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Chapter 1

You, The Teacher, as a Person in Society

We dont live in a vacuum. We live in a society. We are part of society. Our society influences us to the extent that we allow ourselves to be influenced by it . Our thoughts, values, and actions are somehow shaped by events and by people with whom we come in contact. We, in turn, help shape society its event, its people and its destiny.

Lesson 1: Your Philosophical Heritage

Five Philosophies of Education:

1. Essentialism
this philosophy contents that teachers teach for learners to acquire basic knowledge, skills and values. - Essentialist teacher emphasize mastery of subject matter.

3. Perennialism
we are all rational animals. School should therefore develop the students rational and moral power. According to Aristotle, if we neglect the students reasoning skills, we deprive them of the ability to use their higher faculties to control their passoins and appetite.

2. Progressivism
Teacher teach to develop learners into becoming enlightened and intelligent citizens of a democratic society. This group of teachers teach learners so they may live life fully now not prepare them for adult life.

4. Existentialism
the main concern of the exestintialists is to help students understand and appreciate themselves as unique individuals who accept complete responsibility for their thoughts, feelings and actions. To help students define their own essence by exposing them to various path they take in life.

5. Behaviorism
Concerned with the modification and shaping of the students behavior by providing for a favorable environment since they believe that they are a product of their environment.

Lesson 2: Formulating your Philosophies of Education

philosophy is vital only when questions are mine as is the strughle towards answers. - W. Luijpen

Your philosophy of education is your window to the world and compass in life. Hence, it may be good to put that philosophy of education in writing. You surely have one just as everybody has only that sometimes it is not well articulated.

Your philosophy of education is uplected in your dealings with students, colleagues, parents and administrators.

Your philosophy of education, you may find yourself more consistent in your dealings with other people in your actions and decisions.

What does philosophy of education contains or include? it includes your concept about: 1. the human person, the learners in particular one the educated person 2. What is true and good and therefore must be taught 3. How a learner must be taught in order to come close to the truth.

Lesson 3: Society and You

Navaro, Rosita et al. study the pre-service Elementary Teacher Training (SPETT) on June, 1994 1460 was the responses in the respondents in 12 regions of the country.

26% parents 24% non-government organizations 23%principals and assistant principals 21% representatives from the business and industry sectors 6% school superintendents

Community Perception on the role of the teacher in the Community Teacher are perceive to be: 1. Very important in the community 2. Respected in a community 3. Help in the community to some extent.

Community perception on beliefs and attitudes about teachers and teaching

The community respondents strongly agreed that teachers: 1. help develop the moral character of children 2. are second parents 3. are assets to the community.

The community respondent with 12 beliefs and attitudes as follows: 1. The most intelligent child should be encourage to enter the teaching profession 2. Teacher sets moral standard of the community 3. Teacher make good parents

5. should be encourage to enter the teaching profession 6. Teachers should be paragons of virtue 7. Children obey and respect their teachers 8. Teachers play an active role in disciplining children 9. Praising boosts as child's self-confidence 10.A teacher is a childs model 11.Child's interest in studies depends upon his/her teacher 12.Parents entrust children welfare to teachers

Lesson 4: The Foundation Principles of Morality and You

when you carry out acts of kindness you get

a wonderful feeling inside. It is as though something inside your body responds and say, yes, this is how I ought to feel.

Some once wrote of teacher Even on your worst day on the job, you are still some childrens best hope indeed society expects much from you, the teacher. Henry Brooks Adams said it succinctly A teacher affects eternity; he can never tell where his influence stops.

What is Morality
As defined by one textbook author, morality refers to the quality of human acts by which we call them right or wrong, good or evil. Your human action is right when it conforms which the norm, rule or law of morality, otherwise it is said to be wrong.

What is meant by Foundational Moral Principle?

The word principle comes from the Latin word princeps which means a beginning a source. A principle is that on which something is based founded, originated, initialed. A foundational moral principle is, therefore, the universal norm upon which all othetr principle on the rightness or wrongness of an action are based. It is the source of morality

Where is this foundational moral principle?

It is contained in the natural law. Many moralist authors and philosopher may have referred to this foundational moral principle in deferent terms. But it may be acceptable to all believers and non-believers a like to refer to it as natural law.

What is the natural law?

It is the law written in the hearts of men(Romans 2:15) For theists, it is mans share in the Eternal Law of God (Panizo, 1964) it is the law that says, do good and avoid evil. This is the fundamental moral principles. Kung-fu-tsu said the same when he taught do not do to others what you do not like others to do to you.

Mans has these four beginnings.

That he who lacks the feelings of commiseration is not a man. That he who lacks a feeling of shame and dislike is not a man. That he who lacks a feeling of modesty and yielding is not a man. That he who lacks a sense of right and wrong is not a man.

The Buddhists state this through

the eight fold for the Buddhist they do good when they;
strive to know the truth Resolve to resist evil Say nothing to hurts others Respect life, morality and property Engage in a job that does not injure others Strive to free their mind of evil Control their feelings and thoughts Practice proper forms of concentration

The Five Pillars of Islam:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Prayer Self-purification by fasting Fasting Almsgiving Pilgrimage to Mecca for those who can afford

Teacher as a person of good moral charcter;

As laid down in the preamble of our code of Ethics of Professional Teachers, teacher are duly licensed professionals who posses dignity and reputation with high moral values as well as technical and professional competence. In the practice of their profession, they strictly adhere to observe and practice this set of ethical and moral principles, standards and values.

Four ways of describing good moral character:

1. being fully human- you have realized substantially your potential as a human person. 2. Being a loving person you are caring in an unselfish and mature manner with yourself, other people and God. 3. Being a virtuous person- you have acquired good habits and attitudes and you practice them consistently in your daily life

4. Being a morality mature person you have reached a level of development emotionally, socially, mentally, spiritually appropriate to your developmental stage.

Lesson 5: Values Formation and You

Education in values means the cultivation of affecting, leading the educate through exposure to experience of value and of the valuable. R. Aquino

Transcendent Value
beyond changing times, beyond space and people Idealist group
There are unchanging and universal values -relativists group - claim that there are no universal and unchanging values.

Values are taught and caught

values have cognitive, affective and behavioral dimension values formation includes formation in the cognitive, affective and behavioral aspect:
Three Dimension You have to grow in knowledge and in wisdom and in your sensitivity and openness to the variety experiences in life

2. You have to be open to and attentive in your value lessons. 3. Take active part in value sessions.

Value formation is a training of the intellect and will the intellect proposes and the will disposes St. Thomas Aquinas three functions to develop intellect 1. formation of ideas 2. judgment 3. reasoning

virtuous versus vicious life and their effect on the will

virtuous life strengthen you to live by the right values and live an abundance and joy Vicious life leads you to perdition and misery

virtue involves a habits, a constant effort to do things well in spite of obstacles and difficulties.
Max Schelters hierarchy of values1. Pleasure values the pleasant against the unpleasant - the agreeable against the disagreeable - sensual feelings - experiences of pleasure or pain

2. Vital values values pertaining to the well being either of the individual or the community. - health - vitality - values of vital feeling - capability - excellence

3. Spiritual values values independent of the whole sphere of the body and of the environment; - gasped in spiritual acts of preferring, loving and hating - aesthetic values; beauty against ugliness - values of right and wrong - values of pure knowledge

4. Values of the Holy appear only in regard to objects intentionally given as absolute objects - belief - adoration - bliss

Lesson 6: Teaching as your vocation, mission and profession

Vocation comes from Latin word vocare means to call Mission comes from the Latin word misio means to send - Teaching is a mission that calls for continuing professional education-

Teaching as your profession - require long and ardors years of preparation and a striving for excellence