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COURSE PLAN DEPARTMENT OF RELIGION AND PHILOSOPHY Course Information Credit Code: RP 509 Course Name: An Introduction to Logic

Credit Hours: 3 Programme: B.Th. III 1st Semester: 2012-13 Instructors Information Name of Lecturer: M r. Prince D. Designation: Dean of Academics Office Time: 8.30 am - 5.00 pm Contact Phone No: E-mail: COURSE DESCRIPTION This course is an introduction to the evaluation of arguments, the basic principles of formal logic, and formal and informal fallacies in our reasoning. It explores implication, proof, and uses modern techniques of analysis. COURSE OBJECTIVES Give evidence of understanding how the following notions are related to each other: truth, falsity, implication, and equivalence. Distinguish between passages that express arguments and those that do not, and determine whether the arguments are deductive or inductive. CONTENTS UNIT I: WHATS AND WHYS OF LOGIC 1. What is Logic? 2. Why Study Logic? 3. Logic and God 4. Looking Ahead

UNIT II: BUILDING BLOCKS 1. Truth and Validity 2. Three Kinds of Proposition: Hypothetical, Disjunctive and Categorical

3. Quality and Quantity 4. Distribution of Term UNIT III: BASIC LOGICAL STRUCTURES 1. Parts of Syllogism 2. Seven Rules of the Categorical Syllogism 3. Figures and Moods of the Categorical Proposition 4. Fallacies of the Categorical Syllogism 5. Immediate Deduction and the Square of Opposition UNIT IV: OTHER TYPES OF SYLLOGISMS 1. Hypothetical Syllogisms 2. Disjunctive Syllogisms 3. Conjunctive Syllogisms 4. Dilemma Form of Syllogism 5. Avoiding Dilemmas UNIT V: FORMAL FALLACIES 1. Fallacies of the Categorical Syllogism 2. Fallacies of the Hypothetical Syllogism 3. Fallacies of the Disjunctive Syllogism 4. Fallacies of the Conjunctive Syllogism 5. Fallacies of the Other Types of Syllogism UNIT VI: INFORMAL FALLACIES 1. Fallacies of Ambiguity 2. Fallacies of Relevance 3. Other Types of Fallacies UNIT VII: UNCOVERING LOGIC IN LITERATURE 1. First Find the Conclusion 2. Reconstruct the Sentence

3. Look for the Middle Term 4. State Each Premise in Logical Form UNIT VIII: INTRODUCTION TO INTRODUCTION 1. The Nature of Probable Conclusions 2. Kinds of Certainty 3. Kinds of Probability UNIT IX: SCIENTIFIC THINKING 1. Scientific Approaches to Events Present 2. Eight Hypothesis Testing Methods 3. The Experimental Method 4. Method of Agreement 5. Method of Difference 6. A Scientific Approach to Events Past UNIT X: FALLACIES IN SCIENTIFIC THINKING 1. Post Hoc Fallacy 2. Fallacy of Emphasizing Irrelevant Factors 3. Fallacy of Neglecting Negative Evidence 4. Fallacy of Neglecting Differences 5. Fallacy of Reversing Cause and Effect 6. Fallacy of Reciprocal Causality 7. Fallacy of Confusing Cause and Condition 8. Fallacy of Confusing Various Kinds of Causes METHODOLOGY Class Lecture, Written assignments, Class texts, Reading reports, and class presentation EVALUATION Internal Assessment - 40% (Class attendance, completing requirements, performance, responds etc.) Final Examination - 60%

COURSE REQUIREMENTS 1. Assignment - 1 (To be Submitted on 5th of Juy, 2012, before 05.00 PM) a) Write a Paper on God and Logic Assignment-2 (To be submitted on 25th of July, 2012, before 05.00 PM) b) List of your home work and problem solving questions will be available from the Library 2. Term Paper (To be submitted on 22nd of August, 2012, before 05.00 PM) a) Read daily News papers and find out 10 fallacies from 10 different articles/news that appear in the paper with detailed argument (in 5 pages) 3. Reading Report (To be submitted on 8th of August, 2012, before 05.00 PM) Reading Materials will be available from the Library 4. Class Test There will be a class test on every first class of the week. And this test will be based on the classes taken in the previous week. GRADING KEY FIRST CL ASS GPA PA A+(80% & above) 4.3 2.3 A (75% & above) 4.0 A- (70% & above) 3.7 SECOND CL ASS B+ (65% & above) B (60% & above) 3.0 B- (55% & above) 2.7 GPA THIRD CL ASS 3.3 G

C+ (50% & above)

C (45% & above) 2.0 C- (40% & above)1.7 Below 40% : Failure

GRADING CRITERIA Internal 40% External 60% NON-GRADED STUDENT INPUTS Students must maintain class Lectures Notes and Reading Notes Text Books Geisler, Norman L. Come Let Us Reason: An Introduction to Logical Thinking. Grand Rapids, Baker Book House, 1998. Engle, Morris S. With Good Reason: An Introduction to Informal Fallacies. New York: St. Martins Press, 1986. Reference Books Copi, Irving M. And Carl Cohen. Introduction to Logic. 9th edition. New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India, 2002.