps of Undo. Photoshop provides only one step undo if you work with keyboard. Press Ctrl + Z for undo, you will go back one step. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. File > New 3. 5 x 5 inches, RGB mode, white background 4. Choose any painting tool from toolbox. Choose the color from swatches. 5. Start Painting. 6. Press Ctrl + Z for Undo. 7. You will notice that the last stroke is vanished as you press Ctrl + Z. But there is a lot more Photoshop offer for Undo command. There is a History palette that takes you several steps back. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. File > New 3. 5 x 5 inches, RGB mode, white background 4. Choose any painting tool from toolbox. Choose the color from swatches. 5. Start Painting. Apply 6-7 random strokes. You can use different colors also. 6. Windows > Show History (only if History Palette is not opened) 7. You will that it display the steps of your work. 8. Go on selecting the steps from bottom to top. As you go up a single step, you get back to previous step of your work in the file. 9. You can come back to your latest stroke by selecting the bottom most steps. 10. Open new file. Open History Palette. Start painting and checkout the steps formed in the palette. 11. Practice History palette and Ctrl + Z command.You will use this occasionally while working with Photoshop. Basic terms - Part 1 - Photoshop lesson 16 Let us have clear idea about the basic terms in graphics. It is advisable to go through the basics before starting with any package. Color Colors play a significant role in web page designing. Everyone likes to use colors for web page but it requires little practice to use colors effectively with balance and economy. You need to know color basics and the technical reasons behind the use of colors to explore the maximum potential of colors.

The site has devoted an entire section on color basics to clear the color concepts. Graphics Pictorial representation of data is called graphics. The term is broadly used in the world of digital arts, image processing, illustrations, designing, animation and so on. Web graphics evolved with the introduction of colorful, pleasant websites, which includes buttons, textures, backgrounds, icons, images, gif animations, navigation bars etc. All the leading image-processing packages are now enhanced with the optimizing techniques, useful to create graphics suitable for web. Image This is more specific. Any picture including traditional scanned photograph can be called an image. Some processing requires before using images for web. Packages like photoshop made this work fairly simple with its helpful commands. Images make web page more alive but increases download time hence its use must be kept economical both in time and designing aspect.

Basic terms - Part 2 - Photoshop lesson 17 Image Processing People use the word "image editing " and "image processing" for the same. Generally image processing involves adjusting the technical properties of the image and modifying the actual content of the image may be to give totally new look to the image. Font People love to work with fonts. It is a design of character. It comes with wide range. Choosing proper font is a matter of skill. Selection of font is very important for web because it must be available on visitors desktop or it may destroy the look of the site. Cliparts Generally deals with line arts. Mostly created with Gif format where line of the picture is more important than color. Cartoons, icons and sometimes buttons also comes under this category. Lots of CDs available in the market to provide wide range of cliparts suitable for any purpose. Cliparts add more meaning to the subject. Designing If it is graphic designing it includes drawing, creating and editing the pictures generally using vector programs like Corel Draw, Adobe Illustrator etc. Web designing contains designing of HTML pages using editors like Frontpage, Dreamweaver etc. Resolution Resolution is something of prime importance in digital arts. In a general term it is referred to image resolution, monitor resolution and output device resolution. To be precise, it is a unit of measurement, used to determine the size of an image, the way an image displayed on the monitor and the device on which an image is output. Animation Changing the frames with respect to time is a definition of the traditional animation. It adds spice to the web. The use of animation for web is a critical question. It has to go along the theme and the nature of the web. Flash is a keyword for animation today. Multimedia Today, the web pages are blinking with different media. You can read the text, see the pictures, hear the sounds and watch the videos also. Integrating all these media makes Multimedia environment. File Formats You have to save the image in proper format to work further if you want to open it in different package. If it is transported through net or uploaded on the web it has to be in the right format. The common formats are Jpeg and Gif.

Resolution - Part 1 - Photoshop lesson 18 Introduction Resolution is something of prime importance in digital arts. In a general term it is referred to image resolution, monitor resolution and output device resolution. To be precise, it is a unit of measurement, used to determine the size of an image, the way an image displayed on the monitor and the device on which an image is output. While preparing the image in digital arts we have to consider these three ways of resolution. Different Raster packages, like Photoshop etc. comes up with different facilities to decide and manipulate resolution. It is essential to have good amount of knowledge of this resolution concept as it affects the entire artwork. With web, it can totally change the appearance of the design of the site. Specially, it is considered to be the job of skilled person when it comes to resolution while scanning. Image resolution It is measured in PPI i.e. pixel per inch. It can be defined as number of pixels in the image. The more the pixel in the image the higher is the resolution and larger is the size of the file. It can be explained with the following example. A 1-inch square of an image scanned at 72 PPI contains 5184 pixels (72 X 72) and has a file size of 6K, if the same file is scanned at 144 PPI will contain 20736 pixels (144 X 144) will have file size 21 K. Resolution - Part 2 - Photoshop lesson 19 Monitor resolution It's a hardware related resolution hence it is fixed, decided by the manufacturer of the monitor. It is measured in dpi (dots per inch). Mostly monitors come with 72 dpi resolution. It determines how your image is displayed on your monitor. Image with higher resolution appears larger on the screen. An image scanned at 144 PPI appears doubled then the image scanned at 72 PPI because on 72 dpi monitor, only 72 of the 144 PPI can be displayed in one inch. Output resolution It is measured in dpi (dots per inch) and lpi (line per inch). It is device dependent. It determines the quality of the final printed image. Normal inkjet printer can have the resolution of 300- 600 dpi where laser may go up to 1200 -2400 dpi or even higher. Bit resolution Each pixel has particular depth which is called as "Bit Resolution". It measures the amount of color information stored per pixel. This is again measures in number of bits. Selection - Part 1 - Photoshop lesson 20 We have already seen main selection tools and now we will see the practical application of these tools. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. File > Open 3. Open the image from Program Files > Adobe > Photoshop 7.0 > Samples > Ducky.tif 4. Choose Rectangular Marquee Tool. 5. Drag it on the image and make rectangular selection. Release the mouse button. 6. Place the cursor within the selection and drag it again. 7. You will notice that the selection is moving. This is the way of adjusting or moving the selections.

8. Now select the first tool in the second column, called Move Tool. 9. Place the cursor within the selection and drag it again. 10. It cuts the selection and the selection is moved with the cursor. 11. This is the way; part of an image is cut and moved. 12. The color behind the cutting is the background color selected. 13. All of us know that we can select any foreground color by clicking in the swatches. 14. Press Alt and click any color in the swatches. It becomes background color. 15. Change the background color and make another selection. Cut and move with Move tool. You will see the new background color beneath. 16. Please don't save an image. Selection - Part 2 - Photoshop lesson 21 We will see some more advanced features of selection techniques. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. File > Open 3. Open the image from Program Files > Adobe > Photoshop 6.0 > Samples > Ducky.tif 4. Choose Elliptical Marquee Tool. 5. Drag it on the image and make rectangular selection. Release the mouse button. 6. Select > Modify > Expand. Type 10 as pixel value and click ok. 7. The selection is increased by 10 pixels. 8. Select > Modify > Contract. Type 10 as pixel value and click ok. 9. The selection is decreased by 10 pixels if you type 10 as a pixel value. 10. This feature is particularly used while making web buttons. 11. You can again practice of moving and cutting the selections. 12. Try to change the background color and cut the selections. 13. Please don't save an image. Try to practice selection tools. Its one of the main important aspects of raster software because everything is pixel based in these packages and the selection of particular, precise pixels is a tricky job. Levels - Photoshop lesson 22

We will be using the levels to adjust the highlights, midtones and shadows in the image. 1. Open Photoshop 2. File > Open > Program Files > Adobe > Photoshop 7.0 > Samples >Dune.tif 3. Image > Adjust > Levels 4. Check out the bottom band with two small black & white triangles below. 5. Drag the left dark triangle towards right. 6. The image gets lighten. 7. Drag the left black triangle back to its original position. 8. Drag the right triangle towards left. 9. The image gets darken. 10. Drag the right triangle back to its original position. 11. Now try to change the positions of the triangles in the upper graph. 12. You will continuously notice the difference while changing the position of the triangles. 13. Please do not save the image.

Auto Levels - Photoshop lesson 23 You must have practiced previous lesson, which was about levels. You have some control over that command. The software carries out the same command without any moving sliders or changing the values. Auto levels sets the highlights (the lightest pixels) and the shadows (darkest pixels) automatically. 1. Open Photoshop 7.0 2. File > Open 3. Program Files > Adobe > Photoshop 7.0 > Samples > Pasta.jpg 4. First observe the image very carefully. 5. It has some yellow tint. 6. It is bit dark. 7. Image > Adjustments > Auto Levels 8. The image is big. It may take few seconds to get the effect of the command 9. Now the image is clearer. 10. The yellow tint is vanished up to certain level. 11. Press CTRL + Z for undo and check out the original image. 12. Press CTRL + Z again to see the effect of "Auto Levels"command. 13. Observe the difference carefully. 14. Do not save an image. Auto Contrast - Photoshop lesson 24 For Auto Contrast you need photographic or continuous toned image. The command adjusts the contrast automatically. 1. Open Photoshop 7.0 2. File > Open 3. Program Files > Adobe > Photoshop 7.0 > Samples > Eagle.psd 4. First observe the image very carefully. 5. Image > Adjustments > Auto Contrast 6. The image is big. It may take few seconds to get the effect of the command 7. Now the image is clearer. 8. The darkness of an image is vanished. 9. Press Ctrl + Z for undo and check out the original image. 10. Press Ctrl + Z again to see the effect of "Auto Contrast"command. 11. Observe the difference carefully. Do not save an image. Auto Color - Photoshop lesson 25 Auto color again adjusts the contrast. 1. Open Photoshop 7.0 2. File > Open 3. Program Files > Adobe > Photoshop 7.0 > Samples > PalmTree.tif 4. Image > Mode > RGB 5. First observe the image very carefully. 6. Image > Adjustments > Auto Color 7. The image is big. It may take few seconds to get the effect of the command 8. Now the image is brighter and clearer. 9. The darkness of an image is vanished. 10. Press CTRL + Z for undo and check out the original image. 11. Press CTRL + Z again to see the effect of "Auto Color" command. 12. Observe the difference carefully. Do not save an image.

Curves - Photoshop lesson 26 Curves also adjust the tonal range but with special way. It provides you the curve where you create the points and by manipulating the curve you can adjust the tonal range. 1. Open Photoshop 7.0 2. C: > Program Files > Adobe > Samples > Eagle.psd 3. Observe the image carefully. 4. Image > Adjustments > Curves 5. The dialogue box will appear. 6. Click anywhere on the curve. 7. The point will be created on the curve. 8. Press the mouse button and drag up or down. 9. You will see the change in the image simultaneously as you make change in the curve. 10. You can create another point on the curve and again drag the point. 11. Observe the change in the image carefully. 12. Please do not save the image. Color Balance - Photoshop lesson 27 Color Balance is an important command used for general color correction. I would request all of you to spend some time studying this command. Before starting with color balance, I will teach how to flatten the image and merge all the layers into single one. 1. Open Photoshop 7.0 2. File > Open 3. Program Files > Adobe > Photoshop 7.0 > Samples > Flower.psd 4. Go to Layer palette. If it is not open, Click Window > Layers 5. Click on the small triangle situated on the upper right of the layer palette. 6. Click Flatten Image. 7. You will notice in the layer palette that all the layers are merged in the background layer. 8. The original image had five layers. And the color Balance command will affect only on the layer, which is selected. 9. After flattening the image, the command will work on the entire image. 10. Image > Adjustments > Color Balance 11. The dialogue box will open with Midtones is selected by default under tonal balance. 12. Make sure that preview button is on. Drag the box towards any side so that you can observe the changes in the image simultaneously. 13. Move the slider towards red. 14. Observe the change in the image. 15. The values are numerically represented in color levels. 16. Keep on moving the sliders in the different combinations and observe the effect on the image. 17. Input zeros in the three boxes of color levels to bring it to default. 18. Select Shadows. 19. Again move the sliders. Observe the change. 20. Input zeros again. 21. Select Highlights. 22. Move the sliders and observe the changes. 23. Please do not save the image. Brightness / Contrast - Photoshop lesson 28 Brightness / Contrast is a small but very useful command for photo retouching. It can be used for quick work. 1. Open Photoshop 7.0

2. C:> Program Files > Adobe > Photoshop 7.0 > Samples > Palm Tree.tif 3. First convert the mode into RGB so that most of the photoshop commands will be available. 4. Image > Mode > RGB 5. Observe the sample carefully. 6. Image > Adjustments > Brightness / Contrast 7. The dialogue box will appear. Make sure that preview is on. 8. Input the value 70 in brightness. 9. Check out the difference. 10. Try different values in brightness / contrast input boxes. 11. Try the effects by moving the sliders. 12. Please do not save the image. Hue / Saturation - Photoshop lesson 29 Hue / Saturation is the command by which you can create lots of effects. We will learn the beginner level of this command and see how it produces astonishing effects. 1. Open Photoshop 7.0 2. C: > Program Files > Adobe > Photoshop 7.0 > Samples > PalmTree.tif 3. Convert the mode into RGB by Image > Mode > RGB color 4. Observe the image carefully. 5. Image > Adjustments > Hue / Saturation 6. Make sure that preview is on. 7. Drag the Hue slider and check out the effect on the image. 8. Drag the Saturation slider and check out the effect on the image. 9. Drag the Lightness slider and check out the effect on the image. 10. Input Zero in Hue, Saturation and Lightness boxes to bring it to default. 11. Check Colorize on. 12. Move Hue slider and check out the effect. 13. Work with Saturation and Lightness slider also. 14. Please do not save the image. Desaturate - Photoshop lesson 30 If you are working with colorful image and want to convert it in black & white, you don't have to go for gray scale mode. You will get the same effect without changing the mode with desaturate command. 1. Open Photoshop 7.0 2. C:> Program Files > Adobe > Photoshop 7.0 > Samples > Peppers.jpg 3. Check out the colors. Now you want this image in black & white. 4. Image > Adjustments > Desaturate 5. The image is converted into black & white. 6. Please note the point that whenever we say black & white its not only black & white. It means the photograph with black, white and gray which make continuous smooth tone. 7. Please do not save the image. Invert - Photoshop lesson 31 This a nice effect to covert an image into its negative. You will create an effect like the negative of the photograph. 1. Open Photoshop 7.0. 2. C: > Program Files > Adobe > Photoshop 7.0 > Samples > Peppers.jpg 3. Image > Adjustments > Invert 4. The image is converted into negative. 5. Please do not save an image.

Equalize - Photoshop lesson 32 Equalize command is used to correct the brightness level. You can use this command to produce lighter image if it is darker than the original when scanned. 1. Open Photoshop 7.0 2. File > Open 3. Program Files > Adobe > Photoshop 7.0 > Samples > Pasta.jpg 4. Image > Adjustments > Equalize 5. The image becomes lighter. 6. Observe the changes carefully. 7. Please do not save the image.

Threshold - Photoshop lesson - 33 Threshold converts colored or grayscale images into black and white images containing only black and white pixels and not gray. 1. Open Photoshop 7.0 2. File > Open 3. Program Files > Adobe > Photoshop 7.0 > Samples > PalmTree.tif 4. Image > Adjustments > Threshold 5. The image is converted into black and white. 6. Observe the changes carefully. 7. Now you can try black and white image. 8. File > Open 9. Program Files > Adobe > Photoshop 7.0 > Samples > OldImage.jpg 10. Image > Adjustments > Threshold 11. Observe the changes carefully. 12. Please do not save the image. New Features of Photoshop - Photoshop lessons - 34 The instruction will be obviously little more than beginners level and you are expected to spend little more time on it. Some of the commands will be repeated with in-depth explanations. I would like to cover the new additions in Photoshop 7.0 in the beginning of this level. We will cover "File Browser" in this lesson. It was bit tedious to open the exact file in the Photoshop remembering the name. Now adobe has come up with the file browser facility within Photoshop where you can visually get the records of the images with thumbnails and organize your images. 1. Open Photoshop 7.0 2. Windows > File Browser 3. You will find the browsing facility towards the top left. 4. Open C: > Program files > Adobe > Photoshop 7.0 > samples 5. The thumbnails will be displayed on the right side of the window, occupying the large area of the file browser. 6. Click the small triangle on the top right and change the thumbnail style to small, medium or large thumbnails. 7. Click on the eagle file 8. You will get the detail information about the file on the bottom left of the window. Scroll down to see the complete information. 9. Click the small triangle on the top right. Click Rename to rename the file.

10. You can delete the file by selecting the Delete command. Please do not delete any file. We need all the files for the lessons. 11. Drag the eagle file out of the browser window. The file is opened now. 12. Close all the files. Because you can not rotate any image if it is already opened in the Photoshop. 13. Select Ducky image. 14. Click the small triangle on the top right. Select Rotate 180 15. The image is turned upside down. 16. Repeat the procedure again to bring the image to its original position. Healing Brush - Photoshop lessons - 35 If you have worked with the cloning stamp tool, you can easily understand healing brush. Cloning stamp tool is use to create the replica of the source image on the destination image. But healingbrush goes far ahead, modifying the texture, shading and tonal values of the source area to match the destination. It is the best tool for photo retouching where you want to remove the scratches and dust from the photo. 1. Open Photoshop 7.0 2. Open C: > Program files > Adobe > Photoshop 7.0 > samples >Ducky.tif 3. There are two dark spots around the neck of the duck and we are going to remove it with Healing Brush. 4. Select the healing brush. It is forth from the top in the first column of the tool box. 5. Make brush diameter 40 from the option bar situated under menu bar. 6. Press Alt and click on the front yellow plain portion of the duck to set the sample point. Release Alt and the mouse button. 7. Start dragging the mouse over the dark area under the beak. Be careful and try not to drag over the beak. 8. When you finished dragging the darker area with healing brush, release the mouse button again. 9. You will find the destination darker area is corrected with the proper blending. 10. Repeat the procedure for the other dark area. 11. This time choose the back plain yellow portion to set the sample. 12. Take brush size according to your requirement. 13. Experiment with the brush sizes. 14. Keep the History palette open and go back to the original image if you make any mistake. Restart the lesson again. 15. Please do not save the image.

Clone Stamp Tool - Photoshop lessons - 72 Let us start with 72nd lesson. Clone stamp tool is used for cloning the source area to the destination. 1. Open Photoshop 7.0 2. Open Peppers.jpg (C:\Program Files\Adobe\Photoshop 7.0 \Samples\Peppers.jpg) 3. Select Clone Stamp Tool. (First column, fifth row in the tool box) 4. Select bigger size of brush from the Options to get proper effect. 5. Place the cursor on the vegetables. 6. Press Alt + Click (left mouse button) to determine the source. 7. Release the mouse button and take the cursor to the plain green area at the top. This is our destination. 8. Start dragging the cursor on the destination. 9. Source is getting copied at the destination. 10. Source will have cross cursor indicating the particular surface is getting cloned at destination. 11. Experiment with different sources. 12. Every time you want to determine fresh new source, you have to press alt + Click(left mouse button).

Feather Part 3 - Photoshop lessons - 82 Let us begin with 82nd lesson. We will create Vignette using feather command. Vignette is a picture that gradually fades into background. 1. Open Peppers.jpg 2. Press D to set default Black and white colors as foreground & Background. 3. Keep Black as background color. 4. Select Elliptical Marquee Tool and draw circle or ellipse. 5. Select > Feather (keep Feather Radius 9) 6. Select > Inverse 7. Press delete and you get Vignette. 8. Deselect with Ctrl + D Quick Mask Mode Part 5 - Photoshop lessons - 91 Let us begin with 91st lesson. We are learning "Quick Mask Mode", an advanced Photoshop selection technique. Quick Mask Mode can be used for complex selections. 1. Open OldImage.jpeg from C:\Program Files\Adobe\Photoshop 7.0 \Samples 2. In this lesson, we will try to select the image properly. 3. Select thick brush. Change into Quick Mask Mode. Make sure that black is foreground color. 4. Start painting on the coat. 5. You can finish most of the coat with thick brush. 6. When painting on the edges, choose small hard brush. 7. Zoom the image or that particular area. 8. Start painting on the edge. 9. Try different sized of hard and soft brushes. 10. Try small brushes for face and the edge of face. 11. If by mistake the color is spread out of an image, change the foreground to white and erase the excessive color by painting it with white. 12. When finished change the mode to standard. The image is converted into the selection. We will learn Quick Mask Mode in details in the coming lessons. Blending modes Part 1- Photoshop lessons - 94 Let us begin with 94th lesson. Blending modes can be used for variety of special effects. It's a blend of the layers. The mode determines how the pixels of the top layer blend with the pixels of the layer below. 1. Open Photoshop and open new file with white background. 2. Make sure to keep RGB mode or change the mode by Image > Mode > RGB color. 3. Create new layer. Select Rectangular Marquee Tool. Draw rectangle. Fill it with red color. Deselect the selection with ctrl + D 4. Create another layer. Draw another rectangle that overlaps some portion of the red rectangle in the layer below. Fill it with green color. Deselect the selection with ctrl + D 5. Change the modes of the layer with Green rectangle. 6. Note the different result you get with different blending modes. 7. You can even experiment by changing the opacity. In the coming lessons, we will see the different types of blending modes.

Blending modes - Lighten - Part 8 - Photoshop lessons - 101 Let us begin with 101st lesson. Lighten mode replace dark color with light pixels in the blend. 1. Open Photoshop. Create a new file and make a new layer. Keep it selected. 2. Open swatches from Window > Swatches 3. Choose Pure Red as foreground color. (1st col 5th row) 4. Select Rectangular Marquee tool and make rectangle on the new layer. 5. Fill the Pure Red color using Alt + Del. Deselect with Ctrl + D 6. Create another rectangle besides the above rectangle on the same layer and fill it with Dark red color (1st col 6th row). 7. Make another layer. Keep it selected. 8. Select Rectangular Marquee Tool and draw rectangle on the new layer such that it will overlap the portion of both of the bottom rectangles. 9. Fill this rectangle with Pure Red color. 10. Deselect with Ctrl + D. Change the layer mode of the top layer to Lighten. 11. Observe the blend of Pure Red and Dark Red rectangles. The overlapped portion is replaced by Pure Red color. Blending modes - Linear Dodge - Part 11 - Photoshop lessons - 104 Let us begin with 104th lesson. Linear Dodge mode makes the black color transparent, white remains solid. Rest of the colors makes the image lighter. 1. Open Photoshop. Create Dune.tif from C:\Program Files\Adobe\Photoshop7.0\Samples 2. Make a new layer. Fill it with 60% gray from Swatches. Change the layer mode to Color Dodge. 3. You will observe that it brightens the image as we have seen in the previous 102nd lesson. 4. Now change the layer mode to Linear Dodge. 5. You will notice that this blend mode make the overall image light Blending modes - Pin Light 2 - Part 18 - Photoshop lessons - 111 Let us begin with 111th lesson. Let us learn the second part of the Pin Light mode. If the blend color is darker than 50% gray, pixels lighter than the blend color are replaced and pixels darker than the blend color remain unchanged. 1. Open Photoshop. Open Eagle.psd from C:\Program Files\Adobe\Photoshop7.0\Samples 2. Make a new layer. Change it to Pin Light Mode. 3. Select the Brush Tool with bigger size say 60. 4. Select 80 % gray from the swatches. 5. Start painting the bird. You will get the reverse result than the previous lesson. 6. You will notice that the light colored feathers on the head are replaced by the blend color and dark color feather on the lower end remain unchanged. Blending modes - Difference 3 - Part 21 - Photoshop lessons - 114 Let us begin with 114th lesson. We are studying "Difference mode" in parts. Let us go into more details. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. Open Dune.tif from sample folder. 3. Make a duplicate of this layer by dragging it on "Create a new layer" button at the bottom of the layer palette. 4. Change the new (Top) layer to Difference Mode. 5. You will get Black color as a result.

6. Please understand the concept carefully. 7. The base image and the layer image are same. 8. It means the same numbers are subtracted from each other resulting RGB values as 0, 0. 0 which represents Black. 9. Please do not save an image. Blending modes - Luminosity - Part 28 - Photoshop lessons - 121 Let us begin with 121th lesson. Luminosity mode takes hue and saturation from the base layer and Brightness from the blend layer to give the result. Let us understand this carefully. 1. Open Photoshop 2. Open Dune.tif from the samples folder of Adobe folder. 3. Create New layer. 4. Fill it with light red color. (1st col 4th row in the swatches) 5. Change the blending mode of the new layer to "Luminosity" 6. The image has taken the brightness of the blend color making it bit darker and even vanishing the bright areas of the base layer. 7. Now fill the same layer with red color. You will get more dark image. 8. This time fill the same layer with dark red color. You will get darker image. 9. You will get more dark version if you use darker red. This proves that the mode takes brightness of the blend layer.

Character Palette - Kerning Part 3 - Photoshop lessons - 124 Let us begin with 124th lesson. Kerning is editing the distance between the pair of the characters. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. File > New. Create a new file with white background. 3. Open Character Palette by clicking Windows > Character. 4. Select any color for foreground. 5. Select Text Tool and type Photoshop. Change the font size to 48 to see the effect prominently. 6. Select the pair of the characters say "ho" and place the text tool cursor between "h" and "o". 7. Click the drop down menu of "Set the kerning between two characters" and select 200. 8. Please note that the distance between "h" and "o" is increased but the distance between other characters remains same. 9. Try to experiment with different numbers for kerning. Paragraph Palette Indentation Part 4 - Photoshop lessons - 131 Let us begin with 131th lesson. Paragraph palette is used for the alignment and formatting the paragraphs. In this lesson we will learn Indentation for the first line in the paragraph. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. File > New. Create a new file with white background. 3. Open Character Palette by clicking Windows > Paragraph. 4. Select any color for foreground. 5. Select Text Tool and click to the upper left of the file and drag it to the down right. Keep the size 12 to accommodate more text in the less space. 6. Either type 3-4 lines or copy the text from somewhere and paste it. We need 3-4 lines. 7. Note that the alignment is set to the left by default. 8. Select the paragraph and input 20 in the box "Indent left margin", the whole paragraph will shift for 20 points from the left edge. 9. Keep the paragraph selected and input 50 in the box "Indent right margin", the whole paragraph will shift for 50 points from the right edge.

10. Keep the paragraph selected and input 30 in the box "Indent first line", the first line of the paragraph will shift for 30 points from the left edge. Masking Part 2 - Photoshop lessons - 134 Let us begin with 134th lesson. Let us see how masking can be used for hiding the part of the image. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. Open Peppers.jpg from the sample folder of Adobe directory. 3. Double click and rename the layer to unlock it. 4. Using Elliptical Marquee tool, select the middle portion of an image. 5. We are going to hide the selected portion. 6. Layer > Add Layer Mask > Hide Selection. 7. The portion selected by the Elliptical Marquee tool is hidden by the mask and rest of the portion of the image is revealed.

Grid Part 2 - Photoshop lessons - 140 Let us begin with 140th lesson. We will learn to change the color and the type of grid in this lesson. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. Open Peppers.jpg from the sample folder of Adobe directory. 3. View > Show > Grid 4. Grids will display on the image. 5. Edit > Preferences > Guides, Grids & Slices 6. Go to Grid Colors and change it to Light Blue. 7. Change Style to Line. 8. Keep Guideline Every 0.1 inches 9. Subdivision 1. Click Ok. 10. You will find light blue graph like lines on the image. 11. Now go to Edit > Preferences > Guides, Grids & Slices again. 12. Change the color to Light Red 13. Change Style to Dashed Line. Click Ok. 14. You will get light red dashed lines on the image.

Rulers Part 1 - Photoshop lessons 143 Let us begin with 143rd lesson. Rulers are for precision. We will see how we can position the zero of the ruler. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. Open Peppers.jpg from the sample folder of Adobe directory. 3. If the rulers are not visible, View > Rulers. You can hide the rule by again going back and uncheck the rulers from view menu. 4. Rulers will display on the top and the left of the desktop. 5. You may find initially the zero of both top and left ruler is coinciding to the top left corner of the image. 6. Make a note that there is small cross cursor at the intersection point of the both rulers. 7. Now drag that small cursor on the image using mouse. Bring it anywhere in the image and release the mouse button. 8. You will get cross hair cursor while dragging that small cursor on the image. 9. Once you release the mouse button you will find the zero on top and left ruler is now coinciding to the new position which is the point where you release the mouse button.

Eyedropper Tool Part 1 - Photoshop lessons - 150 Let us begin with 150th lesson. We will use Eyedropper Tool to select foreground and background color from the image. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. Open Peppers.jpg from the sample folder of Adobe directory. 3. Double click on Zoon tool or click "Actual Pixels" tab on the option bar to get 100% of the image display. 4. Select "Eyedropper Tool" from the tool box. 5. Click on the image to determine foreground color. 6. Wherever you click, that particular image color is selected as a foreground color. 7. To decide background color, press ALT and click anywhere on the image. That particular color will be selected as a background color.

Cutout Filters Part 1- Photoshop lessons - 153 Let us begin with the introduction of some filters. Filters can be defined as a facility provided by Photoshop to apply special effects on the image. Filters, if used carefully can create wonders. We will start with Cutout filter. Cutout filter gives you the effect as if the image is made up of roughly cut out colored papers. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. Open Peppers.jpg from the sample folder of Adobe directory. 3. Filter > Artistic > Cutout 4. Try following readings. 5. No. of Levels: 8, Edge Simplicity: 4, Edge Fidelity: 2 6. Click Ok. Cutout applied on the image gives the effect of image made from cutout colored papers. 7. You can experiment using different values. Please do not save an image.

Dry Brush Filters Part 2- Photoshop lessons - 154 Dry Brush filter reduce the range of colors to common areas. According to me it reduce the number of colors that includes in a smooth tone and keeps the common color giving peculiar effect. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. Open Peppers.jpg from the sample folder of Adobe directory. 3. Filter > Artistic > Dry Brush 4. Try following readings. 5. Brush Size: 3, Brush Detail: 1, Texture: 2 6. Click Ok. Dry Brush applied on the image gives the effect of by reducing smooth toned colors to the common colors. 7. You can experiment using different values. Please do not save an image.

Film Grain Filters Part 3 - Photoshop lessons - 155 Film Grain gives interesting grain texture to an image. You need to be careful while applying the amount of the gains. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. Open Peppers.jpg from the sample folder of Adobe directory. 3. Filter > Artistic > Film grain 4. Try following readings. 5. Grain: 4, Highlight Area: 3, Intensity: 5 6. Click Ok. Film Grain applied on the image with the minute grained texture. 7. You can experiment using different values. Please do not save an image. Paint Daubs Filters Part 4 - Photoshop lessons - 156 Paint Daubs converts the image as if its painted by the brush. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. Open Peppers.jpg from the sample folder of Adobe directory. 3. Filter > Artistic > Film grain 4. Try following readings. 5. Brush Size: 5, Sharpness: 7, Brush Type: Simple 6. Click Ok. The image is converted into painting like effect. 7. You can experiment using different values. Please do not save an image. Palette Knife Filters Part 5 - Photoshop lessons - 157 Palette Knife creates the rough edges. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. Open Peppers.jpg from the sample folder of Adobe directory. 3. Filter > Artistic > Palette Knife 4. Try following readings. 5. Stroke Size: 4, Stroke Detail: 2, Softness: 1 6. Click Ok. You will notice the smooth edges turned into rough edges. 7. You can experiment using different values. Please do not save an image. Plastic Wrap Filters Part 6 - Photoshop lessons 158 Poster Edges reduced the number of shades and thus posterize the image along with, it add dark line around the edges. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. Open Peppers.jpg from the sample folder of Adobe directory. 3. Filter > Artistic > Poster Edges 4. Try following readings. 5. Edge Thickness: 2, Edge Intensity: 1, Posterization: 2 6. Click Ok. The image get converted to poster type effect with dark line around the edges. 7. You can experiment using different values. Please do not save an image.

Plastic Wrap Filters Part 6 - Photoshop lessons 158 a Plastic Wrap is relatively simple filter to understand. It gives the effect as if the image is covered with plastic sheet. 1. Open Photoshop. 2. Open Peppers.jpg from the sample folder of Adobe directory. 3. Filter > Artistic > Plastic Wrap 4. Try following readings. 5. Highlight Strength: 15, Detail: 9, Smoothness: 7 6. Click Ok. The image get covered with plastic sheet. 7. You can experiment using different values. Please do not save an image.

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