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Rescue & Restore Victims of Human Trafficking : An Introduction to Human Trafficking



Lack of public awareness

facilitates human trafficking because it is still a largely hidden social problem. It is up to us as a society to look for victims and help them.
Dr. Wade F. Horn, Ph.D. Assistant Secretary for Children and Families U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Human Trafficking Defined Forms of Human Trafficking U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Response to Trafficking What You Can Do

An Introduction to Human Trafficking Presentation Overview

Human Trafficking Defined

What Is Human Trafficking?

Modern-day slavery Defined by force, fraud or coercion Occurs across the globe Fastest growing criminal industry

What Is Human Trafficking?

The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000 made human trafficking a Federal crime Key provisions for victims
Identified as victims, not criminals Helps victims rebuild their lives in the U.S. with food, shelter, and medical assistance Minors in commercial sex act are by law a victim

What Is Human Trafficking?

What Is Human Trafficking?

Human trafficking is the same as human smuggling

Trafficking must involve some form of travel or transportation

Victims are only foreign nationals or immigrants

Victims will come forward on their own accord

Who Are the Victims?

600,000 800,000 trafficked internationally U.S. victims 14,500 17,500 annually
Latin America Southeast Asia Africa Former Soviet Union

Who Are the Victims?

Forms of Human Trafficking

Behind Closed Doors: Sex Trafficking

Commercial sexual exploitation of adults by force, fraud, coercion Any commercial sex of children (persons under the age of 18)

Behind Closed Doors: Sex Trafficking

Commonly observed forms of sex trafficking
Street prostitution Exotic dancing bars Latino Cantina bars Asian massage parlors Residential brothels Escort services

Exploitation of adults or children for labor using force, fraud, coercion Commonly observed forms of labor trafficking
Domestic servitude Restaurants Industrial cleaning Construction Migrant farm work Peddling/begging rings

Behind Closed Doors: Labor Trafficking

Living at workplace or with employer Housed with multiple people, cramped living space Working long hours; little to no pay No identification, travel documents Children not in school Physical signs of abuse and/or psychological effects

Portrait of a Victim: The Clues

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Role in Human Trafficking

HHS Response to Trafficking

HHS role in TVPA
Identify, assist trafficking victims Coordinate services with other Federal agencies

Philosophy is victim-centered Network of grants, contracts and volunteers

Helps identify, provide support to victims

Per Capita Contract

HHS victim support network through U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops
National network Provides case management Assists with benefit eligibility paperwork Advocates on behalf of victims Reimbursed per each victim found

Intermediary Contracts
Maintains, manages Rescue & Restore coalitions on regional level Makes sub-awards to local groups raising awareness, assisting in victim identification Lead intermediary organizations
Practical Strategies, Milwaukee, WI Bilateral Safety Corridor Coalition, LA County, Orange County, San Diego Civil Society, Minnesota Immigrants Rights Advocacy Center, Florida

Street Outreach Grants

Outreach to those likely to encounter victims
Health practitioners, including HHS Social service providers and child welfare advocates Faith-based communities Ethnic communities Law enforcement

Organizations in contact with vulnerable populations

Victim identification pipeline

HHS, Polaris Project provide technical assistance, training

Public Awareness
Rescue & Restore Victims of Human Trafficking
Informational web site and multiple resource materials Coalitions National partnerships Media Trainings

Educational materials in multiple languages

Posters Brochures Fact sheets Assessment cards

Rescue & Restore Resource Materials

Web site - www.acf.hhs.gov/trafficking Training video Public service announcements

Rescue & Restore Resource Materials

Connecting Victims to Help

The National Human Trafficking Resource Center 1-888-3737-888
24/7 access Helps determine if you have encountered a trafficking victim Connects victims to local service providers Conducts referrals for inquiries about human trafficking information

What You Can Do

What You Can Do

Look Beneath the Surface Connect victims to help Join Rescue & Restore Access Resource Materials Apply for USCCB Per Capita Contract

Additional Information
HHS Web site www.acf.hhs.gov/trafficking The National Human Trafficking Resource Center 1-888-3737-888 2006 Trafficking In Persons Report, U.S. State Dept. http://www.state.gov/g/tip/rls/tiprpt/

Questions and Answers

Thank You
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services