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EVOLUTION OF NTPC THROUGH TIME:

NTPC was set up in 1975 with 100% ownership by the Government of India. In the last 30 years, NTPC has grown into the largest power utility in India. In 1997, Government of India granted NTPC status of Navratna being one of the nine jewels of India, enhancing the powers to the Board of Directors. In 2004 NTPC became listed company with majority Government ownership of 89.5% of shares and also became the 3rd largest by market capitalization of listed companies. In 2005 the company was renamed as NTPC Limited in line with its changing business portfolio and transforms itself from a thermal power utility to an integrated power utility.

ABOUT THE PLANT


NTPC- FARIDABAD: NTPC Faridabad was approved on 25th July 1997. The total project cost was 1163 crores INR. The plant was fully functional in the year 2000 with an installed capacity of 432 MW. The plant under agreement with Haryana Govt. supplies entire power generated to the state of Haryana only.

SALIENT FEATURES OF THIS PROJECT:


1. Project: Faridabad Gas Power Project 2. Location: Village Mujedi, P. O. Neemka, Faridabad, Haryana 3. Plant Capacity: 432 MW 4. Plant Configuration: Gas Turbine 1 - 138 MW; Gas Turbine 2 - 138 MW; Steam Turbine - 156 MW 5. Mode of Operation: Base Load 6. Fuel: Natural Gas

7. Alternate Fuel: Naphtha / HSD (high speed diesel) 8. Average Gas requirement: 2 million cubic meters per day 9. Fuel Source: HBJ pipe line (through GAIL) 10. Cooling water: Rampur Distributary source 11. Naphtha Storage: 2 tanks of 800 Kl. Capacity each. 12. HSD Storage: 1 tank of capacity 400 Kl. 13. Power Evacuation: 2X220 KV Double circuit lines to220KVBBMB sub-station at Samaipur (Ballabgarh) 2X220 KV Double Circuit lines to 220 KV HVPN sub-station at Palla (Faridabad)

LAYOUT OF THE POWER PLANT


Number of gas operated turbines:2 Number of steam operated turbine:1 Working cycle: Combined cycle i.e. Rankine cycle coupled with Bryton cycle Fuel sources used:Naphtha, Natural gas, Lpg etc Output
Gas Turbine 1 138 MW Gas Turbine 2 138 MW Steam Turbine 156 MW

OPERATION
The mode of operation is Base Load. Natural Gas is used as main fuel. Naphtha is used as an alternate fuel. Average gas requirement is two million cubic meters per day. Gas Authority of India Ltd. supplies Natural Gas to the plant through their H.B.J. Gas pipeline. The electricity generated is supplied to the state of Haryana. The liquid fuel which is used during a gas shortage is supplied to NTPC-Faridabad by Indian Oil Co. (IOCL).Water which is an important prerequisite for any thermal power plant is obtained through the Agra canal which runs through the Faridabad city. The Gas turbines used at NTPCFaridabad is obtained from SIEMENS which is the OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer). The model used in this plant is V 94.2(model-3).

VARIOUS SECTIONS REVIEWED


SAFETY AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT AT FARIDABAD GAS POWER PLANT CONTROL AND INSTRUMENTATION MAINTENANCE AND PLANNING DIVISION (MTP) OPERATIONS CHEMICAL SWITCHYARD

SAFETY AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT:


In the NTPC plant, Faridabad power is generated through chemical compounds and products which are highly inflammable and volatile in nature. As highly combustible compounds are used in plant so there is a possibility of fire hazard as well. It is an electrical plant and lot of instruments conduct current through there surface , hence a possibility of electrical hazards. Various measures are taken to avoid these hazards and are described in report.

CONTROL AND INSTRUMENTATION DEPARTMENT


The C&I department is evident for maintaining the actuators, controllers, remote controlling, maintaining and well-functioning of the sensors, maintaining pressure, temperature, flow and the level of various tanks, supply systems, storage capacities etc.

THE PRIME FUNCTIONS


Measurement and display of various parameters. To control the various parameters by Automatic feedback controlling which involves the taking of decision based on inputs from measurements by the processor. Protection of various equipment's (pumps, generators etc.. ) and workers from hazards by automatically tripping a cycle when hazardous conditions are reached. Alarm generation in case of a mechanical or an electrical failure. The C&I dept. also takes care of up gradation and modification of any existing obsolete systems and bringing about state-of-art technologies. Certain instruments that come into play in control and automation are: Sensors Controllers Actuators

MAINTENANCE AND PLANNING DIVISION (MTP)


It is basically divided into two other divisions namely:
Mechanical maintenance Electrical maintenance

This dept. is needed because of the below stated reasons: To take up the daily maintenance of the plant as per schedule. It is not possible to maintain the plant daily so a schedule is needed which is drawn up by this dept. It takes up rectifying work in case of machine or an electrical failure.

It is responsible for the overhauling of the plant. It monitors the condition and the working of the plant to check if everything is working well. It arranges for spares from Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM) and also from other suppliers. This dept. also oversees the work of the workshop within the plant whose work is to manufacture small parts. The MTP also undertakes the regular calibration of all the instruments and the sensors. There are weekly meetings for contracts of materials in the dept.

CHEMICAL
Under this section the functioning is basically divided into two sections namely
Softening plant D.M. Plant

SOFTENING PLANT: This plants basic function is to soften the water that is needed for various purposes like for the use in cooling tower, some amount of water sent to the D.M. Plant etc. the basic purpose of softening the water is to make the water free of suspended impurities, sludge and removing the hard water ions like Mg, Ca etc.

D.M.PLANT:
Basics of plant operation: Demineralization is the process of removal of dissolved solids present in water by using the ion exchange process. The process employs the use of ion exchange resins capable of removing the cations and anions present in water. Demineralising (DM) water is used in Oil Refineries, Petrochemicals, and Fertilisers, Power stations, Heavy chemical factories, Paper and Semiconductors and in metallurgical and other industries for various uses like production of steam to generate power and drive machinery and for processes as such as distillation and reforming etc. Since cost of resins constitutes a major part of the total cost of DM plants, due consideration to be given to the proper design and selection of resins to obtain optimum results and minimize operating costs.

SWITCH YARD
Switchyard is considered as the HEART of the Power Plant. Power generated can be worthy only if it is successfully transmitted and received by its consumers. Switchyard plays a very important role as a junction between the generation and transmission. It is a junction, which carries the generated power to its destination (i.e. consumers). Switchyard is basically a yard or an open area where many different kinds of equipments are located (isolator, circuit breaker etc.), responsible for connecting & disconnecting the transmission line as per requirement (e.g. any fault condition).Power transmission is done at a higher voltage. (Higher transmission voltage reduces transmission losses resulting in higher utilization of generating capacity and optimizes the resource required for capacity addition.).Therefore, the power generated by the Turbo generator of 1 to 5 units is 24 K.V. which is stepped-up to 400 K.V. by the generating transformer and then transmitted to switchyard. In NTPC-Faridabad there is a 220 K.V. Switchyard

MAIN COMPONENTS OF THE GAS POWER PLANT


Cooling Tower

BOILERS

TURBINES
The type of turbine used in NTPC Faridabad is SEIMENS V 94.2 Model 3

BURNERS
Types
Gas burners Oil Burners

COMPRESSOR
4 stage compressor is used in ntpc

COMBUSTION CHAMBER

Conclusion
The vocational training enhanced our practical knowledge .Most importantly, we were oriented to the industrial scenario and its many challenges and subtleties .The smooth functioning of a refinery depends to a large extent on the mutual co-operation and coordination among its different wings. We would like to make a small suggestion that there should be a definite training guide who could guide us during the entire period. Many a times, the engineers and the technicians were so engrossed in their work that they could not give us enough time. Nevertheless, we did enjoy the training to the fullest and are very sure that this training will surely help us in our future endeavors.