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Republic of the Philippines Tarlac State University College of Education LABORATORY SCHOOL Lucinda Campus, Tarlac City

In the partial fulfillment of the requirements in Science Research II, in this study, GOLDEN APPLE SNAIL (Pomacea canaliculata) AS FERTILIZER TO SOIL, has been prepared and submitted by the researchers namely Arvene Cabanayan, Iho Rabin Gutierrez, Ma. Rica Paulene Marquez, James Noel Nicdao, John Sebastian Simon and Rosette Tejero are hereby recommended for approval.

ESTRELLA B. PACO, M.A,Ed- Math Instructor, Science Research II

PANEL OF EXAMINEES

WILLIE I. ALAGANO, M.A.Ed- Math Chairman

MILAGROS BONDOC Member

Accepted and approved in the fulfillment of the requirement for the course of Science Research II.

NORBINA GENEVER M. CASTRO, Ph.D-Adm. and Supv. Director, TSU Laboratory High School Date: __________________

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GOLDEN APPLE SNAILS (Pomacea canaliculata) AS FERTILIZER TO SOIL

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A Research Study Presented to the Faculty of Tarlac State University Laboratory High School _______________

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements in Science Research II

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By: Cabanayan, Arvene Gutierrez, Iho Rabin Marquez, Ma. Rica Paulene Nicdao, James Noel Simon, John Sebastian Tejero, Rosette

2012

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2012 Arvene O. Cabanayan Iho Rabin Gutierrez Ma. Rica Paulene B. Marquez James Noel Nicdao John Sebastian Simon Rosette Tejero ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

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ABSTRACT Title: Golden Apple Snail (Pomacea canaliculata) as Fertilizer to Soil

Researchers: Rosette Tejero James Noel Nicdao Arvene Cabanayan Iho Rabin Gutierrez John Sebastian Simon Ma. Rica Paulene Marquez Institution: Tarlac State University Laboratory High School

The researchers conducted this study in attempt to determine the effectiveness of pulverized golden apple snail as additive to soil. Specifically, the study attempted to find answers to the following questions: 1. How did the Golden Apple Snails help the tomato plant improve its: 1.1 length of stem 1.2 length of leaves 1.3 number of leaves 1.4 circumference of stem 1.5 number of flower 2. Is there a significant difference among the four set-ups in terms of: 2.1 length of stem 2.2 length of leaves 2.3 number of leaves 2.4 circumference of stem

2.5 number of flower This study used the experimental and observational method of research. The experimental method of research is defined as a controlled procedure that sees the manipulation of an independent variable in order to observe or measure its effect on a dependent variable. While the observation method of research concerns the planned watching, recording, and analysis of observed behavior as it occurs in a natural setting.

Procedure Before the Golden Apple Snail was converted into a fertilizer, the researchers grilled the snails to dry them and to kill the snail. After grilling, the researchers removed the flesh from its shell and grinded the flesh. The grilling caused the shell to become brittle, this way the pulverizing of the shells became easier. Finally, the researchers mixed the flesh of the snail with the snails pulverized shell. After doing all this steps, the fertilizer is ready to be use. The researchers tested the additive on four set-ups: Control Group, Treatment Group, Experimental Group 1, and Experimental Group 2. The Control Group has 100% (1000g) loam soil; Treatment Group with 95% (950g) of loam soil and 5% (50g) of commercial fertilizer; Experimental Group 1 with 70% (700g) of loam soil and 30% (300g) of Golden Apple Snail; and Experimental Group 2 with 50% (500g) of loam soil and 50% (500g) of Golden Apple Snail. The pulverized Golden Apple Snail helped the tomato seedling improve their height of stem, length of leaves, number of leaves, circumference of the stem, color of leaves, and number of flowers by using it as an alternative fertilizer. Golden Apple Snail

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shell has calcium carbonate that prevents bacteria and fungi from attacking the plants. Calcium carbonate is also beneficial to plants because they make soil more fertile. There is a significant difference between the set-up of the Controlled Group (CG) and Treatment Group (TG), Controlled Group (CG) and Experimental Group1 (EG1), and the set-up of the Controlled Group (CG) and Experimental Group2 (EG2) in terms of height of the stem from March 15-21, 2012. However, there is no significant difference between the set-up of the set-up of the Treatment Group (TG) and Experimental Group1 (EG1), the set-up of the Treatment Group (TG) and Experimental Group2 (EG2) and setup of the Experimental Group1 (EG1) and Experimental Group2 (EG2) in terms of height of stem from March 15-21, 2012. Also, there is a significant difference between the set-up of the Controlled Group (CG) and Treatment Group (TG), the set-up of the Controlled Group (CG) and Experimental Group1 (EG1), the set-up of the Controlled Group (CG) and Experimental Group2 (EG2), and the set-up of the Treatment Group (TG), Experimental Group (EG), and set-up of the Experimental Group1 (EG1) and Experimental Group2 (EG2) in terms of length of the leaves from March 18-21, 2012. However, there is no significant difference between the set-up of the Treatment Group (TG) and Experimental Group2 (EG1) in terms of length of the leaves from March 15-21, 2012. There is a significant difference between the set-up of the Control Group (CG) and Experimental Group1 (EG1), the set-up of Control Group and Experimental Group2 (EG2), the set-up of Treatment Group (TG) and Experimental Group1 (EG1), the set-up of Treatment Group (TG) and Experimental Group2 (EG2), and the set-up of Experimental Group1 (EG1) and Experimental Group2 (EG2) in terms of number of

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leaves from March 15-21, 2012. However, there is no significant difference between the set-up of Control Group (CG) and Treatment Group (TG) in terms of number of leaves from March 15-21, 2012. There is a significant difference between the set-up of Control Group (CG) and Treatment Group (TG), the set-up of Control Group (CG) and Experimental Group1 (EG1), the set-up of Control Group (CG) and Experimental Group2 (EG2), the set-up of Treatment Group and Experimental Group1 (EG1), and the set-up of Treatment Group (TG) and Experimental Group2 (EG2) in terms of circumference of the stem from March 15-21, 2012. However, there is no significant difference in the set-up of Experimental Group1 (EG1) and Experimental Group2 (EG2). There is a significant difference between the set-up of the Control Group (CG) and Experimental Group1 (EG1), the set-up of Control Group and Experimental Group2 (EG2), the set-up of Treatment Group (TG) and Experimental Group1 (EG1), the set-up of Treatment Group (TG) and Experimental Group2 (EG2), and the set-up of Experimental Group1 (EG1) and Experimental Group2 (EG2) in terms of number of flowers from March 15-21, 2012. However, there is no significant difference between the set-up of Control Group (CG) and Treatment Group (TG) in terms of number of flowers from March 15-21, 2012. The study aimed to experiment on Golden Apple Snail as additive to soil for plants. Based on the observation, the tomato seeds planted on Experimental group 1 (EG1) with 50% (500 grams) of pulverized Golden Apple Snail are taller in terms of the length of stem and length of leaves, have more numbers of leaves and flowers, and has wider circumference.

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This study had proven that the seedlings planted on a plastic bag with more pulverized Golden Apple Snail had wider leaves. Larger leaves have more capability to store nutrients from the sun (sunlight). Through this process, it would be able to photosynthesize and produce more fruits. Therefore, the preliminary results of this investigation indicate that pulverized Golden Apple Snail can serve as an effective additive to soil.

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT First of all, the researchers want to acknowledge the presence of our Almighty God who has been with them throughout their study. With the highest praises, the researchers want to appreciate His heartfelt guidance from the start until the very end. The researchers would like to extend their earnest gratitude to their eversupporting parents who understood their children upon the execution of this study and for their abiding support, particularly on financial matters. Also, the researchers would like to thank our beloved teachers for helping us succeed. Thank you for the countless time and encouraging words. Special gratitude for Maam Pagco for her never-ending patience. Thanks are also extended to Sir Willie, Maam Mila for fulfilling their unfavorable jobs as panelists. Without them, this study would have never been any better. Lastly, the researchers would also like to give thanks to our classmates that helped us in every way they can. Thank you for lifting us with your inspirational words and act of kindness.

AOC IRCG MRPBM JNJN JSHS RRT

DEDICATION The efforts and sacrifices are dedicated to the Almighty God, our beloved parents and teachers, friends and Math Science IV, to all the trees that were cut down to make the paper that were wasted for this thesis and most especially to ourselves.

Researchers

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TABLE OF CONTENTS Page APPROVAL SHEET ....................................................................................................... i TITLE PAGE . ii ABSTRACT . iv ACKNOWLEDGEMENT . ix DEDICATION ... x Chapter 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND 1 Introduction .... Statement of the Problem... Significance of the Problem ..... Scope and Delimitation .... Definition of Terms . 2 1 2 3 4 5

REVIEW OF THE RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES ... 7 Related Literature 7 Foreign Literature.. 7 Related Studies ..14 Foreign Studies .14 Local Studies .16 Synthesis .17 Conceptual Framework .17

METHODOLOGY .....19 Research Design 19 Collection of the Materials.....20 Procedure.......20 Statistical Treatment .21

PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA .. 22 SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION 42 Summary of Findings 42

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Conclusions .. 44 Recommendations 46 BIBLIOGRAPHY .. 47 APPENDICES 48 A. ANOVA Test Computations ...49 B. Sceffes Test Computations58 DOCUMENTATION . 76 CURRICULUM VITAE .80

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LIST OF TABLES Table 1 2 Measurement of the Length of the Stem of Tomato seedlings on March 15-21, 2012 ANOVA Layout for the Effect of Pulverized Golden Apple Snail as Fertilizer to Soil on the Average Length of Stem of Plants Scheffes Test for the ANOVA Evaluation of the effects of Pulverized Golden Apple Snail as Fertilizer to Soil on the Length of Stem of Plants Measurement of the Length of Leaves of Tomato seedlings on March 15-21, 2012 Scheffes Test for the ANOVA of the Effects of Pulverized Golden Apple Snail as Fertilizer to Soil on the Length of Leaves of Tomato Scheffes Test for the ANOVA Evaluation of the effects of Pulverized Golden Apple Snail as Fertilizer to Soil on the Length of Leaves of Plants Number of Leaves of Tomato seedlings on March 15-21, 2012 Scheffes Test for the ANOVA of the Effects of Pulverized Golden Apple Snail as Fertilizer to Soil on the Number of Leaves of Tomato Scheffes Test for the ANOVA Evaluation of the effects of Pulverized Golden Apple Snail as Fertilizer to Soil on the Number of Leaves per Stem of the Tomato Circumference of the Stem of Tomato seedlings on March 15-21, 2012 Scheffes Test for the ANOVA Evaluation of the effects of Pulverized Golden Apple Snail as Fertilizer to Soil on the Circumference of the Stem of the Tomato Scheffes Test for the ANOVA Evaluation of the effects of Pulverized Golden Apple Snail as Fertilizer to Soil on the Circumference of the Stem of the Tomato Page

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Number of Flowers of Tomato seedlings on March 15-21, 2012 Scheffes Test for the ANOVA Evaluation of the effects of Pulverized Golden Apple Snail as Fertilizer to Soil on the Number of Flowers of the Tomato Scheffes Test for the ANOVA Evaluation of the effects of Pulverized Golden Apple Snail as Fertilizer to Soil on the Number of Flowers of the Tomato

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