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APPLICATION OF IT IN HEALTHCARE

Molecular biology-study of
molecules.. Eg.DNA ,RNA,PROTEINS..etc. +

information technology =

BIOINFORMATICS

.

 PROTEIN .

? A change in a small part of a structure of a molecule can result in a disease.  Eg. Sickel cell anemia. . WHY A NEED TO STUDY MOLECULES AND THEIR STRUCTURES.  To tackle the effects of an unwanted micro-organism. H1N1.  Eg.

 H1N1 VIRUS .

PRIMARY SEQUENCES 2.DATABASES-collection of structured information. TYPES OF DATABASES1.SECONDARY SEQUENCES 3.ORGANISM SPECIFIC 4.MISCELLANOUS .

 .(nucleotide sequence) SWISS-PROT-protein sequence.amino acid and protiens  (nucleic acid amino acid proteins)  Maintained by NCBI-national centre for biotechnology information..(GENBANK)   EMBL-european molbio lab.PRIMARY SEQUENCES DATABASE Stores SEQUENCE DATA of nucleic acid ..1.

 Contains . information on sequence patterns and motifs. SECONDARY DATABASE- SEQUENCE  Raw data is derived from primary database.

.Motifs and patterns.

(pool of genes)  Eg.plants..coli. E.mouse and even humans. .  N number of genes together make a genome. ORGANISM  Contains SPECIFIC- genomic databases of microorganisms.

tRNA. DATABASE- sequences databases rRNA.  GENETICS- .  OMIM-(online mendelian inheritance in man) for human genetics. MISCELLANOUS  Specialised  Eg. study of genes.

.In genomics-complete DNA sequences are stored. 2. APPLICATIONS 1. 3. In proteomics-study protein expression in an organism. 4.pharmainformaticspharmaceutical industries.chemoinformatics-storage of chemical structures.

 CLINICAL MEDICINES .  Structure of the drug. Drug designing-how the drug interacts with the target.

and Expand access to affordable care. Increase administrative efficiencies   Decrease paperwork. Reduce health care costs. Prevent medical errors.Basic applications     Improve health care quality. .

and .  Improved tracking of chronic disease management. Early detection of infectious disease outbreaks around the country.

 Maintain patient records in hospitals and clinics. Research and diagnose medical conditions.    . Monitor patients' vital signs in hospital rooms and at home Computer-assisted medical tests.

laser eye surgery and heart surgery) of computer-aided surgery for training prior to performing surgery on live humans.. pacemakers) that allow patients to live longer computer-controlled devices during operations that require great precision (e.g.  Use  Use . Implant computerized devices (e.g..

Monitor patients' vital signs in hospital rooms and at home Computer-assisted medical tests .Maintain patient records in hospitals and clinics.

Research and diagnose medical conditions .

pacemakers) that allow patients to live longer  Use computer-controlled Devices during operations that require great precision (e..g..laser eye surgery and heart surgery) . Implant computerized devices (e.g.

.Telemedicine through computers with videoconferencing capabilities.

 Use of computer-aided surgery for training prior to performing surgery on live humans. .