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Collaboration, Resistance and Partisan Warfare

1. Collaboration, Resistance and its Implications - - The Assassination of Reinhard Heydrich - - - - The Reprisal Action at Lidice, June 10, 1942 2. Approaches to Nazi Occupation - - The Inequality of Nations 3. Partisan Warfare in Yugoslavia - - The Ustase and the Independent State of Croatia - - Tito and the Communist Resistance - - Nazi Reprisal Policies 4. Resistance in the East - - The USSR and Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya - - Poland, the Home Army, and Operation N

SS Lt. Gen. Reinhard Heydrich, chief of the Reich Security Main Office (RSHA), and governor of Bohemia and Moravia

Heydrichs car at the scene of the assassination, Prague, May 27, 1942

Heydrichs funeral: Hitler expresses his condolences to Heydrichs family, while Himmler looks on.

A pre-war photo of Lidice, Czechoslovakia

Victims of the reprisal killing at Lidice, June 1942

The remains of the town of Lidice

Hitlers New Order in Europe

Denmarks King Christian riding through Copenhagen, 1940, in defiance of the relatively tame Nazi occupation

The partition of Yugoslavia

The former Yugoslavia, including German-run Serbia and the Independent State of Croatia - - a Nazi puppet state

Ante Pavelic, leader of the fascist Ustase government of Croatia

The Ustase at work, cleansing Croatia of Serbs, Gypsies and Jews

Josip Broz known as Tito Leader of the communist resistance forces in the former Yugoslavia, following the diminishing importance of the royalist Chetniks

Members of the Yugoslav resistance

Increasingly well-equipped members of Titos resistance forces, thanks to Allied support

Reprisal killing of Serbian civilians, 1941

A Croatian partisan fighter shouts Death to Fascism, Freedom to the People moments before his execution

Soviet Partisan Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya

Polish Resistor Tadeusz enczykowski, head of Operation N

Anti-Nazi periodical by Operation N

God is With Us

A defeatist poster produced by Operation N

The United States, Japan and War in the Pacific


1. The Japanese Empire and the Desire to Expand - - Emperor Hirohito and New Militarism 2. Forward Policy in China & the Asian New Order - - Chiang Kai-shek and the Japanese in Manchuria - - War With China and the Rape of Nanking (1937) 3. The Road to a Wider War - -The Tripartite Pact (September 27, 1940) - - To Move to the North or to the South? - - President Roosevelt and the Oil Embargo 4. Pearl Harbor and its Implications - - The Allied and German Declarations of War - - The Japanese Position in the Pacific

Unbeaten for a thousand years: A Japanese poster promoting patriotism

Emperor Hirohito, worshipped as divine

Conquering Asia: Japanese postcard propaganda, aimed at children

Emperor Hirohito - - Head of State, but not a charismatic dictator

Japans Forward Policy led to the conquest of China at Manchuria and elsewhere

Stamp advocating greater prosperity in East Asia

Chiang Kai-shek, head of the Chinese national government, and communist revolutionary Mao Zedong. Chiang Kai-shek fought both internal communist rebels under Mao, as well as the Japanese invaders.

Japanese General Iwane Matsui riding into Nanking, 1937

Japanese soldiers at work in Nanking

Victims of the Rape of Nanking

Germany, Japan and Italy sign the Tripartite Pact, Berlin, September 27, 1940, formally creating a military alliance

Japanese propaganda poster celebrating the alliance with Hitler and Mussolini

Japanese Anti-British Poster

American President Franklin D. Roosevelt reacted to Japanese aggression in East Asia especially the establishment of a military base in French Indo-China (Vietnam) - by restricting Japans supply of oil

The attack on the American fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii was designed to be a preemptive blow against the US

Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, Commander of the Japanese Fleet

Plan for the two waves of attacks on Pearl Harbor, begun December 7, 1941

The USS Shaw explodes under attack

Admiral Kimmel demotes himself

Roosevelt asks Congress to declare war on Japan, December 8, 1941

For Hitler, the entry of Japan into the war seemed to make victory a certainty

Germany declares war on the United States, December 11, 1941

The Secret of Japanese Strength: A German propaganda pamphlet glorifies Japanese military might