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CALPASI, Jennie Claire A.



AnthropologY- is the academic study of humanity. It deals with all that is characteristic of the human experience, from physiology and

the evolutionary origins to the social and cultural organization of human societies as well as individual and collective forms of human [1] experience. It has origins in the humanities, the natural sciences, and the social sciences. The term "anthropology" is from the Greek anthrpos, "man", understood to mean humankind or humanity, and -logia "discourse" or "study." FIELDS OF ANTHROPOLOGY

Archaeology or archeology_from Greek archaiologia means "ancient" and logia- logy.It is the study of human activity,
primarily through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data that they have left behind, which includes artifacts, architecture, biofacts and cultural landscapes (the archaeological record)

1. Biological anthropology-also known as bioanthropology and physical anthropology is that branch of anthropology that studies the
physical development of the human species. 2.

Cultural anthropology- is a branch of anthropology focused on the study of cultural variation among humans, collecting data about
the impact of global economic and political processes on local cultural realities.


Linguistic anthropology is the interdisciplinary study of how language influences social life. It is a branch of anthropology that
originated from the endeavor to document endangered languages, and has grown over the past 100 years to encompass almost any aspect of language structure and use.

Linguistic anthropology explores how language shapes communication, forms social identity and group membership, organizes large-scale cultural beliefs and ideologies, and develops a common cultural representation of natural and social worlds.


Social Anthropology-studies how contemporary human beings behave in social groups. Practitioners of social anthropology
investigate, often through long-term, intensive field studies (including participant observation methods), the social organization of a particular person. Social anthropology also explores the role of meanings, ambiguities and contradictions of social life, patterns of sociality, violence and conflict; and the underlying logics of social behavior.

The American Anthropological Association defines anthropology as the study of humans, past and present. To understand the full sweep and complexity of cultures across all of human history, anthropology draws upon knowledge from the social and biological sciences as well as the humanities and physical sciences.[1] However, Samuel Gerald Collins of the Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Criminal Justice, Towson University, writing in the journal Science Fiction Studies has pointed out that: In 1978, Margaret Mead, empathizing with the concerns of the 60s' counterculture, pointed to a grave deficiency in the science of anthropology: "Anthropology has to date made very meager contributions to man's developing concern with the future" ("Contribution" 3). Two decades later, the American Anthropological Association began awarding an annual prize for "Anticipatory Anthropology" in order to ameliorate this shortcoming, what Robert Textor (who sponsored the award and for whom it is named) called the discipline's "tempocentrism"- i.e., its concern only "with the past, the ethnographic present, and the actual present". The anthropologist Leon E. Stover says of science fiction's relationship to anthropology: "Anthropological science fiction enjoys the philosophical luxury of providing answers to the question "What is man?" while anthropology the science is still learning how to frame it". The editors of a collection of anthropological SF stories observed: Anthropology is the science of man. It tells the story from ape-man to spaceman, attempting to describe in detail all the epochs of this continuing history. Writers of fiction, and in particular science fiction, peer over the anthropologists shoulders as the discoveries are made, then utilize the material in fictional works. Where the scientist must speculate reservedly from known fact and make a small leap into the unknown, the writer is free to soar high on the wings of fancy.