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CHAPTER 1 Problem 1


Nemo company began operation on August 1, 2009. The following transactions took place during the month of August a. Owners invested $50,000 cash in the corporation in exchange for 5,000 shares of common stock b. Equipment is purchased for $20,000 cash c. On the first day of August, $6,000 rent on building is paid for the month of August and September d. Merchandise inventory costing $38,000 is purchased on account. The company uses the perpetual inventory system e. $30,000 is borrowed from a local bank, and a note payable is signed f. Credit sales for the month are $40,000. The cost of merchandise sold is $22,000 g. $15,000 is collected on account from customer h. $20,000 is paid on account to suppliers of merchandise i. Salaries of $7,000 are paid to employee for August j. The bill for $2,000 is received from the local utility company for the month of August k. $20,000 cash was loaned to another company, evidenced by note receivable l. The corporation paid its shareholders a cash dividend of $1,000 Required: 1. Prepare a journal entry for each transaction 2. Prepare an unadjusted trial balance as of August 31, 2003 Problem 2: Further information of Nemo: a. The company anticipates that of the $25,000 in account receivable from customers $2,500 will not be collected b. The note payable require the entire $30,000 in principal plus interest at 10% to be paid on July 31, 2010. The date of the loan is August 1, 2009 c. Depreciation on the equipment for the month of August is $500

d. The note receivable is dated August 16, 2009. The note requires the entire $20,000 in principal plus interest at 12% to be repaid in four months (the loan was outstanding for one-half month during August) e. The prepaid rent of $6,000 represents rent for the months of August and September Required: 1. Prepare adjusting entries 2. Prepare an adjusted trial balance as at August 31, 2009 3. What is the total net effect on income (overstated or understated) if the adjusting entries are not made? 6150 Problem 3: MICKEY LTD CO Adjusted trial balance 31-Mar-09 Account title cash Accounts receivable Allowance for uncollectible account Supplies Prepaid rent Inventory Furniture and fixtures Accumulated depreciation -Furniture and fixtures Accounts payable Notes payable Unearned rent revenue Salaries payable Interest payable Common stock Retained earnings Sales revenue Rent revenue Cost of goods sold Salaries expense Supplies expense

Dr 68,500 2,000 1,200 22,000 38,000 12,000



200 35,000 40,000 750 5,500 333 60,000 1,000 38,500 250 22,000 10,500 800

Rent expense depreciation expense Interest expense Bad debt expense Totals Required:

2,000 200 333 500 181,033 181,033

a. Prepare closing entries b. Prepare post closing trial balance c. Prepare an Income statement for the year ended March 31, 2009 and a Balance Sheet as at March 31, 2009

CHAPTER 2 Problem 1


Gemma is reconciling her cash book to the bank statement. Her cash balance is: $2357 and the balance on her statement is $25 overdrawn. She finds the following differences: - Bank charges of $23 and direct debit totaling $100 have not been posted to the cash book - There are unpresented check of $324 - She paid in a batch of checks two days ago totaling $2503 and these have not yet been credited to her account - A check she paid in last week for $80 has been dishonored What will the reconciled balance be?

Problem 2 The Hawthorne Manufacturing Company maintains a general checking account at the First Pacific Bank. First Pacific provides bank statement and canceled checks once a month. The cutoff date is the last day of the month. The bank statement for the month of May is summarized as follows: Balance, May 1, 2003 Deposits Checks processed $32,120 82,140 (78,433)

Services charges NSF checks Note payment collected by bank (includes $120 interest) Balance, May 31, 2003

(80) (2,187) 1,120 $34,680

The companys general ledger cash account has a balance of $35,276 at the end of May. A review of the company records and the bank statement reveals the following: 1. Checks not yet deposited totaled $2,965. 2. A deposit of $1,020 was made on May 31 that was not credited to the companys account until June. 3. All checks written in Aril have been processed by the bank. Checks written in May that had not been processed by the bank total $5,536. 4. A check written for $1,790 was incorrectly recorded by the company as a $790 disbursement. The check was for payment to a supplier of raw materials. Requirement: Prepare the bank reconciliation Problem 3 The Pooh company offers credit terms to its customers. At the end of 2003, accounts receivable totaled $625,000. The allowance method is used to account for uncollectible accounts. The allowance for uncollectible account has a credit balance of $32,000 at the beginning of 2009 and $21,000 in receivables is written off during the year as uncollectible. Also $1,200 in cash was received in December from a customer whose account previously had been written off. The company estimates bad debt by applying 10% to account receivables at the end of year. Required: 1. Prepare journal entries to record the writeoff of receivables, the collection of $1,200 for previously written off receivables, and the year end adjusting entry for bad debt expense 2. How would account receivable be shown in the 2009 yearend balance sheet? Problem 4

Match an item in List A with suitable item in List B bellow: List A 1. Internal control 2. Trade discount 3. Cash equivalents 4. Allowance for uncollectible 5. Cash discount 6. Balance sheet approach 7. Income statement approach 8. Net method 9. Compensating balance 10. Discounting 11. Gross method 12. Direct write-off method 13. Factoring List B a. Restriction on cash b. Cash discount not taken is sales revenue c. Include separation of duties d. Bad debt expense is a % of credit sales e. Recognize bad debt as they occur f. Sale of receivables to a financial institution g. Include highly liquid investment h. Estimate of bad debt i. Reduction in amount paid by credit customer j. Reduction below list price k. Cash discount not taken is interest revenue l. Bad debt expense determined by estimating realizable value m. Sale of note receivable to a financial institution

Inventory Question Concepts Listed below are several terms and phrases associated with inventory measurement. Pair each item from List A (by letter) with the item from List B that is most appropriately associated with it. List A 1. Perpetual inventory system 2. Periodic inventory system List B a. Legal title passes when goods are delivered to common carrier. b. Goods are transferred to another company but title remains with transferor.

3. F.o.b. shipping point 4. Gross method 5. Net method 6. Average cost 7. F.o.b. destination 8. FIFO 9. LIFO 10. Consignment
Problem 1

c. Purchase discounts not taken are included in inventory cost. d. Legal title passes when goods arrive at location. e. Items sold are those acquired first. f. Items sold are those acquired last. g. Purchase discounts not taken are considered interest expense. h. Adjust inventories at the end of the period i. Continuously records changes in inventory. j. Items sold come from a mixture of goods acquired during the period.

At the beginning of Month 2, the balance in the stores ledger for Material M27 was 2,400 kg at $360 per kg. The movements of the material in Month 2, and the prices per kg, were as follows: Day Receipts Quantity kg 4 6 17 6,000 370 5,000 Price $/kg 365 4,000 365 Issues Quantity kg Price $/kg

Required: (a) State the pricing method used to value the material issues on Day 6. (b) Calculate the closing inventory value at the end of Month 2.

In Month 3, no further purchases of Material M27 were made. Issues in the month were: Day 2 Day 10 3,200 kg 4,300 kg


(c) Prepare the inventory record for Material M27 for Month 3, showing both the quantity AND the value of: (i) each of the issues; and (ii) the balance remaining after each issue.

Problem 3 The Collins Company has five inventory items on hand at the end of 2009. The yearend unit costs (determined by applying the average cost method), current unit selling prices, and estimated disposal (selling) costs for each of the items are presented below. The gross profit ra-tio for each of the products is 20% of selling price. Item Cost Replacement cost Selling Price Estimated Disposal Costs $15 20 20 24 24

A B C D E Required:

$50 100 80 90 95

$55 90 70 37 92

$100 120 85 100 110

Use LCM to determine the carrying value of inventories and prepare necessary adjusting entries regarding to inventories at the end of 2009.

Fixed Assets Questions Problem 1:

Part a

A business purchased two rivet-making machines on 1 January 20X5 at a cost of $15,000 each. Each had an estimated life of five years and a nil residual value. The straight line method of depreciation is used.

Owing to an unforeseen slump in market demand for rivets, the business decided to reduce its output of rivets, and switch to making other products instead. On 31 March 20X7, one rivet-making machine was sold (on credit) to a buyer for $8,000.

Later in the year, however, it was decided to abandon production of rivets altogether, and the second machine was sold on 1 December 20X7 for $2,500 cash. Require: Prepare the machinery account, depreciation of machinery account and disposal of machinery account for the accounting year to 31 December 20X7. Part b (a) What are the purposes of providing for depreciation? (b) In what circumstances is the reducing balance method more appropriate than the straight-line method? Give reasons for your answer. Problem 2

On 1 October 2007 Hardware Limited acquired a machine under the following terms: Manufacturer's base price: $50,000 Trade discount (applying to base price only):10% Early settlement discount taken (on the payable amount of the base cost only): 2% Freight charges: $1,000 Electrical installation cost : $800 Staff training in use of machine: $900 Pre-production testing: $1,300 Purchase of a three-year maintenance contract: $7,500

Estimated residual value: $3,000 Estimated life in production units: 6,000 Units produced - year ended 30 September 2008: 1,200 -year ended 30 September 2009 (see below): 1,100

Hardware had incorrectly specified the power loading of the original electrical cable to be installed by the contractor. The cost of correcting this error of $100,000 is included in the above figure of $800,000. On 1 October 2008 Hardware decided to upgrade the machine by adding new components at a cost of $5 million. This upgrade led to a reduction in the production time per unit of the goods being manufactured using the machine. The upgrade also increased the estimated remaining life of the machine at 1 October 2008 to 5,500 production units and its estimated residual value was revised to $4 million. Required: Prepare extracts from the income statement and statement of financial position for the above machine for each of the three years to 30 September 2008 and 2009. Problem 3
Flightline is an airline which treats its aircraft as complex non-current assets. The cost and other details of one of its aircraft are: $'000 Estimated life 20 years 5 years

Exterior structure purchase date 1 April 1995 Interior cabin fittings replaced 1 April 2005 Engines (2 at $9 million each) replaced 1 April 2005

120,000 25,000 18,000 36,000 flying

hours No residual values are attributed to any of the component parts. At 1 April 2008 the aircraft log showed it had flown 10,800 hours since 1 April 2005. In the year ended 31 March 2009, the aircraft flew for 1,200 hours for the six months to 30 September 2008 and a further 1,000 hours in the six months to 31 March 2009. On 1 October 2008 the aircraft suffered a 'bird strike' accident which damaged one of the engines beyond repair. This was replaced by a new engine with a life of 36,000 hours at cost

of $108 million. The other engine was also damaged, but was repaired at a cost of $3 million; however, its remaining estimated life was shortened to 15,000 hours. The accident also caused cosmetic damage to the exterior of the aircraft which required repainting at a cost of $2 million. As the aircraft was out of service for some weeks due to the accident, Flightline took the opportunity to upgrade its cabin facilities at a cost of $45 million. This did not increase the estimated remaining life of the cabin fittings, but the improved facilities enabled Flightline to substantially increase the air fares on this aircraft Required: Calculate the charges to the income statement in respect of the aircraft for the year ended 31 March 2009 and itscarrying amount in the statement of financial position as at that date. Note: the post accident changes are deemed effective from 1 October 2008.