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SEK. MEN. KEB.

LAKI-LAKI METHODIST
PEPERIKSAAN PERTENGAHAN TAHUN 2012
TINGKATAN 3
______________________________________________________________________________
Kod Kertas : 55/2
Penyedia
: En. Yeoh Soon Khuan
M/Pelajaran : Science
Penyemak
: En. Abdul Hakim bin Kader Sultan
Masa
: 1 jam 30 minit
Disahkan KB
: Pn. Khoo Li Leng
Bil calon
: 212
SECTION A
(40 marks)
Answer all questions
1) a) Diagram 1 shows an activity to study that oxygen is needed for respiration.

Boiling tube

Cotton soaked with sodium


hydroxide solution

Cockroach
Wire gauze
Diagram 1

Red indicator

i) In Diagram 1, draw an arrow in the box provided to show that the direction of the movement of red indicator
after 10 minutes.
[1 mark ]
ii) Give one reason for the answer in 1(a)(i).
________________________________________________________________________________ [ 1 mark]
iii) Why cotton soaked with sodium hydroxide solution is used in this activity?
_______________________________________________________________________________ [ 1 mark]
iv) What happens to the red indicator if another two cockroaches are added into the boiling tube?
________________________________________________________________________________[ 1 mark]
b) Diagram 2 shows an activity to study the effect of smoke from vehicles on living organisms
Air
Boiling tube P

Wire gauze

Boiling tube Q

Rubber stopper

Smoke from vehicles


Diagram 2

i) Why do the cockroaches in boiling tube P live longer than those in boiling tube Q?
________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________[1 mark]
ii) Suggest one way to make the cockroaches in boiling tube Q live longer.
_________________________________________________________________________________[1 mark]
2) Diagram 3 shows two common defects of vision

Diagram 3
a) Name the defects of vision in X and Y in Diagram 1
X :____________________________________________________________________________ [2 marks]
Y :____________________________________________________________________________ [2 marks]
b) State one cause of defects of vision in X and Y.
X :_____________________________________________________________________________[ 1 mark ]
Y :_____________________________________________________________________________[ 1 mark ]
c) Draw the type of lens to rectify the defects of vision in X and Y

[2 marks]

3) Diagram 4 shows the human respiratory system

Diagram 4
i) Name the parts labeled X, Y and Z

[3 marks]

ii) State what will happen to the following parts during inhalation
X : ____________________________________________________________________________
Y : ____________________________________________________________________________ [2 marks]
b) i) Diagram 5 shows the pathway of air flow into the lungs during inhalation

Diagram 5
ii) Complete Diagram 5 with the words in the box
Bronchiole

Alveolus

Nasal cavity

[2 marks]

iii) Name the part of human respiratory system that allows the exchange of gases
_______________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
4) Diagram 6 shows the phagocytosis process of white blood cell to a bacterium

Diagram 6
a) State what is the functions of white blood cells in our bodies.
________________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
3

b) State the characteristics of white blood cells.


i)_______________________________________________________________________________
ii)______________________________________________________________________________ [2 marks]
c) State the functions of the following components of blood
i) Red blood cell : _________________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
ii) Platelets: ______________________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
iii) Plasma: ______________________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
5) a) Diagram 7 shows a human arm

Diagram 7
i) Write down the correct answers in the box using the following words
Effort

Fulcrum

Load

[3 marks]

ii) Give one example of levers which belongs to the same class as the one in Diagram 7
________________________________________________________________________________[1 mark]
b) Diagram 8 shows a type of lever

Diagram 8
Calculate the force, F required to balance the rod.

[2 marks]

6) Diagram 9 shows the changes of the states of matter

Diagram 9
a) Name the physical state of P and Q
P : ____________________________
Q :____________________________

[2 marks]

b) State the process X, Y and Z


X : _____________________________
Y : _____________________________
Z : _____________________________

[3 marks]

c) The particles of which physical state have the lowest energy ?


_______________________________________________________________________________[1 mark]
SECTION B
(20 marks)
Answer all questions.
7) Diagram 10 shows a food web
Eagle

Diagram 10
5

a) i) Based on Diagram 10, write a food chain which consists of five organisms
______________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
ii) State one producer and one tertiary consumer
Producer : __________________________________________
Tertiary consumer : ___________________________________

[2 marks]

b) i) Name the type of interaction between the rat and snake in Diagram 10
____________________________________

[1 mark]

b) ii) State the method used to control the population of rats by using snakes
_____________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
c) What is the role of the decomposers?
_______________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
d) There are four organisms, P, Q, R and S in a food chain as shown in the Table 1
Organisms
P
Q
R
S

Number of Organisms
40,000
50
350
5200
Table 1

i) Complete the different levels of the pyramid with the correct organisms

[1 mark]
ii) Arrange the organisms according to their size in ascending order
_____________________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

8a) Diagram 11 shows an activity to study seed germination

Diagram 11
State one inference about the seed germination in either test tube P or test tube Q.
___________________________________________________________________________________[1 mark]
b) Diagram 12 shows the stages in seed germination.

Moist
Cotton
Day 1

Moist
Cotton
Day 3

Moist Cotton
Day 5

Moist
Cotton
Day 7

Diagram 12

i) Write one hypothesis about the physical changes of seedlings from Day 1 to Day 5.
________________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
ii) Compare the size of the cotyledon during the physical changes of seedlings on Day 1 to Day 5.
________________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
7

c) Table 2 shows the data of the observation of this activity.


Time (Day)
Height of physical change of seedlings
(cm)

1
0

3
1.2

5
2.8

i) In Table 2, record the height of physical change of seedling on Day 7.

[1 mark]

ii) On the graph paper provided, draw a line graph using the data in Table 2

[2 marks]

d) Based on the graph drawn in (c)(ii), state the relationship between the time and the height of the physical
changes of seedlings.
________________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
e) Predict the height of physical changes of seedlings on Day 10.
________________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
f) State the variables involved in this activity.
Manipulated
variable
Responding
variable
Controlled variable
[3 marks]
g) State the operational definition for the germination of seed.
________________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

END OF QUESTION PAPER