Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 31

purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

EDUCATION AND INTEGRITY: THE ROLE OF INTEGRITY CLUBS

8/29/2012

INTRODUCTION
8/29/2012

purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

Corruption in Education
Corruption in education is a major hindrance to achieving the second Millennium Development Goal of comprehensive primary school education for all the world's children by 2015. This is because it threatens equal access, quantity and quality of education. It threatens the realization of EFA Goals and Vision 2030. Under education and training strategy (Vision 2030): Kenya will provide a globally competitive quality education, training and research for development. Is this to happen if corruption continues unabated?
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

Ethical Concerns
Mini skirt saga: can an individuals morality be judged by the length of the dress? ( Rwathia School) Mpesa pastors A six year old girl defiled and strangled to death by two men in a maize plantation in Trans Nzoia West District Bishop rapes a 17 year old girl in the name of prayers Priest attempts to kill another priest Corruption scandals in the education sector placed higher on the agenda Cost of corruption is estimated to be at 1trillion dollars per year.
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

Unethical practices
Notable unethical incidences in our learning institutions include: strikes; arson; sexual harassment; rape; drug and substance abuse; academic fraud and dishonesty leading to cancellation of examinations results; bribery of prefects; bribery of school heads; misuse and misappropriation of free primary education funds, bursary funds; conflict of interest; mismanagement of textbook and the school feeding programmes; and falsification of documents.
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

Corruption in education
8/29/2012

purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

Question
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

1. Have we become a nation without values and morals? 2. Have we turned a blind eye upon unethical practices, sexual behaviours and attitudes?

Quote
Bradley said: The world has achieved brilliance without wisdom, power without conscience. A world of nuclear giants but ethical infants
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

Quotes
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

Public virtue cannot exist in a nation without private virtue, and public virtue is the only foundation of republics ( John Adams) Without private virtue such as not lying, cheating, stealing, keeping promises, working honestly and treating others fairly upon which all people of decency and discretion can agreethere is little prospect of public ( political, corporate) virtue (Dr. James Toner)

What is Education?
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

The process of acquiring and developing desired knowledge, skill, values, beliefs and attitudes. The process by which an individual is encouraged and enabled to develop his or her innate potential. The purpose of education is to cultivate human minds with values and principles that help to distinguish between wrong and right.

10

Aims of Education
Education has a three-fold function : 1. The development of individual capabilities for own growth and self-realization that is, maximizing of an individuals innate potential. 2. Development of society by equipping the young people to become responsible, thoughtful, productive and enterprising. 3. Development and prosperity of humanity is future.
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

if learners come to believe that personal effort and merit do not count and that success comes through manipulation, favoritism and bribery, then the very foundations of society are shaken.

11

Pillars of Education
1. Learning to Know 2. Learning to Do. 3. Learning to Live Together 4. Learning to Be According to a former US President John Adams, There are two types of education:
1. 2. one should teach us how to make a living, and the other how to live
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

President Roosevelt said- To educate a man in mind and not in morals in to educate menace in society

12

Concern!!!
Is our education today seeking to develop a man or woman who will offer to life and society through their thought and action? Is our education system emphasizing on getting and not giving for the greater good? Is our system just a means to a degree and other criteria for employment and not for corporate welfare? The unfortunate thing that has ever happened is that the most educated people are the most corrupt. Remember: the more you serve, not yourself, but your country and your people, the greater will be your contentment and sense of fulfillment.

purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

13

8/29/2012

Corruption and education


corruption is manifested in peoples behaviour. A realistic effort to eradicate corruption must therefore target the behaviour of people. This would entail imparting virtues, values and combating the vice through law enforcement. Consequently, apart from aiming to equip learners with the requisite knowledge and skills, our education must also target to develop positive values among the learners. Hence we must pay attention to the formal, informal and nonformal dimensions of curriculum
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

14

Constitution
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

Chapter 6 of the Constitution of Kenya 2010, spells out a set of principles and standards to which those aspiring to leadership are to be measured against. 1. 2. 3. 4. Objectivity and impartiality in decision making Selfless service based on public interest Accountability to the public for decisions and actions taken. Discipline and commitment in service to the people

15

Article 10
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

In addition, Article 10 lists national values and principles of governance that should guide the conduct of each individual. These include: a Patriotism, national unity, sharing and devolution of power, the rule of law, democracy and participation of the people; Human dignity, equity, social justice, inclusiveness, equality, human rights, non-discrimination and protection of the marginalized; Good governance, integrity, transparency and accountability; and sustainable development

Educational institutions have been identified as value carriers and drivers.

16

Values
Values are non- negotiable convictions/principles Values influence ones attitude, decisions and behaviour Help a person to know their course of life. When values are flouted- one gets frustrated, dissatisfied, unhappy and experience cognitive dissonance. Remember there are personal and cultural values Personal values- provide an internal reference for what is good, beneficial, important, useful, beautiful, desirable and constructive Cultural values- values shared by members of the community or society. You pursue that which you value.
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

17

Values contd
Are values born or developed? Values are caught and taught. Young people learn their values from what they observe in their environment and what they are taught by the parents and teachers. Role modeling is critical. "Children Learn What They Live."(1) Children pick up on actions attitudes and behaviors of parents and teachers much more quickly and with a greater impact than any words could impose. Employees look to their leaders for guidance. If all parents were teaching their children moral values in the home, it would not be necessary for the schools to do this work, The sad fact is that a lot of kids are not learning from their parents the difference between right and wrong.
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

18

Integrity
It is the quality: Of being honest and having strong moral principles that you refuse to change. Of always behaving according to the moral principles that you believe in, so that people respect and trust you. That makes you do the right thing even when no one is seeing you or when you have reason to think that no one is likely to know what you have done. Involves consistency between what we Think, Say and Do.-so that there is sync. Probity - Scrupulous honesty Wholeness, completeness, unimpaired
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

19

Signs of Integrity
Just as there are signs of good health, like blood pressure, fitness and nutrition, there are indicators of integrity: 1) Open to feedback 2) Accepts personal responsibility 3) Balances ones needs with the needs of others 4) Practices understanding and compassion 5) Seeks the advice of others 6) Respectful of views that are different 7) Acts with integrity even when it is inconvenient 8) Keeps agreements/ promises 9) Knows the difference between humor and hostility

purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

20

8/29/2012

Principles of Integrity
1. 2. Integrity is not for sale- calls for consistency and principled behaviour Integrity is about small things- not telling lies, not cheating, not cutting the queue, not insulting others, no use of vulgar language, it is about hardwork, being responsible, no foul jokes, no doing drugs, overtaking others on the roadbed. Integrity is an inside job-is an internal system of principles which guides our behavior. The rewards are intrinsic. Integrity is a choice rather than an obligation. From the abundance of the heart, the mouth speaketh Integrity is not about your education, credentials or title, it is about your character- what you are. Integrity is not to be confused with reputation. Reputation is image; character is what you are when you go out, reputation is what you have when you come in,
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

3.

4. 5.

21

Integrity club
Club Vision Club Mission
To grow, nurture and empower and pro-active ambassadors of integrity through education
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

To be a leading club nurturing holistic and pro-active ambassadors of integrity and good governance

Club Core Values


Courage Diligence Honesty Patriotism Respect Responsibility

Club Motto Integrity My Commitment

22

Aims/Objectives of integrity club


Re-engineer social values of hard work, honesty and responsiveness Character Building by enhancing learners knowledge of ethics and integrity and instilling positive values and attitudes. Empower the youth to advocate for good governance. Promote patriotism among the youth. Cultivate an anti-corruption culture within the countrys citizenry. Encourage the youth to be self directed, focused and responsible. Integrity club outcomes Attitudinal change Increased participation of young pple in decision making and leadership positions Improved knowledge of Governance, leadership and ethics. Improved governance in institutions of learning
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

23

Character
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

"We dont take children to school to pass exams but also for character building. Remember that intelligence is not enough. Intelligence plus character--that is the goal of true education. Character is determined by ones values and attitudes Good character consists of:
Knowing the Good Desiring the Good and Doing the Good

24

If well managed and utilized, Integrity Clubs will play a pivotal role in stemming the tide of unethical conduct in our learning institutions. Therefore, we call upon all education managers, teachers , PATRONS and students to support the establishment and operationalized of integrity clubs in our learning institutions.

purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

25

8/29/2012

Integrity Clubs are designed to promote among learners a civic disposition that will result in positive civic engagement.

GROUP DISCUSSION
Four groups 10 Benefits of being a person of integrity Five ways of tesing ones integrity Role of Integrity club in the fight against corruption Role of parents and teachers and QASOs in influencing good character Integrity club activities
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

26

FOUR WAY TEST


Of the things we think, say, or do: we need to always ask ourselves four pertinent questions: 1. 2. 3. 4. Is it the TRUTH? Is it FAIR to all concerned? Will it build GOODWILL & BETTER FRIENDSHIP? Will it be BENEFICIAL to all concerned?
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

27

Ethical Litmus Tests


i. The first step is the gut check. the butterfly test or the sleep test, this simply asks whether you can live with the decision comfortably without life interruption. If stomach butterflies, tormented sleep or great anxiety exists, the decision likely has some ethical problems and may not conform with your companys values. ii. The second ethical litmus test is the authority test. This test asks how you would feel is someone in authority or someone that you hold in high regard would feel about your decision. A boss, your spouse, a trusted friend. How would they react to your choice? What would they say? Would they be supportive or would they question your actions? Would they be proud of you or disappointed in you? Those are the key questions that make this test step work. iii. The final ethical test is related to media coverage. How would it look if your decision was on the front page of the local newspaper? Could you defend your actions?
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

28

What are the Benefits of Living with Integrity?


1. When you stick to what you know is right or wrong, you dont regret anything you have done. 2. When you live with integrity, you succeed. You are open and honest. Your life is uncomplicated and less stressful. 3. When you have good integrity you have nothing to hide. 4. People follow your example and act more honestly. 5. You handle rejection and criticism more easily. 6. You have fewer personality conflicts. 7. When you make a mistake, it is easy to accept responsibility and move forward. 8. You earn the reputation as a person with integrity. 9. Chances of being sued, fined or convicted of a crime are far too few

purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

29

8/29/2012

Key Points
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. If you educate a man in mind and not in morals, you educate menace in society. Two types of education: How to Live and How to make a Living. Values are non negotiable convictions. Integrity is internal; it is a choice The four way test. Values are caught and taught "Service Above Self" "He Profits Most Who Serves Best".
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

30

Parting Shot
Sow a thought, reap an action Sow an action, reap a habit Sow a habit, reap a character Sow a character, reap a destiny.
Charles Rich
8/29/2012 purity kithiru gitonga, EACC AUGUST 2012

The time is always right to do what is right


Martin Lurther King JR

If you see it in your mind, you are going to hold it in your hands- why Because what you see in your dominant thought , you will bring it into your life through your actions.

31