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STUDY OF 220kv NETWORK IN VISAKHAPATNAM STEEL PLANT

Miniproject Report Submitted by:


A.Vamsi Krishna (10135A0208) M.Bharat (09131A0270) S.Uday Bhaskar Raju (09131A0293) P.M.Kalyan Reddy (09131A0288)

INTRODUCTION TO VSP:
Steel Industry is both a basic and a core industry. Percapita consumption of steel in india during 1970s was very low. A shore based Integrated Steel Plant at Vizag was inaugurated by Smt.Indira Gandhi on 17th april 1970.

Power is supplied to VSP from APTRANSCO Switching station over two 220Kv lines on double circuit towers.

POWER DISTRIBUTION IN VSP:


MAJOR SECTIONS OF D.N.W: Main Receiving Station(M.R.S) Load Block Stepdown Substation(L.B.S.S) Relays testing labaratory

Power requirements of VSP is met through captive generation as well as supply from AP TRANSCO grid. Captive capacity of 270MW is sufficient to meet all the plant needs. Turbo Generators of VSP normally operate in parallel with state grid. Average demand is of 221MW.

AVERAGE DEMAND OF MAJOR SHOPS:

EASTERN BUS 400 Kv TO JAIPUR DC BACK TO BACK

POWER GRID SUB STATION


TO VIJAYAWADA (NUNNA)

(ORISSA)
SOUTHERN BUS 400 Kv 315MVA 400/220 Kv AUTO XMER

220 Kv

APSEB SWITCHING STATION


TO BOMMURU TO PENDURTHI TO GAJUWAKA

- BREAKER

AL1

AL2

BUS 1

MRS 220 Kv BC

MRS

VSP
TO CPRS

BUS 2
LBSS 3 LBSS 4

LBSS 2 ML1 ML2 ML3

12.5 MVA 220/33 Kv XMER

LBSS 1 BUS 1 BUS 2 T1 11/220kv T2 11/220kv T3 11/220kv T5 11/220kv T4 11/11/220kv TPP 220 Kv BC

LBSS 5

GSB 2
11 Kv

GSB 3

TG 1 60 MW

TG 2 60 MW

TG 3 60 MW

TG 4 67.5 MW BPTG 1 7.5 MW GETG 1 12 MW BPTG 2 7.5 MW GETG 2 12 MW

MAIN RECEIVING STATION:

DISTRIBUTION NETWORK:

EXTRA HIGH VOLTAGE DISTRIBUTION:


Plant is configured as five electrical Load Blocks and Step Down sub-stations.

LOAD BLOCK STEP-DOWN SUBSTATIONS:


The further distribution of power from MRS is shown simply in the below block diagram
Main receiving station Load block stepdown substation

Load block distribution substation


HVLC HVMCC LCSS

LT LOADS

HT LOADS

L.B.S.S receives power at 220kv and steps down to 33/11/6.6kv by transformers for further distribution of power in blocks to shops. Only at L.B.S.S 5(T.P.P) generator power (11kv) is stepped up to 220kv for power evacuation from generators through GSB. Power flow to/from grid depends on generator level.

L.B.D.S:
Receives power at 11kv.

L.C.S.S:
Receives power at 11kv. Steps down power to 440v through transformers.

HIGH VOLTAGE DISTRIBUTION


(33/11/6.6Kv):
Two 220/33kv transformers installed at CPRS fed from MRS, feed power to township stepdown station. The 33kv supply from the transformer at LBSS2 feeds SMS ladle furnace transformer.

Power at 220kv is stepped down to11/6.6kv in HVLC located in each unit.

Power supply to essential category loads of various zones extended from TPP directly from GSB at 11kv.

MEDIUM VOLTAGE DISTRIBUTION


(BELOW 650V):
In each shop, to cater to medium and low voltage load, 11kv/415v LCSS are formed. The transformers are of standard rating 1600/1000/750/630/250kVA in plant and township areas.

LOW VOLTAGE DISTRIBUTION


(250V & BELOW):
It consists of power supply on single phase to lighting equipment, domestic appliances etc.

HIGH VOLTAGE LOAD CENTRE:


Whenever direct 6.6kv supply is not available, 11/6.6kv transformers are provided for feeding HV motor loads.

AUTO BUS TRANSFER:


To provide uninterrupted power supply to all the equipments of the plant viz., conveyors, and loads, HT switch board should always be intact and ensure continuous power in case of power loss of any section due to failures of its incoming supply. The corresponding bus coupler should close automatically.

CONCLUSION
The very purpose of using the 220 kV network in VSP is to reduce the power loss in the transmission of electric power. In addition to its own captive power plant, AP TRANSCO grid is also kept synchronized with its power system.