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Intro Turkish course - contents 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. The Turkish Alphabet Greetings What is this, who is h/she?

Making some questions How to say not Vocabulary Self test Days of the week Seasons and months Practice Vocabulary Answers to all practice questions

1. The Turkish alphabet

(note: This letter is silent )

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The first place to begin to learn is with the Turkish alphabet. The alphabet has 29 letters, 8 of them are vowels and the remaining 21 are consonants. Some vowels sound very different to the English equivalents but most English speakers can learn to pronounce them without difficulty. Once you have learnt the alphabet, you will find speaking much easier because in Turkish you pronounce the words in exactly the same way that you spell them. 2. Greetings Saying hello how are you?

You will notice that the second example differs slightly from the first, this is because in Turkish there are 2 ways of saying you, depending on how well you know the other person. Sen is used when you are speaking to one person that you know well and want to be informal. The word siz is used to show respect to an elder or someone of higher social standing and it shows respect and it is also used when referring to more than one person. The form that is used (sen or siz) also complements the rest of the phrase:

and

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3. What is this, who is h/she?

Bu means this, Bu Kim means Who is this and the direct translation of ne is what.

Use a dictionary to answer the next questions, www.tureng.com is a good online dictionary for English to Turkish

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See answers at the end 4. Making questions with mi, mu, forms In general the mi, mu forms appear after noun, verbs and adjectives to make a question. There are 4 forms to learn

So for example, mi is used after e or i, see more examples below

Practice fill in the endings to form a question.

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O = He, she or it Answers are given at the end 5. How to say not

6. Vocabulary

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7. Self test

8. Days of the week (Monday to Saturday)

What day is it today?/ Today is? And B: Today is Monday

9 . The seasons and months

Here are the months, starting with January - Ocak

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10. Practice Write the days

Write the months

Greetings a) How do you say hello? b) How do you ask a Senior Lawyer how he is? c) How do you say, I am fine too thanks

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11. Vocabulary

13. Answers to practice questions What is this, who is h/she?

Question making:

What are these things?

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Write the days

Write the months

Greetings a) How do you say hello? b) How do you ask a Senior Lawyer how he is? c) How do you say, I am fine too thanks

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