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Getting Started with .

NET

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Objectives
Learn the advantages and architecture of the .NET Framework Examine sample Microsoft Intermediate Language code Set up a development profile in Visual Studio .NET Create Console Application projects in Visual Studio .NET View the code that Visual Studio generates and understand what it does Explore the Object Browser in the Integrated Development Environment Take advantage of Visual Studios exception-handling features
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Agenda
Thinking about .NET Using Visual Studio 2010 Debugging and Handling Exceptions

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What Is .NET, Anyway?


1991: Windows "sits" on top of DOS
Windows apps require Windows runtime environment Windows apps provide a consistent API for communicating with drivers, devices, and so on

2001: .NET Runtime "sits" on top of Windows


.NET apps require .NET runtime environment .NET apps provide a consistent API for working with Windows, data structures, types, and more

.NET provides an environment that handles data types, memory management, APIs, and Learn much more More @ http://www.learnnowonline.com
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What Is .NET, Anyway?


.NET Framework 2.0: Third version of the Objectoriented programming environment .NET Framework 3.0: Developed to work with Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008
Can create command-line apps through rich client apps, including Web applications

.NET is open
Can program in many different languages Can use different tools
o

Not limited to VB/C# and Visual Studio No need to buy Visual Studio, but it's a lot more productive!
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.NET SDK is a free download


o

Why .NET?
Before .NET, software development required mastery of multiple technologies and authoring tools
Manually stitched together various programming tools

For example:
Web sites? Required VB Scripting or JScript and HTML Database apps? SQL/SQL Server Business applications? Visual Basic Office applications? VBA Streamlined graphics? C++
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Advantages of .NET
.NET provides remedies:
Object-oriented view of Windows: .NET Framework encapsulates lots of functionality into classes Application security built in Deploying applications is easier
o

Assembly contains and describes unit of deployment

Versioning issues largely handled without effort Assemblies can be digitally signed Unless using COM, no need for registration All .NET languages are interoperable
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.NET Framework Architecture


VB C++ C# JScript Visual Studio .NET

Common Language Specification ASP.NET Windows Forms

ADO.NET and XML Base Class Library Common Language Runtime Windows COM+ Services

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Common Language Runtime


Common Language Runtime (CLR) provides runtime environment for all .NET applications CLR's purpose is to load and run applications compiled to Intermediate Language (IL)
Each .NET compiler creates IL as its output

CLR manages .NET base services:


Memory management Garbage collection Exception handling Loading/Running applications
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CLR and Running Code


CLR allows you to run both managed and unmanaged code
Unmanaged code runs outside the CLR
o

VB6/C++ code compiled without .NET

Managed code runs "within" the CLR, and benefits from the CLR's features

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CLR and Compilers


.NET Compilers create Microsoft Intermediate Language (MSIL, or just IL) as output At execution time, Just-In-Time (JIT) compiler converts code to native executable

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More about JIT


JIT compiler takes native processor into account
Creates code optimized for the local environment Makes decisions about how to optimize code at runtime

Only needs to compile the application once:


Compiled "bits" cached locally Performance overhead is very slight, if any

Remember: .NET Runtime/CLR must be installed on client computers in order to run .NET code
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.NET Framework Base Class Library


BCL consists of classes that provide base functionality for .NET Framework
And many classes that make your life as a developer easier Library of classes used by all .NET applications

Contains large number of classes (blocks of functionality, including properties, methods, and events) grouped into namespaces
Each class within a namespace has a unique name

BCL's namespaces group classes into common blocks of functionality


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Some BCL Namespaces


System System.Data System.Diagnostics System.Globalization System.IO System.Text System.Text.RegularExpressions System.Web System.Windows.Forms System.Xml
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.NET Languages
Microsoft provides several .NET languages:
Visual Basic, Visual C#, C++, JScript Other vendors provide other languages
o

Python, Fortran, Cobol, and many more

How do languages interoperate?


.NET provides:
o

Common Language Specification (CLS): Describes how .NET languages should work Common Type System (CTS): Describes how data types should work together

In the end: All .NET languages compile to IL


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Examining a .NET Application: Introducing Assemblies


Compile managed code: create assembly Theoretically, assembly can contain multiple modules
Visual Studio only supports creating single-module assemblies Output looks like EXE or DLL
o

Actually contains compiled IL, and information about the assembly

Metadata contains a manifest that describes the assembly, procedures, and types that it exports, along with other required assemblies
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What's in the Manifest?


Version, name, culture, security requirements List of other files in assembly and cryptographic hash for each file List of public types List of external required references Use ILDASM.EXE to examine contents

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What Can You Create?


.NET allows you to create a large range of applications Visual Studio includes templates for (among others):
Windows application Console application Class library Windows control library Web control library Web application XML Web Service
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Agenda
Thinking about .NET Using Visual Studio 2010 Debugging and Handling Exceptions

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Using Visual Studio 2010


Creating applications using Notepad and command-line compilers is possible
But it's not very efficient

Visual Studio provides a huge number of timesaving tools, along with built-in compiler support Supports Visual Basic, C#, and more

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Working with Profile Settings


User profiles allow you to control Visual Studio behavior Can use pre-set defaults for:
Options Menus Key bindings Toolbars

Pick a profile when you first run Visual Studio


Or change it any time

Demonstration saves and restores profile


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Agenda
Thinking about .NET Using Visual Studio 2010 Debugging and Handling Exceptions

Learn More @ http://www.learnnowonline.com


Copyright by Application Developers Training Company

Debugging and Handling Exceptions


No matter how carefully you code
You'll make coding errors Errors will occur at runtime

Three types of errors:


Syntax errors Runtime errors Logic errors

Visual Studio provides powerful tools to help in your debugging process


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Learn More!
This is an excerpt from a larger course. Visit www.learnnowonline.com for the full details!

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