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SUSTAINOMICS

Presented by: Parth A. Tailor


T.Y B.Sc Environmental Science

What is Sustainomics
Sustainomics = sustainability+ economics Sustainable:Capable of being sustained. Economy:Careful, thrifty management of resources, such as money, materials, or labor.

Brief overview of how sustainomics evolved.


The sustainomics framework draws together two broad streams of thoughts. (1) Development stream(human well-being) Industrial world focus on the material production as the basis of human well being. Industrialized and developing nations have pursued the economics goal of increase output and growth. By early 1960s gradually development paradigm shifted toward the equitable growth.eg; consideration of social objectives (poverty). By early 1980s environment degradation was a major barrier to human development and well-being and new proactive action was introduced (Environment assessment).

Some key milestone relating to evolution the recent thinking of sustainable development: The 1972 United Nations Environmental Summit in Stockholm, 1987 Bruntland Commission report, 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro, 1995 World Summit for Social Development in Copenhagen, UN Millennium Summit and Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 2000, 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg.

(2) Sustainability (System science oriented) During the 1980s a number of relevant international scientific research initiatives dealing with nature emerged: The World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) in 1980, International Geosphere and Biosphere Programme (IGBP) in 1986, DIVERSITAS (on biodiversity and ecology) in 1990. The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was also established in 1988 (byWMO and UNEP), with global scientific expertise to periodically assess information on climate change.

In the 1990s, it was recognized that human activity was a major factor influencing global changes e.g., in the work of existing scientific bodies like the IPCC, and creation of new bodies like International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change (IHDP) in 1996. Since then, a series of international conferences and initiatives have called for a more integrated approach between the natural and the social sciences, and for linking scientific activities better with sustainable development problems especially the human dimension.

Emergence of Sustainomics
The first ideas about sustainomics were outlined from 1990 onwards in several conference presentations by Munasinghe, culminating in a formal paper presented at the Rio Earth Summit in 1992, which set out key elements of the framework

Mohan Munasinghe is a Sri Lankan physicist and economist. he is the Chairman of the Munasinghe Institute for Development. The Director-General of the Sustainable Consumption Institute at the University of Manchester, UK, and the Vice Chairman of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-AR4), that shared the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize with former Vice President of the United States Al Gore.

Summary of basic principle and methods:


Core concept and elements
1. 2. 3. 4. Making development more sustainable Sustainable development triangle Transcending boundaries Full cycle application of integrative tools- from data gathering to practical policy implementation

Making Development More Sustainable:


Step by step approach of making development more sustainable more practical and permits us to address urgent priorities without delay, because many unsustainable activities are easier to recognize and eliminate. Although MDMS is incremental, it does not imply any limitation in scope (e.g., restricted time horizon or geographic area)

Sustainable Development triangle and balanced viewpoint:


It comprises all three dimensions which play crucial role in making development more sustainable: Economic, Environmental, Social

Environmental Sustainability: can be defined as the capacity to preserve over time the three basic functions of the environment: the resource supply function, the waste receiver function and that of direct usefulness. Economic sustainability: means the capability, through the most efficient mix of resources, to produce and maintain the highest added value, in order enhance the specificity of territorial products and services. Social Sustainability: means the capacity of the different social actors (stakeholders), to interact efficiently, to aim towards the same goals, encouraged by the close interaction of the Institutions, at all levels.

Sustainable development triangle in context with reforestation


Economic
n io at is a l ts rn a c te p i n im f n/ t io e o ua enc al v c id n i

ECONOMIC: Timber Products; Carbon credits; Tourism; Minor Forest Products; Diversify Local Economy ENVIRONMENTAL E c o no m ic Carbon sequestration; Wildlife; Aesthetics; Landscape/Biodiversity Restoration
So c ial E nv ir on m e nt al SOCIAL: Employment;o Recreation; Fuel wood S u sta i n m ic s Taungya/Agroforestry; T ra n s-d i scip l in a ry

i n b tr a a s - ge ic n n e e ra ed t i o n s/ li v a l e el ih q u i oo ty ds

Po ver ty E quit y Su sta inab ility C o-ev olu tion

Social

in te r- ge n e ra ti o na l e q u it y va l u es / c ul tu re

K no w le dg e B a se

Environm ental
r es ilien c e/b io div . n a tu ra l re so u rc es p o llu tio n

e m p ow er m e n t in c lu sio n/c o ns u ltat ion g o ve rn a n ce

(a)
Figure 1 (a). E lem ents of sustaina ble deve lopm ent 1 (b). Sustainable development triangle supported by the sustainom ics fram ew ork. Source : adapted from M una singhe [3,4]

(b)

What kind of Species, How well they will grow, Where and What are their end uses?
Fast Growth with High Economic Value; End Uses; Objectives; Economic Viability; Availability of Planting Material Adaptability: How well species can thrive on site? Ecology, Physiology, Genetics (3-yrs express biology of site) In making Decisions for Species Choice: Adaptability and Species OR End Use and Species OR Both Right Choice-Ease of Silviculture

Transcending conventional boundaries for better integration.


The analysis transcends conventional boundaries imposed by discipline, space, time, stakeholder viewpoints, and operationality. Trans-disciplinary analysis must cover economics, social science and ecology, as well as many other disciplines. Spatial analysis must range from the global to the very local, while the time horizon may extend to decades or centuries. The analysis needs to encompass the full operational cycle from data gathering to practical policy implementation and monitoring of outcomes. For example: Saarc and opec

Full cycle application of practical and innovative analytical tools


A variety of practical and novel analytical tools facilitate governance over the full cycle from initial data gathering to ultimate policy implementation and feedback. Concept of Optimality and Durability An issues-implementation transformation map (IITM) Restructuring the pattern of development to make economic growth more sustainable is explained through a policy tunneling model, especially useful in poor countries, where poverty alleviation will require continued increases in income and consumption.

Tunneling

Figure 3 shows how the sustainomics approach could be applied to reconcile long-term development aspirations and climate change responses. On this stylised curve of environmental risk against a countrys development level, poor nations are at point A (low GHG emissions and low GNP per capita), rich nations are at point C, and intermediate countries are at point B. The following elements are essential for a workable global compact: Industrial countries (already exceeding safe limits) should mitigate and follow the future growth path CE, by restructuring their development patterns to make both production and consumption more sustainable and delink carbon emissions from economic growth; The poorest countries must be provided an adaptation safety net, to reduce vulnerability to climate change impacts; Middle income countries could adopt innovative policies to tunnel through (along BDE below the safe limit), by learning from past experiences of the industrialised world; Developing countries should receive technical and financial assistance, to simultaneously continue to develop (and grow) more sustainably, by following a less carbon-intensive growth path that also reduces climate vulnerability.

Other practical tools


Action Impact Matrix (AIM), Integrated national economic-environmental accounting (SEEA), Sustainable development assessment (SDA), Environmental valuation, extended cost-benefit analysis (CBA), Multi-criteria analysis (MCA), Integrated assessment models (IAMs), and so on.

HOW DO WE GET THERE?


Addressing Complex, Multiple, Interlinked Sustainable Development issues within the Integrated SUSTAINOMICS Framework

Global problems
Climate Change & Energy Sustainable Consumption & Production

Natural Resource Protection & Environmental Enhancement


Sustainable Communities

What are the challenges: Multiple global threats


1. Poverty, inequity and human well-being 2. Scarce resource, conflicts and competition: energy, water, food etc. 3. Environmental damage: climate change, degradation of land, water, air. 4. Globalization: financial crisis 5. Governance: mis-management, corruption. 6. Private public balance: unrestrained markets and excessive government control are both risky extremes

Global Impacts and Vulnerability of the present scenario


People: Poor, Children, Elderly Regions: Small Islands, Arctic region, Asian Mega deltas , Sub-Sahara Africa Coral region( Bleaching of the corals) Deforestation Global warming and climate change etc.

People: Poor, Children, Elderly

Regions: Small Islands, Arctic region, Asian Mega deltas , Sub-Sahara Africa

Coral region

References
http://www.eoearth.org http://www.mindlanka.org http://www.imf.org http://www.mohanmunasinghe.com/publications.cfm Sustainable development in practice, sustainomics methodology and applications by Mohan Munasinghe http://www.nature.com http://www.wikipedia.org http://www.investopedia.com

Oil Substitution: Use of corn ethanol CNG rikshaw in baroda and bombay(older taxies are banned to use) Vedant compny, check the histry cos it was not working under environmental policies. Aadarsh society, Maharashtra, Bombay, construnction. Policy making Urbanization Advertisement of aamirkhan of coca cola Jathropa biodesel as a substitute or traditional petroleum oil.