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Enable Password Breaking

Step 1 :

Restart the router and Press CTRL+Break immediately to get the router in Monitor mode
Step 2 :

At monitor prompt give the following command. Monitor# nopasswd


Step 3 :

Then the following command. Monitor# reboot

aaa Password Breaking


Again go to router monitor mode. We need to delete start-up config file for this. At the monitor prompt give the following command :
Monitor#delete startup-config It will give a message : This file will be erased are you sure (Y/N) Press Y Monitor#reboot

IOS Upgrdation
Start the TFTP Server in Laptop and copy the New IOS in TFTP-root Directory. Check the TFTP Server settings ( it should be in transmit and Receive files option) Give an ip to Laptop (10.10.10.1 subnet 255.255.255.0) Give an ip to ethernet port of Router (10.10.10.2) and test the connectivity by pinging the TFTP Server(Laptop) from router. If it is ok. Then we will start copying process.

IOS Upgrdation
Go to router prompt and give the following command: << to check the existing version of IOS>>
Router#sh ver

<< to see all the files in flash: and memory space>>


Router#dir

If the flash: have enough memory then u can copy multiple IOS but if it is not then u need to delete the existing IOS with following command.
Router#delete Router.bin

IOS Upgrdation
But ensure that router should not be restarted or switched off during this operation. Once the IOS file get deleted give the following command : Router#copy tftp flash:
It will ask for file name Source file Name[ ]? Enter the file name of new IOS. Source file Name[ ]? Router30072009.bin Then enter It will ask u TFTP Server IP Address Remote-server ip address[]? 10.10.10.1 Then enter

IOS Upgrdation
Then it will ask u to destination file name which means that if u want to save the file with other name then give the file name otherwise it will take the sorce file name. Destination file name[router30072009.bin]? Then it will start copying file from TFTP Server and u will get !!!!!!!!!!!!!!...... Symbols at router prompt. If the error message comes then it misg be possible that your Router is not synchronizing with TFTP Server or there is a issue with memory related. At the end u fill get following message : Completed Then reboot the router and check the IOS version.

IOS Upgrdation
Router#reload Router#sh ver It will show u the new version of IOS.

IOS Loading through console


To load the IOS using zmodem ( through console) Go to monitor prompt and give the following command. monitor#download c0 <enter> Speed: [9600] <enter> Begin zmodem receive process.... After this go to Hyperterminal Menu and select Transfer-send file option Then select the IOS file name using brows button and select Protocol zmodem with crash recovery It will start sending bits, but it takes lots of time.

Copying IOS from monitor prompt


Connect the TFTP Server(Laptop) with TP0 port of the router and copy the IOS files at the TFTP root and start the TPTF Server. Then go to monitor prompt and give th following commands : monitor#ip address 10.10.10.2 255.255.255.0 monitor#copy tftp flash: Source file name[]?router30072009.bin Remote-server ip address[]?10.10.10.1 Destination file name[router30072009.bin]? ###################################################### monitor#

Commands To check Muticast


To enable the IP multicast Router#config (enter) Router_config#ip multicast-routing Command to see the multicast
Router# sh ip mflow

Command to see the Multicast routing as per multicast IPs


Router#sh ip mroute pim-sm

To see the routing table Router#sh ip route